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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. NSF Efforts to Achieve the Nation's Vision for the Materials Genome Initiative: Designing Materials to Revolutionize and Engineer Our Future (DMREF). Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26723.
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D

Acronyms and Abbreviations

AFRL Air Force Research Laboratory
AI artificial intelligence
AiiDA Automated Interactive Infrastructure and Database for Computational Science
API application programming interface
BES Basic Energy Sciences
CALPHAD Calculation of Phase Diagrams
CBET Chemical, Bioengineering, Environmental, and Transport Systems
CDSE Computational and Data-Enabled Science and Engineering
ChABC chondroitinase ABC
CHE Division of Chemistry
CISE Computer and Information Science and Engineering
CMMI Civil, Mechanical, and Manufacturing Innovation
CMSE computational materials science and engineering
CRYSTMET a computer-readable database of critically evaluated crystallographic data for metals
CSSI Cyberinfrastructure for Sustained Scientific Innovation
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. NSF Efforts to Achieve the Nation's Vision for the Materials Genome Initiative: Designing Materials to Revolutionize and Engineer Our Future (DMREF). Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26723.
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DCL Dear Colleague Letter
DFT density functional theory
DMP data management plan
DMR Division of Materials Research
DMREF Designing Materials to Revolutionize and Engineer Our Future
DMS Division of Mathematical Sciences
DOC Department of Commerce
DoD Department of Defense
DOE Department of Energy
DST Department of Science and Technology
ECCS Electrical, Communications and Cyber Systems
EERE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
EMN Energy Materials Network
ENG Directorate for Engineering
EPFL École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, one of two Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology
ESPRESSO a density functional theory code
FAIR findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable
GOALI Grant Opportunities for Academic Liaison with Industry
HPC high-performance computing
HPC4Mfg DOE High Performance Computing for Manufacturing program
IKST Indo-Korea Science and Technology Center
LIPON lithium phosphate
MAX Center of Excellence on Materials at the Exascale
MGI Materials Genome Initiative
MIP Materials Innovation Platform
ML machine learning
MPS Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences
MRP Mineral Resources Program
MRS Materials Research Society
MSE materials science and engineering
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. NSF Efforts to Achieve the Nation's Vision for the Materials Genome Initiative: Designing Materials to Revolutionize and Engineer Our Future (DMREF). Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26723.
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NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NCCR National Centres of Competence in Research
NFDI Nationalen Forschungsdateninfrastruktur
NIH National Institutes of Health
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology
NNCO National Nanotechnology Coordination Office
NOMAD Novel Materials Discovery
NRT NSF Research Traineeship
NSF National Science Foundation
PARADIM Platform for the Accelerated Realization, Analysis, and Discovery of Interface Materials
PET photoinduced electron/energy transfer
PI principal investigator
PRISMS Predictive Integrated Structural Materials Science
R&D research and development
RAFT reversible addition–fragmentation chain transfer
SIESTA a density functional theory code
SNSF Swiss National Science Foundation
TACC Texas Advanced Computing Center
TMDC transition-metal two-dimensional dichalcogenides
TMS The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society
TRL technology readiness level
USAF U.S. Air Force
USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture
USGS U.S. Geological Survey
USSF U.S. Space Force
UV ultraviolet
VASP Vienna Ab initio Simulation Package
XSEDE Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. NSF Efforts to Achieve the Nation's Vision for the Materials Genome Initiative: Designing Materials to Revolutionize and Engineer Our Future (DMREF). Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26723.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. NSF Efforts to Achieve the Nation's Vision for the Materials Genome Initiative: Designing Materials to Revolutionize and Engineer Our Future (DMREF). Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26723.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. NSF Efforts to Achieve the Nation's Vision for the Materials Genome Initiative: Designing Materials to Revolutionize and Engineer Our Future (DMREF). Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26723.
×
Page 150
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. NSF Efforts to Achieve the Nation's Vision for the Materials Genome Initiative: Designing Materials to Revolutionize and Engineer Our Future (DMREF). Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26723.
×
Page 151
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. NSF Efforts to Achieve the Nation's Vision for the Materials Genome Initiative: Designing Materials to Revolutionize and Engineer Our Future (DMREF). Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26723.
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Page 152
NSF Efforts to Achieve the Nation's Vision for the Materials Genome Initiative: Designing Materials to Revolutionize and Engineer Our Future (DMREF) Get This Book
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The Materials Genome Initiative (MGI) was launched in 2011 by the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy to help accelerate the design, discovery, development and deployment of advanced materials and to reduce costs through the integration of advanced computation and data management with experimental synthesis and characterization. A broad range of federal agencies - including the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Department of Energy, and the Department of Defense - are part of the MGI effort and have invested more than $1 billion in resources and infrastructure accumulative since the start.

The efforts of NSF have been focused largely within the Designing Materials to Revolutionize and Engineer Our Future (DMREF) program, which supports the development of fundamental science, computational and experimental tools for generating and managing data, and workforce that enable industry and other government agencies to develop and deploy materials that meet societal needs and national priorities. At the request of NSF, this report evaluates the goals, progress, and scientific accomplishments of the DMREF program within the context of similar efforts both within the United States and abroad. The recommendations of this report will assist NSF as it continues to increase its engagement with industry and federal agencies to transition the results from fundamental science efforts to reach the MGI goal of deploying advanced materials at least twice as fast as possible today, at a fraction of the cost that meet national priorities.

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