Recommendations for the Education System
6-1: Rectify disparities in resources for least-advantaged schools and students.
6-2: Design purposeful but flexible pathways through education.
6-3: Teach practical knowledge and nonacademic skills, such as decision making, adaptability, and socioemotional competence.
6-4: Protect the overall health and well-being of each student.
6-5: Foster culturally sensitive learning environments.
6-6: Help adolescents and families navigate the education sector.
Recommendations for the Health System
7-1: Strengthen the financing of health care services for adolescents, including insurance coverage for uninsured or under-insured populations.
7-2: Improve access to comprehensive, integrated, coordinated health services for adolescents.
7-3: Increase access to behavioral health care and treatment services.
7-4: Improve the training and distribution and increase the number of adolescent health care providers.
7-5: Improve federal and state data collection on adolescent health and well-being, and conduct adolescent-specific health services research and disseminate the findings.
Recommendations for the Child Welfare System
8-1: Reduce racial/ethnic disparities in child welfare system involvement.
8-2: Promote broad uptake by the states of federal programs that promote resilience and positive outcomes for adolescents involved in the child welfare system
8-3: Provide services to adolescents and their families in the child welfare system that are developmentally informed at the individual, program, and system levels.
8-4: Conduct research that reflects all types and ages of adolescents in the child welfare system.
8-5: Foster greater collaboration between the child welfare, juvenile justice, education, and health systems.
8-6: Provide developmentally appropriate services for adolescents who engage in noncriminal misconduct without justice-system involvement.
Recommendations for the Justice System
9-1: Reduce disparities based on race, ethnicity, gender, ability status, and sexual orientation or gender identity and expression among adolescents involved in the justice system.
9-2: Ensure that youth maintain supportive relationships while involved in the justice system and receive appropriate guidance and counsel from legal professionals and caregivers.
9-3: Implement policies that aim to reduce harm to justice-involved youth in accordance with knowledge from developmental science.
9-4: Implement developmentally appropriate and fair policies and practices for adolescents involved in the criminal justice system.
9-5: For those youth in the custody of the justice system, ensure that policies and practices are implemented to prioritize the health and educational needs of adolescents and avoid causing harm.
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