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Transit Safety Risk Assessment Methodologies (2021)

Chapter:Appendix A - Survey Instruments

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A - Survey Instruments." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Transit Safety Risk Assessment Methodologies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26449.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A - Survey Instruments." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Transit Safety Risk Assessment Methodologies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26449.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A - Survey Instruments." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Transit Safety Risk Assessment Methodologies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26449.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A - Survey Instruments." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Transit Safety Risk Assessment Methodologies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26449.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A - Survey Instruments." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Transit Safety Risk Assessment Methodologies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26449.
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55   A P P E N D I X A Survey Instruments TRANSIT SAFETY RISK ASSESSMENT—TARGETED The Texas A&M Transportation Institute (TTI) is conducting a project called Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Synthesis J-07/Topic SA-51 Transit Safety Risk Assessment Methodologies. The focus of this project is to research current and new innovative state-of-the-practice methodologies for developing robust and consistent safety risk assessment methodologies for improving transit safety. The transit industry has traditionally relied on the Military Standard 882 system safety risk matrix approach that evaluates probability and severity. There are other methods that have been implemented in the transit industry and elsewhere, including exposure rate models and the European-based Common Safety Method. TCRP is interested in investigating what other methods are being utilized for risk assessment. This survey is an important part of the research project, will only take 5–10 minutes to complete and needs to be completed by March 21, 2021. You can stop mid-survey, and your work will be saved automatically, so you can return to finish the survey later. The information you provide will be synthesized with information collected from other transit professionals. Your answers will be confidential to the extent permitted or required by law. Your participation is greatly appreciated. If you have questions, concerns or complaints regarding this study, you may contact Chris Simek. You must be at least 18 to participate in the survey. You may be contacted by TTI to help clarify your answers or gather additional information. o Yes o No This survey invitation has been prepared for ______________ in ______________. Are you affiliated with this transit agency? o Yes o No Do you agree to participate in this research?

56 Transit Safety Risk Assessment Methodologies Do you personally have knowledge of the transit agency’s safety risk assessment methods? o Yes o No Do you know who has knowledge of the transit agency’s safety risk assessment methods? o Yes o No Please provide the contact information of the individual who has knowledge of the transit agency’s safety risk assessment methods. o Name ________________________________________________ o Title ________________________________________________ o Email ________________________________________________ o Phone ________________________________________________ Which of the following modes does this agency offer to the public (either directly or through contract services)? Select all that apply. ▢ Bus (fixed route, BRT, etc.) ▢ Rail (commuter rail, heavy rail, light rail, streetcar, inclined plane, etc.) ▢ On demand (paratransit) ▢ Microtransit ▢ Trolley ▢ Other, specify ________________________________________________

Survey Instruments 57   Please identify which, if any, of the following services are offered to the public by this agency through a contract provider? Select all that apply. ▢ My agency does not utilize any contract service provider ▢ Bus (fixed route, BRT, etc.) ▢ Rail (commuter rail, heavy rail, light rail, streetcar, inclined plane, etc.) ▢ On demand (paratransit) ▢ Microtransit ▢ Trolley ▢ Other, specify________________________________________________ For the following modes, how many vehicles are available for maximum service? o Bus (fixed route, BRT, etc.) o Rail (commuter rail, heavy rail, light rail, streetcar, inclined plane, etc.) o On demand (paratransit) o Microtransit o Trolley o Other, specify Does this agency conduct any type of safety risk assessment? o Yes o No

58 Transit Safety Risk Assessment Methodologies Have there been discussions within this agency to adopt some type of safety risk assessment? o Yes o No o I do not know How does this agency use its safety risk assessment process? Select all that apply ▢ As part of its Safety and Security Certification process for major capital projects ▢ As part of its Safety and Security Certification process for any capital project that is safety critical ▢ When investigating a safety event, accident, or incident ▢ On hazards and other safety concerns that are identified through inspections and internal audits ▢ On hazards and other safety concerns reported by employees and/or riders ▢ Other, specify What safety risk assessment methodology does this agency use? ▢ Military Standard 882 ▢ Modified Military Standard 882 ▢ European Common Safety Method ▢ Some alternate method, specify Can you briefly describe the modified Military Standard 882 in use by this agency? ________________________________________________________________ Does this agency have some level of assessed risk that is deemed "acceptable"? Yes No

