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Recycled Plastics in Infrastructure: Current Practices, Understanding, and Opportunities (2023)

Chapter: Appendix A: Study Committee Biographical Information

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Study Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Recycled Plastics in Infrastructure: Current Practices, Understanding, and Opportunities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27172.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Study Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Recycled Plastics in Infrastructure: Current Practices, Understanding, and Opportunities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27172.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Study Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Recycled Plastics in Infrastructure: Current Practices, Understanding, and Opportunities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27172.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Study Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Recycled Plastics in Infrastructure: Current Practices, Understanding, and Opportunities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27172.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Study Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Recycled Plastics in Infrastructure: Current Practices, Understanding, and Opportunities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27172.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Study Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Recycled Plastics in Infrastructure: Current Practices, Understanding, and Opportunities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27172.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Study Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Recycled Plastics in Infrastructure: Current Practices, Understanding, and Opportunities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27172.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Study Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Recycled Plastics in Infrastructure: Current Practices, Understanding, and Opportunities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27172.
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201 Appendix A Study Committee Biographical Information David A. Dzombak (NAE) (Chair) is the Hamerschlag University Profes- sor Emeritus in Civil and Environmental Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University. His professional focus is on water quality engineering, wa- ter resource sustainability, and energy environment issues. At Carnegie Mellon he has served as the head of civil and environmental engineering (2013-2022), as the associate dean for Graduate and Faculty Affairs for the College of Engineering (2006-2010), and as the director of the Stein- brenner Institute for Environmental Education and Research (2007-2013). Dr. Dzombak received his Ph.D. in civil engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1986. He also holds an M.S. in civil engineering (1981) and a B.S. in civil engineering (1980) from Carnegie Mellon and a B.A. in mathematics (1980) and an Honorary D.Sc. (2010) from Saint Vincent College. He is a registered Professional Engineer in Pennsylvania, a Board Certified Environmental Engineer, a Diplomate Water Resources En- gineer, a Distinguished Member of the American Society of Civil Engineers, and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. Among various professional service contributions, he is a member of the Industry Leaders Council of the American Society of Civil Engineers (2020-present) and has served on the National Academies’ Roundtable on Science and Technology for Sustainability (2013-2021), the National Academies’ Water Science and Technology Board (2014-2019), and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Science Advisory Board (2002-2016). Janie Chermak is a professor of economics and the interim dean of the Col- lege of Arts and Sciences at the University of New Mexico. She is an applied

202 RECYCLED PLASTICS IN INFRASTRUCTURE microeconomist, with a specialization in natural resource and environmen- tal economics. Prior to joining the University of New Mexico faculty, she was a member of the faculty at the Naval Postgraduate School. She also has a long affiliation with the University of Colorado Denver’s Global En- ergy Management Program. Her work largely focuses on energy and water issues and the impacts of energy transitions. This includes production, consumption, and conservation of resources, agent response, and societal impacts. Her research is often multidisciplinary and combines physical and social sciences to better understand the dynamics and interactions between systems. She received her undergraduate degree in geology from Western State College (1979), now Western State Colorado University, and an M.Sc. (1988) and a Ph.D. (1991) in mineral economics from the Colorado School of Mines. David Cornell was a nationally recognized consultant in plastics manufac- turing, mechanical and chemical recycling, testing protocols  to evaluate the recyclability of plastics, and market demand for recycled plastics. His consulting engagements included serving as the director of engineering and recycling for SBA-CCI, which provides consulting services to the petro- chemical, consumer products, and packaging industries on issues affecting the supply of and demand for polyethylene terephthalate (PET) resins, and serving as technical consultant to the Association of Plastic Recyclers (APR), which is an international trade association representing the plastics recycling industry. APR’s members seek to increase end market demand for recycled resins and ensure that consumer products using plastics are designed for eventual recycling. At SBA-CCI, Mr. Cornell conducted life- cycle assessments and studies of processes and equipment for recycling plastics, mass balances, quality plans and sources of plastics feedstock, and packaging innovations to ensure that packaging is amenable to recycling. In consulting for APR, he conducted life-cycle studies of plastics that spans their manufacturing, recycling, and commercial uses, including end markets for recycled plastics. Previously, he was the manager of plastics recycling and technology for Eastman Chemical Company, then the world’s largest supplier of PET packaging resins. He also was a life-cycle assessment peer reviewer for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s grant requests. He was a member of the International Plastics Hall of Fame. Mr. Cornell held a M.S. in materials science from the University of Cincinnati and a B.S. in chemical engineering and B.A. in mathematics from the University of Delaware. Jennifer Harper is a professional engineer licensed in Missouri as well as a certified project manager. She has been with the Missouri Department of Transportation (MoDOT) in a number of positions for more than 19 years,

