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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Frontiers in Synthetic Moiré Quantum Matter: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26594.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Frontiers in Synthetic Moiré Quantum Matter: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26594.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Frontiers in Synthetic Moiré Quantum Matter: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26594.
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PageR3
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Frontiers in Synthetic Moiré Quantum Matter: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26594.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Frontiers in Synthetic Moiré Quantum Matter: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26594.
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PageR5
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Frontiers in Synthetic Moiré Quantum Matter: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26594.
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PageR6
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Frontiers in Synthetic Moiré Quantum Matter: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26594.
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Frontiers in Synthetic Moiré Quantum Matter: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26594.
×
PageR8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Frontiers in Synthetic Moiré Quantum Matter: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26594.
×
PageR9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Frontiers in Synthetic Moiré Quantum Matter: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26594.
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PageR10

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Prepublication Copy—Subject to Further Editorial Correction Frontiers in Synthetic Moiré Quantum Matter Proceedings of a Workshop Robert Pool, Rapporteur Condensed Matter and Materials Research Committee Board on Physics and Astronomy Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine National Academies Press Washington, DC PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 This activity was supported by Contract No. DMR-1830008 with the U.S. Department of Energy and DC-SC0019247 with the National Science Foundation. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project. International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-XXXXX-X International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-XXXXX-X Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26594 This publication is available in limited quantities from Board on Physics and Astronomy 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 bpa@nas.edu https://sites.nationalacademies.org/bpa This publication is available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu. Copyright 2022 by the National Academy of Sciences. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and National Academies Press and the graphical logos for each are all trademarks of the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Frontiers in Synthetic Moiré Quantum Matter: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26594. PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. John L. Anderson is president. The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president. The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine. Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org. PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task. Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies. Rapid Expert Consultations published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine are authored by subject-matter experts on narrowly focused topics that can be supported by a body of evidence. The discussions contained in rapid expert consultations are considered those of the authors and do not contain policy recommendations. Rapid expert consultations are reviewed by the institution before release. For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo. PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION

FRONTIERS IN SYNTHETIC MOIRÉ QUANTUM MATTER WORKSHOP PLANNING COMMITTEEE AHARON KAPITULNIK, NAS,1 Stanford University, Chair CHARLES AHN, Yale University CLAUDIA A. FELSER, NAE,2 Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solid PABLO JARILLO-HERREO, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Staff NEERAJ P. GORKHALY, Associate Program Officer, Study Director CHRISTOPHER JONES, Senior Program Officer AMISHA JINANDRA, Associate Program Officer LINDA WALKER, Program Coordinator COLLEEN N. HARTMAN, Director (from April 2021) JAMES LANCASTER, Director (until April 2021) 1 Member, National Academy of Sciences. 2 Member, National Academy of Engineering. PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION v

CONDENSED MATTER AND MATERIALS RESEARCH COMMITTEE SUSAN COPPERSMITH, NAS,1 University of Wisconsin–Madison, Chair TOM WITTEN, University of Chicago, Vice Chair CHARLES AHN, Yale University RAYMUNDO ARROYAVE, Texas A&M University KARIN DAHMEN, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign THOMAS EPPS, University of Delaware GIULIA GALLI, University of Chicago OLIVIA A. GRAEVE, University of California, San Diego AHARON KAPITULNIK, NAS, Stanford University ANTHONY KU, National Institute of Clean and Low-Carbon Energy TOM C. LUBENSKY, NAS, University of Pennsylvania LESLIE MOMODA, HRL Laboratories PIERRE WILTZIUS, University of California, Santa Barbara KAREN WINEY, University of Pennsylvania STEVEN J. ZINKLE, University of Tennessee, Knoxville Staff CHRISTOPHER JONES, Senior Program Officer NEERAJ P. GORKHALY, Associate Program Officer AMISHA JINANDRA, Associate Program Officer LINDA WALKER, Program Coordinator COLLEEN N. HARTMAN, Director (from April 2021) JAMES LANCASTER, Director (until April 2021) 1 Member, National Academy of Sciences. PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION vi

BOARD ON PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY ANDREW LANKFORD, University of California, Irvine, Chair MEIGEN ARONSON, University of British Columbia WILLIAM BIALEK, NAS,1 Princeton University JILL DAHLBURG, Naval Research Laboratory SALLY DAWSON, Brookhaven National Laboratory LOUIS DIMAURO, The Ohio State University WENDELL HILL III, University of Maryland ALAN HURD, Los Alamos National Laboratory CHUNG-PEI MA, University of California, Berkeley ANGELA VILLELA OLINTO, NAS, University of Chicago DAVID REITZE, California Institute of Technology SUNIL SINHA, University of California, San Diego WILLIAM A. ZAJC, Columbia University Staff COLLEEN N. HARTMAN, Director (from April 2021) JAMES LANCASTER, Director (until April 2021) GREGORY MACK, Senior Program Officer CHRISTOPHER JONES, Senior Program Officer NEERAJ P. GORKHALY, Associate Program Officer AMISHA JINANDRA, Associate Program Officer LINDA WALKER, Program Coordinator RADAKA LIGHTFOOT, Financial Associate DONALD SHAPERO, Senior Scholar 1 Member, National Academy of Sciences. PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION vii

Acknowledgment of Reviewers This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings: Pablo Jarillo-Herrero, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Randeria Mohit, The Ohio State University, and Diana Qiu, Yale University. Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by Amir Yacoby, NAS,1 Harvard University. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteur and the National Academies. 1 Member, National Academy of Sciences. PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION viii

Contents 1 SETTING THE STAGE 1-1 2 THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS CONCERNING MOIRÉ QUANTUM MATERIALS 2-1 3 TOPOLOGICAL TWISTRONICS 3-1 4 PANEL DISCUSSION 4-1 5 CORRELATED OXIDES 5-1 6 SLICING AND ALLOYING HALIDE PEROVSKITES 6-1 7 TOPOLOGICAL SUPERCONDUCTIVITY IN TWISTED CUPRATE DOUBLE LAYERS 7-1 8 PANEL DISCUSSION 8-1 APPENDIXES A Statement of Task A-1 B Workshop Agenda B-1 C Workshop Participants C-1 D Speaker and Planning Committee Biographical Information D-1 E Acronyms and Abbreviations E-1 PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION ix

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On May 18-19, 2021, the Condensed Matter and Materials Research Committee of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a public workshop to examine the frontiers of research on moiré quantum matter. Participants at the workshop discussed the challenges and possibilities that this new material presents. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussion of the workshop.

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