Indoor Exposure to
Fine Particulate Matter
and Practical Mitigation Approaches
PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP
David A. Butler and Joe Alper, Rapporteurs
National Academy of Engineering
Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice
Health and Medicine Division
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
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This activity was supported by Contract No. 68HERC19D0011, Order No. 68HERC20F0334 between the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project. Views expressed in written conference materials or publications and by speakers and moderators do not necessarily reflect the official policies of the EPA, nor does any mention of trade names, commercial practices, or organization imply endorsement by the United States Government.
International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-26328-3
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-26328-X
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26331
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Printed in the United States of America
Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Indoor Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter and Practical Mitigation Approaches: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26331.
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PLANNING COMMITTEE ON THE INDOOR EXPOSURE TO FINE PARTICULATE MATTER AND PRACTICAL MITIGATION STRATEGIES WORKSHOP1
RICHARD L. CORSI (Chair), Dean of Engineering, University of California, Davis
SEEMA BHANGAR, Senior Indoor Air Quality Manager, WeWork
WANYU R. CHAN, Research Scientist and Deputy Indoor Environment Group Leader, Energy Analysis and Environmental Impact Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
ELIZABETH C. MATSUI, Professor of Population Health and Pediatrics and Associate Director of the Health Transformation Research Institute, Dell Medical School at the University of Texas at Austin
LINDA A. MCCAULEY, Professor and Dean of Emory University’s Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing
KIMBERLY A. PRATHER, Professor in Chemistry and Biochemistry, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego
DAVID Y. PUI, Regents Professor and the L.M. Fingerson/TSI Inc. Chair in Mechanical Engineering and Director, Particle Technology Laboratory and Center for Filtration Research, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
JEFFREY A. SIEGEL, Professor of Civil Engineering and Member, Building Engineering Research Group, University of Toronto
MARINA E. VANCE, Assistant Professor and McLagan Family Faculty Fellow, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado Boulder
National Academies Staff
DAVID A. BUTLER, J. Herbert Hollomon Scholar
GURU MADHAVAN, Norman R. Augustine Senior Scholar and Senior Director of Programs
KATHLEEN STRATTON, Scholar
COURTNEY HILL, Associate Program Officer
CAMERON H. FLETCHER, Editor
1 National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine planning committees are solely responsible for organizing the workshop, identifying topics, and choosing speakers. The responsibility for the published proceedings rests with the workshop rapporteurs and the institution.
MICHAEL HOLZER, Senior Program Assistant (through June 2021)
MAIYA SPELL, Senior Program Assistant (from June 2021)
JOE ALPER, Consulting Writer
This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.
We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings:
Diane Gold, Harvard University
Andrew Persily, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Mark Utell, University of Rochester
Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they did not see the final draft of the proceedings before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by Michael Ladisch, Purdue University. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this proceedings rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the National Academies.
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|μg/m3||microgram per cubic meter|
|ASHRAE||American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers|
|COPD||chronic obstructive pulmonary disease|
|EPA||US Environmental Protection Agency|
|HEPA||high-efficiency particulate air|
|HOMEChem||House Observations of Microbial and Environmental Chemistry|
|HVAC||heating, ventilation, and air conditioning|
|MERV||minimum efficiency reporting value (a measure of a filter’s ability to capture particles between 0.3 and 10 microns)|
|NASEM||National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine|
|PCAP||persistent cold air pooling|
|PM2.5||fine particulate matter|
|PM10||coarse particulate matter|
|SVOC||semivolatile organic compound|
|VOC||volatile organic compound|