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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Toward a Transformational Africa-U.S. STEM University Initiative: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26655.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Toward a Transformational Africa-U.S. STEM University Initiative: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26655.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Toward a Transformational Africa-U.S. STEM University Initiative: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26655.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Toward a Transformational Africa-U.S. STEM University Initiative: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26655.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Toward a Transformational Africa-U.S. STEM University Initiative: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26655.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Toward a Transformational Africa-U.S. STEM University Initiative: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26655.
×
PageR6
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Toward a Transformational Africa-U.S. STEM University Initiative: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26655.
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Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Toward a Transformational Africa-U.S. STEM University Initiative Paula Tarnapol Whitacre, Rapporteur Science and Engineering Capacity Development Unit Policy and Global Affairs Proceedings of a Workshop PREPUBLICATION COPY | UNCORRECTED PROOFS

PREPUBLICATION COPY | UNCORRECTED PROOFS NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW, Washington, DC 20001 This activity was supported by contracts between the National Academy of Sciences and National Science Foundation (Award 2221890). Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project. International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-XXXXX-X International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-XXXXX-X Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26655 This publication is available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu. Copyright 2022 by the National Academy of Sciences. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and National Academies Press and the graphical logos for each are all trademarks of the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Toward a Transformational Africa-U.S. STEM University Initiative: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26655.

PREPUBLICATION COPY | UNCORRECTED PROOFS The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. John L. Anderson is president. The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president. The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine. Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

PREPUBLICATION COPY | UNCORRECTED PROOFS Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task. Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies. Rapid Expert Consultations published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine are authored by subject-matter experts on narrowly focused topics that can be supported by a body of evidence. The discussions contained in rapid expert consultations are considered those of the authors and do not contain policy recommendations. Rapid expert consultations are reviewed by the institution before release. For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo.

PREPUBLICATION COPY | UNCORRECTED PROOFS A Transformational Africa-US STEM University Partnership: A Workshop Planning Committee ANNE C. PETERSEN (Chair), University of Michigan JOHN G. HILDEBRAND (Vice Chair), University of Arizona SAJITHA BASHIR, formerly, The World Bank ERIC GARFUNKEL, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey NKEM KHUMBAH, University of Michigan REITUMETSE O. MABOKELA, University of Illinois at Urbana­Champaign Project Staff DALAL NAJIB, Senior Director, Science and Engineering Capacity Development DANIEL PLACHT, Program Officer, Science and Engineering Capacity Development REGINALD HAYES, Associate Program Officer FLANNERY WASSON, Senior Program Assistant PAULA TARNAPOL WHITACRE, Consultant Writer v

PREPUBLICATION COPY | UNCORRECTED PROOFS Acknowledgments This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings: Michael Adewumi, The Institute for the International Education of Students; Johanna Bernstein, Rutgers University; J. Henrike Florusbosch; University of Michigan; Catherine Ngila, African Academy of Sciences; Yohannes Teketel, Ethiopian Academy of Sciences. Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings, nor did they see the final draft before its release. Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by Marilyn Baker, The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. She was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteur(s) and the National Academies. vi

PREPUBLICATION COPY | UNCORRECTED PROOFS Contents Introduction ................................................................................................................................... 1 Toward Transformation Through Science and Technology .......................................................... 1 Partnerships in STEM Research: Lessons from the Past ............................................................... 3 Keynote: A New Framework of Engagement ............................................................................... 5 Partnerships in STEM Undergraduate and Graduate Education: Lessons from the Past .............. 6 Introduction to the Proposed New Initiative .................................................................................. 8 Keynote: Breaking Academic Silos ............................................................................................. 10 Supporting STEM Programs Through Partnerships .................................................................... 13 Toward a New Initiative ............................................................................................................... 16 Keynote: Preparing the Next Generation ..................................................................................... 17 Perspectives of Policy Makers ..................................................................................................... 17 Keynote: New Directions ............................................................................................................. 21 Perspectives from Other Stakeholders ......................................................................................... 21 Summary and Next Steps ............................................................................................................. 25 vii

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STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) plays a key role in accelerating economic growth and developing innovative solutions to pressing challenges facing the African continent. Over the past few decades, much work has been done to develop university systems in African countries in recognition of the role that high-caliber teaching and research in STEM fields play in economic development. African universities and their governments have made many of these gains through partnering across countries and sectors. Often, however, these efforts are based on individual connections and do not lead to long-term change. Inspired by STEM's potential to tackle African and global challenges, a group of academic leaders has come together to explore a synergistic approach to transform African institutions of higher education and increase the global engagement of U.S. institutions. They developed an initial vision for a next-generation Africa-U.S. STEM initiative that would take place for at least 10 years, with funds of at least $10 million annually from governments, the private sector, philanthropies, and other organizations. To obtain input from stakeholders on how such an initiative could develop, the group held a virtual workshop March 14-16, 2022, convened by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions of the workshop.

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