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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
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A Population Health
Perspective on Middle
School Success

Activities, Programs, and Policies

PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP

Carla Alvarado and Lauren Savaglio, Rapporteurs

Roundtable on Population Health Improvement

Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice

Health and Medicine Division

images

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Washington, DC
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by contracts between the National Academy of Sciences and the Association of American Medical Colleges, BlueCross BlueShield of North Carolina, The California Endowment (#10003309), Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Geisinger, Department of Health and Human Services (#10003388), Kaiser Permanente (#10002957), Nemours, The Rippel Foundation/ReThink Health, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (#10002897), Samueli Foundation, and Wake Forest Baptist Health. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-67782-0
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-67782-3
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/25807

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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A population health perspective on middle school success: Activities, programs, and policies: Proceedings of a workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/25807.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
×

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The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

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Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
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Image

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
×

PLANNING COMMITTEE ON A POPULATION HEALTH PERSPECTIVE ON MIDDLE SCHOOL SUCCESS: ACTIVITIES, PROGRAMS, AND POLICIES1

CHRISTINE THIELEN (Chair), Association for Middle Level Education

KIMBERLY CHARIS, National Association of State Boards of Education

ANNE DE BIASI, Trust for America’s Health

DIANE WHITMORE SCHANZENBACH, Northwestern University

JOAQUIN TAMAYO, EducationCounsel

JOANNA WILLIAMS, University of Virginia

Health and Medicine Division Staff

ALINA BACIU, Roundtable Director

CARLA ALVARADO, Program Officer (through January 2021)

HARIKA DYER, Senior Program Assistant (starting April 2020)

ROSE M. MARTINEZ, Senior Board Director, Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice

___________________

1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s planning committees are solely responsible for organizing the workshop, identifying topics, and choosing speakers. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteurs and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
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ROUNDTABLE ON POPULATION HEALTH IMPROVEMENT1

SANNE MAGNAN (Co-Chair), Senior Fellow, HealthPartners Institute

JOSHUA M. SHARFSTEIN (Co-Chair), Associate Dean for Public Health Practice and Training, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

PHILIP M. ALBERTI, Senior Director, Health Equity Research and Policy, Association of American Medical Colleges

JOHN AUERBACH, Executive Director, Trust for America’s Health

CATHY BAASE, Chair, Board of Directors, Michigan Health Improvement Alliance; Consultant for Health Strategy, The Dow Chemical Company

RAYMOND BAXTER, President and Chief Executive Officer, Blue Shield of California Foundation

DEBBIE I. CHANG, Senior Vice President, Policy and Prevention, Nemours

MARC N. GOUREVITCH, Professor and Chair, Department of Population Health, New York University Grossman School of Medicine

GARTH GRAHAM, President, Aetna Foundation

GARY R. GUNDERSON, Vice President, Faith Health, School of Divinity, Wake Forest University

WAYNE JONAS, Executive Director, Integrative Health Programs, H&S Ventures, Samueli Foundation

ROBERT M. KAPLAN, Professor, Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University

DAVID A. KINDIG, Professor Emeritus of Population Health Sciences, Emeritus Vice Chancellor for Health Sciences, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin–Madison

MICHELLE LARKIN, Associate Vice President, Associate Chief of Staff, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

PHYLLIS D. MEADOWS, Senior Fellow, Health Program, The Kresge Foundation

BOBBY MILSTEIN, Director, ReThink Health

JOSÉ T. MONTERO, Director, Office for State, Tribal, Local, and Territorial Support, Deputy Director, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

___________________

1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s forums and roundtables do not issue, review, or approve individual documents. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteurs and the institution.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
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KAREN MURPHY, Executive Vice President and Chief Innovation Officer, Founding Director, Steele Institute for Health Innovation, Geisinger

MARY PITTMAN, President and Chief Executive Officer, Public Health Institute

RAHUL RAJKUMAR, Senior Vice President and Chief Medical Officer, BlueCross BlueShield of North Carolina

LOURDES J. RODRIGUEZ, Director, Community-Driven Initiatives at Dell Medical School, Associate Professor, Department of Population Health, The University of Texas at Austin

PAMELA RUSSO, Senior Program Officer, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

MYLYNN TUFTE, State Health Officer, North Dakota Department of Health

HANH CAO YU, Chief Learning Officer, The California Endowment

Health and Medicine Division Staff

ALINA BACIU, Roundtable Director

CARLA ALVARADO, Program Officer (through January 2021)

HARIKA DYER, Senior Program Assistant (starting April 2020)

ROSE M. MARTINEZ, Senior Board Director, Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice

Consultant

LAUREN SAVAGLIO, Rapporteur

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
×

Reviewers

This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings:

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by NANCY FUGATE WOODS, University of Washington. She was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the National Academies.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
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This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
×
Page xiii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
×

Acronyms and Abbreviations

ACE adverse childhood experience
ADHD attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
AMLE Association for Middle Level Education
BCPS Broward County Public Schools
CFB Community Foundation of Broward
CHSC Center for Healthy Schools and Communities
DCPS District of Columbia Public Schools
ESE exceptional student education
GSA Gay–Straight Alliance
KIPP Knowledge Is Power Program
LA Los Angeles
LESD Lawndale Elementary School District
MCPS Montgomery County Public Schools
MTSS multi-tiered systems of support
NASSP National Association of Secondary School Principals
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
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PBL project-based learning
RJOY Restorative Justice for Oakland Youth
RtI response to intervention
SAAF Strong African American Families program
SEL social-emotional learning
SFF San Francisco Foundation
SoLD Science of Learning & Development Alliance
UVA University of Virginia
UWNCA United Way of the National Capital Area
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
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PageR7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
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PageR9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
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PageR12
Page xiii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. A Population Health Perspective on Middle School Success: Activities, Programs, and Policies: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25807.
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On December 5, 2019, the Roundtable on Population Health Improvement of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop to explore the factors that affect the health and well-being of middle-school-aged adolescents. The workshop included presentations on the risk factors of poor physical, social, and emotional outcomes and their prevalence; the identification of resilience factors; current policies and programs designed to support middle school success and address issues of equity and financing as they apply to these; and how the health and human services sectors can support and align with the education sector to promote health and well-being in middle school. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions that took place during the workshop.

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