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About the Ocean Studes Board (OSB) MISSION STATEMENT The Ocean Studies Board explores the science, policies, and infrastructure needed to under- stand, manage, and conserve coastal and marine environments and resources. In addition to exercising leadership within the ocean community, the Board undertakes studies at the request of federal agencies, Congress, or other sponsors, or upon its own initiative. In recent years, the Board has conducted studies in the following areas: â¢ Status of marine and coastal environments â¢ Oceanâs role in the global climate system â¢ Technology and infrastructure needs for ocean research â¢ Ocean â related aspects of national security â¢ Fisheries science, management, and policy â¢ Living and non-living marine resources â¢ Ocean education â¢ Program reviews â¢ Future of the discipline in the United States and abroad â¢ Operating Principles â¢ Board Responsibilities The Board provides an open forum for those interested in ocean issues to bring technical and policy concerns for discussion and possible action. A primary responsibility of the Board is to initiate studies and ensure that they are carried out successfully. In some cases, the Board develops and oversees studies jointly with other boards of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM). In selecting projects, the Board strives to be responsive to the requests of sponsors while also engaging in proactive activities related to ocean scienc- es, engineering, and policy. 17
18 ABOUT THE OCEAN STUDIES BOARD Board members are appointed for staggered three-year terms with the opportunity to be ex- tended for an additional three-year term. The wide-ranging expertise of the Board members reflects the broad agenda of the Ocean Studies Board. Board Meetings The Board meets two to three times a year. Activities at these meetings include: 1) Sharing information about subjects of importance to the ocean community 2) Considering new studies for initiation 3) Presenting the results of recently completed studies 4) Reviewing the progress of studies underway From time to time, the Board establishes informal subcommittees to focus on specific topics. At present, there is an active subcommittee on Fisheries Science and Management. This sub- committee meets in conjunction with the Board meetings and reports back to the full Board on its deliberations and new project ideas. Conduct of Studies Individual studies are carried out under the Boardâs oversight within a definite time frame and budget that has been negotiated with the sponsor(s). Typically, a committee of 8â15 members, with a diverse range of expertise and perspectives, is convened to address a partic- ular question or set of questions. All committee members serve pro-bono and are screened to avoid potential conflicts of interest. Before the committee meets, one of the volunteer experts is appointed to serve as the committee chair, and a member of the Ocean Studies Board staff is assigned as the study director. The chair and study director work closely together to ensure a successful process and final product. Each committee meets periodically to investigate the many facets of the problem described in its statement of task; to hear from outside experts and other interested parties; to deliber- ate; and to develop a report of its findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on the available evidence. A draft report is then subjected to intensive review by a group of indepen- dent, anonymous experts. After the committee makes revisions in response to the reviewer comments, the report is reviewed by NASEM to ensure quality and conformance with Acad- emiesâ policies. The report is then transmitted to the agency or organization that sponsored the study and released to the public. The goal of the NASEM process is to produce advice that is authoritative, objective, and consensus-based.
ABOUT THE OCEAN STUDIES BOARD 19 OCEAN STUDIES BOARD MEMBERS Larry A. Mayer, Chair, University of New Hampshire, Durham Mark R. Abbott, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts Carol Arnosti, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Kevin R. Arrigo, Stanford University, California (through 2019) Lisa Campbell, Duke University, Beaufort , North Carolina Thomas S. Chance, ASV Global, LLC, Broussard, Louisiana Daniel Costa, University of California, Santa Cruz John R. Delaney, University of Washington Scott Glenn, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey Patrick Heimbach, University of Texas, Austin Susan E. Humphris, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts (through 2019) Marcia Isakson, University of Texas, Austin Lekelia Jenkins, Arizona State University, Tempe Nancy Knowlton, Smithsonian Institution (retired), Washington, District of Columbia Anthony McDonald, Monmouth University, West Long Branch, New Jersey Thomas Miller, University of Maryland, Solomons S. Bradley Moran, University of Alaska, Fairbanks Ruth M. Perry, Shell Exploration & Production Company, Houston, Texas James Sanchirico, University of California, Davis Mark J. Spalding, The Ocean Foundation, Washington, District of Columbia Richard W. Spinrad, Oregon State University, Corvallis Margaret Spring, Monterey Bay Aquarium, Monterey, California (through 2019) Douglas Wartzok, Florida International University, Miami (through 2019) Lisa D. White, University of California, Berkeley and San Francisco State University (through 2019) Robert S. Winokur, Michigan Tech Research Institute, Silver Spring, Maryland National Academies Staff Susan Roberts, Director Stacee Karras, Senior Program Officer Kelly Oskvig, Senior Program Officer Emily Twigg, Senior Program Officer Megan May, Associate Program Officer Shelly Freeland, Financial Business Partner Trent Cummings, Senior Program Assistant Kenza Sidi-Ali-Cherif, Program Assistant
