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The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity (2021)

Chapter:Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
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Appendix B

Data Collection and Information Sources

The Committee on the Future of Nursing 2020–2030 was asked to chart a path forward for nursing to help reduce health disparities and produce a report providing recommendations on how nurses can improve the health of individuals, families, and communities by addressing the social determinants of health. The broad scope of this 2-year study included an examination of nursing education, practice, research, and policy with the purpose of promoting health equity.

The committee was composed of 15 members with expertise and experience in diverse areas, including nursing education and training, nursing practice, health professions training and education, health policy, health economics, workforce policy, health care quality, health care delivery, hospital and health plan administration, public and community health, business administration, health informatics, health insurance systems, sociology, and health equity. The committee convened for four in-person meetings and participated in several conference calls throughout the study to deliberate on the content of this report and its recommendations. To provide a comprehensive response to the Statement of Task, the committee tapped the wide-ranging expertise of its members and reviewed data from a variety of sources, including recent literature, public and stakeholder input gathered through a series of town halls, site visits to a variety of health care settings where nurses work, and commissioned papers on selected topics. This appendix describes the inputs on which the committee relied to inform its deliberations and the approaches used to reach conclusions and craft recommendations.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
×

INFORMATION COLLECTION AND PUBLIC INPUT

The committee received data and input from multiple sources throughout the course of the study. To support the committee’s deliberations, a broad literature search for relevant published articles and reports, including grey literature, was conducted. For specific questions related to the charge that required specialized knowledge and expertise not available within its membership, the committee commissioned white papers, received support from AcademyHealth for data analyses, and heard presentations from other experts at town hall meetings.

Literature Search

A broad search for published literature was conducted using the Cochrane Database of Systemic Reviews, Embase, Medline, the National Bureau of Economic Research, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, PubMed, and Scopus. These databases cover all the sources of published literature indexed by CINHAL and more. Search terms targeted nursing workforce, leadership, clinical redesign, resilience, burnout, and technology and innovation broadly among the nursing field; the intersection of nursing and social determinants of health; programs and interventions to address health disparities, social needs, social determinants of health, and health equity broadly; and projections about the nursing field related to changing demographics and population needs and technological advancements. Publication dates were limited to 2009 to the present to reflect current policy, health care systems, and nursing education and workforce data since the prior The Future of Nursing report (IOM, 2011). Although the primary search was conducted in April 2019, staff conducted an updated search in February 2020, and additional publications and reports of relevance were added through June 2020.

Grey literature was searched for reports and data from multiple sources, including federal agencies, professional organizations, and scientific and health policy–focused organizations. Searches of federal agencies included the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Health Resources and Services Administration, the National Institute of Nursing Research, the U.S. Department of Defense (Military Health System and Tricare), the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, the U.S. Department of Labor, and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Professional organizations included the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) and others. Institutions that regularly conduct scientific and health policy research, including AcademyHealth, the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute, RAND, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF), The Commonwealth Fund, and others were also reviewed for relevant information.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
×

The committee also relied on a collection of other National Academies reports in addition to the two prior nursing reports (IOM, 2011; NASEM, 2016). They are cited as appropriate throughout this report. They include

  • Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century (IOM, 2001)
  • Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care (IOM, 2003)
  • A Framework for Educating Health Professionals to Address the Social Determinants of Health (NASEM, 2016a)
  • Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity (NASEM, 2017)
  • Integrating Social Care into the Delivery of Health Care: Moving Upstream to Improve the Nation’s Health (NASEM, 2019a)
  • Taking Action Against Clinician Burnout: A Systems Approach to Professional Well-Being (NASEM, 2019b)
  • Vibrant and Healthy Kids: Aligning Science, Practice, and Policy to Advance Health Equity (NASEM, 2019c)
  • Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults: Opportunities for the Health Care System (NASEM, 2020a)
  • Birth Settings in America: Outcomes, Quality, Access, and Choice (NASEM, 2020b)

AcademyHealth

To support the committee with timely data generation, analysis, synthesis, and dissemination, RWJF simultaneously contracted with AcademyHealth to support the committee with critical information not available in the current literature. AcademyHealth created a research network from its membership of health policy and workforce researchers to respond to requests from the committee and anticipate needs throughout the study process. Research products generated by the AcademyHealth research network informed the committee’s deliberations and supported the committee’s conclusions.

