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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26477.
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Innovation,
Global Value Chains,
and Globalization
Measurement

_____

Constance F. Citro, Gail E. Cohen,
and Sean H. Strunk, Rapporteurs

Innovation Policy Forum

Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy

Policy and Global Affairs

Committee on National Statistics

Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Proceedings of a Workshop

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26477.
×

NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW, Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by contracts between the National Academy of Sciences and the National Science Foundation (NCSE-1923018). Any opinions, findings, and conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-27795-2
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-27795-7
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26477

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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26477.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26477.
×

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

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Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26477.
×

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26477.
×

PLANNING COMMITTEE FOR THE WORKSHOP ON INNOVATION, GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS, AND GLOBALIZATION MEASUREMENT

(Affiliations as of May 2021)

SUSAN HELPER (Cochair), Case Western Reserve University

WOLFGANG KELLER (Cochair), University of Colorado Boulder

NADIM AHMAD, OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities

DAVIN CHOR, Dartmouth College

EDUARDO MORALES, Princeton University

ANDREAS MOXNES, University of Oslo

JUSTIN R. PIERCE, Federal Reserve Board

KELLY SIMS GALLAGHER, Tufts University

SARAHELEN THOMPSON, Bureau of Economic Analysis (retired)

PROJECT STAFF

GAIL COHEN, Senior Director, Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy (STEP)

SOPHIE BILLINGE, Senior Project Assistant, STEP Board (through June 2022)

CONSTANCE F. CITRO, Senior Scholar, Committee on National Statistics

DAVID DIERKSHEIDE, Program Officer, STEP Board

SEAN STRUNK, Consultant

INNOVATION POLICY FORUM

THOMAS GUEVARA (Cochair), Indiana University

DAVID M. HART (Cochair), George Mason University

WILLIAM B. BONVILLIAN, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

E. WILLIAM COLGLAZIER, American Association for the Advancement of Science

FRANK DIGIAMMARINO, Booz Allen Hamilton

MARYANN P. FELDMAN, Arizona State University

ANDRE GUDGER, Eccalon

KATHLEEN N. KINGSCOTT, IBM Research

MICHAEL F. MOLNAR (Ex Officio Member), National Institute of Standards and Technology

MICHAEL RUSSO, National Institute for Innovation and Technology

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26477.
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BOARD ON SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND ECONOMIC POLICY

ADAM B. JAFFE (Chair), Brandeis University

NOËL BAKHTIAN, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

JEFF BINGAMAN, Former U.S. Senator, New Mexico

BRENDA J. DIETRICH (NAE), Cornell University

BRIAN G. HUGHES, HBN Shoe, LLC

PAULA E. STEPHAN, Georgia State University

SCOTT STERN, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

JOHN C. WALL (NAE), Cummins, Inc. (Retired)

JOHN L. ANDERSON (NAE) (Ex Officio Member), National Academy of Engineering

VICTOR J. DZAU (NAM) (Ex Officio Member), National Academy of Medicine

MARCIA MCNUTT (NAS/NAE) (Ex Officio Member), National Academy of Sciences

STAFF

GAIL COHEN, Director

SOPHIE BILLINGE, Senior Project Assistant (through June 2022)

DAVID DIERKSHEIDE, Program Officer

CLARA SAVAGE, Financial Officer

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26477.
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COMMITTEE ON NATIONAL STATISTICS

ROBERT M. GROVES (Chair), Office of the Provost, Georgetown University

LAWRENCE D. BOBO, Department of Sociology, Harvard University

ANNE C. CASE, School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, Emeritus

MICK P. COUPER, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan

DIANA FARRELL, JPMorgan Chase Institute, Washington, DC

ROBERT GOERGE, Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

ERICA L. GROSHEN, School of Industrial and Labor Relations, Cornell University

HILARY HOYNES, Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California-Berkeley

DANIEL KIFER, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University

SHARON LOHR, School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, Arizona State University, Emerita

JEROME P. REITER, Department of Statistical Science, Duke University

JUDITH A. SELTZER, Department of Sociology, University of California-Los Angeles,

C. MATTHEW SNIPP, School of the Humanities and Sciences, Stanford University

ELIZABETH A. STUART, Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

BRIAN HARRIS-KOJETIN, Director

MELISSA CHIU, Deputy Director

CONSTANCE F. CITRO, Senior Scholar

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26477.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26477.
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Acknowledgments

A planning committee operating under the auspices of the Innovation Policy Forum of the Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy, in collaboration with the Committee on National Statistics, convened the workshop, “Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement” in May 2021. These proceedings are the main product of the workshop. They were prepared by rapporteurs whose charter was to distill the gist of the presentations and the essence of the discussions. The planning committee’s role was limited to planning and convening the workshop. The views contained in the proceedings are those of individual workshop participants and do not necessarily represent the views of all workshop participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings: Nadim Ahmad, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development; Thomas Guevara, Indiana University; Andrew Reamer, The George Washington University; Dominic Smith, U.S. Department of Labor.

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by Evan Johnson, University of North Carolina. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with the standards of the National

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26477.
×

Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the National Academies.

THE INNOVATION POLICY FORUM

The Innovation Policy Forum acts as a focal point for national and international dialogue on innovation policy. Operating under the guidance of the Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy, the forum brings together representatives of government, industry, national laboratories, research institutes, and universities—foreign and domestic—to exchange views on current challenges and opportunities for U.S. innovation policy. The forum provides a platform for learning about the goals, instruments, funding levels, and results of national and regional programs and for discussing their lessons for U.S. policy. The workshop described in this proceedings is one of a series of workshops and discussions convened by the Innovation Policy Forum since 2012.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26477.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26477.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26477.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26477.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26477.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26477.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26477.
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26477.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26477.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26477.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26477.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26477.
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Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement: Proceedings of a Workshop Get This Book
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In recent decades, production processes of intermediate and final products have been increasingly fragmented across countries in what are called global value chains (GVCs). GVCs may involve companies in one country outsourcing stages of production to unrelated entities in other countries, multinational enterprises (MNEs) offshoring stages of production to units of the MNE overseas, or both. GVCs can also involve completely independent companies merely sourcing their parts from whichever upstream company may be the most competitive, with no control arrangement necessarily involved. The changing global trade environment and the changes in firms' behavior have raised new and more complicated issues for policy makers and have made it difficult for them to understand the extent and operations of GVCs and their spillover effects on national and local economies.

To improve the understanding, measurement, and valuation of GVCs, the Innovation Policy Forum at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop, "Innovation, Global Value Chains, and Globalization Measurement" May 5-7, 2021. This proceedings has been prepared by the workshop rapporteurs as a factual summary of what occurred at the workshop.

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