Developing Policing Practices that Build Legitimacy
Committee on Evidence to Advance Reform in the Global Security and Justice Sectors
Committee on Law and Justice
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
A Consensus Study Report of
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This activity was supported by contracts between the National Academy of Sciences and the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs of the U.S. Department of State, Award No. SINLEC20CA3213. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.
International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-69246-5
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-69246-6
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26678
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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Developing Policing Practices that Build Legitimacy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26678.
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COMMITTEE ON EVIDENCE TO ADVANCE REFORM IN THE GLOBAL SECURITY AND JUSTICE SECTORS
LAWRENCE W. SHERMAN (Chair), University of Cambridge and Metropolitan Police in London
BEATRIZ ABIZANDA, Inter-American Development Bank
YANILDA MARÍA GONZÁLEZ, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
GUY GROSSMAN, University of Pennsylvania
JOHN L. HAGAN, Northwestern University
KAREN HALL, Rule of Law Collaborative, University of South Carolina
CYNTHIA LUM, George Mason University
EMILY OWENS, University of California, Irvine
JUSTICE TANKEBE, University of Cambridge Institute of Criminology
JULIE ANNE SCHUCK, Study Director
SUNIA YOUNG, Senior Program Assistant (from October 2021)
ABIGAIL ALLEN, Associate Program Officer (from November 2021)
EMILY P. BACKES, Associate Director, Committee on Law and Justice
MEGAN SNAIR, Technical Writer
COMMITTEE ON LAW AND JUSTICE
ROBERT D. CRUTCHFIELD (Chair), University of Washington (retired)
SALLY S. SIMPSON (Vice Chair), University of Maryland
ROD K. BRUNSON, Northeastern University
SHAWN D. BUSHWAY, University at Albany
PREETI CHAUHAN, John Jay College of Criminal Justice
KIMBERLÉ W. CRENSHAW, University of California, Los Angeles
MARK S. JOHNSON, Howard University
CYNTHIA LUM, George Mason University
JOHN M. MACDONALD, University of Pennsylvania
KAREN J. MATHIS, American Bar Association (retired), University of Denver
THEODORE A. MCKEE, United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit
SAMUEL L. MYERS JR., University of Minnesota
EMILY OWENS, University of California, Irvine
CYNTHIA RUDIN, Duke University
WILLIAM J. SABOL, Georgia State University
LINDA A. TEPLIN, Northwestern University Medical School
NATACHA BLAIN, Director
EMILY P. BACKES, Associate Director
This report would not have been possible without the contributions of many people. First, we thank the sponsor of this study, the U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, for requesting and supporting this endeavor. We have admired the sponsor’s dedication to an evidence-led approach to further its programming.
Special thanks go to the members of the study committee, who dedicated extensive time, thought, and energy to this report. In addition to its own research and deliberations, the committee received input from several outside sources, whose willingness to share their perspectives and experience was essential to the committee’s work. We thank Mychelle Balthazard (Harvard Humanitarian Initiative), William J. Benet (Walden University), Graeme Blair (University of California, Los Angeles), Ben Bradford (University College, London), Jose Miguel Cruz (Florida International University), Sharyn Davies (Monash University), Janice Gallagher (Rutgers University), Nirvikar Jassal (Stanford University), Joseph McMillan (Walden University), Santiago Tobón (Universidad EAFIT in Medellín, Colombia), and Patrick Vinck (Harvard Humanitarian Initiative). The committee also gathered information through a commissioned paper. We thank Robert Blair (Brown University) for his paper and for contributing both to the discussion at the committee’s information gathering workshop and to findings in the report.
The committee also wishes to extend its gratitude to the staff of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, in particular to study director Julie Schuck, who made critical substantive contributions to the conception, writing, and editing of the report and Jessalyn Brogan Walker who, as the study director through June 2021, identified
and prepared commissioned paper authors and assembled suggestions of experts for the committee’s workshop. Thanks are also due to Emily Backes who provided substantive writing and editing contributions and critical oversight and direction for the project. Abigail Allen played an essential role in providing thorough and rigorous research and writing for the project. Sarah Perumattam and Sunia Young provided key administrative and logistical support and made sure the committee process ran efficiently and smoothly. The National Academies Research Center, particularly Anne Marie Houppert and Rebecca Morgan, provided valuable research assistance. From the Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, we thank Kirsten Sampson Snyder, who shepherded the report through the review process, and Douglas Sprunger, who assisted with the report’s communication and dissemination. We also thank technical writer Megan Snair for quickly summarizing the presentations and discussions from the committee’s workshop and, with editor Marc DeFrancis, providing skillful writing and editing of the report manuscript.
This Consensus Study Report was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published report as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process.
We thank the following individuals for their review of this report: Janice Gallagher, Department of Political Science, Rutgers University-Newark; Camila Gripp, Research, The Justice Collaboratory, Yale University; Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Annenberg Public Policy Center, Annenberg School for Communication University of Pennsylvania; Thaddeus L. Johnson, Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University; Lorraine Mazerolle, Crime and Justice Group, School of Social Science, The University of Queensland; Daniel K. Pryce, Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, Old Dominion University; and Danielle Watson, Academic Lead Research Training, School of Justice, Queensland University of Technology.
Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations of this report nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Philip J. Cook, Sanford School of Public Policy, Duke University. They were responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with the standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the authoring committee and the National Academies.
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