AcademyHealth selected five experts to serve as research managers to conduct research and analyses. Their efforts were managed by AcademyHealth staff. All products generated by AcademyHealth in support of the committee are available by request through the committee’s Public Access File.

White Papers

The committee commissioned two white papers to further its understanding and incorporate input from experts in other areas:

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
×
  • Barton, A. J., B. Brandt, C. J. Dieter, and S. D. Williams. 2020. Social determinants of health: Nursing, health professions and interprofessional education at a crossroads. https://www.nap.edu/resource/25982/Barton%20et%al%20Commissioned%20Paper.pdf (accessed June 7, 2021).
  • Needleman, J. 2019. Paying for nursing care in fee-for-service and value-based systems. Paper commissioned by the Committee on the Future of Nursing 2020–2030.

TOWN HALLS

In conjunction with the site visits, the committee also participated in public town halls that included in-person expert and technical panels and testimony from organizations and individuals. These meetings1 were open to the public and were webcast live.2 The first town hall meeting, in Chicago, was held at Malcolm X Community College, and the theme was “Social Determinants of Health: Education, Research, and Practice.” Experts, stakeholders, school administrators, community health nurses, and clinicians presented information on how nurse education is adapting to include new competencies, nurse engagement in research on health equity, and how nursing practice in the United States is currently incorporating social determinants of health screening and targeted programs. The town hall in Philadelphia was held at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, and the theme was “Payment and Care for Complex Health and Social Needs,” which featured speakers who discussed the role of nurses in rural health, maternal health, healthy aging, school nursing, and how payment systems can be reformed to support nurses’ work. The final town hall, in Seattle, was held at the School of Nursing at the University of Washington, and the theme was “High Tech to High Touch,” which focused on medical technology and its application in advancing health equity and well-being and preventing burnout of nurses.

The town hall meetings were important sources of information from other experts on selected topics relevant to the committee’s task. They also served as important venues to solicit and receive public input.

SITE VISITS

Site visits were held in three cities in the United States between June and August 2019 and focused on current programs that involve nurses and address social determinants of health. The sites were chosen for their unique position in relationship to their communities and served as examples of successful models

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1 The agendas for all of the town halls are at the end of this appendix.

2 Recordings of the town hall meetings are available online at https://www.nap.edu/catalog/25982 (accessed June 9, 2021).

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
×

in deploying nurses and nurse leaders, identifying community and social needs, and implementing these models with measurable outcomes. Committee members were able to learn about the programs and observe how nurses worked to address the social needs and social determinants of health facing their clients. The first site visits took place in Chicago in June 2019 and included several programs supported by Rush University. Some committee members were able to visit Threshold Community Mental Health Center, Sue Gin Health Center, and Simpson School Based Health Center. In July 2019, committee members met with leaders and staff at Stephen and Sandra Sheller 11th Street Family Health Services in Philadelphia and Camden Coalition and several of its community partners in Camden, New Jersey. The third set of site visits took place in and around Seattle and nearby cities and towns in August 2019. Subgroups of committee members visited Downtown Emergency Services Center, Kline Galland, International Community Health Services, Seattle and King County Public Health, Seattle Children’s Hospital, Kitsap Connect at the Salvation Army in Kitsap, and the S’Klallum Reservation in Port Gamble.

The site visits gave the committee members valuable context for how nurses are working with clients with complex health conditions and social services needs, the challenges of this work, and the impact that these nurses and programs have on their clients and communities. Because the committee members bring a variety of life and professional experiences, it was imperative for them all to observe nurses in action and working in settings to address social needs and social determinants of health.

