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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Advancing United States-Mexico Binational Sustainability Partnerships. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26070.
×

Advancing
United States-Mexico
Binational Sustainability
Partnerships

Christopher A. Scott, Jordyn White, and Heather Kreidler, Editors

Committee on Sustainability Partnerships in the
U.S.–Mexico Drylands Region

Board on Environmental Change and Society

Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

A Consensus Study Report of

images

and

Academia Mexicana de Ciencias, Academia de Ingeniería de México,
y Academia Nacional de Medicina de México

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Advancing United States-Mexico Binational Sustainability Partnerships. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26070.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by contracts between the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, the Mexican Academies, the George and Cynthia Mitchell Endowment for Sustainability Sciences at the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (unnumbered), and the National Academy of Sciences W.K. Kellogg Foundation Fund (unnumbered). Support for the work of the Board on Environmental Change and Society is provided primarily by a grant from the National Science Foundation (Award No. BCS-1744000). Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-29087-6
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-29087-2
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26070

Additional copies of this publication are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

Spanish language copies of this publication will be available through the Academia Mexicana de Ciencias, km 23.5 Carretera Federal México-Cuernavaca, Calle Cipreses s/n, Col. San Andrés Totoltepec, Tlalpan, 14400 Ciudad de México, México, Tel. +(52 55) 5849-4905, email: aic@unam.mx, http://www.amc.mx.

Copyright 2021 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2021). Advancing United States–Mexico Binational Sustainability Partnerships. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26070.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Advancing United States-Mexico Binational Sustainability Partnerships. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26070.
×

Image

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. John L. Anderson is president.

The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.

The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine.

Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Advancing United States-Mexico Binational Sustainability Partnerships. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26070.
×

Image

The Academia Mexicana de Ciencias (Mexican Academy of Sciences) was established in 1959 as a nonprofit, nongovernmental organization to promote scientific culture in society and to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for their distinguished contributions to research. Dr. Susana Lizano-Soberón is president. Website: www.amc.mx

The Academia de Ingeniería de México (Mexican Academy of Engineering) created in 1972, is a nonprofit organization that brings together experts with a great sense of social responsibility, who have excelled in practice, research, and teaching of engineering, and contribute to the sustainable development of Mexico. Members are elected by their peers for their contributions to engineering. Dr. Agustín Álvarez-Icaza Longoría is president. Website: www.ai.org.mx

The Academia Nacional de Medicina de México (National Academy of Medicine of Mexico), established in 1864, is a nonprofit organization that promotes teaching and research in the field of medicine, and gives advice to professionals, health authorities, and the general public. Members are elected by their peers for their contributions to research and teaching in medicine and public health. Dr. José Halabe Cherem is president. Website: www.anmm.org.mx

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Advancing United States-Mexico Binational Sustainability Partnerships. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26070.
×

COMMITTEE ON SUSTAINABILITY PARTNERSHIPS IN THE U.S.–MEXICO DRYLANDS REGION

CHRISTOPHER A. SCOTT (Chair), Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy, University of Arizona

BERNARD AMADEI, University of Colorado Boulder (resigned on 3/20/2020)

ANTHONY BEBBINGTON, Clark University Graduate School of Geography

ROBERT BULLARD, Texas Southern University (resigned on 4/6/2020)

ALFONSO ANDRÉS CORTEZ-LARA, El Colegio de la Frontera Norte-Sede Mexicali

ALMA COTA DE YÁÑEZ, FESAC Fundación del Empresariado, Sonorense, A.C.

