National Academies Press: OpenBook

Closing Evidence Gaps in Clinical Prevention (2022)

Chapter:Appendix E: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force's Reports to Congress

« Previous: Appendix D: Committee Member and Staff Biographies
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force's Reports to Congress." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Closing Evidence Gaps in Clinical Prevention. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26351.
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E

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force’s Reports to Congress
1

This appendix presents the research gaps and priorities identified by each of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force’s (USPSTF’s) annual reports to Congress.

“TENTH ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS ON HIGH-PRIORITY EVIDENCE GAPS FOR CLINICAL PREVENTIVE SERVICES” (2020)

  • Child and adolescent health and health inequities related to:
    • Mental and behavioral health
      • Screening for depression in children and adolescents
      • Screening for suicide risk in adolescents, adults, and older adults
    • Substance use
      • Primary care interventions for prevention and cessation of tobacco use in children and adolescents
      • Primary care-based interventions for illicit drug use in children, adolescents, and young adults
      • Screening for unhealthy drug use in adolescents
    • Obesity
      • Screening for obesity in children and adolescents

___________________

1 Adapted from https://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/about-uspstf/reports-congress (accessed July 30, 2021).

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force's Reports to Congress." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Closing Evidence Gaps in Clinical Prevention. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26351.
×

“NINTH ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS ON HIGH-PRIORITY EVIDENCE GAPS FOR CLINICAL PREVENTIVE SERVICES” (2019)

  • Mental health and substance use
    • Preventive interventions for perinatal depression
    • Screening and behavioral counseling interventions for unhealthy alcohol use in adolescents and adults
    • Primary care interventions for tobacco use prevention and cessation in children and adolescents
    • Screening by asking about drug use for illicit drug use, including nonmedical use of prescription drugs, in adolescents and adults
  • Violence prevention
    • Screening for intimate partner violence, elder abuse, and abuse of vulnerable adults
    • Interventions for child maltreatment

“EIGHTH ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS ON HIGH-PRIORITY EVIDENCE GAPS FOR CLINICAL PREVENTIVE SERVICES” (2018)

  • Cancer prevention
    • Screening for cervical cancer, especially among diverse populations
    • Screening for prostate cancer, especially among African American men and men with a family history
    • Screening and behavioral counseling for skin cancer
  • Cardiovascular health
    • Screening for atrial fibrillation with electrocardiography
    • Screening for cardiovascular disease risk with electrocardiography
    • Risk assessment for cardiovascular disease with nontraditional risk factors
    • Screening for peripheral artery disease and cardiovascular disease risk assessment with the Ankle-Brachial Index

“SEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS ON HIGH-PRIORITY EVIDENCE GAPS FOR CLINICAL PREVENTIVE SERVICES” (2017)

  • Topics where more research is needed
    • Screening for celiac disease
    • Screening for obstructive sleep apnea in adults
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force's Reports to Congress." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Closing Evidence Gaps in Clinical Prevention. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26351.
×
    • Screening for gynecologic conditions with pelvic examination
    • Vision screening in children younger than age 3 years
    • Statin use for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in adults age 76 years and older
  • Evidence gaps relating to specific populations
    • Screening for breast cancer in African American women
    • Screening for prostate cancer in African American men
    • Screening for illicit drug use in children and adolescents
    • Screening for hearing loss in older adults

“SIXTH ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS ON HIGH-PRIORITY EVIDENCE GAPS FOR CLINICAL PREVENTIVE SERVICES” (2016)

  • Topics where further research is needed
    • Screening for autism spectrum disorder in young children
    • Screening for chlamydia and gonorrhea in men
    • Tobacco smoking cessation (electronic nicotine delivery systems) in adults
    • Vitamin supplementation (nutrients and multivitamins) to prevent cancer and cardiovascular disease
    • Screening for skin cancer in adults
  • Evidence gaps relating to specific populations
    • Screening for breast cancer in African American women
    • Screening for cervical cancer in Hispanic and African American women
    • Screening for colorectal cancer in African Americans and American Indians/Alaska Natives

“FIFTH ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS ON HIGH-PRIORITY EVIDENCE GAPS FOR CLINICAL PREVENTIVE SERVICES” (2015)