PUBLIC INPUT

Throughout the duration of the study, the committee received testimony and comments from the public through several channels. At each open session and town hall meeting, the committee heard testimony from organizations and comments from individuals about the study. Any comments made by online viewers during those meetings were also made available to the committee. The National Academy of Medicine conducted Twitter chats in coordination with the town hall meetings and shared ideas put forward with the committee. Throughout the study process, the committee invited the public to share comments and supporting materials with the committee by email. All public comments, in person and online, helped the committee understand the issues important to nurses, students, educators, leaders, and colleagues.

OPEN MEETING AND TOWN HALL AGENDAS

Below, the agendas for each of the committee’s open meetings and town halls are listed chronologically. They include an introductory open meeting in Washington, DC; town hall meetings in Chicago, Philadelphia, and Seattle; and a second open meeting in Washington, DC.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
×

OPEN MEETING 1

Open Session Agenda
March 20, 2019
2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20418

1:30 p.m. Welcome Study Sponsor and Introductory Remarks
Sharyl Nass, MS, PhD, Senior Board Director, Board on Health Care Services, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Mary Wakefield, PhD, RN, FAAN, and David Williams, MPH, PhD, Committee Co-Chairs
1:40 p.m. Remarks from the National Academy of Medicine
Victor Dzau, MD, President, National Academy of Medicine
1:50 p.m. Introduction to The Future of Nursing (2011) and Its Impact
Susan Hassmiller, RN, PhD, FAAN, Senior Scholar in Residence and Advisor to the President on Nursing, National Academy of Medicine
2:10 p.m. Introduction to the Future of Nursing: Campaign for Action at the Center to Champion Nursing in America and Its Impact
Susan Reinhard, RN, PhD, FAAN, Senior Vice President and Director, AARP Public Policy Institute, and Chief Strategist, Center to Champion Nursing in America
2:30 p.m. Charge to the Committee
Paul Kuehnert, DNP, RN, FAAN, Associate Vice-President for Programs, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Open Q&A with the Committee
2:50 p.m. Invited comments (limited to 5 minutes each)
  • Ann Cashion, PhD, RN, FAAN, Acting Director and Scientific Director, National Institute of Nursing Research, National Institutes of Health
  • Ann Cary, PhD, MPH, RN, FAAN, FNAP, Chair, Board for American Association of Colleges of Nursing
  • Donna Meyer, MSN, RN, ANEF, FAADN, Chief Executive Officer, Organization for Associate Degree Nursing
  • Loressa Cole, DNP, MBA, RN, NEA-BC, FACHE, Chief Executive Officer, American Nurses Association
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
×
  • Linda H. Yoder, PhD, MBA, RN, AOCN, FAAN, Immediate Past President, Academy of Medical-Surgical Nurses
  • Susan V. Coleman, MPH, BSN, RN, Representing the Quad Council Coalition of Public Health Nursing Organizations
  • G. Rumay Alexander, EdD, RN, FAAN, President, National League for Nursing
3:25 p.m. Public Comments
Comments will be limited to 2 minutes per person; select comments submitted by online viewers will be read.
4:00 p.m. Adjourn Open Session

Chicago Town Hall: Integrating Social Determinants of Health into Nursing Education, Research, and Practice

June 7, 2019
8:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. at Malcom X Auditorium

