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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Exploring a Dynamic Soil Information System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26170.
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Exploring a
Dynamic Soil
Information
System

PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP

Robert Pool and Kara Laney, Rapporteurs

Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources

Board on Earth Sciences and Resources

Division on Earth and Life Studies

Board on International Scientific Organizations

Policy and Global Affairs

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Exploring a Dynamic Soil Information System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26170.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by Award No. 1953591 from the National Science Foundation, Grant No. PFW-NAS-001-19 from The Nature Conservancy, Grant No. 2019-67019-29362 from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Contribution Agreement No. NR183A750025C014 from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Natural Resources Conservation Service, and Assistance Agreement No. DE-AR0001223 from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Research Projects Agency–Energy, with additional support from the National Academy of Sciences’ Arthur L. Day Fund and the National Corn Growers Association. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture is an equal opportunity provider and employer.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-49167-9
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-49167-3
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26170

Additional copies of this publication are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

Copyright 2021 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Exploring a Dynamic Soil Information System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26170.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Exploring a Dynamic Soil Information System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26170.
×

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The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. John L. Anderson is president.

The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.

The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine.

Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Exploring a Dynamic Soil Information System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26170.
×

Image

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Exploring a Dynamic Soil Information System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26170.
×

ORGANIZING COMMITTEE ON EXPLORING A DYNAMIC SOIL INFORMATION SYSTEM

Members

BRUNO BASSO (Chair), Michigan State University, East Lansing

RANVEER CHANDRA, Microsoft Azure Global, Redmond, WA

ALISON MARKLEIN, University of California, Riverside

CHARLES W. RICE, Kansas State University, Manhattan

JAMES M. TIEDJE (NAS1), Michigan State University, East Lansing

KATHE TODD-BROWN, University of Florida, Gainesville

RODRIGO VARGAS, University of Delaware, Newark

Staff

KARA N. LANEY, Senior Program Officer, Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources

ESTER SZTEIN, Assistant Director, Board on International Scientific Organizations

SARAH KWON, Senior Program Assistant, Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources

___________________

1 National Academy of Sciences.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Exploring a Dynamic Soil Information System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26170.
×

BOARD ON AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES

Members

CHARLES W. RICE (Chair), Kansas State University, Manhattan

ARISTOS ARISTIDOU (NAE1), Cargill, Inc., Minneapolis, MN

SHANE C. BURGESS, University of Arizona, Tucson

BERNADETTE DUNHAM, Milken Institute School of Public Health, The George Washington University, Washington, DC

JAMES S. FAMIGLIETTI, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada

JOHN HAMER, DCVC Bio, San Francisco, CA

DOUGLAS B. JACKSON-SMITH, The Ohio State University, Wooster

ERMIAS KEBREAB, University of California, Davis

JAN E. LEACH, Colorado State University, Fort Collins

ROBIN LOUGEE, Unaffiliated, Yorktown Heights, NY

JILL J. McCLUSKEY, Washington State University, Richland

KAREN I. PLAUT, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

RICARDO SALVADOR, Union of Concerned Scientists, Washington, DC

V. ALARIC SAMPLE, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA

Staff

ROBIN A. SCHOEN, Director

CAMILLA YANDOC ABLES, Senior Program Officer

KARA N. LANEY, Senior Program Officer

JENNA BRISCOE, Research Associate

SARAH KWON, Senior Program Assistant

___________________

1 National Academy of Engineering.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Exploring a Dynamic Soil Information System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26170.
×

BOARD ON EARTH SCIENCES AND RESOURCES

Members

ISABEL P. MONTAÑEZ (NAS1) (Chair), University of California, Davis

ESTELLA A. ATEKWANA, University of Delaware, Newark

THORSTEN W. BECKER, The University of Texas at Austin

BRENDA B. BOWEN, The University of Utah, Salt Lake City

NELIA W. DUNBAR, New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, Socorro

