National Academies Press: OpenBook
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×

Image


Consensus Study Report

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×

NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by contracts 10005349 and 10005332 between the National Academy of Sciences and the Department of Energy Office of Sciences and the National Science Foundation. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

Disclaimer: This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-69809-2
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-69809-X
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26850
Library of Congress Control Number: 2023944701

This publication is available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

Copyright 2023 by the National Academy of Sciences. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and National Academies Press and the graphical logos for each are all trademarks of the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America.

Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26850.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. John L. Anderson is president.

The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.

The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine.

Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

Rapid Expert Consultations published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine are authored by subject-matter experts on narrowly focused topics that can be supported by a body of evidence. The discussions contained in rapid expert consultations are considered those of the authors and do not contain policy recommendations. Rapid expert consultations are reviewed by the institution before release.

For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×

COMMITTEE ON IDENTIFYING OPPORTUNITIES AT THE INTERFACE OF CHEMISTRY AND QUANTUM INFORMATION SCIENCE

THEODORE G. GOODSON, III (Chair), University of Michigan

DAVID D. AWSCHALOM, University of Chicago

RYAN J. BABBUSH, Google, LLC

LAWRENCE W. CHEUK, Princeton University

SCOTT K. CUSHING, California Institute of Technology

NATIA L. FRANK, University of Nevada, Reno

DANNA E. FREEDMAN, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

SINÉAD M. GRIFFIN, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

STEPHEN O. HILL, Florida State University

HONGBIN LIU, Microsoft Quantum

MARILU PEREZ GARCIA, Ames Laboratory

BRENDA M. RUBENSTEIN, Brown University

ERIC J. SCHELTER, University of Pennsylvania

MICHAEL R. WASIELEWSKI, Northwestern University

DAMIAN WATKINS, Aperio Global

Staff

LINDA NHON, Study Director

ANDREW BREMER, Program Officer

AYANNA LYNCH, Research Assistant

KAYANNA WYMBS, Program Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×

BOARD ON CHEMICAL SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY

SCOTT COLLICK (Co-Chair), Dupont

JENNIFER S. CURTIS (Co-Chair), University of California, Davis

GERARD BAILLELY, Procter & Gamble Company

RUBEN G. CARBONELL, North Carolina State University

KAREN L. GOLDBERG, University of Pennsylvania

JENNIFER M. HEEMSTRA, Emory University

JODIE LUTKENHAUS, Texas A&M University

SHELLEY D. MINTEER, University of Utah

AMY PRIETO, Colorado State University

MEGAN L. ROBERTSON, University of Houston

SALY ROMERO-TORRES, Thermo Fisher Scientific Pharma Services

REBECCA T. RUCK, Merck Research Laboratories

ANUP K. SINGH, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

VIJAY SWARUP, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company

Staff

CHARLES FERGUSON, Senior Board Director

LINDA NHON, Program Officer

LIANA VACCARI, Program Officer

JESSICA WOLFMAN, Research Associate

AYANNA LYNCH, Research Assistant

BRENNA ALBIN, Senior Program Assistant

KAYANNA WYMBS, Program Assistant

THANH NGUYEN, Finance Business Partner

BOARD ON LIFE SCIENCES

BARBARA A. SCHAAL (Co-Chair), Washington University in St. Louis

A. ALONSO AGUIRRE, George Mason University

DENISE N. BAKEN, Shield Analysis Technology, LLC

VALERIE H. BONHAM, Kennedy Krieger Institute

PATRICK M. BOYLE, Ginkgo Bioworks, Inc

DOMINIQUE BROSSARD, University of Wisconsin–Madison

SCOTT V. EDWARDS, Harvard University

GERALD L. EPSTEIN, National Defense University

ROBERT J. FULL, University of California, Berkeley

BERONDA MONTGOMERY, Michigan State University

LOUIS J. MUGLIA, Burroughs Wellcome Fund

ROBERT NEWMAN, Aspen Institute

LUCILA OHNO-MACHADO, University of California, San Diego

SUDIP S PARIKH, American Association for the Advancement of Science

NATHAN D. PRICE, Institute for Systems Biology

SUSAN R. SINGER, Rollins College

DAVID R WALT, Brigham and Women’s Hospital

PHYLLIS M. WISE, University of Colorado

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×

Staff

KAVITA BERGER, Board Director

NANCY CONNELL, Senior Scientist

STEVEN MOSS, Senior Program Officer

ANDREW BREMER, Program Officer

LYLY LUHACHACK, Program Officer

TRISHA TUCHOLSKI, Associate Program Officer

JESSICA DE MOUY, Research Associate

SABINA VADNAIS, Research Associate

AUDREY THEVENON, Senior Program Officer

DASIA MCKOY, Program Assistant

CHRISTL SAUNDERS, Program Coordinator

NAM VU, Program Assistant

CYNTHIA GETNER, Senior Financial Business Partner

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×

Reviewers

This Consensus Study Report was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published report as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this report:

