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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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Appendix B

Speaker Biosketches

Howard Backer, M.D., M.P.H., was appointed CAL-MAT Medical Director in July 2011. Dr. Howard Backer received a bachelor of science degree from the University of Michigan, a master of public health degree from the University of California, Berkeley, and a doctor of medicine from the University of California, San Francisco. Dr. Backer practiced emergency medicine in private practice for 25 years before entering public service. The doctor served in a number of positions from 2000 to 2008 at the state Department of Health Services, including chief of immunization. He became associate secretary for emergency preparedness at the Health and Human Services Agency in 2008 before being tapped as the interim director at the Department of Public Health early in 2011. By statute, the EMSA director must be a physician with experience in emergency training. Reflecting a lifelong interest in wilderness and travel medicine, Dr. Backer is a founding member of the Wilderness Medical Society and a fellow of the Academy of Wilderness Medicine. He also is medical consultant for an international adventure travel company and is an expert in field water disinfection and infectious diseases of travelers. He still works clinical hours in Urgent Care at the University of California, Berkeley Student Health Center.

Virginia A. Brown, Ph.D., M.A., currently serves as an Assistant Professor in the Division of Community Engagement and Health Equity in the Department of Population Health of the University of Texas at Austin. She holds a courtesy appointment in the Department of Psychiatry at Dell Medical, and she serves as the Associate Director of Liberal Arts Honors (LAH) in the College of Liberal Arts. Her research work focuses on protecting the

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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autonomy of persons living with serious mental illness using psychiatric advance directives (PADs), which are a communication tool that promotes patient autonomy and provides capacitated adults, who live with serious mental illnesses, the ability to record their preferences for care as well as the ability to designate a proxy decision maker before a health care crisis occurs. Currently she is working to implement PADs as within the SAMHSAs Assisted Outpatient Treatment project awarded to Integral Care, Austin’s local mental health authority. In her work, Dr. Brown addresses inequity in research by applying a community based participatory research (CBPR) framework to her work, which uses a range of methodological approaches to center the priorities, the experiences, the strengths, and the knowledge communities have in identifying and solving health and health care related problems. In her current work, funded by the Patient Centered Outcomes Institute’s (PCORI) Eugene Washington PCORI Engagement Award, she and her team along with a group of community partners collaborated to develop Citizen Scientist Training to serve as the foundation for establishing community and academic research partnerships for research focused on mental health. By shifting to collaboration to co-create research practice we can establish an ethical social justice framework for addressing inequality in health and health care.

Elizabeth Chuang, M.D., joined the faculty of the Department of Family and Social Medicine at Albert Einstein College of Medicine Montefiore Medical Center in 2013 after completing a fellowship in Hospice and Palliative Medicine at Montefiore. She practices hospice and palliative medicine on the inpatient consult service and palliative care inpatient unit at Montefiore Medical Center. In 2018, she joined the Montefiore-Einstein Center for Bioethics as a bioethics consultant. Dr. Chuang’s research interests include clinician implicit bias, reducing racial and ethnic disparities at the end of life and clinical communication and decision-making. Dr. Chuang also enjoys teaching medical students, residents, fellows and faculty principles of bioethics, research ethics and approaches to emotionally difficult communication tasks.

Elizabeth Lee Daugherty Biddison, M.D., M.P.H., is Associate Professor of Medicine in the Johns Hopkins Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine and Chief Wellness Officer for Johns Hopkins Medicine. She is Associate Faculty in the Johns Hopkins Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality and a Contributing Scholar in the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security. Dr. Daugherty Biddison’s research interests include hospital operations, patient safety, critical care disaster response, and physician well-being. In addition to her research responsibilities, Dr. Daugherty Biddison also serves as Vice Chair for Clinical Affairs for Department of Medi-

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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cine in the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. She chairs the Department’s Clinical Directors Council and co-chairs the Clinical Affairs Planning and Strategy team. She also serves as a member of the Johns Hopkins Hospital’s Credentials Committee. Immediately prior to becoming Chief Wellness Officer, she served on the Dean’s Task Force on Joy in Medicine. As part of that work, she co-chaired the Working Group on Culture and Work-life Balance and served as lead author of the summary report of the Task Force. She currently represents Johns Hopkins on the National Academy of Medicine Action Collaborative on Clinician Well-Being and Resilience. Dr. Daugherty Biddison completed her undergraduate studies in journalism at Washington and Lee University, magna cum laude, and received her medical degree from Georgetown University School of Medicine, cum laude. She is a member of the Phi Beta Kappa and Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Societies. She completed her internal medicine residency at the University of Pennsylvania and her Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine fellowship at Johns Hopkins, where she also earned her Master of Public Health degree.

