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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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SYSTEMATIZING THE ONE HEALTH
APPROACH IN PREPAREDNESS
AND RESPONSE EFFORTS FOR
INFECTIOUS DISEASE OUTBREAKS

PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP

Claire Biffl, Julie Liao, Charles Minicucci, and Anna Nicholson,
Rapporteurs

Forum on Microbial Threats

Board on Global Health

Health and Medicine Division

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by contracts between the National Academy of Sciences and the Burroughs Wellcome Fund (#1021631), the New Venture Fund (#NVF-NGDF-NAT10-Subgrant-013445-2021-01-01), the U.S. Agency for International Development (#7200AA18GR00003), the U.S. Department of Defense (#HU0012110002), the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (#75A50119C00031, #75D301-20-Q-71879, #R13FD006897, #HHSN263201800029I/HHSN26300011), the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (#70RSAT21G00000003), and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (#VA250-16-C-0012/36C2501P2314). Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-09337-8
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-09337-6
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26301

Additional copies of this publication are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

Copyright 2022 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health approach in preparedness and response efforts for infectious disease outbreaks: Proceedings of a workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26301.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
×

PLANNING COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATIZING THE ONE HEALTH APPROACH IN PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE EFFORTS FOR INFECTIOUS DISEASE OUTBREAKS1

CASEY BARTON-BEHRAVESH (Co-Chair), Director, One Health Office, U.S. Centers for Disease Control

JONNA A. K. MAZET (Co-Chair), Professor of Epidemiology and Disease Ecology, School of Veterinary Medicine; Executive Director, One Health Institute, University of California, Davis

KEVIN ANDERSON, Senior Program Manager, Science and Technology Directorate, U.S. Department of Homeland Security

ANDREW CLEMENTS, Deputy Director, Pandemic Influenza and Other Emerging Threats Unit, U.S. Agency for International Development

PETER DASZAK, President, EcoHealth Alliance

EVA HARRIS, Professor, Division of Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology; Director, Center for Global Public Health, University of California, Berkeley

KENT KESTER, Vice President and Head, Translational Science and Biomarkers, Sanofi Pasteur

MAUREEN LICHTVELD, Dean, Graduate School of Public Health, Jonas Salk Professor of Population Health, Professor of Environmental and Occupational Health, University of Pittsburgh

SALLY A. MILLER, Distinguished Professor of Food, Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Department of Plant Pathology, The Ohio State University

BRIANNA SKINNER, Senior Regulatory Veterinarian, Office of Counterterrorism and Emerging Threats, Office of the Chief Scientist, U.S. Food and Drug Administration

MARK S. SMOLINSKI, President, Ending Pandemics

MARY E. WILSON, Clinical Professor of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco

___________________

1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s planning committees are solely responsible for organizing the workshop, identifying topics, and choosing speakers. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteurs and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
×

FORUM ON MICROBIAL THREATS1

PETER DASZAK (Chair), President, EcoHealth Alliance

KENT E. KESTER (Vice Chair), Vice President and Head, Translational Science and Biomarkers, Sanofi Pasteur

RIMA F. KHABBAZ (Vice Chair), Director, National Center for Emerging Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

EMILY ABRAHAM, Director, External Affairs and Policy, Johnson & Johnson Global Public Health

KEVIN ANDERSON, Senior Program Manager, Science and Technology Directorate, U.S. Department of Homeland Security

CRISTINA CASSETTI, Deputy Division Director, Division of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health

ANDREW CLEMENTS, Senior Technical Advisor, Emerging Threats Division, U.S. Agency for International Development

SCOTT F. DOWELL, Deputy Director, Surveillance and Epidemiology, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

MARCOS A. ESPINAL, Director, Communicable Diseases and Health Analysis, Pan American Health Organization

EVA HARRIS, Professor, Division of Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology; Director, Center for Global Public Health, University of California, Berkeley

ELIZABETH D. HERMSEN, Head, Global Antimicrobial Stewardship and Health Equity in Infectious Disease, Merck & Co., Inc.

