National Academies Press: OpenBook
« Previous: Appendix A: The Kona Statement
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Characteristics of Early Ethnic Monitoring Network in Russia and Beyond." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Roots and Trajectories of Violent Extremism and Terrorism: A Cooperative Program of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and the Russian Academy of Sciences (1995-2020). Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26281.
×

Appendix B

Characteristics of Early Ethnic Monitoring Network in Russia and Beyond

The following general indicators of the state of ethno-political relationships were developed and distributed as the format for annual surveys across many regions of Russia and other parts of the former Soviet Union for two decades (beginning in the mid-1990s). The surveys were designed to assist evaluations of the sociopolitical situation in more than 50 states or regions. They often triggered actions to help restrain and/or reduce ethnic animosities.

  1. Environment and Resources: Suitable water, soil resources, natural wealth, technological influences, and disasters and catastrophes.
  2. Demography and Migration: Resettlement, mixed marriages and divorces, natural movements of populations, and mechanized movements of populations.
  3. Power, State, and Politics: State administrative status, doctrine and regime of power, ethnic representation, relations between the center of the region/country/municipality and the periphery, human rights and collective rights, social order and control over weapons, and legal investigations with the implementation of court decisions.
  4. Economics and the Social Sphere: Production and dynamics of prices, income level and disparity of income, employment and unemployment, distribution of labor, socio-professional mobility, participation in privatization and sale of land, state of social protection, and crime and communal violence.
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Characteristics of Early Ethnic Monitoring Network in Russia and Beyond." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Roots and Trajectories of Violent Extremism and Terrorism: A Cooperative Program of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and the Russian Academy of Sciences (1995-2020). Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26281.
×
  1. Culture, Education, and Information: Cultural domination, religious life, language status, primary and secondary education, higher education, mass media, traditional holidays and rituals, and historical discourse.
  2. Contacts and Stereotypes: Group demands and complaints, previous conflicts and collective traumas, ethnic stereotypes, change in self-consciousness, myths, fear and rumors, presence of group ideas and ideologies, and level of tolerance.
  3. External Conditions: Presence and influence of diasporas, stability/instability of neighboring and bordering regions and countries, influence of global rivalry, territorial claims and problems of borders, external connections and cooperation, and changing external image.

Additional details on the definition of the terms used above and the process of aggregating and weighing different factors are set forth in other documents. The important aspect of this network was establishing a foundation for many important conversations between local government officials/journalists/ethnic group leaders and the aggrieved minority parties. The surveys provided important openings for discussions of issues in their early stages.

Source: Tishkov, V. A. 2003. “The Dynamic Factors of Ethno-Political Conflicts in Post-Soviet States,” in Conflict and Reconstruction in Multiethnic Societies: Proceedings of a Russian-American Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Characteristics of Early Ethnic Monitoring Network in Russia and Beyond." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Roots and Trajectories of Violent Extremism and Terrorism: A Cooperative Program of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and the Russian Academy of Sciences (1995-2020). Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26281.
×
Page115
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Characteristics of Early Ethnic Monitoring Network in Russia and Beyond." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Roots and Trajectories of Violent Extremism and Terrorism: A Cooperative Program of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and the Russian Academy of Sciences (1995-2020). Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26281.
×
Page116
Next: Appendix C: Lessons Learned from a Terrorist Attack in a Moscow Theater (Yevgeny Kolesnikov) »
Roots and Trajectories of Violent Extremism and Terrorism: A Cooperative Program of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and the Russian Academy of Sciences (1995-2020) Get This Book
×
Buy Hardback | $40.00 Buy Ebook | $32.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

During the past 25 years, the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, in collaboration with the Russian Academy of Sciences, have carried out a wide variety of activities to improve understanding of the challenges in containing and reducing ethnic conflicts, violent extremism, and terrorism. Roots and Trajectories of Violent Extremism and Terrorism provides an overview of this cross-ocean program, which has involved American and Russian scientists, engineers, and medical professionals from a large number of government agencies, leading research institutions, think tanks, educational institutions, analytical centers, and consulting and commercial firms in the two countries. This report highlights challenges addressed by the academies over many years that remain of current interest as the U.S., Russian, and other governments continue to cope with old and new forms of aggression that threaten the livelihood of populations at home and abroad.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!