Survey Instruments 59   What are some benefits of the Military Standard 882 approach? ________________________________________________________________ What are some benefits of the Modified Military Standard 882 approach? ________________________________________________________________ What are some benefits of the European Common Safety Method approach? ________________________________________________________________ What are some benefits of the alternative method you previously identified? ________________________________________________________________ What are some challenges of the Military Standard 882 approach? ________________________________________________________________ What are some challenges of the Modified Military Standard 882 approach? ________________________________________________________________ What are some challenges of the European Common Safety Method approach? ________________________________________________________________ What are some challenges of the alternative method you previously identified? ________________________________________________________________ What specialized staff training, resources, or consultant support is needed to support the agency's risk assessment approach or approaches? ________________________________________________________________ What department within this agency is responsible for managing the safety risk assessment process? ________________________________________________________________ Has this agency considered changing safety risk assessment approaches? o Yes o No o I do not know

60 Transit Safety Risk Assessment Methodologies Please provide contact information for this peer transit agency that may be interested in this survey. o Transit Agency ________________________________________________ o Name ________________________________________________ o Title ________________________________________________ o Email ________________________________________________ o Phone ________________________________________________ Is there anything else you would like to add that you feel would benefit this project? ________________________________________________________________ Your input is greatly appreciated and we will be happy to provide you with a link to the synthesis report when it is published. We hope that the information contained in this report will be helpful to this agency in assessing safety risks. We may reach out to you in the future to obtain additional clarification or information. In the meantime, if you have any questions about this research, please contact Chris Simek. Please advance so your information will be recorded. Once you submit, you will not be able to go back and review and/or edit your responses. o I would like to submit my survey Do you know of any peer transit agencies that utilize innovative safety risk assessment methodologies that might be good candidates for this survey? o Yes o No

Survey Instruments 61   TRANSIT SAFETY RISK ASSESSMENT—NON-TARGETED The Texas A&M Transportation Institute (TTI) is conducting TCRP Synthesis Project J-07/Topic SA-51, “Transit Safety Risk Assessment Methodologies.” The focus of this project is to research current and new innovative state-of-the-practice methodologies for developing robust and consistent safety risk assessment methodologies for improving transit safety. The transit industry has traditionally relied on the Military Standard 882 system safety risk matrix approach that evaluates probability and severity. There are other methods that have been implemented in the transit industry and elsewhere, including exposure rate models and the European-based Common Safety Method. TCRP is interested in investigating what other methods are being utilized for risk assessment. This survey is an important part of the research project, will only take 5–10 minutes to complete and needs to be completed by March 21, 2021. The information you provide will be synthesized with information collected from other transit professionals. Your answers will be confidential to the extent permitted or required by law. Your participation is greatly appreciated. If you have questions, concerns or complaints regarding this study, you may contact Chris Simek. You must be at least 18 to participate in the survey. You may be contacted by TTI to help clarify your answers or gather additional information. Do you agree to participate in this research? o Yes o No With what transit agency are you affiliated? ________________________________________________________________ Do you personally have knowledge of the transit agency’s safety risk assessment methods? o Yes o No Do you know who has knowledge of the transit agency’s safety risk assessment methods? o Yes o No

62 Transit Safety Risk Assessment Methodologies Please provide the contact information of the individual who has knowledge of the transit agency’s safety risk assessment methods. o Name ________________________________________________ o Title ________________________________________________ o Email ________________________________________________ o Phone ________________________________________________ Which of the following modes does this agency offer to the public (either directly or through contract services)? Select all that apply. ▢ Bus (fixed route, BRT, etc.) ▢ Rail (commuter rail, heavy rail, light rail, streetcar, inclined plane, etc.) ▢ On demand (paratransit) ▢ Microtransit ▢ Trolley ▢ Other, specify ________________________________________________ Please identify which, if any, of the following services are offered to the public by this agency through a contract provider. Select all that apply. ▢ My agency does not utilize any contract service provider ▢ Bus (fixed route, BRT, etc.) ▢ Rail (commuter rail, heavy rail, light rail, streetcar, inclined plane, etc.) ▢ On demand (paratransit) ▢ Microtransit ▢ Trolley ▢ Other, specify ________________________________________________

