National Academies Press: OpenBook
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×

Materials Science and Engineering
in a Post-Pandemic World

A DOD PERSPECTIVE

PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP

Anne Frances Johnson, Rapporteur

National Materials and Manufacturing Board

Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

National Academy of Engineering

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This project was supported by Contract W911NF-10-C-0098 with the Department of Defense. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-08313-3
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-08313-3
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26226

Cover: No one knows what will drive the next pandemic or how severe it will be. The cover is a rendering of an unexpected novel virus from the future for which one can only begin to prepare now and in the coming post-pandemic world. Graphic Artist: Erik Svedberg.

This publication is available in limited quantities from

National Materials and Manufacturing Board
500 Fifth Street, NW
Washington, DC 20001
nmmb@nas.edu
http://www.nationalacademies.edu/nmmb

Additional copies of this publication are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

Copyright 2022 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26226.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×

Image

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. John L. Anderson is president.

The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.

The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine.

Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×

Image

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×

WORKSHOP PLANNING COMMITTEE ON MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING IN A POST-PANDEMIC WORLD

KATHERINE T. FABER, California Institute of Technology, Chair

DIANNE CHONG, NAE,1 Boeing Research and Technology (retired)

TERESA CLEMENT, Raytheon Technologies

ROBERT HULL, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

LOURDES SALAMANCA-RIBA, University of Maryland, College Park

SUSAN B. SINNOTT, Pennsylvania State University

EDWIN L. THOMAS, NAE, Texas A&M University, College Station

HAYDN N.G. WADLEY, University of Virginia

Staff

ERIK SVEDBERG, Senior Program Officer, Study Director

NEERAJ P. GORKHALY, Associate Program Officer

AMISHA JINANDRA, Research Associate

JOSEPH PALMER, Senior Project Assistant

MICHELLE K. SCHWALBE, Acting Director, National Materials and Manufacturing Board (from April 2021)

JAMES LANCASTER, Acting Director, National Materials and Manufacturing Board

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×

DEFENSE MATERIALS, MANUFACTURING, AND INFRASTRUCTURE STANDING COMMITTEE

HAYDN N.G. WADLEY, University of Virginia, Chair

DIANNE CHONG, NAE,1 Boeing Research and Technology (retired), Vice Chair

DAVID E. ASPNES, NAS,2 North Carolina State University

KATHERINE T. FABER, California Institute of Technology

ANDREA M. HODGE, University of Southern California

ROBERT HULL, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

ANGUS KINGON, Brown University

JOHN J. KOSZEWNIK, NAE, Achates Power (retired)

THOMAS R. KURFESS, NAE, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

CARLOS LEVI, University of California, Santa Barbara

LOURDES SALAMANCA-RIBA, University of Maryland, College Park

SUBHASH C. SINGHAL, NAE, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (retired)

SUSAN B. SINNOTT, Pennsylvania State University

EDWIN L. THOMAS, NAE, Texas A&M University, College Station

PABLO D. ZAVATTIERI, Purdue University

Staff

ERIK SVEDBERG, Senior Program Officer, Director

NEERAJ P. GORKHALY, Associate Program Officer

AMISHA JINANDRA, Research Associate

JOSEPH PALMER, Senior Project Assistant

MICHELLE K. SCHWALBE, Acting Director, National Materials and Manufacturing Board (from April 2021)

JAMES LANCASTER, Acting Director, National Materials and Manufacturing Board (through April 2021)

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

2 Member, National Academy of Sciences.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×

NATIONAL MATERIALS AND MANUFACTURING BOARD

THERESA KOTANCHEK, Evolved Analytics, LLC, Chair

KEVIN ANDERSON, NAE,1 Brunswick Corporation

CRAIG ARNOLD, Princeton University

TERESA CLEMENT, Raytheon Technologies

THOMAS M. DONNELLAN, Applied Research Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University

STEPHEN FORREST, NAS2/NAE, University of Michigan

JULIA GREER, California Institute of Technology

JOHN KLIER, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

DAVID C. LARBALESTIER, NAE, Florida State University

MICK MAHER, Maher & Associates, LLC

ROBERT MILLER, NAE, IBM Almaden Research Center

GREGORY TASSEY, University of Washington

STEVEN J. ZINKLE, NAE, University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Staff

MICHELLE K. SCHWALBE, Acting Director (from April 2021)

JAMES LANCASTER, Acting Director (through April 2021)

ERIK SVEDBERG, Senior Program Officer

NEERAJ P. GORKHALY, Associate Program Officer

AMISHA JINANDRA, Research Associate

JOSEPH PALMER, Senior Project Assistant

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

2 Member, National Academy of Sciences.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×

Acknowledgment of Reviewers

This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings:

Aziz I. Asphahani, NAE,1 QuesTek Innovations, LLC,

Lisa Axe, New Jersey Institute of Technology,

Nathalie Le Galloudec, Sandia National Laboratories, and

Dongxia Liu, Maryland Energy Innovation Institute.

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by Michael F. McGrath, McGrath Analytics, LLC. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×

out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteur and the National Academies.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×
Page R1
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×
Page R2
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×
Page R3
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×
Page R4
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×
Page R5
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×
Page R6
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×
Page R7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×
Page R8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×
Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×
Page R10
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×
Page R11
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26226.
×
Page R12
Next: Overview »
Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World: A DoD Perspective: Proceedings of a Workshop Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $40.00 Buy Ebook | $32.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Advances in materials science and engineering play a crucial role in supporting the U.S. economy and national security. To maintain its leading edge in the field, the United States relies on a rich and diverse innovation ecosystem encompassing industry, academic institutions, and government laboratories. While this ecosystem has generated numerous gains for defense agencies, the technology sector, consumers, and the country as a whole over many decades, recent years have brought new challenges and a shifting global dynamic in the field. The United States, long a global magnet for science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education and expertise, has seen its competitive edge slip as other countries in Europe and Asia have increased their investments in cultivating science and engineering talent and innovation. In 2020, the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic caused far-reaching disruptions for both education and supply chains across the world, compounding many of the dynamics that were already affecting materials science and engineering in the United States.

To explore these issues, the Workshop on Materials Science and Engineering in a Post-Pandemic World was organized as part of a workshop series on Defense Materials Manufacturing and Its Infrastructure. Hosted by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, the virtual event brought together approximately 30 speakers and attendees representing materials science, engineering, and manufacturing experts from industry, academia, and government agencies. The 3-day workshop explored education and workforce trends across the nation and the globe, with particular focus on the U.S. Department of Defense and university-government collaborations. Participants discussed how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected science and engineering education, opportunities to reimagine traditional education for the field, and the imperative to develop a more diverse workforce. Several speakers presented their views on what the post-pandemic future may hold, and many offered perspectives on key concerns and priorities for the field moving forward. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussion of the workshop.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!