APPENDIX A 203 and currently is the research director. As the research director, Ms. Harper leads a team to coordinate research projects throughout the department. She is the MoDOT representative for the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials’ Research Advisory Council and the Transportation Research Board. Ms. Harper is the MoDOT coordinator for the Federal Highway Program, Every Day Counts, which facilitates deploy- ment of innovative techniques. Prior to MoDOT, she spent 4 years working in a private consulting firm designing buildings and parking garages. Thomas Kazmierowski is a principal with T2JK Consulting specializing in pavement and materials engineering. From 2013 to 2022, he was a senior consultant with an international geoscience and environmental consulting firm out of their Toronto office. Prior to December 31, 2012, he held the position of manager for the Materials Engineering and Research Office within the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario, where he was employed for 37 years. Mr. Kazmierowski is an internationally recognized contribu- tor in the fields of both rigid and flexible pavement design, rehabilitation, and management. He has more than 40 years of experience in pavement and material investigations, evaluation, design, construction, maintenance, and rehabilitation. He has published extensively with emphasis on innova- tive and sustainable pavement recycling and preservation initiatives. Mr. Kazmierowski was awarded the title of National Associate by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in 2016. He received the Transportation Association of Canada’s Distinguished Service Award in September 2010 as well as the Charles R. Valentine Award for Excellence in Cold Recycling by the Asphalt Recycling and Reclaiming Association in February 2008 and the Canadian Summit Award for Leadership in Green Procurement, October 2007. He co-chairs the Transportation Research Board (TRB) Advisory Board. Additional TRB committee service includes past chair of the Design and Construction Group, chair of the Construction Section, and chair of the Pavement Management Section. Mr. Kazmierowski holds an honors bachelor of applied science degree in civil/geological engi- neering from the University of Toronto. Emmanuel “Cris” B. Liban serves as the chief sustainability officer at the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (LA Metro). Dr. Liban has worked at LA Metro since 2003 and has grown his agency’s environmental and sustainability practice into the most progressive and forward-looking in the country, implementing more than 150 sustainability initiatives to date. He is working to ensure that US$140 billion in capital projects that are programmed for the next 40 years are sustainable, climate adapted, and resilient. He is currently the transportation chapter lead of the forthcoming Fifth National Climate Assessment. He held previous political

204 RECYCLED PLASTICS IN INFRASTRUCTURE appointments in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s National Ad- visory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology and the California Climate Safe Infrastructure Working Group. In 2016, he received the Phil- ippines’ highest civilian honor for Filipinos living overseas, the Pamana ng Pilipino Award, from Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte. Dr. Liban was awarded the Engineering News-Record’s 2020 Award of Excellence. One year later, Dr. Liban was elected to the National Academy of Construction. A licensed professional engineer in California, Dr. Liban has a doctorate degree in environmental science and engineering, a master of science in civil engineering, and a bachelor of science in geology (magna cum laude). Eric C. Macfarlane is the first deputy commissioner of the New York City Department of Design and Construction (DDC). He is responsible for the formulation of agency policy affecting all executive, managerial, profes- sional, technical, and support staff. The agency is responsible for managing the design and construction of public buildings and street infrastructure for more than 25 city agencies. Currently DDC manages a capital project portfolio in various phases, from planning, design, and construction, val- ued at more than US$24 billion. DDC also procures the services of many consultants for both design and construction management who provide supplementary assistance in the delivery of DDC’s annual capital projects commitment plan. Mr. Macfarlane has a bachelor of engineering degree from the City College of New York and a master of science, civil engi- neering degree from Polytechnic Institute of New York. He is a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers and the National Academy of Construction. He holds certifications as an Envision Sustainability Profes- sional and as a Design Build Professional from the Design Build Institute of America. He is a New York State licensed Professional Engineer. Debra Reinhart is a Pegasus Professor Emerita at the University of Central Florida. Prior to her retirement in June 2021, she was the associate vice president for research and scholarship at the University of Central Florida and a member of the Department of Civil, Environmental, and Construc- tion Engineering. Dr. Reinhart’s research area is solid waste management, with a focus on optimized waste collection, recycling, and processing as well as sustainable operation of landfills. Dr. Reinhart has published 80 peer-reviewed articles and 6 books and received 5 patents. Dr. Reinhart is an associate editor for Waste Management. She is a registered Professional Engineer in Florida and Georgia, a board-certified environmental engineer, and a fellow of the American Society of Civil Engineers, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the Association of En- vironmental Engineering and Science Professors (AEESP). She is the past