8:30 a.m. Welcome
  • Sue Hassmiller, RN, PhD, FAAN, Senior Scholar in Residence and Senior Advisor to the President on Nursing, National Academy of Medicine
  • Mary Wakefield, PhD, RN, FAAN, Visiting Distinguished Professor, Georgetown University and The University of Texas at Austin
8:40 a.m. Integrating Social Determinants of Health and Health Equity into Nursing Education
  • Pam McCue, PhD, RN, Chief Executive Officer, Rhode Island Nurses Institute Middle College Charter High School
  • Susan Swider, PhD, PHNA-BC, FAAN, Professor, Rush University
  • Philip Dickison, PhD, Chief Officer of Operations and Examinations, National Council of State Boards of Nursing
  • Moderated by Karen Cox, PhD, RN, FACHE, FAAN, President, Chamberlain University
9:35 a.m. Break
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
×
9:45 a.m. Integrating Social Determinants of Health and Health Equity into Nursing Research
  • Ann Cashion, PhD, RN, FAAN, Acting Director and Scientific Director, National Institute of Nursing Research
  • Janice Phillips, PhD, RN, CENP, FAAN, Director of Nursing Research and Health Equity, Nursing Administration, Rush University Medical Center
  • Robyn Golden, LCSW, Associate Vice President of Population Health and Aging, Rush University Medical Center
  • Moderated by Elizabeth Aquino, PhD, RN, Assistant Professor, DePaul University; President, National Association of Hispanic Nurses-Illinois Chapter
10:40 a.m. Integrating Social Determinants of Health and Health Equity into Nursing Practice
  • Coletta C. Barrett, RN, FACHE, Vice President of Mission, Our Lady of the Lake Regional Medical Center
  • Whitney Fear, RN, BSN, Case Manager/Outreach Nurse, Family HealthCare
  • Teanya Norwood, MBA, MSN, RN, Social Determinants of Health Outcomes Manager, Promedica
  • Moderated by Elizabeth Aquino, PhD, RN, Assistant Professor, DePaul University; President, National Association of Hispanic Nurses-Illinois Chapter
11:35 a.m. Invited Comments (comments will be limited to 5 minutes)
  • Mary Beth Kingston, PhD, RN, NEA-BC, President, American Organization for Nursing Leadership
  • Patricia Kunz Howard, PhD, RN, CEN, CPEN, TCRN, NE-BC, FAEN, FAAN, President, Emergency Nurses Association
  • Mark Pelletier, RN, MS, Chief Operating Officer and Chief Nursing Officer, The Joint Commission
  • Kaye Englebrecht, Executive Director, American Association of Occupational Health Nurses
11:55 a.m. Public Comments (comments will be limited to 2 minutes)
12:25 p.m. Closing Remarks and Adjourn
Mary Wakefield, PhD, RN, FAAN, Visiting Distinguished Professor, Georgetown University and The University of Texas at Austin
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
×

Philadelphia Town Hall: Payment and Care for Complex Health and Social Needs

July 24, 2019
8:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. at the
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing

8:30 a.m. Welcome
  • Sue Hassmiller, RN, PhD, FAAN, Senior Scholar in Residence and Senior Advisor to the President on Nursing, National Academy of Medicine
  • Mary Wakefield, PhD, RN, FAAN, Visiting Distinguished Professor, Georgetown University and The University of Texas at Austin
8:40 a.m. Serving Populations with, and at Risk for, Complex Health and Social Needs: Introduction and Overview
Moderator: Antonia M. Villarruel, PhD, RN, FAAN, Professor and Margaret Bond Simon Dean, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing
  • Maternal Child Health, Nurse Family Partnership
    Erin Graham, BSN, RN, IBCLC, Nurse Supervisor, National Nurse-Led Care Consortium
  • School Health
    Robin Cogan, MEd, RN, NCSN, School Nurse, Camden City School District (Yorkship Family School)
  • Rural Health
    Cheri Rinehart, RN, BSN, NHA, President and Chief Executive Officer, Pennsylvania Association of Community Health Centers
  • Aging
    C. Alicia Georges, EdD, RN, FAAN, Chair, Department of Nursing, Lehman College; National Volunteer President, AARP
10:10 a.m. Break
10:20 a.m. Paying for Care for Those with Complex Health and Social Needs: Introduction and Overview
Moderator: Margaret Flinter, APRN, PhD, FAAN, c-FNP, Senior Vice President and Clinical Director, Community Health Center, Inc.
  • Federal Perspective on Payment
    Ellen-Marie Whelan, PhD, NP, RN, FAAN, Chief Population Health Officer, Center for Medicaid and CHIP Services
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
×
  • State Perspective on Payment
    Carole Johnson, Commissioner, New Jersey Department of Human Services
  • Local/Regional Perspective on Payment
    Terrie P. Sterling, MSN, MBA, Executive Vice President, Strategic Initiatives, Our Lady of the Lake Regional Medical Center
11:35 a.m. Invited Comments (limited to 5 minutes each)
  • Kristene Grayem, MSN, CNS, PPCNP-BC, RN-BC, President, American Academy of Ambulatory Care Nursing
  • Elise Krikorian, Nursing Student, Pennsylvania State University; Chair, Population and Global Health, and Board Member, National Student Nurses’Association
  • Linda MacIntyre, PhD, RN, American Red Cross
  • Johnathan Holifield, JD, MEd, Executive Director, White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities
11:55 a.m. Public Comments (limited to 2 minutes each)
12:25 p.m. Closing Remarks and Adjourn
Sue Hassmiller, RN, PhD, FAAN

