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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Aviation After a Year of Pandemic: Economics, People, and Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26375.
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Aviation After a Year of Pandemic
Economics, People, and Technology

PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP

Robert Pool, Rapporteur

Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board

Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

images

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Aviation After a Year of Pandemic: Economics, People, and Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26375.
×

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This activity is based on work supported by Contract NNH16CD01B with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any agency or organization that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-09358-3
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-09358-9
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26375

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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Aviation After a Year of Pandemic: Economics, People, and Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26375.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Aviation After a Year of Pandemic: Economics, People, and Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26375.
×

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The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Aviation After a Year of Pandemic: Economics, People, and Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26375.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Aviation After a Year of Pandemic: Economics, People, and Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26375.
×

AVIATION AFTER A YEAR OF PANDEMIC—ECONOMICS, PEOPLE, AND TECHNOLOGY WORKSHOP PLANNING COMMITTEE

JOHN-PAUL B. CLARKE, University of Texas, Austin, Chair

EDWARD F. CRAWLEY, NAE,1 Massachusetts Institute of Technology

VICKI S. HERTZBERG, Emory University

PARIMAL KOPARDEKAR, NASA Ames Research Center

ILAN KROO, NAE, Stanford University

ANDREW R. LACHER, Noblis

VALERIE M. MANNING, Airbus SAS

Staff

ALAN ANGLEMAN, Deputy Director, Space Studies Board and Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, Study Director

SARA CRANDALL, Associate Program Associate, Space Studies Board, Assistant Study Director

MARGUERITE SCHNEIDER, Administrative Coordinator, Air Force Studies Board

COLLEEN N. HARTMAN, Director, Space Studies Board, Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, and Board on Physics and Astronomy

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Aviation After a Year of Pandemic: Economics, People, and Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26375.
×

AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ENGINEERING BOARD

ILAN KROO, NAE,1 Stanford University, Chair

BRIAN M. ARGROW, University of Colorado, Boulder

ROBERT D. BRAUN, NAE, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

EDWARD F. CRAWLEY, NAE, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

WILLIAM R. GRAY III, U.S. Air Force

SUSAN J. HELMS, NAE, Orbital Visions, LLC

JOHN C. KARAS, Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company

ANDREW R. LACHER, Noblis

NICHOLAS D. LAPPOS, Sikorsky, a Lockheed Martin Company

GEORGE T. LIGLER, NAE, GTL Associates

LESTER L. LYLES, NAE, Independent Consultant

VALERIE MANNING, Airbus SAS

PARVIZ MOIN, NAE/NAS,2 Stanford University

DARRYLL J. PINES, NAE, University of Maryland

ROBIE I. SAMANTA ROY, Electra.aero

WANDA A. SIGUR, NAE, Independent Consultant

DAVID W. THOMPSON, NAE, Orbital ATK, Inc. (retired)

ANTHONY M. WAAS, University of Michigan

MICHAEL I. YARYMOVYCH, NAE, Sarasota Space Associates (retired)

SHERRIE L. ZACHARIUS, Aerospace Corporation (retired)

Staff

COLLEEN N. HARTMAN, Director

ALAN ANGLEMAN, Deputy Director

DWAYNE DAY, Senior Program Officer

MARGARET A. KNEMEYER, Financial Officer

RADAKA LIGHTFOOT, Senior Financial Associate

DANIEL NAGASAWA, Program Officer

CELESTE A. NAYLOR, Information Management Associate

TANJA PILZAK, Manager, Program Operations

ANDREA REBHOLZ, Program Coordinator

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

2 Member, National Academy of Sciences.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Aviation After a Year of Pandemic: Economics, People, and Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26375.
×

Acknowledgment of Reviewers

This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings:

Arnold Barnett, Massachusetts Institute of Technology,

Diane E. Griffin, NAS1/NAM,2 Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health,

Pinar Keskinocak, Georgia Institute of Technology, and

Hassan Shahidi, Flight Safety Foundation.

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings, nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by David (Ed) Crow, NAE,3 University of Connecticut. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteur and the National Academies.

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Sciences.

2 Member, National Academy of Medicine.

3 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Aviation After a Year of Pandemic: Economics, People, and Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26375.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Aviation After a Year of Pandemic: Economics, People, and Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26375.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Aviation After a Year of Pandemic: Economics, People, and Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26375.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Aviation After a Year of Pandemic: Economics, People, and Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26375.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Aviation After a Year of Pandemic: Economics, People, and Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26375.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Aviation After a Year of Pandemic: Economics, People, and Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26375.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Aviation After a Year of Pandemic: Economics, People, and Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26375.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Aviation After a Year of Pandemic: Economics, People, and Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26375.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Aviation After a Year of Pandemic: Economics, People, and Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26375.
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Aviation After a Year of Pandemic: Economics, People, and Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26375.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Aviation After a Year of Pandemic: Economics, People, and Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26375.
×
PageR9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Aviation After a Year of Pandemic: Economics, People, and Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26375.
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Among the various segments of society affected by the COVID-19 pandemic over the past year and a half, few were hit as hard as the aviation industry. At its worst point, in March 2020, passenger volumes for U.S. airlines had dropped more than 95 percent. Airlines, airports, aircraft manufacturers, and other components of the air travel system faced an unprecedented challenge, with threats to the health of passengers and crews combined with threats to the financial health of the entire system.

To address the many COVID-related issues facing the aviation industry, on June 28-30, 2021, the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine hosted a three-day workshop, Aviation After a Year of Pandemic - Economics, People, and Technology. Funded by the National Aeronautical and Space Administration and held remotely via Zoom, the workshop focused on four specific areas regarding the effects of COVID on the aviation industry: economics, personnel, technology, and next steps. This publication summarizes the presentation and discussion of the workshop.

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