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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Airport Management Guide for Providing Aircraft Fueling Services. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25400.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Airport Management Guide for Providing Aircraft Fueling Services. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25400.
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Page 231
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Airport Management Guide for Providing Aircraft Fueling Services. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25400.
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Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

229 14 CFR Part 139—Certification of Airports. Available: https://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/14/part-139#. 14 CFR Part 139 § 321—Handling and storing of hazardous substances and materials. Available: https://www. law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/14/139.321. 14 CFR Part 139 § 329—Pedestrians and ground vehicles. Available: https://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/ 14/139.329. 40 CFR Part 112—Oil Pollution Prevention. Available: https://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/40/part-112. 40 CFR Part 280—Technical Standards and Corrective Action Requirements for Owners and Operators of Underground Storage Tanks (UST). Available: https://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/40/part-280. Airlines for America. ATA Specification 103—Standard for Jet Fuel Quality Control at Airports. 2006. Airlines for America. Jet Fuel: From Well to Wing. Washington, D.C. 2017. Avfuel Corporation. Logistics of Aviation Fuel. Presentation Update. December 5, 2017. Aviation Management Consulting Group, KRAMER aerotek, and Shafer, G. ACRP Report 77: Guidebook for Developing General Aviation Business Plans. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C. 2012. Benzinger, V. W. “Environmental Insurance Basics for the Airport Risk Manager.” Aon Risk Services. January 10, 2013. Available: http://www.aci-na.org/sites/default/files/environmental_basics_for_airport_risk_managers.pdf. Brown, J. “Fuel Quality Responsibility.” NATA Safety 1st, Issue 55, September 16, 2009. Available: http://nata.aero/ data/files/safety%201st%20documents/etoolkit/safety_1st_etoolkit_issue_55_sept_16_2009.pdf. Burns, N. M. “Reputation Management: Maintaining Your Airport Brand in Challenging Times.” Presented at ACI-NA Conference, Center for Brand Research, University of Texas at Austin, October 2009. http://www. aci-na.org/static/entransit/concurrent2_burns_ut.pdf. City of Phoenix. Study Guide for Fuel Handlers. Phoenix Sky Harbor Airport, 2006. Available: https://www. skyharbor.com/docs/default-source/default-document-library/fuel-handlers-study-guide-(1).pdf?sfvrsn=0. Crotty, B. J. “Safeguarding the Fuel Supply,” AeroSafety World. April 2007. Davidson, C., Newe, E., Schwab, A., et al. An Overview of Aviation Fuel Markets for Biofuels Stakeholders. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-60254. Golden, Colorado. 2014. EPA. Consolidated List of Chemicals Subject to the Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act (EPCRA), Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) and Section 112(r) of the Clean Air Act, List of Lists, 2015. Available: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/ files/2015-03/documents/list_of_lists.pdf. EPA. Facility Response Planning, Compliance Assistance Guide. 2002. Available: https://www.epa.gov/sites/ production/files/2014-04/documents/frpguide.pdf. EPA. Requirements for Field-Constructed Tanks and Airport Hydrant Systems. 2017. Available: https://www.epa. gov/sites/production/files/2017-10/documents/fct-ahs-10-4-17-final508.pdf. EPA. Resources for UST Owners and Operators. Available: https://www.epa.gov/ust/resources-ust-owners-and- operators#corrprott. EPA. Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Regulation 40 CFR Part 112: A Facility Owner/ Operator’s Guide to Oil Pollution Prevention. 2010. Available: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/ documents/spccbluebroch.pdf. EPA. The Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act. 2012. Available: https://www.epa.gov/sites/ production/files/2013-08/documents/epcra_fact_sheet.pdf. Experimental Aircraft Info. Grounding Aircraft. Available: https://www.experimentalaircraft.info/flight-planning/ aircraft-refueling-1.php. FAA. AC 150.5370-10G—Standards for Specifying Construction of Airports. July 21, 2014. Available: https:// www.faa.gov/documentLibrary/media/Advisory_Circular/AC-150-5370-10G-updated-201605.pdf. References

