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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26465.
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Image

Wildland Fires

Toward Improved Understanding and
Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts

_____

April Melvin, Rapporteur

Board on Atmospheric Sciences and
Climate

Board on Chemical Sciences and
Technology

Division on Earth and Life Studies

Proceedings of a Workshop

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26465.
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This activity was supported by contracts between the National Academy of Sciences and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and the National Science Foundation. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-27737-2
International Standard Book Number: 0-309-27737-X
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26465

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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26465.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26465.
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The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

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The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.

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Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26465.
×

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26465.
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PLANNING COMMITTEE ON WILDLAND FIRES: TOWARD IMPROVED UNDERSTANDING AND FORECASTING OF AIR QUALITY IMPACTS – A WORKSHOP1

A.R. “RAVI” RAVISHANKARA (NAS) (Chair), Colorado State University

SUSAN ANENBERG, George Washington University

MICHAEL T. BENJAMIN, California Air Resources Board

NARASIMHAN LARKIN, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service

LUKE P. NAEHER, University of Georgia

CARSTEN WARNEKE, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

CHRISTINE WIEDINMYER, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff

APRIL MELVIN, Senior Program Officer, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

MARILEE SHELTON-DAVENPORT, Senior Program Officer, Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology (until March 2022)

RITA GASKINS, Administrative Coordinator, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

___________________

1 NAE, National Academy of Engineering; NAS, National Academy of Sciences.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26465.
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BOARD ON ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES AND CLIMATE

MARY GLACKIN (Chair), The Weather Company, an IBM Business

CYNTHIA S. ATHERTON, Heising-Simons Foundation

CECILIA BITZ, University of Washington

JOHN C. CHIANG, University of California, Berkeley

BRADLEY R. COLMAN, The Climate Corporation

BART E. CROES, California Air Resources Board

ROBERT B. DUNBAR, Stanford University

EFI FOUFOULA-GEORGIOU (NAE), University of California, Irvine

PETER C. FRUMHOFF, Union of Concerned Scientists

VANDA GRUBIŠIĆ, National Center for Atmospheric Research

ROBERT KOPP, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

RUBY LEUNG (NAE), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

JONATHAN MARTIN, University of Wisconsin-Madison

AMY MCGOVERN, University of Oklahoma

JONATHAN PATZ, University of Wisconsin-Madison

J. MARSHALL SHEPHERD (NAS/NAE), University of Georgia

ALLISON STEINER, University of Michigan

DAVID W. TITLEY, U.S. Navy (ret.), Pennsylvania State University

ARADHNA TRIPATI, University of California, Los Angeles

DUANE E. WALISER, Jet Propulsion Laboratory

ELKE WEBER, Princeton University

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff

AMANDA STAUDT, Senior Board Director

APURVA DAVE, Senior Program Officer

LAURIE GELLER, Senior Program Officer

APRIL MELVIN, Senior Program Officer

AMANDA PURCELL, Senior Program Officer

STEVEN STICHTER, Senior Program Officer

ALEX REICH, Program Officer

RACHEL SILVERN, Program Officer

PATRICIA RAZAFINDRAMBININA, Associate Program Officer

ELISE MIALOU, Senior Finance Business Partner

SHELLY FREELAND, Financial Business Partner (until January 2022)

RITA GASKINS, Administrative Coordinator

BRIDGET MCGOVERN, Research Associate

AMY MITSUMORI, Research Associate

ROB GREENWAY, Program Associate

KYLE ALDRIDGE, Senior Program Assistant

LINDSAY MOLLER, Program Assistant

SABAH RANA, Program Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26465.
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BOARD ON CHEMICAL SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY

SCOTT COLLICK (Co-Chair), DuPont

JENNIFER SINCLAIR CURTIS (Co-Chair), University of California, Davis

GERARD BAILLELY, Procter and Gamble

RUBEN G. CARBONELL (NAE), North Carolina State University

JOHN FORTNER, Yale School of Engineering and Applied Science

KAREN I. GOLDBERG (NAS), University of Pennsylvania

JENNIFER M. HEEMSTRA, Emory University

JODIE L. LUTKENHAUS, Texas A&M University

SHELLEY D. MINTEER, University of Utah

AMY PRIETO, Colorado State University

MEGAN L. ROBERTSON, University of Houston

SALY ROMERO-TORRES, Thermo Fisher Scientific

REBECCA T. RUCK, Merck Process Research & Development

ANUP K. SINGH, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

VIJAY SWARUP, ExxonMobil

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff

CHARLES FERGUSON, Senior Board Director

MEGAN E. HARRIES, Program Officer

LIANA VACCARI, Program Officer

LINDA NHON, Associate Program Officer

THANH NGUYEN, Finance Business Partner

JESSICA WOLFMAN, Research Associate

ABIGAIL ULMAN, Research Assistant

BENJAMIN ULRICH, Senior Program Assistant

BRENNA ALBIN, Program Assistant

AYANNA LYNCH, Program Assistant

EMMA SCHULMAN, Program Assistant

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26465.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26465.
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Acknowledgments

This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (National Academies) in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings:

Julie Fox, Washington State Department of Health

Lu Hu, University of Montana Missoula

A. R. “Ravi” Ravishankara (NAS), Colorado State University

Colleen Reid, University of Colorado Boulder

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by James Randerson (NAS), University of California, Irvine. Dr. Randerson was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteur and the National Academies.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26465.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26465.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26465.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26465.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26465.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26465.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26465.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26465.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26465.
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26465.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26465.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26465.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26465.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Wildland Fires: Toward Improved Understanding and Forecasting of Air Quality Impacts: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26465.
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Wildland fires pose a growing threat to air quality and human health. Fire is a natural part of many landscapes, but the extent of area burned and the severity of fires have been increasing, concurrent with human movement into previously uninhabited fire-prone areas and forest management practices that have increased fuel loads. These changes heighten the risk of exposure to fire itself and emissions (smoke), which can travel thousands of miles and affect millions of people, creating local, regional, and national air quality and health concerns.

To address this growing threat, the National Academies brought together atmospheric chemistry and health research communities, natural resource managers, and decision makers to discuss current knowledge and needs surrounding how wildland fire emissions affect air quality and human health. Participants also explored opportunities to better bridge these communities to advance science and improve the production and exchange of information. This publication summarizes the workshop discussions and themes that emerged throughout the meeting.

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