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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Results." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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70 A P P E N D I X B Survey Results Q3 - What division do you work for within your agency? Select most appropriate response. DOT H um an R es ou rc es Em pl oy ee /O cc up at io na l Sa fe ty M an ag em en t/F in an ce O th er /W ri te -I n Alabama X Alaska X Arkansas X California Maintenance Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana X Iowa X Kansas Division of Safety Kentucky X Louisiana X Maine X Maryland Office of Homeland Securityand Occupational Safety Massachusetts X Michigan Safety and SecurityAdministration Minnesota Operations - Safety Mississippi Office of Chief Engineer Missouri X Montana X

Survey Results 71   Nebraska X Nevada X New Hampshire X New Mexico X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X South Carolina X South Dakota Operations Tennessee X Texas Occupational Safety/Insurance Program Utah X Vermont X Virginia Safety, Security, &Emergency Management Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X Wyoming X Grand Total 7 22 2 9

72 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Q4 – Does your DOT have a formal incentive/disincentive program for safety-related behaviors? DOT Y es N o Alabama X Alaska X Arkansas X California X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana X Iowa X Kansas X Kentucky X Louisiana X Maine X Maryland X Massachusetts X Michigan X Minnesota X Mississippi X Missouri X Montana X Nebraska X Nevada X New Hampshire X New Mexico X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X South Carolina X South Dakota X Tennessee X

Survey Results 73   Texas X Utah X Vermont X Virginia X Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X Wyoming X Grand Total 13 27

74 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Q5 – Does your DOT have an informal incentive/disincentive program for safety-related behaviors? DOT Y es N o Alabama X Alaska X Arkansas X California X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana X Iowa X Kansas X Kentucky X Louisiana X Maine X Maryland X Massachusetts X Michigan X Minnesota X Mississippi X Missouri X Montana X Nebraska X Nevada X New Hampshire X New Mexico X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X South Carolina X South Dakota X Tennessee X

Survey Results 75   Texas X Utah X Vermont X Virginia X Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X Wyoming X Grand Total 18 22

76 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Q5a – Does your incentive/disincentive program entail training requirements? DOT Y es N o Alabama X Alaska X Arkansas California X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois Indiana X Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana X Maine X Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota X Mississippi X Missouri Montana Nebraska X Nevada New Hampshire X New Mexico X Ohio Oregon X Pennsylvania X South Carolina X South Dakota X Tennessee Texas X

Survey Results 77   Utah Vermont Virginia X Washington West Virginia X Wisconsin X Wyoming Grand Total 14 9

78 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Q5c – Approximately how many years has your DOT been using any of the incentives/disincentives noted previously? DOT Le ss th an a y ea r 1- 3 ye ar s >3 -5 y ea rs >5 -1 0 ye ar s >1 0 ye ar s Alabama X Alaska X Arkansas California X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois Indiana X Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana X Maine X Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota X Mississippi X Missouri Montana Nebraska X Nevada New Hampshire X New Mexico X Ohio Oregon X Pennsylvania X South Carolina X South Dakota X Tennessee

Survey Results 79   Texas X Utah Vermont Virginia X Washington West Virginia X Wisconsin X Wyoming Grand Total 1 5 2 3 12

80 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Q6a – Does your DOT recognize any of the following behaviors through an informal or formal incentive/disincentive program? For DOTs with a Formal and with an Informal Incentive/Disincentive Program (Checked for “Yes” Response) Safety Behavior: Participating in developing and improving the safety program *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n o t po lic y, n ot w ri tt en ) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Alaska X X California X X X Idaho X X Mississippi X X X South Carolina South Dakota Texas X X X X X West Virginia X X X Grand Total 6 3 6 1 2 Safety Behavior: Instructing new employees on safety procedures *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot po lic y, n ot w ri tt en ) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Alaska X California X X X X X Idaho X X Mississippi X X X X South Carolina X South Dakota Texas X X X X X West Virginia X X X X Grand Total 7 3 5 3 4

Survey Results 81   Safety Behavior: Suggesting improvements to safety procedures *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot po lic y, n ot w ri tt en ) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w i th th is be ha vi or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Alaska X X X California X X X Idaho X X Mississippi X X X South Carolina South Dakota Texas X X X X X West Virginia Grand Total 5 4 5 1 1 Safety Behavior: Submitting near miss reports *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot po lic y, n ot w ri tt en ) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Alaska X X California X X X X X Idaho Mississippi X X South Carolina South Dakota Texas X X X X X West Virginia X X X Grand Total 5 3 4 2 3