Chris Emory, M.S., is an Ohio native who relocated to Santa Fe, New Mexico from Western North Carolina after a 7-year residence there. Mr. Emory is the Bureau Chief for the Bureau of Health Emergency Management (BHEM), with the Epidemiology and Response Division, at the New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH). For nearly 6 years, Chris has helped move NMDOH and the state forward in emergency planning and preparedness. The Bureau is responsible for all of New Mexico’s public health and hospital preparedness and response activities, as well as the provision of strategic direction, support, and coordination for these activities across the state. Prior to the position in New Mexico, Chris was actively involved in public health preparedness in North Carolina while working as an independent contractor with local jurisdictions in Asheville and surrounding areas. He lead preparedness efforts focusing on at-risk populations by building lasting partnerships and facilitating a team planning environment, incorporating partners from government, community-based, faith-based, industry, and civic organizations. This at-risk populations’ work that Chris developed was reviewed by the UNC Institute for Public Health and adopted as a toolkit for other jurisdictions to follow. Chris received his B.S. in applied science from Youngstown State University, his M.S. in public health from Touro University, and an all but dissertation Ph.D. in epidemiology from Walden University.

Jeanette Ives Erickson, R.N., D.N.P., NEA-BC, FAAN, is chief nurse emerita at Massachusetts General Hospital, Instructor at Harvard Medical School, and Professor at the MGH Institute of Health Professions. She also serves as the chair, Chief Nurse Council, Mass General Brigham. Dr. Ives Erickson

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
×

earned her diploma in nursing from Mercy Hospital School of Nursing, her B.S.N. from Westbrook College, her M.S. from Boston University, and her doctorate of executive nursing practice from the MGH Institute of Health Professions. She is a Fellow in the American Academy of Nursing and a past Robert Wood Johnson Executive Nurse Fellow where her research was the role of the Chief Nurse in integrated health care systems. While fostering nursing research within an interdisciplinary, professional practice model, Dr. Ives Erickson has developed new measures to evaluate innovations that influence professional nursing practice. Along with colleagues she has developed The Professional Practice Environment scale that is used to evaluate nurses’ and other clinicians’ perceptions and satisfaction with the professional practice environment in which they work. This instrument is being used by more than 100 healthcare institutions, in 15 countries, and has been translated into multiple languages including Chinese, Finnish, Turkish and Spanish. She has published three books to advance nursing practice, research and the importance of a narrative culture. In addition, as part of the MGH celebration of its 200th anniversary, she and colleagues published the History of MGH Nursing. All four books have won awards. Dr. Ives Erickson is a member of the Commission on Magnet Recognition. She is the inaugural incumbent of the Paul M Erickson Endowed Chair in Nursing at the Massachusetts General Hospital. Dr. Ives Erickson serves as vice chair of the Board of Trustees for the MGH Institute of Health Professions and is co-chair of the Lunder-Dineen Health Education Alliance of Maine. Since 2008, she has been the lead nurse consultant for the strategic collaboration in the creation of Jiahui International Hospital (JIH) in China’s Shanghai Province.

Alistair Erskine, M.D., is the Chief Digital Health Officer at Mass General Brigham, which includes teaching hospitals for Harvard Medical School. He is responsible for sequencing innovative technologies, harmonizing data across the clinical care, research and health plan enterprise, and activating patients in a manner congruent with emerging patient consumerism. Dr. Erskine heads Mass General Brigham Digital Health division, including the Electronic Health Record (eCare), Health Information Management/Interoperability, Virtual Care with more than 550 staff. He also leads Mass General Brigham’s digital health strategy including patient-facing application, patient relationship management, telehealth services, and secondary use of data and appropriate application of artificial intelligence. He has a teaching appointment at Harvard Medical School to incorporate clinical informatics into the medical student curriculum. Prior to Mass General Brigham, Dr. Erskine was Geisinger Health System’s Chief Informatics Officer where he oversaw Geisinger’s Unified Data Architecture, a hedged data management environment powered by Hadoop/Big Data and