  • Screening for intimate partner violence, illicit drug use, and mental health conditions
  • Screening for thyroid dysfunction
  • Screening for vitamin D deficiency and vitamin D and calcium supplementation to prevent fractures; screening for osteoporosis
  • Screening for cancer
  • Implementing clinical preventive services
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force's Reports to Congress." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Closing Evidence Gaps in Clinical Prevention. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26351.
×

“FOURTH ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS ON HIGH-PRIORITY EVIDENCE GAPS FOR CLINICAL PREVENTIVE SERVICES” (2014)

  • Evidence gaps relating to the care of children and adolescents
    • Mental health conditions and substance abuse
    • Obesity and cardiovascular health
    • Behavior and development
    • Infectious diseases
    • Cancer prevention
    • Injury and child maltreatment
    • Vision disorders

“THIRD ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS ON HIGH-PRIORITY EVIDENCE GAPS FOR CLINICAL PREVENTIVE SERVICES” (2013)

  • Evidence gaps related to the care of older adults
    • Screening for cognitive impairment and dementia
    • Screening for physical and mental well-being of older adults
    • Preventing falls and fractures
    • Screening for vision and hearing problems
    • Avoiding the unintended harms of medical procedures and testing in older adults

“SECOND ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS ON HIGH-PRIORITY EVIDENCE GAPS FOR CLINICAL PREVENTIVE SERVICES” (2012)

  • Topics where further research is needed
    • Screening for chronic kidney disease
    • Screening for cervical cancer with human papillomavirus (HPV) tests
    • Screening for prostate cancer
  • Evidence gaps relating to specific populations
    • Screening for chronic kidney disease in African American adults
    • Screening for prostate cancer in African American men
    • Counseling about sun-protective behaviors in families with children under age 10 to reduce the risk for skin cancer
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force's Reports to Congress." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Closing Evidence Gaps in Clinical Prevention. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26351.
×

“FIRST ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS ON HIGH-PRIORITY EVIDENCE GAPS FOR CLINICAL PREVENTIVE SERVICES” (2011)

  • Screening tests
    • Screening for coronary heart disease with new and old technologies
    • Screening for colorectal cancer with new modalities
    • Screening for hepatitis C
    • Screening for hip dysplasia in newborns
  • Behavioral interventions
    • Moderate to low-intensity counseling for obesity
    • Interventions in primary care to prevent child abuse and neglect
    • Screening for illicit drug use in primary care
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force's Reports to Congress." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Closing Evidence Gaps in Clinical Prevention. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26351.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force's Reports to Congress." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Closing Evidence Gaps in Clinical Prevention. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26351.
×
Page177
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force's Reports to Congress." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Closing Evidence Gaps in Clinical Prevention. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26351.
×
Page178
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force's Reports to Congress." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Closing Evidence Gaps in Clinical Prevention. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26351.
×
Page179
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force's Reports to Congress." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Closing Evidence Gaps in Clinical Prevention. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26351.
×
Page180
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force's Reports to Congress." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Closing Evidence Gaps in Clinical Prevention. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26351.
×
Page181
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force's Reports to Congress." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Closing Evidence Gaps in Clinical Prevention. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26351.
×
Page182
Next: Appendix F: U.S. Preventive Service Task Force Research Needs Statements from I Statements Issued Between 2017 and 2021 »
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Closing Evidence Gaps in Clinical Prevention, a new consensus study report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine's Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice, evaluates evidence gaps in clinical prevention recommendations described by the United States Preventive Services Task Force and other clinical practice guideline developers and presents a taxonomy of these evidence gaps for future use. This report aims to improve the coordination of efforts to describe and communicate priority evidence gaps among funders and researchers. It also proposes new opportunities for collaboration among researchers, funders, and guideline developers to accelerate research that could close evidence gaps.

The authoring committee has also developed an interactive graphic that can be used as a workflow diagram for implementing the taxonomy. This workflow walks users through reviewing evidence, characterizing evidence gaps using relevant taxonomies, and developing a research agenda. Click here to view and engage with the interactive graphic.

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