82 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Safety Behavior: Reporting safety violations *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot po lic y, n ot w ri tt en ) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha v i or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Alaska X California X X X X X Idaho X X Mississippi X South Carolina X South Dakota Texas X X X X X West Virginia Grand Total 5 2 3 2 3 Safety Behavior: Using correct safety actions or work practices *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot po lic y, n ot w ri tt en ) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia t e d w ith th is be ha vi or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Alaska X California X X X X X Idaho X X X X Mississippi X X X South Carolina X X X X South Dakota X X Texas X X X X X West Virginia X X X Grand Total 6 5 6 4 6

Survey Results 83   Safety Behavior: Using equipment and PPE safely *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot po lic y, n ot w ri tt en ) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be h a vi or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Alaska X California X X X X X Idaho X X X Mississippi X X South Carolina X X X X South Dakota X X Texas X X X X X West Virginia X X X X X Grand Total 7 5 5 4 6 Safety Behavior: Suggesting improvements to PPE *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot po lic y, n ot w ri tt en ) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha v i or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Alaska X X California X X X Idaho X X Mississippi X X South Carolina X South Dakota Texas X X X X X West Virginia Grand Total 6 4 3 1 1

84 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Safety Behavior: Obtaining safety goals or objectives individually *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot po lic y, n ot w ri tt en ) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Alaska California X X X X X Idaho X X Mississippi South Carolina X X X X South Dakota X X Texas X X X X X West Virginia X Grand Total 5 4 5 2 3 Safety Behavior: Obtaining safety goals or objectives as a crew *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot po lic y, n ot w ri tt en ) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Alaska X X California X X X X X Idaho X X X X Mississippi X X South Carolina X South Dakota X Texas X X X X X West Virginia X X Grand Total 7 5 4 3 3

Survey Results 85   Safety Behavior: Obtaining safety goals or objectives as a district/region *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot po lic y, n ot w ri tt en ) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia t e d w ith th is be ha vi or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Alaska X X California X X X X X Idaho Mississippi South Carolina X X X X South Dakota X Texas X X X X X West Virginia X X X X X Grand Total 6 5 4 4 3 Safety Behavior: Obtaining safety goals or objectives as a DOT *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot po lic y, n ot w ri tt en ) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th i s be ha vi or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Alaska California X X X X X Idaho Mississippi South Carolina South Dakota X Texas X X X X X West Virginia X X Grand Total 4 3 2 2 2

86 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Q6b – Does your DOT recognize any of the following behaviors through an informal or formal incentive/disincentive program? For DOTs with a Formal and without an Informal Incentive/Disincentive Program (Checked for “Yes” Response) Safety Behavior: Participating in developing and improving the safety program *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Minnesota X X New Mexico Pennsylvania X X X Grand Total 2 2 1 Safety Behavior: Instructing new employees on safety procedures *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Minnesota X X New Mexico X Pennsylvania X Grand Total 3 1 0

Survey Results 87   Safety Behavior: Suggesting improvements to safety procedures *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Minnesota X X New Mexico X Pennsylvania X Grand Total 2 2 0 Safety Behavior: Submitting near miss reports *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Minnesota X X New Mexico Pennsylvania X Grand Total 2 1 0

88 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Safety Behavior: Reporting safety violations *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Minnesota New Mexico X Pennsylvania X Grand Total 2 0 0 Safety Behavior: Using correct safety actions or work practices *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Minnesota X X New Mexico Pennsylvania X X Grand Total 2 1 1

Survey Results 89   Safety Behavior: Using equipment and PPE safely *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Minnesota X X New Mexico X X X Pennsylvania X X Grand Total 3 2 2 Safety Behavior: Suggesting improvements to PPE *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Minnesota New Mexico Pennsylvania X Grand Total 1 0 0

90 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Safety Behavior: Obtaining safety goals or objectives individually *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Minnesota New Mexico X X Pennsylvania X X Grand Total 2 2 0 Safety Behavior: Obtaining safety goals or objectives as a crew *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Minnesota New Mexico X X Pennsylvania X Grand Total 2 1 0

Survey Results 91   Safety Behavior: Obtaining safety goals or objectives as a district/region *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Minnesota X New Mexico X X Pennsylvania X X Grand Total 3 2 0 Safety Behavior: Obtaining safety goals or objectives as a DOT *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) A re th er e fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? -- - (s tr uc tu re d, w ri tte n po lic y) Minnesota X New Mexico Pennsylvania X Grand Total 2 0 0