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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traditional relational database systems to ensure that data collected as a by-product of clinical and research investigation are accessible for new discovery and appropriate secondary use. In previous roles, he was appointed Associate Dean of Medical Informatics at Virginia Commonwealth University and was a member of the Board for the 650-physician Medical College of Physician practice plan. He was appointed to the Virginia Governor’s Health Information Technology Commission by Executive Order and was a voting member of the Health Information Technology Standards Committee. Dr. Erskine spent 2 years in Doha, Qatar in the Middle East as Chief of Health Informatics at Sidra Medical and Research Center and implemented a model commercial EHR from the ground up, without legacy systems or technologies. He presents and publishes on the topic of clinical transformation in peer-reviewed literature and serves on Boards of several companies. Dr. Erskine trained at Brown University and Virginia Commonwealth University Health System and is triple Board-Certified in Internal Medicine, Clinical Informatics and Pediatrics. He completed a 2-year degree program at MIT Sloan School of Management, with a specialization in Business Analytics and Artificial Intelligence. He has been practicing hospital medicine for 15 years.

Gina Febbraro, M.P.H., serves as the Planning and Improvement Consultant for the Prevention Services Division at the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE) in addition to leading her own consulting business, Summit Cove Consultants LLC. For the past 8 years, Gina has advised and supported senior leadership and prevention programs in assessment, strategic planning, change management, performance management and quality improvement. Prior to this role, Gina served as the Maternal and Child Health Program (MCH) Manager for 5 years where she managed the day-to-day operations of the MCH Program including the administration of funds to local public health agencies throughout the state. Gina also served as the director of the Tony Grampsas Youth Services Program, a state-legislated grant program that funds more than 100 community-based, youth-serving organizations throughout Colorado. Before CDPHE, Gina developed community partnerships and award-winning sexuality education programs for Girls Inc. of Metro Denver. Gina earned her Master’s of Public Health in health behavior and health education from the University of North Carolina’s Gillings School of Public Health and her Bachelor’s degree in social psychology from the Pennsylvania State University.

Brian Garibaldi, M.D., is an associate professor in the Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, where he attends in the Medical Intensive Care Unit (MICU) and the Interstitial Lung Disease clinic. He is medical director of the Johns Hopkins Biocontainment Unit (BCU), a federally-

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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funded special pathogens treatment center. He is also the associate program director of the Osler Medical Residency Program, where he leads curriculum development and implementation. Dr. Garibaldi was instrumental in creating the Johns Hopkins BCU. He helped to design the physical structure of the unit, created the physician-staffing model and constructed the clinical care guidelines and protocols. He also led the design of the BCU simulation and training program for the care of patients with highly infectious diseases. He has an in-depth knowledge of the challenges of the biocontainment environment and understands the specific threats to both health care worker and patient safety in the setting of highly infectious diseases. In addition to caring for patients with COVID-19, he is the director of the newly established COVID-19 Precision Medicine Center of Excellence, which houses the JH-CROWN clinical registry. He is a fellow of the New York Academy of Medicine, the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and the American College of Physicians. He is also a member of the Miller-Coulson Academy of Clinical Excellence. Dr. Garibaldi grew up in New York City and graduated summa cum laude from Harvard College with a degree in biological anthropology. Before earning his medical degree from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, he spent a year studying flamenco and classical guitar in Spain as part of the John Finley Fellowship from Harvard College.

Andrew Garrett, M.D., M.P.H., is the academic section chief for Emergency Health Operations and is an associate professor at George Washington University’s School for Medicine and Health Sciences. His medical specialties are pediatrics, as well as EMS and disaster medicine. He is also board certified in these areas. Dr. Garrett has more than 15 years of leadership experience with the federal disaster response community and has spent much of his career with the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) as the chief medical officer and then director of the National Disaster Medical System (NDMS), overseeing a system of nearly 7,000 federal employees and more than 80 medical, veterinary, and mass fatality disaster response teams. He also spent 2 years at the White House, most recently as the director for Biodefense and Medical Preparedness on the National Security Council. He also serves as senior adviser to the Office of Emergency Management and Medical Operations (ASPR/HHS). He has deployed both domestically and internationally to over 20 major disasters and public health emergencies, as both a clinical provider and as the chief medical officer to the federal government’s Health and Public Health Incident command structure.