20 ABOUT THE OCEAN STUDIES BOARD OCEAN STUDIES BOARD SPONSORS â¢ National Aeronautics and Space Administration â¢ National Science Foundation â¢ U.S. Department of Commerce â¢ National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration â¢ U.S. Department of the Interior â¢ U.S. Geological Survey â¢ U.S. Department of Defense â¢ Office of Naval Research Study Sponsors â¢ American Petroleum Institute â¢ Clean Caribbean & Americas â¢ Environmental Protection Agency â¢ Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative â¢ Gulf Research Program of the National Academies â¢ Incite Labs â¢ Linden Trust for Conservation â¢ National Aeronautics and Space Administration â¢ Paul G. Allen Philanthropies â¢ Presidentsâ Committee of The National Academies â¢ U.S. Department of Commerce â¢ National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration â¢ U.S. Department of Energy â¢ U.S. Department of the Interior â¢ Bureau of Ocean Energy Management â¢ Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement â¢ U.S. Geological Survey â¢ U.S. Department of Defense â¢ Office of Naval Research â¢ V. Kann Rasmussen Foundation
ABOUT THE OCEAN STUDIES BOARD 21 OCEAN STUDIES BOARD REPORTS 2010 - 2020 Coastal Studies Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast, 2018 Effective Monitoring to Evaluate Ecological Restoration in the Gulf of Mexico, 2017 Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts, 2014 Sea-Level Rise for the Coasts of California, Oregon, and Washington: Past, Present, and Future, 2012 Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nationâs Preparedness Efforts, 2010 Fisheries Science and Management Atlantic Offshore Renewable Energy Development and Fisheries: Proceedings of a Workshopâin Brief, 2018 Review of the Marine Recreational Information Program, 2017 Evaluating the Effectiveness of Fish Stock Rebuilding Plans in the United States, 2013 Sustainable Water and Environmental Management in the California Bay-Delta, 2012 A Review of the Use of Science and Adaptive Management in Californiaâs Draft Bay Delta Conservation Plan, 2011 Assessment of Sea-Turtle Status and Trends: Integrating Demography and Abundance, 2010 A Scientific Assessment of Alternatives for Reducing Water Management Effects on Threatened and Endangered Fishes in Californiaâs Bay Delta, 2010 Ecosystem Concepts for Sustainable Bivalve Mariculture, 2010 Global Change and the Ocean Negative Emissions Technologies and Reliable Sequestration: A Research Agenda, 2018 Frontiers in Decadal Variability: Proceedings of a Workshop, 2016 Next Generation Earth System Prediction: Strategies for Subseasonal to Seasonal Forecasts, 2016 Climate Intervention: Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration, 2015 Climate Intervention: Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth, 2015 Review of the Federal Ocean Acidification Research and Monitoring Plan, 2013 Ocean Acidification: A National Strategy to Meet the Challenges of a Changing Ocean, 2010 Marine Environments and Resources The Use of Dispersants in Marine Oil Spill Response, 2020 A Decision Framework for Interventions to Increase the Persistence and Resilience of Coral Reefs, 2019 A Research Review of Interventions to Increase the Persistence and Resilience of Coral Reefs, 2019 Approaches to Understanding the Cumulative Effects of Stressors on Marine Mammals, 2016
22 ABOUT THE OCEAN STUDIES BOARD Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment, 2014 A Review of Genwestâs Final Report on Effective Daily Recovery Capacity (EDRC): A letter Report, 2013 An Ecosystem Services Approach to Assessing the Impacts of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico, 2013 An Evaluation of the U.S. Department of Energyâs Marine and Hydrokinetic Resource Assessments, 2013 Scientific Review of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement: Drakes Bay Oyster Company Special Use Permit, 2012 Approaches for Ecosystem Services Valuation for the Gulf of Mexico After the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Interim Report, 2012 Realizing the Energy Potential of Methane Hydrate for the United States, 2010 The Ocean Research Enterprise Sustaining Ocean Observations: Proceedings of a Workshopâin Brief, 2020 Earth System Predictability Research and Development: Proceedings of a Workshopâin Brief, 2020 Thriving on Our Changing Planet: A Decadal Strategy for Earth Observation from Space, 2018 Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earthâs Climate, 2017 Sea Change: 2015-2025 Decadal Survey of Ocean Sciences, 2015 Enhancing the Value and Sustainability of Field Stations and Marine Laboratories in the 21st Century, 2014 Scientific Ocean Drilling: Accomplishments and Challenges, 2011 Assessing Requirements for Sustained Ocean Color Research and Operations, 2011 Critical Infrastructure for Ocean Research and Societal Needs in 2030, 2011