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Transformation in Wireless Connectivity: Guide to Prepare Airports (2023)

Chapter: Appendix A - Wireless Use Case Requirements and Enabling Technologies

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Page 168
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A - Wireless Use Case Requirements and Enabling Technologies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Transformation in Wireless Connectivity: Guide to Prepare Airports. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27064.
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Page 168
Page 169
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A - Wireless Use Case Requirements and Enabling Technologies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Transformation in Wireless Connectivity: Guide to Prepare Airports. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27064.
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Page 169

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168 A P P E N D I X A Wireless Use Case Requirements and Enabling Technologies Category Use Case Supporting wireless architectures Area InterfaceThroughput/device Time- criticality Reliability grade Mobility Location- aware Passenger experience and commercial services Parking payment and EV charging Private/mobile carrier cellular, PAN, U- LPWAN Terminal Machine kbps (UL) Tactical Consumer Stationary na HD screens and information kiosks Private/mobile carrier cellular, Wi-Fi Terminal Machine Mbps–Gbps (DL) Tactical Consumer Stationary Proximity Self-service kiosk Private/mobile carrier cellular, Wi-Fi Terminal Human kbps Quasi-real time Enterprise Stationary na Mobile passenger checkpoint Private cellular, Wi-Fi (6/6E) Terminal Human kbps–Mbps (UL) Quasi-real time Enterprise Stationary na Contactless purchasing Private/mobile carrier cellular, Wi-Fi Terminal Human kbps–Mbps Quasi-real time Consumer Stationary Walking Location Mobile communications for visitors Mobile carrier cellular, Wi-Fi Terminal Apron/parking Human Mbps Quasi-real time Real time Consumer Walking Location Location-based visitor information Wi-Fi, PAN (BLE) Terminal Human kbps–Mbps na Consumer Walking Location Enhanced in-building mobile carrier coverage Mobile carrier cellular (4G/5G DAS), Wi-Fi (6/6E) Terminal Human Mbps Quasi-real time Real time Consumer Walking Proximity Mobile AR wayfinding Mobile carrier (5G), Wi-Fi (6/6E) Terminal Human Consumer Walking Location Airport/airline operations Wireless enterprise communications Private/mobile carrier cellular, Wi-Fi, AeroMACS Terminal Apron/parking Taxi/runway Human Mbps Quasi-real time Real time Enterprise Stationary Walking na Passenger flow monitoring Wi-Fi, PAN (BLE) Terminal Machine kbps–Mbps (UL) Strategic Enterprise Walking Location Wireless asset tracking, monitoring, and control Private/mobile carrier cellular, PAN, U- LPWAN, RFID Terminal Apron/parking Taxi/runway Machine bps–kbps (UL) Quasi-real time Enterprise Stationary Location Wireless advanced visual docking guidance system (A-VDGS) Private cellular, AeroMACS Apron/parking Machine kbps Real time Carrier Stationary na Wireless cargo asset tracking Private/mobile carrier cellular, PAN, U- LPWAN, RFID Terminal Apron/parking Machine kbps (UL) Tactical Enterprise Stationary Vehicular Location Airport staff radio communications Private/mobile carrier cellular, LMR, AeroMACS Terminal Apron/parking Taxi/runway Human kbps Real time Carrier Walking Vehicular na Wireless baggage tracking Private/mobile carrier cellular, Wi-Fi, RFID Terminal Apron/parking Machine kbps (UL) Tactical Enterprise Stationary Vehicular Location Wireless taxiing guidance Private cellular, AeroMACS Taxi/runway Machine kbps Quasi-real time Carrier Stationary na Electronic flight bags (EFB) or other aircrew devices Private/mobile carrier cellular, Wi-Fi, AeroMACS Apron/parking Taxi/runway Human Mbps–Gbps Strategic Enterprise na na Mobile AR for aircraft maintenance Private cellular (5G), Wi-Fi (6/6E) Apron/Hangar Human na na na na Safety, security, and surveillance Wireless airfield sensors Private cellular, AeroMACS, PAN, U- LPWAN Apron/parking Taxi/runway Machine kbps–Mbps (UL) Tactical Carrier Stationary na Wireless-based automated access control Private cellular, PAN, RFID Terminal Apron/parking Machine kbps–Mbps Quasi-real time Enterprise Stationary Proximity Wireless CCTV surveillance Private cellular, Wi-Fi, AeroMACS Terminal Apron/parking Taxi/runway Machine Mbps–Gbps (UL) Quasi-real time Enterprise Stationary na Wireless-based airfield vehicle & aircraft surveillance Private cellular, AeroMACS Apron/parking Taxi/runway Machine kbps (UL) Quasi-real time Carrier Stationary na Wireless virtual ramp/ground traffic control system (VRCS) Private cellular, AeroMACS Apron/parking Machine Mbps–Gbps (UL) Quasi-real time Carrier Stationary na Mobile AR surveillance Private cellular (5G), Wi-Fi (6/6E) Terminal Human na na na na Wireless terminal sensing Private cellular, PAN, U-LPWAN Terminal Machine na na na Stationary na