92 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Q6c – Does your DOT recognize any of the following behaviors through an informal or formal incentive/disincentive program? For DOTs without a Formal and with an Informal Incentive/Disincentive Program (Checked for “Yes” Response) Safety Behavior: Participating in developing and improving the safety program *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot po lic y, n ot w ri tt en ) Alabama X Colorado Delaware X X Hawaii X Indiana X X Maine Nebraska X New Hampshire Oregon X X Wisconsin X X Grand Total 5 5 1

Survey Results 93   Safety Behavior: Instructing new employees on safety procedures *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot po lic y, n ot w ri tt en ) Alabama X X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X X Indiana Maine Nebraska X New Hampshire Oregon X X Wisconsin X X Grand Total 6 2 3

94 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Safety Behavior: Suggesting improvements to safety procedures *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot po lic y, n ot w ri tt en ) Alabama X Colorado X X Delaware X Hawaii X Indiana Maine X X Nebraska X New Hampshire Oregon X X Wisconsin X Grand Total 7 4 0 Safety Behavior: Submitting near miss reports *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot po lic y, n ot w ri tt en ) Alabama Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Indiana X Maine X Nebraska X New Hampshire X Oregon X X Wisconsin X Grand Total 8 2 0

Survey Results 95   Safety Behavior: Reporting safety violations *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot po lic y, n ot w ri tt en ) Alabama Colorado X X X Delaware X Hawaii X Indiana Maine Nebraska X X New Hampshire Oregon Wisconsin X Grand Total 5 2 1 Safety Behavior: Using correct safety actions or work practices *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot po lic y, n ot w ri tt en ) Alabama X X Colorado X Delaware Hawaii X X X Indiana Maine X Nebraska X New Hampshire Oregon X X Wisconsin X X X Grand Total 6 4 3

96 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Safety Behavior: Using equipment and PPE safely *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot po lic y, n ot w ri tt en ) Alabama X X Colorado X Delaware Hawaii X X X Indiana Maine X Nebraska X New Hampshire Oregon X X Wisconsin X X X Grand Total 6 4 3 Safety Behavior: Suggesting improvements to PPE *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot po lic y, n ot w ri tt en ) Alabama X Colorado X Delaware Hawaii X Indiana Maine X Nebraska X New Hampshire Oregon X X Wisconsin Grand Total 5 2 0

Survey Results 97   Safety Behavior: Obtaining safety goals or objectives individually *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot po lic y, n ot w ri tt en ) Alabama Colorado X X Delaware Hawaii X Indiana Maine Nebraska X New Hampshire X X Oregon X X Wisconsin Grand Total 4 4 0 Safety Behavior: Obtaining safety goals or objectives as a crew *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot po lic y, n ot w ri tt en ) Alabama Colorado X X Delaware Hawaii X Indiana Maine Nebraska X New Hampshire X X Oregon X X Wisconsin Grand Total 4 4 0

98 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Safety Behavior: Obtaining safety goals or objectives as a district/region *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot po lic y, no t w ri tt en ) Alabama Colorado X Delaware X X Hawaii X Indiana Maine X Nebraska X New Hampshire Oregon X X Wisconsin X Grand Total 6 3 0 Safety Behavior: Obtaining safety goals or objectives as a DOT *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? A re th er e in fo rm al in ce nt iv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot p ol ic y, no t w ri tte n) A re th er e in fo rm al di si nc en tiv es a ss oc ia te d w ith th is be ha vi or ? (n ot po lic y, n ot w ri tt en ) Alabama X Colorado X Delaware X X Hawaii X Indiana Maine X Nebraska X New Hampshire Oregon X X Wisconsin X Grand Total 7 3 0

Survey Results 99   Q6d – Does your DOT recognize any of the following behaviors through an informal or formal incentive/disincentive program? For DOTs without a Formal and without an Informal Incentive/Disincentive Program (Checked for “Yes” Response) Safety Behavior: Participating in developing and improving the safety program *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? Arkansas X Illinois Iowa Kentucky Maryland Michigan Missouri X Montana Nevada X Ohio Tennessee Utah X Vermont Washington X Wyoming Grand Total 5

100 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Safety Behavior: Instructing new employees on safety procedures *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? Arkansas X Illinois Iowa X Kentucky X Maryland X Michigan Missouri Montana Nevada X Ohio Tennessee Utah X Vermont Washington X Wyoming Grand Total 7