230 Airport Management Guide for Providing Aircraft Fueling Services FAA. AC 150/5070-6B—Airport Master Plans. July 29, 2005. Available: https://www.faa.gov/airports/resources/ advisory_circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentNumber/150_5070-6B. FAA. AC 150/5190-6—Exclusive Rights at Federally-Obligated Airports. January 4, 2007. https://www.faa.gov/ documentLibrary/media/advisory_circular/150_5190_6.pdf. FAA. AC 150/5190-7—Minimum Standards for Commercial Aeronautical Activities. August 28, 2006. Available: https://www.faa.gov/airports/resources/advisory_circulars/index.cfm/go/document.current/documentNumber/ 150_5190_7. FAA. AC 150/5200-18C—Airport Safety Self-Inspection. April 23, 2004. Available: https://www.faa.gov/document Library/media/advisory_circular/150-5200-18C/150_5200_18C.pdf. FAA. AC 150/5200-31C—Airport Emergency Plan. May 10, 2010. Available: https://www.faa.gov/documentLibrary/ media/150_5200_31c_chg1.pdf. FAA. AC 150/5230-4B—Aircraft Fuel Storage, Handling, Training, and Dispensing on Airports. September 28, 2012. Available: https://www.faa.gov/documentLibrary/media/advisory_circular/150_5230_4b.pdf. FAA. Airport Compliance Manual, Order 5190.6B. September 30, 2009. Available: https://www.faa.gov/airports/ resources/publications/orders/compliance_5190_6/media/5190_6b.pdf. FAA. Airport Improvement Program Handbook, Order 5100.38D. September 30, 2014. Available: https:// www.faa.gov/airports/aip/aip-handbook/media/AIP-Handbook-Order-5100-38D.pdf. FAA. Chapter 16: Resolution of Unlawful Revenue Diversion. Airport Compliance Manual, Order 5190.6B. 30 September 2009. Available: https://www.faa.gov/airports/resources/publications/orders/compliance_ 5190_6/media/5190_6b_chap16.pdf. FAA. Environmental Impacts: Policies and Procedures, Order 1050.1F. July 16, 2015. Available: https://www.faa. gov/documentLibrary/media/Order/FAA_Order_1050_1F.pdf. FAA. FAA Aerospace Forecasts Fiscal Years 2017-2037. Washington, D.C. 2017. FAA. Fuel Storage Tanks at FAA Facilities, Order 1050.15A. April 30, 1997. Available: https://www.faa.gov/ documentLibrary/media/order/energy_orders/1050.15A.pdf. FAA. General Aviation and Part 135 Activity Survey. 2016a. FAA. Implementation Guidelines for Compliance with Underground Storage Tanks (UST) Regulations (RIS: PS 1050-6), Order 1050.16. March 16, 1989. Available: https://www.faa.gov/documentLibrary/media/ Order/FAA_Order_1050.16.pdf. FAA. Report to Congress: National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems (NPIAS), 2017–2021. Washington, D.C. September 30, 2016b. FAA. Revenue Producing Facility Policy. Central Region Airport Improvement Program. August 23, 2017. Available: www.faa.gov/airports/central/aip/revenue_producers/. FAA. Standard Operating Procedure for FAA Review and Approval of Airport Layout Plans, ARP SOP 2.00. October 1, 2013. Available: https://www.faa.gov/airports/resources/sops/media/arp-SOP-200-ALP-Review.pdf. Faiola, A., and Mufson, S. “N.Y. Airport Target of Plot, Officials Say,” The Washington Post, June 3, 2007. Florida DOT. Aviation Emergency Response Guidebook. 2012. http://www.fdot.gov/aviation/flpub.shtm. Frye, W. “Self Service Fueling: a Growing Trend among GA Airports.” Airport Magazine, Vol. 17, No. 6, 2005. Gerber, G. “Self-Service Fuel Fills Special Needs at General Aviation Airports.” Airport Improvement. 2010. Available: http://www.airportimprovement.com/article/self-serve-fuel-fills-special-needs-general-aviation- airports. Gosai, H. Fuel Hedging in the Airline Industry, Part Two. Airline Geeks. 2017. Available: https://airlinegeeks. com/2017/09/18/part-two-fuel-hedging-in-the-airline-industry/. Hall, B. FBO M&A Market Activity and Valuation. BlackArch Partners, NBAA Convention and Exhibition, Las Vegas, Nevada. November 18, 2015. International Civil Aviation Organization. Manual on Civil Aviation Jet Fuel Supply, Doc 9977 AN/489, 1st ed. Quebec, Canada. 2012. Available: https://skybrary.aero/bookshelf/books/2477.pdf. Jones, C., Fewtrell, P., Petrie, A., et al. “Quantified Risk Assessment of Aircraft Fueling Operations.” The Health and Safety Executive. 2000. Available: http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/crr_pdf/2000/crr00288.pdf. Kramer, L., Bothner, A., and Spiro, M. ACRP Synthesis 48: How Airports Measure Customer Service Performance. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C. 2010. Kramer, L., Hazel, R., Harig, G., and Fowler, P. ACRP Report 28: Marketing Guidebook for Small Airports. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C. 2010. Kramer, L. S., Daniel, J. P., Moore, M., et al. ACRP Synthesis 86: Airport Operator Options for Delivery of FBO Services. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C. 2018. Levine, S., Taylor, G., Arthur, D., et al. Understanding Crude Oil and Product Markets. Brattle Group/American Petroleum Institute, Washington, D.C. 2015. Available: http://www.api.org/oil-and-natural-gas/energy-primers/ crude-oil-and-product-markets.