Valerie Gutmann Koch, J.D., is co-director of the Health Law & Policy Institute. She also serves as the Director of Law & Ethics at the Uni-

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
×

versity of Chicago MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics. Previously, she was the Jaharis Faculty Fellow at DePaul University College of Law and a Visiting Assistant Professor at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. Professor Koch was the Special Advisor and Senior Attorney to the New York State Task Force on Life and the Law, the state’s bioethics commission, where she crafted policy and guidance related to pandemic preparedness and crisis standards of care, human subjects research, and surrogate decision-making. Following law school, she practiced in the intellectual property litigation practice at Kirkland & Ellis LLP. As a scholar of bioethics, public policy, and health law, Professor Koch concentrates on how medical and technological advances have informed and sometimes transformed various areas of law, identifying ways in which law and policy is—or is not—equipped to address changes in technology and practice. She earned her J.D. degree from Harvard Law School, where she was the co-editor of the recent developments section of the Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. She graduated magna cum laude from Princeton University, with an A.B. from the Princeton School of Public and International Affairs, with a focus in bioethics. Professor Koch is committed to public service, including serving as the Chair of the ABA’s Special Committee on Bioethics and the Law and Co-Chair of the Law Affinity Group for the American Society for Bioethics and the Humanities.

David Christian “Chris” Hassell, Ph.D., is the Senior Science Advisor and Deputy Assistant Secretary within the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. He recently served as the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Chemical and Biological Defense, where he led research, development, testing, and acquisition of technical solutions to counter chemical and biological threats. Prior to joining the Department of Defense, Dr. Hassell was an Assistant Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), where he served as Director of the FBI Laboratory and Executive Champion for LGBT concerns. He had previously held research and leadership positions at Los Alamos National Laboratory and DuPont. Dr. Hassell is an analytical chemist with specialization in sensors, diagnostics and bioprocessing, and is a Fellow of the Society for Applied Spectroscopy. He is a recipient of the Defense Medal for Exceptional Civilian Service (US) and the Médaille de la Défense Nationale (France).

Richard C. Hunt, M.D., FACEP, is ASPR’s Senior Medical Advisor for National Healthcare Preparedness Programs. From 2013 to 2015, he served The White House as Director for Medical Preparedness Policy, National Security Staff. During this time, he played a critical role in the response to the Ebola crisis and led the “Stop the Bleed” initiative. Prior to his positions

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
×

in Washington, DC, Dr. Hunt was Distinguished Consultant and Director of the Division of Injury Response at CDC’s National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Prior to federal service, he served as professor and chair of the Department of Emergency Medicine at SUNY Upstate Medical University in Syracuse, New York. He is a past president of the National Association of EMS Physicians. Dr. Hunt is board certified in emergency medicine and is an adjunct professor of emergency medicine at Emory University School of Medicine.

Emily Kidd, M.D., attended Texas A&M University (B.S.), The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (M.D.), The Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University (residency), and The University of Texas Health Science Center in Houston/Houston Fire Department (fellowship). She is double-board certified in both Emergency Medicine and EMS, and has been practicing emergency medicine for more than 21 years and pre-hospital (EMS) medicine for more than 16 years. She served as an Assistant Medical Director for the Houston Fire Department and as an Assistant Medical Director and Interim Medical Director for the San Antonio Fire Department. Since 2016, she has served as the Texas Medical Director for Acadian Ambulance Service. Dr. Kidd is also very actively involved in disaster and emergency management at the local, regional, state, and national levels. She was involved in field response and medical direction during Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, Gustav, Ike, and Harvey as well as the H1N1 pandemic, Ebola crisis, West, Texas explosion, and of course the COVID pandemic and recent Texas ice storm from Winter Storm Uri. Dr. Kidd held a position on FEMA’s National Advisory Council for 6 years, has sat on the Governor’s EMS and Trauma Advisory Council Disaster Committee for more than 14 years, and serves as the State Medical Director for the Texas Emergency Medical Task Force. She was recently elected to the position of President-Elect for the Texas Chapter of the National Association of EMS Physicians

