Environmental chemicals reported to be associated with signs and symptoms similar to the chronic signs and symptoms observed in Havana patients (pesticides are in italics).
|Symptoms||Chemicals Associated with Symptom|
|Ototoxicity, vestibulotoxicity, tinnitus, vertigo||
|Motor dysfunction (incoordination, muscle weakness)||
|Headaches, fatigue, insomnia||
SOURCES: Alcaras et al., 2013; Anger et al., 2020; Ashok Murthy and Visweswara Reddy, 2014; Campo et al., 2007; Chen et al., 1991; Choochouy et al., 2019; Crawford et al., 2008; Dassanayake et al., 2007, 2008, 2009; Dundar et al., 2016; Edwards and Tchounwou, 2005; Fuente and McPherson, 2012; London et al., 1998; Mont’Alverne et al., 2016; Müller-Mohnssen,
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