CHRISTOPHER HOUCHENS, Director, Division of Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Countermeasures, Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

CHANDY C. JOHN, Director, Ryan White Center for Pediatric Infectious Disease and Global Health, Indiana University School of Medicine

MARK G. KORTEPETER, Vice President for Research, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences

MICHAEL MAIR, Acting Director, Office of Counterterrorism and Emerging Threats, U.S. Food and Drug Administration

___________________

1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s forums and roundtables do not issue, review, or approve individual documents. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteurs and the institution.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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JONNA A. K. MAZET, Distinguished Professor of Epidemiology and Disease Ecology; Founding Executive Director, One Health Institute, University of California, Davis

VICTORIA McGOVERN, Senior Program Officer, Burroughs Wellcome Fund

SALLY A. MILLER, Distinguished Professor of Food, Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, The Ohio State University

SUERIE MOON, Director of Research, Global Health Centre; Visiting Lecturer, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva; Adjunct Lecturer, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

RAFAEL OBREGON, Chief of Communication for Development, United Nations Children’s Fund

KUMANAN RASANATHAN, Health Systems Coordinator, Office of the WHO Representative in Cambodia, World Health Organization

GARY A. ROSELLE, Chief of Medical Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Center; Director, National Infectious Disease Services, Veterans Health Administration; U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs

PETER A. SANDS, Executive Director, The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria

THOMAS W. SCOTT, Distinguished Professor of Entomology and Nematology, University of California, Davis

MATTHEW ZAHN, Medical Director, Division of Epidemiology and Assessment, Orange County Health Care Agency

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff

JULIE LIAO, Associate Program Officer (from August 2020)

CHARLES MINICUCCI, Research Assistant (from July 2020)

CLAIRE BIFFL, Senior Program Assistant (from March 2021)

JULIE PAVLIN, Director, Forum on Microbial Threats; Senior Director, Board on Global Health

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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Reviewers

This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings:

A. ALONSO AGUIRRE, George Mason University

LINDA A. McMAULEY, Emory University

ELIZABETH MUMFORD, World Health Organization

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by M. KARIUKI NJENGA, Washington State University. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the National Academies.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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Acronyms and Abbreviations

ACE-2 angiotensin converting enzyme-2
Africa CDC Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention
AFROHUN Africa One Health University Network
ALERRT African coaLition for Epidemic Research, Response, and Training
AMR antimicrobial resistance
ASF African swine fever
BARDA U.S. Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority
CDC U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CEPI Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations
COVID-19 coronavirus disease 2019
CVM Center for Veterinary Medicine
DART during-action review and tabletop
DCCP Disease Control and Clinical Prevention
DDC Department of Disease Control
DMSc Department of Medical Science
DNP Department of National Parks, Wildlife, and Plant Conservation
DOD U.S. Department of Defense
EPH Environmental Public Health
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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EPI epidemiology
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration
GDP gross domestic product
GHSA Global Health Security Agenda
HCPH Harris County Public Health
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
IAR intra-action review
IFTF Institute for the Future
IHR International Health Regulations
IMF International Monetary Fund
IPBES Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services
IPE interprofessional practice and education
MERS Middle East respiratory syndrome
MOH Ministry of Health
mRNA messenger ribonucleic acid
MVCD Mosquito and Vector Control Division
NIEHS National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
OHW-NG One Health Workforce—Next Generation
OIE World Organisation for Animal Health
PCR polymerase chain reaction
PREP Portal for Readiness Exercises and Planning
ProMED Program for Monitoring Emerging Diseases
PVS Performance of Veterinary Services Pathway
RBD receptor binding domain
RT-PCR reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction
SARS severe acute respiratory syndrome
SARS-CoV-2 severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
SEAOHUN Southeast Asia One Health University Network
SOHIC Students One Health Innovations Club
TB tuberculosis
Page xvii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
×
TRC-EID Thai Red Cross Emerging Infectious Diseases Health Science Centre
UC Davis University of California, Davis
UHC universal health coverage
UN United Nations
USAID U.S. Agency for International Development
USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture
VPH Veterinary Public Health
WHO World Health Organization
WTO World Trade Organization
Page xviii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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Page xvii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
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A planning committee convened by the Forum on Microbial Threats of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a virtual workshop on February 23-25, 2021, titled Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks. The workshop gave particular consideration to research opportunities, multisectoral collaboration mechanisms, community-engagement strategies, educational opportunities, and policies that speakers have found effective in implementing the core capacities and interventions of One Health principles to strengthen national health systems and enhance global health security. This Proceedings of a Workshop summarizes the presentations and discussions of the workshop.

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