APPENDIX A 205 president of AEESP and the International Waste Working Group. She holds a B.S. in engineering from Florida Technological University and an M.S. in sanitary engineering and a Ph.D. in environmental engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technology. Joseph Robinson is currently the acting director of the Bureau of Con- struction and Materials at the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT) and has more than 30 years of experience in the highway and bridge construction and materials industry. When the study began, Mr. Robinson was the chief of materials, a position he held since 2017 and with responsibility for PennDOT’s pavement materials engineer, and the Geotechnical, New Products and Innovation, Laboratory Testing Sections, where he led 65 technicians, engineers, managers, and support staff. Previ- ously, he worked in the Construction Quality Assurance Division for 25 years. From 2005 to 2017, he was the chief of the division. In this position, he was responsible for directing the construction and materials quality assurance activities covering the entire state. Mr. Robinson is a registered Professional Engineer in Pennsylvania. He holds a B.S. in structural design/ construction engineering technology from Penn State, Harrisburg, and an associate degree in engineering with a major in architectural engineering technology from Penn State, Shenango Valley Campus. He also completed the National Highway Institute’s 6-week Highway Materials Engineering Course at the University of Nevada, Reno. He also holds Northeast Center for Excellence in Pavement Technology certifications as a Level II Asphalt Plant Technician and Asphalt Field Technician, as well as being a PennDOT Certified Concrete Field Technician. Delmar Salomon is the president and founder of Pavement Preservation Systems LLC (2005), an Idaho consulting group dedicated to technology transfer, modified asphalt, pavement management, and technical marketing in the asphalt field, as well as the promotion of processes that contribute to improving asphalt materials for long-lasting pavements. His consulting practice offers implementation and optimization of pavement preservation strategies; development and optimization of asphalt emulsion production; innovative spectroscopic methods for in situ testing of pavement materials; pavement design solutions for flexible, rigid, and composite pavements; as- phalt product formulations; and pavement forensics. Dr. Salomon has three Consensus Standards approved at ASTM International (D7404, D7226, and D7229) for emulsified asphalt, and two AASHTO standards: TP 128, “Method of Test for Evaluation of Oxidation Level of Asphalt Mixtures by a Portable Infrared Spectrometer,” and AASHTO T 382, “Method of Test for Determining the Viscosity of Emulsified Asphalt by a Rotational Paddle Viscometer.” He is member of the Canadian Technical Asphalt Association,

206 RECYCLED PLASTICS IN INFRASTRUCTURE past chair of the Transportation Research Board Standing Committee on Characteristics of Asphalt Materials, former board member of the Mexican Asphalt Association, and former board member of the Association of Modi- fied Asphalt Producers. Dr. Salomon holds a Ph.D. in chemistry from the Worcester Polytechnic Institute. Shoshanna Saxe is an associate professor in civil and mineral engineering at the University of Toronto and a Canada research chair in sustainable infrastructure. Dr. Saxe researches the intersections between the infrastruc- ture we build and the world we create with a specific focus on long-term environmental sustainability. Her research includes environmental life-cycle assessment of infrastructure, material flow analysis of the built environ- ment, and transportation sustainability. Saxe is a former Action Canada fellow, sits on Waterfront Toronto’s Capital Peer Review Panel, is a senior fellow at Massey College, and sits the board of the International Society for Industrial Ecology. She was awarded the 2019 Ontario Professional Engineers Awards Engineering Medal–Young Engineer and the 2021 Urban Land Institute Women’s Leadership Initiative Championship Team. Randy West is the director at the National Center for Asphalt Technology and a research professor at Auburn University. Dr. West has worked in the asphalt pavement industry for 32 years, beginning his career as a bitumi- nous research engineer with the Florida Department of Transportation from 1988 to 1995. He was the director of materials services for APAC Inc. from 1995 to 2003. His expertise is in asphalt pavement materials, construction, and quality assurance. He is a member of ASTM, the International Society for Asphalt Pavements, TRB Committee AKC-60, and the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, serving as its president in 2016. He is cur- rently the director of the Consortium for Asphalt Pavement Research & Implementation. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Florida in 1995 and is a registered Professional Engineer in Alabama, Florida, and Georgia. Karen L. Wooley (NAS) is the W.T. Doherty-Welch Chair in Chemistry and a University Distinguished Professor at Texas A&M University, where she holds appointments in the Departments of Chemistry, Chemical Engineer- ing, and Materials Science & Engineering. She also serves as the director of the Laboratory for Synthetic-Biologic Interactions. Her research interests include the synthesis and characterization of degradable polymers derived from natural products, unique macromolecular architectures and complex polymer assemblies, and the design and development of well-defined nano- structured materials. Dr. Wooley has published extensively about plastics

APPENDIX A 207 design with end-of-life consideration, including the development of natu- rally sourced, sustainable, and degradable polymer materials. To translate her polymer technologies to commercial and societal impact, she is the co-founder and president of Sugar Plastics, LLC, and the chief technology officer of Teysha Technologies, Ltd. Dr. Wooley is a member of the Na- tional Academy of Sciences. Recent awards include the American Chemical Society Award in Polymer Chemistry (2014), Royal Society of Chemistry Centenary Prize (2014), Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry (2014), Honorary Fellow of the Chinese Chemical Society (2014), Oesper Award (2015), and Fellow of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences (2015). Dr. Wooley holds a Ph.D. and an M.S. in polymer chemistry from Cornell University and a B.S. in chemistry from Oregon State University.

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In the U.S., most plastics waste is disposed in landfills, but a significant amount also ends up as litter on land, rivers, and oceans. Today, less than 10 percent of plastics waste is recycled in the U.S. annually. The use of recycled plastics in infrastructure applications has potential to help expand the market and demand for plastics recycling.

These are among the findings in TRB Special Report 347: Recycled Plastics in Infrastructure: Current Practices, Understanding, and Opportunities from the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

The report emphasizes that pursuing the recycling of plastics in infrastructure depends on goals, policy, and economics. To that end, life cycle economic and environmental assessments should be conducted to inform policies on plastics waste reuse.

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