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Suggested Citation:"8 Concluding Remarks." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Promising Practices and Innovative Programs in the Responsible Conduct of Research: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27085.
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8
Concluding Remarks

To close the workshop, Casadevall highlighted the vital role that ethical publication processes play in RCR given journals are where scientists and engineers report their work but are also where many of the ethical issues occur, are most visible, and most in need of correction. He then asked the workshop participants to think about how they are going to approach RCR differently after hearing about exemplary programs and creative approaches to RCR. He would like to see more assessment of RCR programs, was intrigued by the possibility of measuring ethicality, and stressed the importance of getting more senior investigators involved in RCR and preventing misconduct.

One takeaway for Casadevall was the imperative to change the negative connotation associated with RCR and instead foster the attitude that it is the key to doing good science. “That has to be baked into all parts of the system,” he stated. Because engineers and scientists are humans, there will be errors, so it is important to have a more robust system for identifying and correcting errors.

To close his remarks, Casadevall argued that science is the best insurance policy for a century in which humanity faces truly existential problems, including climate change, degraded resources, and increased hate and division. Science, he noted, is going to have to work better than it ever has because up to now, science was something humans did, but it was not essential. “But now, with seven billion of us on this planet that is degrading rapidly, we have to make this human enterprise work better than it ever has,” he said. RCR will be an important part of that effort.

Suggested Citation:"8 Concluding Remarks." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Promising Practices and Innovative Programs in the Responsible Conduct of Research: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27085.
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Suggested Citation:"8 Concluding Remarks." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Promising Practices and Innovative Programs in the Responsible Conduct of Research: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27085.
×
Page 41
Suggested Citation:"8 Concluding Remarks." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Promising Practices and Innovative Programs in the Responsible Conduct of Research: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27085.
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The responsible conduct of research (RCR) is foundational to good science and engineering. However, there are several serious detrimental effects of research not conducted ethically and responsibly. Thus, federal legislation mandates that all National Science Foundation (NSF) grant recipients provide adequate training for undergraduate students, graduate students, and postdoctoral researchers about the Responsible Conduct of Research, and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) further specifies that topics such as conflict of interest, mentor/mentee responsibilities and relationships, collaborative research, and safe laboratory practices should be included in all instruction in RCR.

To identify and disseminate information about exemplary RCR education practices and programs, the National Academy of Engineering convened a virtual workshop series October 6, 7, 20, and 21, 2021. This workshop provided a forum for interdisciplinary discussions of effective strategies for building an RCR culture in institutions along with potential improvements and further research in the area. It also highlighted selected exemplar RCR programs for administrators and faculty who are charged with RCR education and compliance at the institutional level. This publication summarizes the presentation and discussion of the workshop.

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