Wireless Use Case Requirements and Enabling Technologies 169   Category Use Case Supporting wireless architectures Area InterfaceThroughput/device Time- criticality Reliability grade Mobility Location- aware Incident response and recovery Radio communications for first response teams Private/mobile carrier (FirstNet) cellular, LMR, AeroMACS Terminal Apron/parking Taxi/runway Human kbps–Mbps Real time Carrier Walking Vehicular na First responder personal protection Private/mobile carrier (FirstNet) cellular, PAN, U-LPWAN Terminal Apron/parking Taxi/runway Machine Human kbps (UL) Quasi-real time Carrier Walking Vehicular Location Wireless real-time surveillance for incident investigation Private/mobile carrier (FirstNet) cellular, AeroMACS Terminal Apron/parking Taxi/runway Machine Mbps–Gbps (UL) Strategic Enterprise Stationary na Travel health Wireless-based social distancing monitoring Private cellular, Wi-Fi Terminal Machine kbps–Mbps (UL) Tactical Enterprise Stationary Location Wireless-based automatic passenger temperature screening Private cellular, Wi-Fi Terminal Machine kbps (UL) Tactical Enterprise Stationary na Touchless travel Private/mobile carrier cellular, Wi-Fi, PAN, U-LPWAN Terminal Machine Human kbps–Mbps Tactical Enterprise Stationary Walking Proximity Staff contact tracing Wi-Fi, PAN (BLE) Terminal Human kbps Strategic Enterprise Walking Location Abbreviations: DL = downlink; na = not applicable; UL = uplink. Autonomous vehicles and robotics Autonomous surface vehicles Private cellular (5G) Terminal Apron/parking Taxi/runway Machine kbps–Mbps Real time Carrier Vehicular Location Mobile robots Private cellular (5G), Wi-Fi (6/6E) Terminal Machine kbps–Mbps Tactical Enterprise Walking Location Uncrewed aerial vehicles (UAVs) Private cellular Terminal Apron/parking Taxi/runway Machine kbps–Mbps Real time Enterprise Vehicular Location

Next: Appendix B - Comparative Tables of Wireless Technologies »
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The main wireless applications at airports—passenger connectivity and airport staff communications—are imposing increasing demands on wireless capacity. Demand for passenger mobile connectivity is skyrocketing as high-speed-capable devices proliferate, and passengers require enhanced connectivity either for work or entertainment during dwell times, including location-based services for a custom travel experience.

The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's ACRP Research Report 242: Transformation in Wireless Connectivity: Guide to Prepare Airports is intended as a resource for airports as they navigate through the existing taxonomy of wireless technologies and their use cases.

ACRP WebResource 15: Assessment Tool for Transformation in Wireless Connectivity is an assessment tool that supports the methodology outlined in the report. It provides a dynamic interface to input the current status of the wireless technology implementation at an airport and to input the intended goals regarding the development of the airport’s wireless infrastructure/use cases and generates a report that comprehensively compares the indicated current and target statuses.

Supplemental to the report is a PowerPoint presentation that can be used by airport decisionmakers on proposed solutions.

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