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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. The Impact of Juvenile Justice System Involvement on the Health and Well-Being of Communities of Color: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26623.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. The Impact of Juvenile Justice System Involvement on the Health and Well-Being of Communities of Color: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26623.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. The Impact of Juvenile Justice System Involvement on the Health and Well-Being of Communities of Color: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26623.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. The Impact of Juvenile Justice System Involvement on the Health and Well-Being of Communities of Color: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26623.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. The Impact of Juvenile Justice System Involvement on the Health and Well-Being of Communities of Color: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26623.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. The Impact of Juvenile Justice System Involvement on the Health and Well-Being of Communities of Color: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26623.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. The Impact of Juvenile Justice System Involvement on the Health and Well-Being of Communities of Color: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26623.
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. The Impact of Juvenile Justice System Involvement on the Health and Well-Being of Communities of Color: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26623.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. The Impact of Juvenile Justice System Involvement on the Health and Well-Being of Communities of Color: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26623.
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PageR9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. The Impact of Juvenile Justice System Involvement on the Health and Well-Being of Communities of Color: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26623.
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Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

The Impact of Juvenile Justice System Involvement on the Health and Well- Being of Youth, Families, and Communities of Color Steve Olson and Kat M. Anderson, Rapporteurs Roundtable on the Promotion of Health Equity Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice Health and Medicine Division PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs Proceedings of a Workshop

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 This activity was supported by contracts between the National Academy of Sciences and The Colorado Trust, Health Resources and Services Administration, Hogg Foundation for Mental Health, Kresge Foundation, and the VA Office of Health Equity. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project. International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-XXXXX-X International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-XXXXX-X Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26623 Additional copies of this publication are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu. Copyright 2022 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. The impact of juvenile justice system involvement on the health and well-being of youth, families, and communities of color: Proceedings of a workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi. org/10.17226/26623. PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. John L. Anderson is president. The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president. The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine. Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org. PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task. Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies. Rapid Expert Consultations published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine are authored by subject-matter experts on narrowly focused topics that can be supported by a body of evidence. The discussions contained in rapid expert consultations are considered those of the authors and do not contain policy recommendations. Rapid expert consultations are reviewed by the institution before release. For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo. PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

THE IMPACT OF JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM INVOLVEMENT ON THE HEALTH AND WELL-BEING OF YOUTH, FAMILIES, AND COMMUNITIES OF COLOR1 JULIE A. BALDWIN (Chair), Northern Arizona University KEVIN AHMAAD JENKINS, University of Pennsylvania MARK CARROLL, Northern Arizona Regional Behavioral Health Authority TOORJO GHOSE, University of Pennsylvania KATHI GRASSO, Independent Consultant OCTAVIO MARTINEZ, Hogg Foundation for Mental Health, University of Texas LINDA TEPLIN, Northwestern University WINSTON F. WONG, Kaiser Permanente Health and Medicine Division Staff KAT M. ANDERSON, Roundtable Director (Retired, January 2022) ROSE MARIE MARTINEZ, Senior Board Director, Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice ANNA MARTIN, Administrative Assistant (from August 2018), Senior Program Assistant (until August 2018) Y. CRYSTI PARK, Administrative Assistant (from April 2020) 1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s planning c ­ ommittees are solely responsible for organizing the workshop, identifying topics, and choosing ­speakers. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteurs and the institution. v PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

ROUNDTABLE ON THE PROMOTION OF HEALTH EQUITY1 ANTONIA VILLARRUEL (Chair), University of Pennsylvania PATRICIA BAKER, Connecticut Health Foundation JULIE A. BALDWIN, Center for Health Equity Research, Northern Arizona University B. NED CALONGE, The Colorado Trust KENDALL M. CAMPBELL, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University LUTHER T. CLARK, Merck & Co., Inc. MARIO DE LA ROSA, Florida International University SHREYA KANGOVI, University of Pennsylvania OCTAVIO N. MARTINEZ, Hogg Foundation for Mental Health, the University of Texas at Austin CHRISTINE RAMEY, Health Resources and Services Administration MELISSA A. SIMON, Northwestern University TESHIA G. ARAMBULA SOLOMAN, University of Arizona REGINALD TUCKER-SEELEY, University of Southern California WINSTON F. WONG, Kaiser Permanente Veterans Administration Fellows KEVIN AHMAAD JENKINS, University of Pennsylvania MICHELLE WONG, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Los Angeles, CA 1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s forums and round- tables do not issue, review, or approve individual documents. The responsibility for the pub- lished Proceedings of a Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteurs and the institution. vi PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

Reviewers This Proceedings was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manu- script remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings: CAROLYN CAMPLAIN, Northern Arizona University KEVIN AHMAAD JENKINS, University of Pennsylvania JON PEREZ, The NARBHA Institute Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by HUGH TILSON, UNC ­Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examina- tion of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the ­rapporteurs and the National Academies. vii PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

viii REVIEWERS We also thank staff member Malvern Chiweshe, Program Officer, for reading and providing helpful comments on this manuscript. PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

Contents 1 INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW 1 2 JUVENILE JUSTICE AND EQUITABLE OUTCOMES 5 3 THE EFFECTS OF INVOLVEMENT WITH THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM 19 4 LUNCHEON PANEL 33 5 ALTERNATIVES TO JUVENILE DETENTION 43 6 POSSIBLE FUTURE DIRECTIONS 53 7 REFLECTIONS ON THE WORKSHOP 61 REFERENCES 67 APPENDIXES A STATEMENT OF TASK 69 B WORKSHOP AGENDA 71 C SPEAKER BIOGRAPHIES 75 ix PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

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Involvement with the juvenile justice system can impact young people's physical and mental health and well-being throughout their lives, as well as the health and well-being of their families and communities. Youth of color are more likely to become involved with the juvenile justice system, and suffer worse outcomes in sentencing, during incarceration, and after release. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine's Roundtable on the Promotion of Health Equity convened a workshop to discuss the impact that juvenile justice system involvement has on the health and well-being of adolescents, families, and communities of color; examine policies that are successful in improving outcomes; and explore what needs to be done to improve all aspects of encounters with the juvenile justice system.

The workshop suggested pursuing alternatives to traditional juvenile justice systems that would allow adolescents to stay in their communities rather than in detention, responding to behavioral problems in youth with interventions that promote health and positive development rather than punishment, and tailoring interventions and programming to participants' cultural background and gender identity. This report summarizes the proceedings of the workshop.

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