Seattle Town Hall: High Tech to High Touch

August 7, 2019
8:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. at the University of Washington,
Kane Hall, Room 210

8:30 a.m. Welcome
  • Sue Hassmiller, RN, PhD, FAAN, Senior Scholar in Residence and Senior Advisor to the President on Nursing, National Academy of Medicine
  • Mary Wakefield, PhD, RN, FAAN, Visiting Distinguished Professor, Georgetown University and The University of Texas at Austin
8:40 a.m. Advancing Health Care Equity in the Digital Age
Moderator: Sue E. Birch, MBA, BSN, RN, Director, Washington State Health Care Authority
  • Molly Coye, MD, Executive-in-Residence, AVIA
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
×
  • Kenya Beard, EdD, AGACNP-BC, NP-C, CNE ANEF, FAAN, Dean of Nursing and Health Sciences, Nassau Community College
  • Molly McCarthy, MBA, BSN, RN-BC, Chief Nursing Officer, Microsoft
9:35 a.m. Break
9:45 a.m. Technology to Inform Practice and Advance Equity
Moderator: Sofia Aragon, JD, BSN, Executive Director, Washington Center for Nursing
  • Sheila K. Shapiro, MBA, Senior Vice President-National Strategic Partnerships, UnitedHealthcare Clinical Services
  • Eli Kern, MPH, BSN, Epidemiologist, Public Health Seattle and King County
  • Stefan J. Torres, BSN, RN, CEN, Registered Nurse, Swedish Medical Center
10:40 a.m. Nurse Well-Being and Impact on Patients and Caregivers
Moderator: Kristen Swanson, RN, PhD, FAAN, Dean and Professor, Seattle University College of Nursing
  • Tim Cunningham, DrPH, MSN, RN, Corporate Director of Patient and Family Centered Care, Emory Healthcare
  • Bernadette M. Melnyk, PhD, RN, FAANP, FNAP, FAAN, Vice President for Health Promotion, University Chief Wellness Officer, Dean and Professor, College of Nursing, The Ohio State University
  • Jason Wolf, PhD, CPXP, President and Chief Executive Officer, The Beryl Institute
11:35 a.m. Invited Comments (limited to 5 minutes each)
  • Susan Reinhard, RN, PhD, FAAN, Senior Vice President and Director, AARP Public Policy Institute; Chief Strategist, Center to Champion Nursing in America
  • Karen Cox, PhD, RN, FACHE, FAAN, President, American Academy of Nursing
  • Joyce Sensmeier, MS, RN-BC, CPHIMS, FHIMSS, FAAN, Vice President of Informatics, HIMSS
  • Christina Dempsey, DNP, MSN, CNOR, CENP, FAAN, Chief Nursing Officer, Press Ganey
11:55 a.m. Public Comments (limited to 2 minutes each)
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
×
12:25 p.m. Closing Remarks and Adjourn
Sue Hassmiller, RN, PhD, FAAN, Senior Scholar in Residence and Senior Advisor to the President on Nursing, National Academy of Medicine