Ryan C. Maves M.D., FCCM, FCCP, FIDSA, is professor of medicine and anesthesiology at the Wake Forest School of Medicine in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, where he serves as a faculty intensivist and infectious diseases specialist at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center. A graduate of the University of Washington School of Medicine, he completed his internal medicine residency and fellowships in infectious diseases and critical care medicine at the Naval Medical Center in San Diego, California. Following fellowship, he served at the Naval Medical Research Unit No. 6 in Lima, Peru, leading studies in antimicrobial drug resistance and vaccine development. He returned to NMCSD in 2010, serving as ID division head. In 2012, Dr. Maves deployed to the NATO Role 3 Multinational Medical

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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Unit at Kandahar Airfield, Afghanistan, as Director of Medical Services. After returning from deployment, he later served as vice chair of medicine and ID fellowship program director. He was the U.S. Department of Defense coordinating principal investigator (PI) for the NIAID-sponsored Adaptive COVID-19 Treatment Trial (ACTT) and the San Diego site PI for the AstraZeneca/Oxford phase 3 ChAdOx1 SARS-CoV-2 vaccine trial. He retired from the United States Navy with the rank of Captain in 2021 after 22 years of active-duty service and joined the faculty at Wake Forest. Dr. Maves is board-certified in internal medicine, infectious diseases, and critical care medicine. He is the vice chair of the Fundamental Disaster Management committee in the Society of Critical Care Medicine and is the chair of the American College of Chest Physician’s COVID-19 Task Force.

Gregg S. Meyer, M.D., MSc, is the President of the Community Division & Executive Vice President of Value Based Care for the Mass General Brigham health care system. He is responsible for two of Mass General Brigham’s hospitals—Newton-Wellesley Hospital and North Shore Medical Center—where he previously served as interim President, as well as Mass General Brigham Home Care and Mass General Brigham Community Physicians. Dr. Meyer is also responsible for building and leading a best-in-class Value Based Care Program by leveraging Mass General Brigham’s health insurance organization—AllWays Health Partners—and the Population Health Management initiatives across Mass General Brigham’s academic medical centers, community hospitals, primary care physicians and ambulatory care and urgent care sites. Previously, Dr. Meyer was the Chief Clinical Officer of Mass General Brigham. In this role, he was responsible for the overall direction, operations and management of system aspects of health care delivery throughout the Mass General Brigham system. Dr. Meyer is also a professor of medicine at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School. Before returning to Mass General Brigham, Dr. Meyer served as the Chief Clinical Officer and Executive Vice-President for Population Health at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center and the Senior Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs and Paul B. Batalden Professor and Chair at the Geisel School of Medicine. Prior to going to Dartmouth-Hitchcock, Dr. Meyer served as Senior Vice President for the Edward P. Lawrence Center for Quality and Safety at the Massachusetts General Hospital and Massachusetts General Physicians Organization (MGPO). A national leader in the area of quality and safety, Dr. Meyer led the multi-faceted efforts of the MGH/MGPO in quality and safety. He also led the care redesign efforts at Mass General, which aim to improve both the quality and efficiency of care for common clinical conditions and chaired the committee charged with defining the future of clinical information systems for Partners HealthCare (now Mass General Brigham). Dr. Meyer was previously the Director of

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
×

the Center for Quality Improvement and Patient Safety at the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Before his tenure at AHRQ, Dr. Meyer was an Associate Professor at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USUHS) where he served as Division Director for General Medicine. While at USUHS, Dr. Meyer was an active duty Medical Corps officer and Colonel in the United States Air Force. Dr. Meyer graduated from Union College and Albany Medical College. He earned a master’s degree at Oxford where he was a Rhodes Scholar and holds a master’s degree from Harvard. He has served on numerous national and international committees related to health care quality and safety and has authored more than 100 articles, editorials, chapters and monographs.

Vikramjit Mukherjee, M.D., is a physician at New York University School of Medicine. Dr. Mukherjee is assistant professor in the New York University (NYU) Grossman School of Medicine and director of the Medical Intensive Care Unit (MICU) at Bellevue Hospital Center. He is trained as a pulmonary critical care physician. He is board certified in internal medicine, pulmonary disease, and critical care medicine. Dr. Mukherjee serves as a leader in the National Emerging Special Pathogens Training and Education Center (NETEC). Dr. Mukherjee completed his residency at Georgetown University School of Medicine and his fellowship in pulmonary and critical care at NYU Hospitals Center.

