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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Assessment of Commercial Space Platforms for Earth Science Instruments: Report Series—Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27019.
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C

Acronyms and Abbreviations

2D two dimensional
3D three dimensional
AIRS Atmospheric Infrared Sounder
AMSR Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer
AMSU-A Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit
AMV atmospheric motion vector
AOS Atmosphere Observing System
ASI Italian Space Agency
ASTER Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer
CERES Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System
CESAS Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space
CLARREO Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory
COWVR Compact Ocean Wind Vector Radiometer
CPR Cloud Profiling Radar
DIAL differential absorption lidar
DO Designated Observable
ECOSTRESS Ecosystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station
EMIT Earth Surface Mineral Dust Source Investigation
EOS Earth Observing System
ERB Earth’s radiation budget
ESA European Space Agency
ESAS Earth science and applications from space
ESD Earth Science Division
ESSP Earth System Science Pathfinder Program
EUMETSAT European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites
EV Earth Venture
EV-C Earth Venture Continuity
EV-I Earth Venture Instrument
EV-M Earth Venture Mission
EV-S Earth Venture Suborbital
FY fiscal year
GCOM-W1 Global Change Observation Mission-Water
GEDI Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Assessment of Commercial Space Platforms for Earth Science Instruments: Report Series—Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27019.
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GEO geostationary Earth orbit
GeoCARB Geostationary Carbon Cycle observatory
GHG greenhouse gas
GLIMR Geostationary Littoral Imaging and Monitoring Radiometer
GNSS-R Global Navigation Satellite System Reflectometry
GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites
GOSAT Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite
GPM Global Precipitation Measurement
GPS Global Positioning System
GRACE Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment
GRACE FO GSD GRACE-Follow-On
HIRDLS High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder
ICESat-2 Ice, Cloud and land Elevation Satellite
IIR Imaging Infrared Radiometer
InSAR Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar
IR infrared
ISAM In-Space Servicing, Assembly, and Manufacturing
ISRO Indian Space Research Organization
ISS International Space Station
JAXA Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
LAI leaf area index
LEO low Earth orbit
MISR Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer
MLS Microwave Limb Sounder
MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NIR near infrared
NISAR NASA-ISRO SAR
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NWP numerical weather prediction
OCO-2 Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2
OCO-3 Orbiting Carbon Observatory 3
OMI Ozone Monitoring Instrument
PBL Planetary Boundary Layer
PRISMA Hyperspectral Precursor of the Application Mission
QuikScat Quick Scatterometer
SAR Synthetic Aperture Radar
SBG Surface Biology and Geology
SmallSat Small Satellite
SMMR Scanning Multi-channel Microwave Radiometer
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Assessment of Commercial Space Platforms for Earth Science Instruments: Report Series—Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27019.
×
SNOOPI Signals of Opportunity P-band Investigation
SSO Sun-synchronous orbit
STV surface topography and vegetation
SWE snow water equivalent
SWIR shortwave infrared
SWOT Surface Water and Ocean Topography
TEMPO Tropospheric Emissions: Monitoring of Pollutants
TES Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer
TIR thermal infrared
TRMM Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission
TSIS Total and Spectral Solar Irradiance Sensor
USGS U.S. Geological Survey
UV ultraviolet
Vis visible
VISSR Visible and Infrared Spin-Scan Radiometer
VNIR visible and near infrared
VSWIR visible and short-wave infrared
WaCM Winds and Currents Mission
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Assessment of Commercial Space Platforms for Earth Science Instruments: Report Series—Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27019.
×
Page 46
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Assessment of Commercial Space Platforms for Earth Science Instruments: Report Series—Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27019.
×
Page 47
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Assessment of Commercial Space Platforms for Earth Science Instruments: Report Series—Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27019.
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Page 48
Next: Appendix D: Committee Biographies »
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 Assessment of Commercial Space Platforms for Earth Science Instruments: Report Series—Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space
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Space-based Earth observations enable global observations of the land surface, biosphere, solid Earth, atmosphere, cryosphere, and oceans. Earth observations from space, combined with data acquired from in situ and ground-based instruments, help scientists understand the components of the Earth system and their interactions and enable wide-ranging applications, including forecasts of weather and air quality, projections of future climate, management of natural resources, ecological forecasting, disaster management, drought and wildfire prediction, and the mapping and prediction of vector borne/animal diseases.

At the request of NASA Earth Science Division, this report assesses the potential use of a proposed multi-user, robot-tended, uncrewed commercial space platform as a potential host for a large number of Earth remote sensing instruments. Assessment of Commercial Space Platforms for Earth Science Instruments evaluates the utility and practicality of a platform in a Sun-synchronous orbit, capable of hosting 20 or more instruments.

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