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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. An Assessment of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26418.
×

AN ASSESSMENT OF THE CENTER FOR NEUTRON
RESEARCH AT THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF
STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY

FISCAL YEAR 2021

Panel on Assessment of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and
Technology

Laboratory Assessments Board

Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

A Consensus Study Report of

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. An Assessment of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26418.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by Contract No. SB134117CQ0017 with the National Institute of Standards and Technology. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-27456-2
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-27456-7
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26418

Copies of this report are available from

Laboratory Assessments Board
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Washington, DC 20001

Additional copies of this report are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

Copyright 2022 by the National Academies. All rights reserved.

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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. An Assessment of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26418.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. An Assessment of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26418.
×

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The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. John L. Anderson is president.

The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.

The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine.

Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. An Assessment of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26418.
×

Image

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. An Assessment of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26418.
×

PANEL ON ASSESSMENT OF THE CENTER FOR NEUTRON RESEARCH AT THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY

CHERRY A. MURRAY, NAS1/NAE,2 University of Arizona, Chair

SIMON J.L. BILLINGE, Columbia University and Brookhaven National Laboratory

OLIVIA A. GRAEVE, University of California, San Diego

ANDREW HARRISON, Diamond Light Source, Ltd.

ANDREW JACKSON, European Spallation Source

DALE E. KLEIN, University of Texas, Austin

TONYA L. KUHL, University of California, Davis

EMILIA MOROSAN, Rice University

ANDREW G. STEPHEN, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research

MICHAEL TSAPATSIS, Johns Hopkins University

Staff

ALAN T. CRANE, Senior Scientist

AZEB GETACHEW, Senior Program Assistant

EVA LABRE, Administrative Coordinator

JAMES P. MCGEE, Former Director

MARTIN OFFUTT, Senior Program Officer

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Sciences.

2 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. An Assessment of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26418.
×

LABORATORY ASSESSMENTS BOARD

JENNIE S. HWANG, NAE,1 H-Technologies Group, Chair

MICHAEL I. BASKES, NAE, Los Alamos National Laboratory

KEVIN MACK GATES II, Strategic Analysis, Inc.

WESLEY L. HARRIS, NAE, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

W. CARL LINEBERGER, NAS,2 University of Colorado, Boulder

AJAY P. MALSHE, NAE, Purdue University

C. KUMAR N. PATEL, NAS/NAE, Pranalytica, Inc.

ELSA REICHMANIS, NAE, Georgia Institute of Technology

FRANCISCO F. ROBERTO, NAE, Newmont Corporation

Staff

ALAN T. CRANE, Senior Scientist

AZEB GETACHEW, Senior Program Assistant

EVA LABRE, Administrative Coordinator

JAMES P. MCGEE, Former Director

ARUL MOZHI, Senior Program Officer

MARTIN OFFUTT, Senior Program Officer

SCOTT WEIDMAN, Acting Director

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

2 Member, National Academy of Sciences.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. An Assessment of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26418.
×

Acknowledgment of Reviewers

This Consensus Study Report was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published report as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this report:

Meigan Aronson, University of British Columbia

Frank Bates, University of Minnesota

Peter F. Green, National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Laura H. Greene, NAS, National MagLab and Florida State University

Alan Hurd, Los Alamos National Laboratory

Ivan K. Schuller, University of California, San Diego

Kristine Svinicki, University of Michigan

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations of this report nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this report was overseen by David Weitz, Harvard University. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with the standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the authoring committee and the National Academies.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. An Assessment of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26418.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. An Assessment of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26418.
×
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. An Assessment of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26418.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. An Assessment of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26418.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. An Assessment of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26418.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. An Assessment of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26418.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. An Assessment of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26418.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. An Assessment of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26418.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. An Assessment of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26418.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. An Assessment of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26418.
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. An Assessment of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26418.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. An Assessment of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26418.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. An Assessment of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26418.
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At the request of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine has, since 1959, annually assembled panels of experts from academia, industry, medicine, and other scientific and engineering communities to assess the quality and effectiveness of the NIST measurements and standards laboratories. The NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCNR) is one of six major research organizational units consisting of five laboratories and one user facility at NIST. It is one of only three neutron scattering user facilities in the United States, with 30 instruments, supporting roughly one-third of the U.S. neutron scattering instruments and users. This report assesses the scientific and technical work performed by the NCNR, as well as the portfolio of scientific expertise within the organization and dissemination of program outputs.

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