References 231 McGromley, R. W., Lengel, J. A. Jr., Devon, E. S., et al. ACRP Report 43: Guidebook of Practices for Improving Environmental Performance at Small Airports. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C. 2011. Mercatus Energy Advisors. The State of Airline Fuel Hedging and Risk Management in 2013. Houston, Texas. 2013. Mercatus Energy Pipeline. An Introduction to Fuel Hedging. Houston, Texas. 2016. Available: http://www.mercatus energy.com/hs-fs/hub/80554/file-15737031-pdf/docs/an-introduction-to-fuel-hedging.pdf. Misegades, K. “Self-Service Fuel: Airport Money-Maker.” Airport Business. May 28, 2012. Available: http://www. aviationpros.com/article/10692819/self-service-fuel-airport-money-maker. National Fire Protection Association. NFPA 407—Standard for Aircraft Fuel Servicing. 2017. Available: http://www. nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=407. Neubauer, K., Fleet, D., Ayres, M., Jr. ACRP Report 131: A Guidebook for Safety Risk Management for Airports. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C. 2015. Phillips 66. Safety Data Sheet, Aviation Gasoline, 100LL. March 4, 2013. Available: http://www.aviation-fuel.com/ pdfs/MSDS_for_AvGas_100LL_from_P66_dated_3-04-13.pdf. Prather, C. D. ACRP Legal Research Digest 8: The Right to Self-Fuel. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C. 2009. Price, H. J. “Fact Sheet—Leaded Aviation Fuel and the Environment,” FAA. June 19, 2013. Available: https://www. faa.gov/news/fact_sheets/news_story.cfm?newsId=14754&omniRss=fact_sheetsAoc&cid=103_F_S. Quilty, S. M. ACRP Synthesis 63: Overview of Airport Fueling System Operations. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C. 2015. Rakich, R., Wells, C., and Wood, D. ACRP Synthesis 30: Airport Insurance Coverage and Risk Management Practices. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C. 2011. RMAF Fire School. Aviation Fuel and Aircraft Fuel System. Available: https://www.scribd.com/document/153310838/ Aviation-Fuel-and-Aircraft-Fuel-System. Rose, M. FBO Market Analysis and Trends. AvBuyer. February 12, 2016. Available: https://www.avbuyer.com/ articles/jet-maintenance/fbo-market-analysis-and-trends-69601. San Bernardino International Airport, Luxivair SBD/Brand Guidelines. SBO/SBEAP National Conference. Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasure (SPCC) Regulations Fact Sheet. 2008. Available: http://dec.vermont.gov/sites/dec/files/ead/documents/FactSheets/Factsheet_SPCCRegs.pdf. Security Guidelines for General Aviation Airports. Transportation Security Administration. 2004. Available: https://www.nifc.gov/aviation/BLMsecurity/security_airports2004.pdf. Sera, A. “Jet Fuel Pipelines and Storage Require Special Operation, Maintenance Considerations,” Pipeline & Gas Journal, Vol. 236, No. 12, 2009. Available: https://pgjonline.com/2009/12/03/jet-fuel-pipelines-and-storage- require-special-operation-maintenance-considerations/. Smith, S. “Fuel Farm Maintenance.” NATA Safety 1st, Vol. I, No. 8, March 17, 2005. Available: http://nata.aero/ data/files/safety%201st%20documents/etoolkit/safety1st_etoolkit_8_031705.pdf. Thompson, R. “Interim Guidance on Mitigating Public Risks Associated with Lead Emissions from Avgas Memorandum.” FAA. June 19, 2013. Available: https://www.faa.gov/airports/environmental/policy_guidance/ media/leadMitigationMemoJune2013.pdf. Thurber, M. Tankering Benefits Tangible and Achievable. AINonline, October 12, 2015. Available: https://www. ainonline.com/aviation-news/business-aviation/2015-10-12/tankering-benefits-tangible-and-achievable. “Top 5 Fuel Quality Issues You Need to be Aware of.” NATA Safety 1st® eToolkit, Vol. I, No. 8, March 17, 2005. Available: http://nata.aero/data/files/safety%201st%20documents/etoolkit/safety1st_etoolkit_8_031705.pdf. U.S. Energy Information Administration. Energy Explained. Available: https://www.eia.gov/energyexplained/ index.cfm?page=oil_home. U.S. Oil & Refining Co. Material Safety Data Sheet, Jet Fuel. July 9, 2013. Available: http://www.usor.com/files/ pdf/4/Jet%20Fuel%20-%20SDS%20941%20-%20130709.pdf. Visser, B. “Tips to Ground an Aircraft while Refueling.” General Aviation News, May 22, 2016. Available: https://generalaviationnews.com/2016/05/22/tips-to-ground-an-aircraft-while-refueling/. Visser, B. “Why Does 100LL Cost So Much?” General Aviation News. October 14, 2012. Available: https://general aviationnews.com/2012/10/14/why-does-100ll-cost-so-much/.