KWABENA BEDIAKO, University of California, Berkeley

FLEMING CRIM, University of Wisconsin

GREGORY HARTLAND, University of Notre Dame

RIGOBERTO HERNANDEZ, John Hopkins University

VINCENZO LORDI, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

KANG-KUEN NI, Harvard University

GEORGE SCHATZ, Northwestern University

FRANK SCHLAWIN, University of Hamburg

RICHARD WINPENNY, The University of Manchester

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations of this report nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this report was overseen by LOUIS BRUS (NAS), Columbia University, and DAVID M. CEPERLEY, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. They were responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with the standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the authoring committee and the National Academies.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×

3.3 Develop Techniques to Probe Molecular Qubits at Complex Interfaces to Inform Their Systematic Control

3.4 Develop Enhanced Spectroscopic and Microscopic Techniques with Nonclassical Light

3.5 Develop and Exploit Alternative Approaches to Spin Polarization and Coherence Control

3.6 Extend Quantum Teleportation Among Molecular Qubits

3.7 Develop Molecular Quantum Transduction Schemes That Take Advantage of Entangled Photons and Entangled Electron and Nuclear Spins

3.8 Advance Quantum Sensing Techniques to Further Understand Biological Systems

3.9 Use Bio-Inspired Quantum Processes to Develop New Quantum Technologies

3.10 Provide Broadly Accessible State-of-the-Art Measurement Techniques and Instrumentation for the Chemistry Community

3.11 Improve Infrastructure for Chemical Measurements in QIS

3.12 Summary of Research Priorities and Recommendation

References

4 EXPERIMENTAL AND COMPUTATIONAL APPROACHES FOR SCALING QUBIT DESIGN AND FUNCTION

4.1 Exploiting the Advantages of Bottom-Up Chemical Synthesis for Constructing Quantum Architectures

4.2 Developing Techniques for Synthesizing Molecular Qubits That Retain Their Desirable Quantum Properties in Different Host Chemical Environments

4.3 Modeling Chemistry Problems Using Quantum Computers

4.4 Summary of Research Priorities and Recommendations

References

5 BUILDING A DIVERSE, QUANTUM-CAPABLE WORKFORCE AND FOSTERING ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AT THE INTERSECTION OF QIS AND CHEMISTRY

5.1 Getting the Science Right for QIS and Chemistry Students

5.2 QIS and Chemistry Education Development

5.3 Barriers to Entry into QIS and Chemistry

5.4 Development of a Diverse, Quantum-Capable Workforce

5.5 Impacts of QIS and Chemistry on Economic Development

5.6 Summary of Recommendations

References

APPENDIXES

A COMMITTEE MEMBERS’ BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES

B AGENDAS FOR INFORMATION-GATHERING MEETINGS 1–3

C MULTIDISCIPLINARY CENTERS ESTABLISHED UNDER THE NATIONAL QUANTUM INITIATIVE ACT (NQIA) OR NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT (NDAA) AND RELATED QIS PROGRAMS

D PROGRAMS OFFERING QISE (QUANTUM INFORMATION SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING)-RELATED DEGREES OR CERTIFICATES

E ACRONYMS AND GLOSSARY

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×
Page R1
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×
Page R2
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×
Page R3
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×
Page R4
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×
Page R5
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×
Page R6
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×
Page R7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×
Page R8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×
Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×
Page R10
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×
Page R11
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×
Page R12
Next: Summary »
Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $40.00 Buy Ebook | $32.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

The field of quantum information science (QIS) has witnessed a dramatic rise in scientific research activities in the 21st century as excitement has grown about its potential to revolutionize communications and computing, strengthen encryption, and enhance quantum sensing, among other applications. While, historically, QIS research has been dominated by the field of physics and computer engineering, this report explores how chemistry - in particular the use of molecular qubits - could advance QIS. In turn, researchers are also examining how QIS could be used to solve problems in chemistry, for example, to facilitate new drug and material designs, health and environmental monitoring tools, and more sustainable energy production.

Recognizing that QIS could be a disruptive technology with the potential to create groundbreaking products and new industries, Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science calls for U.S. leadership to build a robust enterprise to facilitate and support research at the intersection of chemistry and QIS. This report identifies three key research areas: design and synthesis of molecular qubit systems, measurement and control of molecular quantum systems, and experimental and computational approaches for scaling qubit design and function. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science recommends that the Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, and other funding agencies should support multidisciplinary and collaborative research in QIS, the development of new instrumentation, and facilities, centralized and open-access databases, and efforts to create a more diverse and inclusive chemical workforce.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!