National Academies Press: OpenBook
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Understanding the Societal Challenges Facing Nuclear Power: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26606.
×
PageR1
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Understanding the Societal Challenges Facing Nuclear Power: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26606.
×
PageR2
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Understanding the Societal Challenges Facing Nuclear Power: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26606.
×
PageR3
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Understanding the Societal Challenges Facing Nuclear Power: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26606.
×
PageR4
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Understanding the Societal Challenges Facing Nuclear Power: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26606.
×
PageR5
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Understanding the Societal Challenges Facing Nuclear Power: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26606.
×
PageR6
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Understanding the Societal Challenges Facing Nuclear Power: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26606.
×
PageR7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Understanding the Societal Challenges Facing Nuclear Power: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26606.
×
PageR8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Understanding the Societal Challenges Facing Nuclear Power: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26606.
×
PageR9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Understanding the Societal Challenges Facing Nuclear Power: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26606.
×
PageR10

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Prepublication Copy – Subject to Further Editorial Correction Understanding the Societal Challenges Facing Nuclear Power Proceedings of a Workshop Anne Frances Johnson, Rapporteur Committee on Laying the Foundation for New and Advanced Nuclear Reactors in the United States Board on Energy and Environmental Systems Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board Division on Earth and Life Studies National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine National Academies Press Washington, DC PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 This study was supported by a gift donation by James J. Truchard and by Contract No. 10005018 with the U.S. Department of Energy. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project. International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-XXXXX-X International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-XXXXX-X Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26606 This publication is available in limited quantities from: Board on Energy and Environmental Systems 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 bees@nas.edu http://www.sites.nationalacademies.org/DEPS/BEES This publication is available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu. Copyright 2022 by the National Academy of Sciences. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and National Academies Press and the graphical logos for each are all trademarks of the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Understanding the Societal Challenges Facing Nuclear Power: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26606. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. John L. Anderson is president. The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president. The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine. Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task. Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies. Rapid Expert Consultations published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine are authored by subject-matter experts on narrowly focused topics that can be supported by a body of evidence. The discussions contained in rapid expert consultations are considered those of the authors and do not contain policy recommendations. Rapid expert consultations are reviewed by the institution before release. For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION

COMMITTEE ON LAYING THE FOUNDATION FOR NEW AND ADVANCED NUCLEAR REACTORS IN THE UNITED STATES RICHARD A. MESERVE, NAE,1 Covington & Burling, LLP, Chair AHMED ABDULLA, Carleton University TODD ALLEN, University of Michigan JAQUELIN COCHRAN, National Renewable Energy Laboratory MICHAEL L. CORRADINI, NAE, University of Wisconsin–Madison RICHARD CUPITT, Stimson Center LESLIE DEWAN, Criticality Capital and RadiantNano HEATHER FELDMAN,2 Electric Power Research Institute MICHAEL FORD, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory KIRSTY GOGAN, LucidCatalyst NING KANG, Idaho National Laboratory ALLISON M. MACFARLANE, University of British Columbia DAVID K. OWENS, Xcel Energy, Inc. JAMES RISPOLI, North Carolina State University RACHEL SLAYBAUGH,3 DCVC SOLA TALABI, Pittsburgh Technical STEVEN J. ZINKLE, NAE, University of Tennessee at Knoxville Staff K. JOHN HOLMES, Board Director and Scholar, Board on Energy and Environmental Systems (BEES) KASIA KORNECKI, Study Director and Program Officer, BEES CATHERINE WISE, Program Officer, BEES REBECCA DEBOER, Research Associate, BEES KYRA HOWE, Research Assistant, BEES JASMINE BRYANT, Program Assistant, BEES CHARLES FERGUSON, Director, Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board (NRSB) JENNIFER HEIMBERG, Senior Program Officer, NRSB 1 Member, National Academy of Engineering. 2 Resigned April 2022. 3 Resigned May 2022. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION v

BOARD ON ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS JARED COHON, NAE,1 Carnegie Mellon University, Chair VICKY BAILEY, Anderson Stratton Enterprises, LLC CARLA BAILO, Center for Automotive Research DEEPAKRAJ M. DIVAN, NAE, Georgia Institute of Technology MARCIUS EXTAVOUR, XPRIZE T.J. GLAUTHIER, TJG Energy Associates, LLC PAULA GLOVER, Alliance to Save Energy NAT GOLDHABER, Claremont Creek Ventures DENISE GRAY, LG Chem Michigan, Inc. JOHN KASSAKIAN, NAE, Massachusetts Institute of Technology BARBARA KATES-GARNICK, Tufts University ARATI PRABHAKAR, NAE, Actuate JOSÉ SANTIESTEBAN, NAE, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company ALEXANDER SLOCUM, NAE, Massachusetts Institute of Technology GORDON VAN WELIE, NAE, ISO New England, Inc. DAVID G. VICTOR, University of California, San Diego JOHN C. WALL, NAE, Cummins, Inc. ROBERT WEISENMILLER, California Energy Commission (Retired) JETTA WONG, JLW Advising Staff K. JOHN HOLMES, Director and Scholar JAMES ZUCCHETTO, Senior Scientist ELIZABETH ZEITLER, Associate Director BRENT HEARD, Program Officer KASIA KORNECKI, Program Officer CATHERINE WISE, Program Officer REBECCA DEBOER, Research Associate KYRA HOWE, Research Assistant JASMINE BRYANT, Program Assistant HEATHER LOZOWSKI, Financial Manager 1 Member, National Academy of Engineering. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION vi

Acknowledgment of Reviewers This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings: Charles McCombie, Independent Consultant, Catherine H. Middlecamp, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Ortwin Renn, Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS)–Potsdam, and Jose N. Reyes, NAE,1 NuScale Power. Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by Jeffrey Dagle, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteur and the National Academies. 1 Member, National Academy of Engineering. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION vii

PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION viii

Contents OVERVIEW 1 INTRODUCTION 4 1 THE NUCLEAR INDUSTRY’S RECORD OF PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT 5 2 LESSONS FROM THE SOCIAL AND DECISION SCIENCES 13 3 LESSONS FROM THE FIELD OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY STUDIES 22 4 LESSONS FROM OTHER INDUSTRIES 28 5 LESSONS FROM NUCLEAR WASTE SITING 33 6 BEST PRACTICES FROM ONGOING ACTIVITIES RELATED TO NUCLEAR ENERGY 37 APPENDIXES A Statement of Task 45 B Workshop Agenda 46 PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION ix

Next: Overview »
Understanding the Societal Challenges Facing Nuclear Power: Proceedings of a Workshop Get This Book
×
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Nuclear reactors can provide low-carbon energy, and advanced nuclear technologies could play an important role in moving the United States toward a zero-carbon future. Next-generation nuclear reactors have the potential to be smaller, safer, less expensive to build, and better integrated with the modern grid. However, the technical, economic, and regulatory outlook for these technologies remains uncertain.

The Committee on Laying the Foundation for New and Advanced Nuclear Reactors in the United States was convened by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to identify opportunities and barriers to the commercialization of new and advanced nuclear reactor technologies in the United States over the next 30 years as part of a decarbonization strategy. To support its information gathering, the committee convened a workshop on September 1-3, 2021, titled Understanding the Societal Challenges Facing Nuclear Power. Speakers and participants from industry, government, and academia discussed the nature and extent of the societal challenges facing nuclear energy as well as lessons from past experiences in the nuclear industry, from analogous industries, and from the social sciences. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussion of the workshop.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!