HALLIE EAKIN, School of Sustainability, Arizona State University

CONSTANTINO DE JESÚS MACÍAS GARCIA, Instituto de Ecología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

NATALIA MARTÍNEZ-TAGÜEÑA, Instituto Potosino de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica

BENJAMIN L. PRESTON, RAND Corporation (resigned on 9/28/2020)

ROGER S. PULWARTY, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

EXEQUIEL ROLÓN, Fresnillo PLC

KELLY TWOMEY SANDERS, Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Southern California

Consultant

ELISABETH HUBER-SANNWALD, Instituto Potosino de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica

Staff

JORDYN WHITE, Study Director

TOBY WARDEN, Board Director

ADAM K. JONES, Senior Program Assistant

TINA M. LATIMER, Program Coordinator

HEATHER KREIDLER, Project Consultant

JOSÉ FRANCO, Project Consultant (Mexican Academies Representative)

JOSÉ LUIS MORÁN, Project Consultant (Mexican Academies Representative)

RENATA VILLALBA, Program Associate (Mexican Academies Representative)

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Advancing United States-Mexico Binational Sustainability Partnerships. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26070.
×

BOARD ON ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE AND SOCIETY

KRISTIE L. EBI (Chair), Center for Health and the Global Environment (CHanGE), University of Washington, Seattle

HALLIE C. EAKIN, School of Sustainability, Arizona State University

LORI M. HUNTER, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado, Boulder

KATHARINE L. JACOBS, Center for Climate Adaptation Science and Solutions and Department of Soil, Water, and Environmental Science, University of Arizona

MICHAEL ANTHONY MENDEZ, Department of Urban Planning and Public Policy, University of California, Irvine

RICHARD G. NEWELL, Resources for the Future, Washington, DC

ASEEM PRAKASH, College of Arts and Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle

MAXINE L. SAVITZ, Technology/Partnership Honeywell Inc. (retired), Los Angeles, CA

MICHAEL P. VANDENBERGH, School of Law, Vanderbilt University

JALONNE L. WHITE-NEWSOME, Empowering a Green Environment and Economy, LLC, Troy, MI

CATHY L. WHITLOCK, Paleoecology Lab, Montana State University

ROBYN S. WILSON, School of Environment and Natural Resources, The Ohio State University

TOBY WARDEN, Director

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Advancing United States-Mexico Binational Sustainability Partnerships. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26070.
×

Reviewers

This Consensus Study Report was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published report as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this report: Elena Centeno García, UNAM Center for Mexican Studies, University of Arizona, Centro de Estudios Mexicanos UNAM Tucson, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Katharine L. Jacobs, Center for Climate Adaptation Science and Solutions, Arizona Institutes for Resilience, University of Arizona; Stephen P. Mumme, Department of Political Science, Colorado State University; Nicolás Pineda-Pablos, Department of Government and Public Policy, El Colegio de Sonora, México; Alexis Racelis, Department of Biology, College of Sciences, The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley; and Sandi Rosenbloom, School of Architecture, The University of Texas at Austin.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Advancing United States-Mexico Binational Sustainability Partnerships. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26070.
×

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations of this report nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Susan Hanson, Department of Geography, Clark University, and Arun Agrawal, School for Environment and Sustainability, University of Michigan. They were responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with the standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the authoring committee and the National Academies.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Advancing United States-Mexico Binational Sustainability Partnerships. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26070.
×

Preface

Individually, each country’s National Academies bring together expertise in science, engineering, and medicine to devise evidence-based solutions to pressing national challenges. Less frequently, challenges that are global or transboundary in nature may be addressed through national efforts. And in even rarer circumstances, challenges that are identified as being binational in their ambit and that require binational expertise for their solutions are the subject of collaboration by two countries’ National Academies. This consensus study is one such rare case.

