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11 CHAPTER 4 EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT ROLES/RESPONSIBILITIES Emergency management programs can be challenging for state DOTs and other transportation agencies, especially in terms of the coordination with other local, tribal, state, regional and federal agencies that may be involved. As part of Task 3 of the research project the research team identified response functions, roles, and responsibilities required over the continuum of emergencies (i.e., planned activities, minor incident, major incident, hazmat incident, natural disaster, and terrorist incident). In particular, the work focused on updating Appendix C Emergency Response Stakeholder Responsibilities from the previous version of the Guide. The research team identified roles and responsibilities for the following categories of stakeholders: ï· Federal agencies including the U.S. Department of Transportation, the Department of Homeland Security, FEMA, and others; ï· Regional organizations including regional coalitions such as the I-95 Corridor Coalition and the Central United States Earthquake Consortium and regional advisory panels/planning councils such as regional and metropolitan planning agencies; ï· State and local agencies including state transportation agencies, the departments of emergency management, public works, law enforcement agencies, fire and rescue, EMS, National Guard, local utilities, emergency operations centers, and fusion centers; ï· Private sector partners such as towing and recovery operators, hazardous materials response contractors, and insurance companies; ï· Organized labor; ï· Associations including volunteer organizations, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), community-based organizations (CBOs), and associations of cities, counties, sheriffs, police, and EMS; ï· Faith-based organizations (FBOs); and ï· Other formal and informal organizations such as technical societies, chambers of commerce, and citizen groups.