Alexander S. Niven, M.D., is a consultant in the Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care at Mayo Clinic and associate professor of medicine in the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine. He is currently the Education Chair for Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine and the Critical Care Independent Multispecialty Practice there. Dr. Niven is an at-large member of the CHEST Board of Regents and has served as both a long-standing member of its Task Force for Mass Critical Care and as chair of the CHEST Wellness Task Force over the past 20 months. His research interests include the identification of optimal education strategies to enhance individual and team performance in the intensive care unit.

Robert Onders, M.D., J.D., joined the Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium in 2015 and currently serves as the administrator of the Alaska Native Medical Center (ANMC). Previously Dr. Onders served as medical director of community and Health Systems Improvement and President of Alaska Pacific University. Prior to joining, Dr. Onders worked as clinical director for Kodiak Area Native Association and emergency department director at West Park Hospital in Cody, Wyoming. Dr. Onders graduated from a combined 6-year bachelor of science and doctor of medicine program through Kent State University and Northeast Ohio Medical University in 1997. He

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
×

completed his family medicine residency, juris doctorate, and masters of public administration with the University of Wyoming.

Govind Persad, J.D., Ph.D., is an assistant professor at the Sturm College of Law. His research interests center on the legal and ethical dimensions of health insurance, health care financing (both domestic and international), and markets in health care services, as well as professional ethics and the regulation of medical research. He has been selected as a 2018–2021 Greenwall Faculty Scholar in Bioethics for an ongoing research project on health insurance and protection against financial risk. His articles have appeared or will appear in the George Washington Law Review, Emory Law Journal, Boston College Law Review, and Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics, among others. He was selected as a Health Law Scholar in 2017 and as a BioIP Scholar in 2018 by the American Society of Law, Medicine and Ethics. Prior to joining the faculty at the University of Denver, Dr. Persad was an assistant professor of health policy and management at the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, where he was affiliated with the Berman Institute of Bioethics and served on the School’s Institutional Review Board, and was a junior faculty fellow at Georgetown University’s McDonough School of Business. He clerked for the Hon. Carlos Lucero, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit, in Denver.

Julie Reiskin, LCSW, is the executive director of the Colorado Cross-Disability Coalition (CCDC). In that role, Ms. Reiskin assists other organizations with assuring real and meaningful participation by “clients” at all levels. Through CCDC and the disability community, Ms. Reiskin has gained expertise on nonprofit accountability and best practices, publically funded long-term community based services, disability rights law, public benefits, and the intersectionality of systemic and individual advocacy. Ms. Reiskin has proposed and helped to implement many solutions to create a sustainable and client friendly Medicaid program, such as the consumer direction as a delivery model, acted as a respected advocate for individuals, and has trained many others in health advocacy and health policy. Prior to becoming the executive director for CCDC in 1996, Ms. Reiskin served as the organization’s policy analyst. In 2010, she was appointed by President Obama to serve on the board of directors of the Legal Services Corporation as the client representative.

Ms. Reiskin provides consulting with organizations seeking to improve, expand, or enhance their ability to effectively practice real and meaningful client/constituent engagement at all levels of the organization. She also helps organizations develop disability cultural competence. She moved to Colorado from Connecticut in 1994. In Connecticut, she was a partner in

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
×

a consulting firm, specializing in diversity issues throughout Southern New England. She also had a private psychotherapy practice. Previous work includes several positions working with “hard to serve” youth and positive youth development, AIDS/HIV education, and grassroots community organizing. Ms. Reiskin has taught extensively in the areas of disability rights, disability culture, and disability policy, along with other areas related to diversity in human services. Ms. Reiskin received her master’s in social work from the University of Connecticut, with a major in community organizing in 1989. She obtained a B.S. in women’s studies from the University of Connecticut in 1985.