The present report and the process behind it represent a pioneering example of binational cooperation, in which the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and the Mexican Academy of Sciences, Academy of Engineering, and National Academy of Medicine jointly identified drylands sustainability as a challenge that affects an extensive region including but not limited to the two nations’ border. More importantly, both countries’ National Academies recognized that diagnosis, assessment, engagement, and solution needed to be not just binational but also interdisciplinary, involving experts with varied training, as well as transdisciplinary, building on expertise from civil society and the private sector. Further, to demonstrate its global relevance, the study assesses U.S. and Mexican challenges in the context of global sustainable development as defined by the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals, and in particular Goal 17, which calls for multi-stakeholder, cross-sectoral partnerships between governments, the private sector, and civil society.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Advancing United States-Mexico Binational Sustainability Partnerships. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26070.
×

What further makes this study anomalous is the particular juncture in time at which it was implemented. Although background efforts, preparation, and prior consultations occurred in person, the first formal meeting of the Consensus Study Committee was held at the Mexican Academy of Sciences in Mexico City in March 2020, coinciding with the March 2020 declaration by the World Health Organization of COVID-19 as a global pandemic. In these circumstances, the drafting of the study design required flexibility and innovation, two of the very characteristics that, the study found, were essential for the sustainability partnerships on which it focused. The U.S. and Mexican Academies and the Committee recognized the implications of COVID-19 for safety, security, and mobility as well as the opportunities it posed. The process rapidly pivoted to a virtual study conducted remotely with a single webinar, organized to serve to inform committee deliberations as the empirical basis of the findings presented. This report would not have been possible without the input and commitment of stakeholders who shared their experiences at that July 2020 webinar. The committee anticipates that the extensive consultations they conducted exclusively online have enriched the deliberations and served to strengthen the binational and transdisciplinary nature of the report.

The Committee would also like to express appreciation to everyone who worked enthusiastically and tirelessly to craft this report, as well as the George and Cynthia Mitchell Endowment for Sustainability Sciences in collaboration with the Mexican Academy of Sciences, Academy of Engineering of Mexico, and National Academy of Medicine of Mexico for sponsoring this study. The report was greatly improved by the views, comments, and suggestions offered by the external reviewers. The committee is also indebted to the contributions of the Roundtable on Science and Technology for Sustainability. The committee expresses appreciation for the opportunity to work with José Luis Morán and Estela Susana Lizano Soberón from the Mexican Academy of Sciences, and gratefully acknowledges José Franco and Renata Villalba from the Mexican Academy of Sciences for their guidance and support. The committee is also thankful for the leadership and guidance provided by the project staff of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, including Jordyn White, the study director, along with Toby Warden, Adam Jones, and Daniel Talmage. Finally, we are grateful to our two consultants, Elisabeth Huber-Sannwald and Heather Kreidler.

Christopher A. Scott, Chair
Committee on Sustainability Partnerships in the U.S.–Mexico Drylands Region

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Advancing United States-Mexico Binational Sustainability Partnerships. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26070.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Advancing United States-Mexico Binational Sustainability Partnerships. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26070.
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The border region shared by the United States and Mexico is currently experiencing multiple crises on both sides that present challenges to safeguarding the region's sustainable natural resources and to ensuring the livelihoods of its residents. These challenges are exacerbated by stressors including global climate change, increasing urbanization and industrialization and attendant air and water-quality degradation, and rapid population growth. Navigating these challenges and preserving the area’s cultural richness, economy, and ecology will require building strategic partnerships that engage a broad range of stakeholders from both countries.

To navigate these challenges, the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, together with the Mexican Academy of Sciences (Academia Mexicana de Ciencias), Mexican Academy of Engineering (Academia de Ingeniería de México), and Mexican National Academy of Medicine (Academia Nacional de Medicina de México), appointed a committee of experts from the United States and Mexico to conduct a consensus study.

Advancing United States-Mexico Binational Sustainability Partnerships incorporates features of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, in particular, Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 17. SDG 17 calls for revitalizing global partnerships for sustainable development. It is specifically focused on the advancement of multi-stakeholder partnerships that require coordination and collaboration among diverse stakeholders in pursuit of a common and mutually beneficial vision. With attention to SDG 17, this report draws on social science theory and applied research on partnerships to explore potential strategies and mechanisms to increase coordination between relevant government agencies, the private sector, and civil society in the United States and Mexico.

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