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Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States (2023)

Chapter: Appendix C: Multidisciplinary Centers Established under the National Quantum Initiative Act (NQIA) or National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) and Related QIS Programs

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Multidisciplinary Centers Established under the National Quantum Initiative Act (NQIA) or National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) and Related QIS Programs." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
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Appendix C

Multidisciplinary Centers Established under the National Quantum Initiative Act (NQIA) or National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) and Related QIS Programs

TABLE C-1 Multidisciplinary Centers Established under the National Quantum Initiative Act (NQIA) or National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA)

Acronym Full Name of Center Lead Laboratory or University Funding over Five Years (millions) Website
Department of Energy: The National Quantum Information Science Research Centers (Authorized under NQIA) C2QA Co-design Center for Quantum Advantage Brookhaven National Laboratory $115a bnl.gov/quantumcenter
QSA Quantum Systems Accelerator Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory $115a quantumsystemsaccelerator.org
QSC Quantum Science Center Oak Ridge National Laboratory $115a qscience.org
Q-NEXT Next Generation Quantum Science and Engineering Argonne National Laboratory $115a q-next.org
SQMS Superconducting Quantum Materials and Systems Center Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory $115a sqms.fnal.gov
National Science Foundation: Quantum Leap Challenge Institutes (Authorized under NQIA) Q-SEnSE Quantum Systems through Entangled Science and Engineering University of Colorado, Boulder g $25a colorado.edu/research/qsense
HQAN Hybrid Quantum Architectures and Networks University of Illinois —Illinois Quantum Information Science and Technology Center (IQUIST) $25a hqan.illinois.edu/
CIQC Challenge Institute for Quantum Computation University of California, Berkeley $24.9a ciqc.berkeley.edu
QuBBE Quantum Sensing for Biophysics and Bioengineering University of Chicago $25b qubbe.uchicago.edu
RQS Institute for Robust Quantum Simulation University of Maryland, College Park $25b https://rqs.umd.edu/
Department of Defense: Quantum Information Science Research Centers (Authorized under NDAA) LQC LPS (Laboratory Physical Sciences) Qubit Collaboratory, U.S. Army Research Office University of Maryland, College Park qubitcollaboratory.org
NRL Naval Research Laboratory U.S. Naval Research Laboratory nrl.navy.mil/OurWork/Areas-of-Research/Quantum-Research
AFRL Air Force Research Laboratory Air Force Research Laboratory afresearchlab.com/technology/quantum/

aPeriod of performance start date is 2020.

bPeriod of performance start date is 2021.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Multidisciplinary Centers Established under the National Quantum Initiative Act (NQIA) or National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) and Related QIS Programs." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×

TABLE C-2 Large-Group Research and Development Efforts Related to QIS Topics by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Department of Energy (DOE)

Federal Agency Acronym Full Name of Center or Program Lead University Website
NSF NSF Q-AMASE-i Quantum Foundry for Accelerated Development of Quantum Materials University of California, Santa Barbara quantumfoundry.ucsb.edu
NSF ERC-CQN Engineering Research Center for Quantum Networks University of Arizona cqn-erc.org
JILA Physics Frontiers Center at JILA University of Colorado, Boulder jila-pfc.colorado.edu
JQI Joint Quantum Institute University of Maryland, College Park jqi.umd.edu
IQIM Institute for Quantum Information and Matter California Institute of Technology iqim.caltech.edu
CUA Center for Ultracold Atoms Massachusetts Institute of Technology cua.mit.edu
CQuIC Center for Quantum Information and Control University of New Mexico cquic.unm.edu/
ITAMP Institute for Theoretical Atomic and Molecular Physics Harvard pweb.cfa.harvard.edu
CIQM Center for Integrated Quantum Materials Harvard ciqm.harvard.edu
EPIQC Enabling Practical Scale Quantum Computing The University of Chicago epiqc.cs.uchicago.edu
STAQ Software-Tailored Architecture for Quantum co-design Duke staq.pratt.duke.edu
QISE-NET Quantum Information Science and Engineering Network The University of Chicago qisenet.uchicago.edu
DOE ASCR Advanced Scientific Computing Research QIS Program N/A https://science.osti.gov/ascr
BER Biological and Environmental Research N/A https://science.osti.gov/Initiatives/QIS/Program-Offices-QIS-Pages
BES Basic Energy Science QIS Program N/A science.osti.gov/bes/Research/qis
FES Fusion Energy Sciences N/A https://science.osti.gov/Initiatives/QIS/Program-Offices-QIS-Pages%20
HEP High Energy Physics QIS Program N/A science.osti.gov/hep/Research/Quantum-Information-Science-QIS
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Multidisciplinary Centers Established under the National Quantum Initiative Act (NQIA) or National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) and Related QIS Programs." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×
Page 205
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Multidisciplinary Centers Established under the National Quantum Initiative Act (NQIA) or National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) and Related QIS Programs." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science: An Assessment of Research Opportunities at the Interface of Chemistry and Quantum Information Science in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26850.
×
Page 206
Next: Appendix D: Programs Offering QISE (Quantum Information Science and Engineering)-Related Degrees or Certificates »
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The field of quantum information science (QIS) has witnessed a dramatic rise in scientific research activities in the 21st century as excitement has grown about its potential to revolutionize communications and computing, strengthen encryption, and enhance quantum sensing, among other applications. While, historically, QIS research has been dominated by the field of physics and computer engineering, this report explores how chemistry - in particular the use of molecular qubits - could advance QIS. In turn, researchers are also examining how QIS could be used to solve problems in chemistry, for example, to facilitate new drug and material designs, health and environmental monitoring tools, and more sustainable energy production.

Recognizing that QIS could be a disruptive technology with the potential to create groundbreaking products and new industries, Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science calls for U.S. leadership to build a robust enterprise to facilitate and support research at the intersection of chemistry and QIS. This report identifies three key research areas: design and synthesis of molecular qubit systems, measurement and control of molecular quantum systems, and experimental and computational approaches for scaling qubit design and function. Advancing Chemistry and Quantum Information Science recommends that the Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, and other funding agencies should support multidisciplinary and collaborative research in QIS, the development of new instrumentation, and facilities, centralized and open-access databases, and efforts to create a more diverse and inclusive chemical workforce.

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