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TRB’s Airport Cooperative Research Program has released ACRP Research Report 192: Airport Management Guide for Providing Aircraft Fueling Services designed to assist airports that are considering or are currently self-providing fueling services directly to their customers.

The management guide includes a methodology to help evaluate whether an airport should or should not provide fuel service, a checklist of action items required for providing fuel service, and a sample request for proposal to solicit bids from fuel suppliers.

The management guide also addresses a wide range of topics including feasibility evaluations for new or improved fueling facilities, fuel pricing and marketing strategies, and organizational considerations when starting or expanding a fueling service. In addition, there are introductions to how aviation fuels are produced and to the components of an airport fueling system, which can be used to brief municipal decision-makers or airport employees.

The management guide offers useful information about branded and unbranded fuel products, setting price, inventory controls, customer service, staffing levels, regulatory requirements, capital investment, and operating and maintenance costs associated with the fueling services.

There are three online appendices related to the guide.

Appendix A contains case studies of the fueling operations of 16 airports;

Appendix B contains Microsoft Excel worksheets (that can be downloaded and customized by airports to keep track of inventories, sales, operating expenses, and profit and loss) and a Microsoft PowerPoint presentation (to help airports produce their own PowerPoint presentations for their sponsors); and

Appendix C contains a detailed bibliography.

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