RODNEY C. EWING (NAE2), Stanford University, Stanford, CA

MARY FEELEY, ExxonMobil Exploration Company, Houston, TX

WILLIAM C. HAMMOND, University of Nevada, Reno

ROBERT L. KLEINBERG (NAE), Boston University, Boston, MA

ZELMA MAINE-JACKSON, Washington State University, Pullman

MICHAEL MANGA (NAS), University of California, Berkeley

MARTIN W. McCANN, Stanford University, Stanford, CA

PATRICIA McDOWELL, University of Oregon, Eugene

HARVEY J. MILLER, The Ohio State University, Columbus

JEFFREY N. RUBIN, Unaffiliated, Wilsonville, OR

JAMES A. SLUTZ, National Petroleum Council, Washington, DC

ELIZABETH J. WILSON, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH

Staff

DEBORAH GLICKSON, Director

ANNE M. LINN, Scholar

SAMMANTHA L. MAGSINO, Senior Program Officer

COURTNEY R. DeVANE, Administrative Coordinator

NICHOLAS D. RODGERS, Senior Financial Business Partner

CALLA ROSENFELD, Program Assistant

SARAH HAEDRICH, Program Assistant

___________________

1 National Academy of Sciences.

2 National Academy of Engineering.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Exploring a Dynamic Soil Information System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26170.
×

BOARD ON INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC ORGANIZATIONS

Members

MELODY BROWN BURKINS (Chair), Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH

MARK CESA (Vice Chair), INESOS USA LLC, League City, TX (retired)

ALLAN C. ASHWORTH, North Dakota State University, Fargo

KRISTIN BENNET, KB Science, LLC, Boston, MA

ASMERET ASEFAW BERHE, University of California, Merced

BONNIE C. CARROLL, Information International Associates, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN

WENDY CRONE, University of Wisconsin–Madison

DEBRA M. ELMEGREEN, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, NY

ERIC FRIEDLANDER, University of Southern California, Los Angeles

JENNIFER E. LANSFORD, Duke University, Durham, NC

MICHAEL H. NEWKIRK, John Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD

PADMANABHAN SESHAIYER, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA

Ex Officio

JOHN HILDEBRAND (NAS1), University of Arizona, Tucson

Staff

KATHIE BAILEY, Director

ANA M. FERRERAS, Senior Program Officer

JAMES MANNING, Senior Program Assistant

ESTER SZTEIN, Assistant Director and Senior Program Officer

___________________

1 National Academy of Sciences.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Exploring a Dynamic Soil Information System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26170.
×

Acknowledgment of Reviewers

This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets institutional standards of quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings:

ANNA CATES, University of Minnesota

OLIVER CHADWICK, University of California, Santa Barbara

NILOVNA CHATTERJEE, CIBO Technologies

R. CÉSAR IZAURRALDE, University of Maryland

MARK SCHILDHAUER, University of California, Santa Barbara

JAMES TIEDJE, Michigan State University

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by SAMIRA H. DAROUB, University of Florida. She was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the National Academies.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Exploring a Dynamic Soil Information System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26170.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Exploring a Dynamic Soil Information System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26170.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Exploring a Dynamic Soil Information System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26170.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Exploring a Dynamic Soil Information System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26170.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Exploring a Dynamic Soil Information System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26170.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Exploring a Dynamic Soil Information System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26170.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Exploring a Dynamic Soil Information System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26170.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Exploring a Dynamic Soil Information System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26170.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Exploring a Dynamic Soil Information System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26170.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Exploring a Dynamic Soil Information System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26170.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Exploring a Dynamic Soil Information System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26170.
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As a living substrate, soil is critical to the function of Earth's geophysical and chemical properties. Soil also plays a major role in several human activities, including farming, forestry, and environmental remediation. Optimizing those activities requires a clear understanding of different soils, their function, their composition and structure, and how they change over time and from place to place. Although the importance of soil to Earth's biogeochemical cycles and to human activities is recognized, the current systems in place for monitoring soil properties - including physical, chemical, and, biological characteristics - along with measures of soil loss through erosion, do not provide an accurate picture of changes in the soil resource over time. Such an understanding can only be developed by collecting comprehensive data about soils and the various factors that influence them in a way that can be updated regularly and made available to researchers and others who wish to understand soils and make decisions based on those data.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened key stakeholders in a workshop on March 2-4, 2021, to discuss the development of a dynamic soil information system. Workshop discussions explored possiblities to dynamically and accurately monitor soil resources nationally with the mutually supporting goals of (1) achieving a better understanding of causal influences on observed changes in soil and interactions of soil cycling of nutrients and gases with earth processes, and (2) providing accessible, useful, and actionable information to land managers and others. This publication summarizes the presentation and discussion of the workshop.

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