OPEN MEETING 2

Open Session Agenda
November 20, 2019
500 Fifth Street, NW, Washington, DC 20001

Open Session

9:00 a.m. Welcome and Introductory Remarks
Mary Wakefield, Committee Co-Chair
Moderated by Maureen Bisognano, Committee Member
Technical Panel
9:05 a.m. Center for Health Care Strategies
Tricia McGinnis, Executive Vice President and Chief Program Officer
9:20 a.m. CVS Health
Angela Patterson, Chief Nurse Practitioner Officer,
CVS MinuteClinic and Vice President, CVS Health
9:35 a.m. Pacific Business Group on Health
Elizabeth Mitchell, President and Chief Executive Officer (presentation by Zoom)
9:50 a.m. American Hospital Association
  • Priya Bathija, Vice President, The Value Initiative, American Hospital Association
  • Robyn Begley, American Hospital Association Senior Vice President and Chief Nursing Officer, American Organization for Nursing Leadership
10:05 a.m. Q&A with the Committee
Moderated by Maureen Bisognano, Committee Member
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
×
10:45 a.m. Closing Remarks
Technical Panel Adjourns
10:50 a.m. Break
11:00 a.m. Future Trends
Lori Melichar, Senior Director, Program, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
11:55 a.m. Closing Remarks and Adjourn
David Williams, Committee Co-Chair

REFERENCES

IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2001. Crossing the quality chasm: A new health system for the 21st century. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

IOM. 2003. Unequal treatment: Confronting racial and ethnic disparities in health care. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

IOM. 2011. The future of nursing: Leading change, advancing health. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NASEM (National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine). 2016a. A framework for educating health professionals to address the social determinants of health. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NASEM. 2016b. Assessing progress on the Institute of Medicine report The Future of Nursing. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NASEM. 2017. Communities in action: Pathways to health equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NASEM. 2019a. Integrating social care into the delivery of health care: Moving upstream to improve the nation’s health. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NASEM. 2019b. Taking action against clinician burnout: A systems approach to professional well-being. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NASEM. 2019c. Vibrant and healthy kids: Aligning science, practice, and policy to advance health equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NASEM. 2020a. Social isolation and loneliness in older adults: Opportunities for the health care system. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NASEM. 2020b. Birth settings in America: Outcomes, quality, access, and choice. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
×
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×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Data Collection and Information Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25982.
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The decade ahead will test the nation's nearly 4 million nurses in new and complex ways. Nurses live and work at the intersection of health, education, and communities. Nurses work in a wide array of settings and practice at a range of professional levels. They are often the first and most frequent line of contact with people of all backgrounds and experiences seeking care and they represent the largest of the health care professions.

A nation cannot fully thrive until everyone - no matter who they are, where they live, or how much money they make - can live their healthiest possible life, and helping people live their healthiest life is and has always been the essential role of nurses. Nurses have a critical role to play in achieving the goal of health equity, but they need robust education, supportive work environments, and autonomy. Accordingly, at the request of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, on behalf of the National Academy of Medicine, an ad hoc committee under the auspices of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine conducted a study aimed at envisioning and charting a path forward for the nursing profession to help reduce inequities in people's ability to achieve their full health potential. The ultimate goal is the achievement of health equity in the United States built on strengthened nursing capacity and expertise. By leveraging these attributes, nursing will help to create and contribute comprehensively to equitable public health and health care systems that are designed to work for everyone.

The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity explores how nurses can work to reduce health disparities and promote equity, while keeping costs at bay, utilizing technology, and maintaining patient and family-focused care into 2030. This work builds on the foundation set out by The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health (2011) report.

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