Lisa Rowen, DNSc, R.N., CENP, FAAN, is System Chief Nurse Executive for the University of Maryland Medical System. As System Chief Nurse Executive, Dr. Rowen adds a senior nursing voice at the system level for strategic planning, nursing workforce development and continuous clinical improvement initiatives. Since 2007, Dr. Rowen has served as Senior Vice President for Patient Care Services and Chief Nursing Officer (CNO) at the University of Maryland Medical Center, and in 2015 was also appointed as CNO for the University of Maryland Medical Center Midtown Campus. Dr. Rowen has oversight of more than 5,000 nurses, advanced practice nurses and other health professionals; she will continue in these roles while dedicating a portion of her time and effort to this new System role. Dr. Rowen is a member of the UMMS Board of Directors and serves as the System Chair of the UMMS Chief Nursing Officer Council, which is composed of the UMMS hospital CNOs and provides the vision for nursing across the Medical System. Under Dr. Rowen’s leadership, UMMC was awarded Magnet Designation by the American Nurses Credentialing Center in 2009 and was re-credentialed in 2014. Only approximately five percent of all hospitals across the United States have achieved this prestigious designation, which recognizes hospitals that demonstrate excellence in nursing practice and adherence to national standards for nursing care. As associate professor at the University of Maryland School of Nursing, Dr. Rowen has formulated innovative relationships with the SON to advance education and training of nurses from beginning of the career through advanced nursing practices. She also holds faculty appointments at University of Virginia, the Johns Hopkins University, and Northeastern University. Dr. Rowen earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in art history and a Bachelor of Science degree in nursing at the University of Delaware, a Master of Science degree at the University of Maryland, and a Doctor of Nursing Science degree at the Johns Hopkins University. Among her professional affiliations, Dr. Rowen is a member of the American Academy of Nursing, American Organization of Nurse Executives, American Nurses Association, and the Maryland Nurses Association.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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Cynda Hylton Rushton, Ph.D., R.N., FAAN, is the Anne and George L. Bunting Professor of Clinical Ethics in the Berman Institute of Bioethics and the School of Nursing at Johns Hopkins University, with a joint appointment in the School of Medicine’s Department of Pediatrics. A founding member of the Berman Institute, Dr. Rushton co-chairs the Johns Hopkins Hospital’s Ethics Consultation Service. An international leader in nursing ethics, in 2014 Dr. Rushton co-led the first National Nursing Ethics Summit, convened by the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics and School of Nursing. The Summit, supported by strategic partners from nine national nursing organizations and seven collaborating organizations, developed a Blueprint for 21st Century Nursing Ethics. The Blueprint highlights recommendations for clinical practice, education, policy and research and has been a catalyst for strategic action coinciding with the American Nurses Association 2015 designation of the “Year of Ethics.” Dr. Rushton’s current scholarship in clinical ethics focuses on moral distress and suffering of clinicians, the development of moral resilience, designing a culture of ethical practice, and conceptual foundations of integrity, respect, trust and compassion.

Nneka Sederstrom Ph.D., M.P.H., M.A., FCCP, FCCM, is the Chief Health Equity Officer at Hennepin Healthcare where she leads efforts in addressing health disparities, equity, and antiracism in the institution and community. She received her B.A. in philosophy from George Washington University in 2001. She began her career at the Center for Ethics at Medstar Washington Hospital Center in Washington D.C. the same year. She completed her master’s degree in philosophy and public policy from Howard University in 2003 and proceeded to begin her Ph.D. studies in medical sociology and race, class, and gender inequalities at the same university. After beginning her PhD studies, she was made Director of the Center for Ethics and Director of the Spiritual Care Department. She proceeded to hold these positions until she left to join Children’s Minnesota in March 2016 where she served as the Director of the Clinical Ethics Department for almost 5 years. Her Ph.D. is in sociology with concentrations in medical sociology and race, class, and gender inequality, M.P.H. in global health management, and M.A. in philosophy. She is a member of several professional societies and holds a leadership position in CHEST Medicine and the Society of Critical Care Medicine. She is a Fellow of the American College of Chest Physicians and a Fellow of the American College of Critical Care Medicine. She is widely published in Equity and Clinical Ethics and speaks regularly at national and international meetings.