Survey Instruments 63   For the following modes, how many vehicles are available for maximum service? o Bus (fixed route, BRT, etc.) o Rail (commuter rail, heavy rail, light rail, streetcar, inclined plane, etc.) o On demand (paratransit) o Microtransit o Trolley o Other ________________________________________________ Does this agency conduct any type of safety risk assessment? o Yes o No How does your agency use its safety risk assessment process? Select all that apply. ▢ As part of its Safety and Security Certification process for major capital projects ▢ As part of its Safety and Security Certification process for any capital project that is safety critical ▢ When investigating a safety event, accident, or incident ▢ On hazards and other safety concerns that are identified through inspections and internal audits ▢ On hazards and other safety concerns reported by employees and/or riders ▢ Other, specify Have there been discussions within this organization to adopt some type of safety risk assessment? o Yes o No o I do not know

64 Transit Safety Risk Assessment Methodologies What safety risk assessment methodology does this agency use? ▢ Military Standard 882 ▢ Modified Military Standard 882 ▢ European Common Safety Method ▢ Some alternate method, specify Can you briefly describe the modified Military Standard 882 in use by this agency? ________________________________________________________________ Does your agency have some level of assessed risk that is deemed “acceptable”? o Yes o No What are some benefits of the Military Standard 882 approach? _______________________________________________________________ What are some benefits of the Modified Military Standard 882 approach? ________________________________________________________________ What are some benefits of the European Common Safety Method approach? ________________________________________________________________ What are some benefits of the alternative method you previously identified? _______________________________________________________________ What are some challenges of the Military Standard 882 approach? ________________________________________________________________ What are some challenges of the Modified Military Standard 882 approach? ________________________________________________________________ What are some challenges of the European Common Safety Method approach? ________________________________________________________________

Survey Instruments 65   What department within this organization is responsible for managing the safety risk assessment process? ________________________________________________________________ Has this organization considered changing safety risk assessment approaches? o Yes o No o I do not know Do you know of any peer transit agencies that utilize innovative safety risk assessment methodologies that might be good candidates for this survey? o Yes o No Please provide contact information for this peer transit agency that may be interested in this survey. o Transit Agency ________________________________________________ o Name ________________________________________________ o Title ________________________________________________ o Email ________________________________________________ o Phone ________________________________________________ Is there anything else you would like to add that you feel would benefit this project? ________________________________________________________________ What are some challenges of this alternative method you previously identified? ________________________________________________________________ What specialized staff training, resources, or consultant support is needed to support the agency's risk assessment approach or approaches? ________________________________________________________________

66 Transit Safety Risk Assessment Methodologies Please provide your contact information, so we may follow up to clarify any information you provided. o Name ________________________________________________ o Title ________________________________________________ o Email ________________________________________________ o Phone ________________________________________________ Your input is greatly appreciated, and we will be happy to provide you with a link to the synthesis report when it is published. We hope that the information contained in this report will be helpful to your agency in assessing safety risks. We may reach out to you in the future to obtain additional clarification or information. In the meantime, if you have any questions about this research, please contact Chris Simek. Please advance so your information will be recorded. Once you submit, you will not be able to go back and review and/or edit your responses.

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Risk management is the central element of the safety management system (SMS). Identifying, assessing, analyzing, mitigating, communicating, and documenting are all steps in an effective risk management program.

The TRB Transit Cooperative Research Program's TCRP Synthesis 157: Transit Safety Risk Assessment Methodologies is designed to help the transit industry better understand current and new innovative state-of-the-practice methodologies in safety risk assessment (SRA), which is an important part of the system.

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