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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Convergent Manufacturing: A Future of Additive, Subtractive, and Transformative Manufacturing: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26524.
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Image

Convergent Manufacturing

A Future of Additive, Subtractive, and
Transformative Manufacturing

_____

Linda Casola, Rapporteur

National Materials and
Manufacturing Board

Division on Engineering and
Physical Sciences

Proceedings of a Workshop

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Convergent Manufacturing: A Future of Additive, Subtractive, and Transformative Manufacturing: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26524.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by Contract W911NF-18-D-0002/W911NF21F0012 with the U.S. Army. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

Cover: The high-intensity electrical arc in the image stands for transformation in the similar way that convergent manufacturing is often described as the future of additive, subtractive, and transformative manufacturing. The arc and the image were generated algorithmically with a process that adds and subtracts three-dimensional parts to ultimately create the final image. Artist Erik Svedberg.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-68588-7
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-68588-5
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26524

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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Convergent Manufacturing: A Future of Additive, Subtractive, and Transformative Manufacturing: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26524.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Convergent Manufacturing: A Future of Additive, Subtractive, and Transformative Manufacturing: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26524.
×

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

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Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Convergent Manufacturing: A Future of Additive, Subtractive, and Transformative Manufacturing: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26524.
×

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Convergent Manufacturing: A Future of Additive, Subtractive, and Transformative Manufacturing: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26524.
×

WORKSHOP PLANNING COMMITTEE FOR A CONVERGENT MANUFACTURING PLATFORM: A FUTURE OF ADDITIVE, SUBTRACTIVE, AND TRANSFORMATIVE MANUFACTURING

THOMAS R. KURFESS, NAE,1 Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Co-Chair

AJAY P. MALSHE, NAE, Purdue University, Co-Chair

CRAIG ARNOLD, Princeton University

MARIA CHRISTINA BAKER, PPG Industries

JIAN CAO, NAE, Northwestern University

CAMBRE KELLY, restor3d, Inc.

FRANCISCO MEDINA, The University of Texas at El Paso

AMY PETERSON, University of Massachusetts Lowell

SUDARSAN RACHURI, U.S. Department of Energy

CHRISTOPHER SALDANA, Georgia Institute of Technology

SANDRA DEVINCENT WOLF, Carnegie Mellon University

Staff

MICHELLE SCHWALBE, Director, National Materials and Manufacturing Board

ERIK B. SVEDBERG, Senior Program Officer, Workshop Director

NEERAJ GORKHALY, Associate Program Officer

AMISHA JINANDRA, Research Associate

JOSEPH PALMER, Senior Project Assistant

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Convergent Manufacturing: A Future of Additive, Subtractive, and Transformative Manufacturing: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26524.
×

NATIONAL MATERIALS AND MANUFACTURING BOARD

THERESA KOTANCHECK, Evolved Analytics, LLC, Chair

JOHN KLIER, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Vice Chair

KEVIN ANDERSON, NAE,1 Brunswick Corporation

CRAIG ARNOLD, Princeton University

TERESA CLEMENT, Raytheon Missile Systems

THOMAS M. DONNELLAN, Applied Research Laboratory

STEPHEN FORREST, NAS2/NAE, University of Michigan

AMIT GOYAL, NAE, State University of New York at Buffalo

JULIA GREER, California Institute of Technology

LATONIA M. HARRIS, Janssen Pharmaceutical

MICK MAHER, Maher & Associates, LLC

GREGORY TASSEY, University of Washington

MATTHEW J. ZALUZEC, University of Florida

Staff

MICHELLE SCHWALBE, Director, National Materials and Manufacturing Board, and Director, Board on Mathematical Sciences and Analytics

ERIK B. SVEDBERG, Senior Program Officer

NEERAJ GORKHALY, Associate Program Officer

AMISHA JINANDRA, Research Associate

JOSEPH PALMER, Senior Project Assistant

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

2 Member, National Academy of Sciences.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Convergent Manufacturing: A Future of Additive, Subtractive, and Transformative Manufacturing: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26524.
×

Acknowledgment of Reviewers

This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings:

Stephan Biller, NAE,1 Advanced Manufacturing International, Inc.,

Jennifer L.W. Carter, Case Western Reserve University,

Joy Gockel, Colorado School of Mines,

Rachel S. Goldman, University of Michigan,

H. Alicia Kim, University of California, San Diego, and

Linda S. Schadler, The University of Vermont.

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by Dianne Chong, NAE, Boeing Research and Technology (retired).

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Convergent Manufacturing: A Future of Additive, Subtractive, and Transformative Manufacturing: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26524.
×

She was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with the standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteur and the National Academies.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Convergent Manufacturing: A Future of Additive, Subtractive, and Transformative Manufacturing: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26524.
×
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Convergent Manufacturing: A Future of Additive, Subtractive, and Transformative Manufacturing: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26524.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Convergent Manufacturing: A Future of Additive, Subtractive, and Transformative Manufacturing: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26524.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Convergent Manufacturing: A Future of Additive, Subtractive, and Transformative Manufacturing: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26524.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Convergent Manufacturing: A Future of Additive, Subtractive, and Transformative Manufacturing: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26524.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Convergent Manufacturing: A Future of Additive, Subtractive, and Transformative Manufacturing: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26524.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Convergent Manufacturing: A Future of Additive, Subtractive, and Transformative Manufacturing: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26524.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Convergent Manufacturing: A Future of Additive, Subtractive, and Transformative Manufacturing: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26524.
×
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Convergent Manufacturing: A Future of Additive, Subtractive, and Transformative Manufacturing: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26524.
×
PageR8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Convergent Manufacturing: A Future of Additive, Subtractive, and Transformative Manufacturing: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26524.
×
PageR9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Convergent Manufacturing: A Future of Additive, Subtractive, and Transformative Manufacturing: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26524.
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A convergent manufacturing platform is defined as a system that synergistically combines heterogeneous materials and processes (e.g., additive, subtractive, and transformative) in one platform. The platform is equipped with unprecedented modularity, flexibility, connectivity, reconfigurability, portability, and customization capabilities. The result is one manufacturing platform that is easily reconfigured to output new functional devices and complex components for systems. This manufacturing system also converges the integration of physical components and digital models along with sensor networks for process monitoring and production.

The National Materials and Manufacturing Board of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine hosted a 3-day workshop event to explore research and development (R&D) opportunities and challenges for convergent manufacturing. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Defense, the three workshops in the series were held virtually on November 15, 2021; November 19, 2021; and November 22, 2021. The workshop series focused on the following three overarching topics: (1) key areas for R&D investments that will enable the readiness and commercial development of convergent manufacturing; (2) application areas for convergent manufacturing, with an emphasis on future Army and related civilian applications; and (3) approaches for the design of a convergent manufacturing platform.

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