Tom Sequist, M.D., M.P.H., is the Chief Patient Experience and Equity Officer at Mass General Brigham. He leads system-wide strategies for

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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improving patient experience, quality, safety, equity, and community health. He is a practicing general internist at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and is professor of medicine and professor of health care policy at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Sequist’s research interests focus on quality measurement and improvement, health care equity, patient and provider education, and the innovative use of health information technology. Dr. Sequist is a member of the Taos Pueblo tribe in New Mexico and he has conducted influential health policy research to advance our understanding of health care for Native American communities. He serves as the Director of the Four Directions Summer Research Program at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and the Medical Director of the Brigham and Women’s Hospital Physician Outreach Program with the Indian Health Service. Dr. Sequist graduated from Cornell University with a B.S. in chemical engineering. He received his M.D. degree from Harvard Medical School and his M.P.H. degree from the Harvard School of Public Health.

Will Stone covers health and science for NPR’s Science Desk. He has previously reported for public radio stations in Connecticut, Nevada, Arizona, and Washington State. He is based in Seattle, Washington, where he has tracked the pandemic since the first confirmed U.S. case of COVID-19 in January.

Erin Talati Paquette, M.D., J.D., MBe, is a pediatric critical care doctor, lawyer, and ethicist, as well as assistant professor of pediatrics at Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine. She is also adjunct professor at Northwestern University’s Pritzker School of Law, a Pediatric Critical Care Scientist Development Scholar, and a Public Voices Fellow with The OpEd Project. She is interested in research, advocacy, and policy development that reduces health disparities, addresses bias, racism, and other structural determinants of health and promotes social justice. Her current research involves evaluating disparities in research enrollment and participation, the use of medico-legal partnerships to address the social determinants of health, and understanding public perceptions of brain death. Additional interests include the role for conflict resolution training to improve communication in the ICU, evaluating health care access in relation to health outcomes, and studying the informed consent process for children participating in research.

Doug White, M.D., MAS, is Vice Chair, professor of critical care medicine, and the UPMC Endowed Chair for Ethics in Critical Care Medicine, as well as the Director of the Program on Ethics and Decision Making in Critical Illness at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. His research pro-

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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gram encompasses both empirical research on and normative ethical analysis of surrogate decision making for patients with life-threatening illness. He graduated summa cum laude from Dartmouth College in 1995 with a degree in English literature. He received his M.D. from UCSF in 1999 and completed a residency in Internal Medicine and a fellowship in Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine at UCSF. While at UCSF, he also completed a Master’s degree in Epidemiology and Biostatistics and a fellowship in Bioethics under Bernard Lo. He joined the faculty at UCSF in 2005 as assistant professor of medicine and core faculty of the Program on Medical Ethics. In 2009, he joined the faculty of the University of Pittsburgh in the Departments of Critical Care Medicine and Medicine as associate professor. Dr. White directs the University of Pittsburgh Program on Ethics and Decision Making in Critical Illness. He has several ongoing NIH-funded studies. He has published widely using both quantitative and qualitative methods to examine the process of surrogate decision making in intensive care units. In conducting this work, he collaborates with a multi-disciplinary group of investigators, which includes faculty with expertise in bioethics, law, philosophy, sociology, biostatistics, and health services research. His empirical research program has two central aims: (1) to identify factors that adversely affect surrogate decision making for critically ill patients and (2) to develop and test interventions to improve surrogate decision making. His normative work focuses on ethical issues that arise in intensive care units, including the allocation of scarce resources, resolving futility disputes, responding to conscience-based treatment refusals by clinicians, and developing fair processes of decision making for incapacitated patients who lack surrogate decision makers.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Evolving Crisis Standards of Care and Ongoing Lessons from COVID-19: Proceedings of a Workshop Series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26573.
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Crisis Standards of Care (CSC) inform decisions on medical care during a large-scale crisis such as a pandemic or natural disaster, eliminating the need to make these decisions at the bedside without protections or guidance. Numerous points throughout the COVID-19 pandemic have demonstrated the necessity of this type of crisis planning. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Forum on Medical and Public Health Preparedness for Disasters and Emergencies convened a series of public workshops to examine the experiences of healthcare providers during the COVID-19 pandemic and identify lessons that can inform current and future CSC planning and implementation. The workshops examined staffing and workforce needs, planning and implementation of CSC plans, and legal, ethical, and equity considerations of CSC planning. Topics of discussion included improving coordination between the bedside and boardroom, increasing buy-in from elected officials, expanding provider engagement, and addressing health equity issues. This publication summarizes the presentation and discussion of the workshops.

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