Survey Results 101   Safety Behavior: Suggesting improvements to safety procedures *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? Arkansas X Illinois Iowa Kentucky X Maryland Massachusetts X Michigan Missouri X Montana X Nevada X Ohio X Tennessee Utah X Vermont Washington X Wyoming Grand Total 9

102 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Safety Behavior: Submitting near miss reports *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? Arkansas Illinois Iowa Kentucky X Maryland Michigan Missouri X Montana Nevada X Ohio Tennessee Utah X Vermont Washington X Wyoming Grand Total 5

Survey Results 103   Safety Behavior: Reporting safety violations *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? Arkansas X Illinois Iowa Kentucky Maryland Michigan Missouri Montana X Nevada X Ohio X Tennessee Utah Vermont Washington X Wyoming Grand Total 5

104 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Safety Behavior: Using correct safety actions or work practices *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? Arkansas X Illinois Iowa Kentucky Maryland Massachusetts X Michigan Missouri X Montana X Nevada X Ohio X Oregon Tennessee Utah X Vermont Washington X Wyoming X Grand Total 9

Survey Results 105   Safety Behavior: Using equipment and PPE safely *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? Arkansas X Illinois Iowa Kentucky Maryland Massachusetts X Michigan Missouri X Montana X Nevada X Ohio X Tennessee Utah X Vermont Washington X Wyoming X Grand Total 9

106 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Safety Behavior: Suggesting improvements to PPE *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? Arkansas X Illinois Iowa Kentucky Maryland Michigan Mississippi Missouri X Montana Nevada X Ohio Tennessee Utah X Vermont Washington X Wyoming Grand Total 5

Survey Results 107   Safety Behavior: Obtaining safety goals or objectives individually *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? Arkansas Illinois Iowa Kentucky Maryland Michigan Missouri Montana X Nevada X Ohio Tennessee Utah Vermont Washington Wyoming X Grand Total 3

108 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Safety Behavior: Obtaining safety goals or objectives as a crew *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? Arkansas X Illinois Iowa Kentucky Maryland Michigan Missouri X Montana X Nevada X Ohio Tennessee Utah X Vermont Washington X Wyoming Grand Total 6

Survey Results 109   Safety Behavior: Obtaining safety goals or objectives as a district/region *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? Arkansas Illinois Iowa X Kentucky Maryland Michigan Missouri X Montana Nevada X Ohio Tennessee Utah X Vermont Washington X Wyoming Grand Total 5

110 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Safety Behavior: Obtaining safety goals or objectives as a DOT *Note: Table includes only the DOTs who were displayed this question DOT D o yo u tr ac k, m ea su re , o r re co gn iz e th is be ha vi or ? Arkansas Illinois Iowa X Kentucky Maryland Michigan Missouri X Montana Nevada X Ohio Tennessee Utah X Vermont Washington X Wyoming Grand Total 5

Survey Results 111   Q7 – What are some types and frequency (or milestones) of rewards, recognition, or disincentives used by your DOT in regard to safety behaviors? (Checked for “Yes” Response) Safety Incentive/Disincentive: Financial reward through additional compensation of a bonus system DOT N /A A s N ee de d D ai ly W ee kl y M on th ly Q ua rt er ly A nn ua lly O th er Alabama X Alaska X Arkansas X California X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana X Iowa X Kansas Kentucky X Louisiana Maine X Maryland X Massachusetts X Michigan X Minnesota X Mississippi X Missouri X Montana X Nebraska X Nevada X New Hampshire X New Mexico X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X South Carolina X

112 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews South Dakota X Tennessee X Texas X Utah X Vermont X Virginia Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X Wyoming X Grand Total 32 1 0 0 0 1 3 0

Survey Results 113   Safety Incentive/Disincentive: Financial reward or disincentive through additional paid time-off or furlough DOT N /A A s N ee de d D ai ly W ee kl y M on th ly Q ua rt er ly A nn ua lly O th er Alabama X Alaska X Arkansas X California X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana X Iowa X Kansas Kentucky X Louisiana Maine X Maryland X Massachusetts X Michigan X Minnesota X Mississippi X Missouri X Montana X Nebraska X Nevada X New Hampshire X New Mexico X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X South Carolina X South Dakota X Tennessee X Texas X

114 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Utah X Vermont X Virginia Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X Wyoming X Grand Total 34 2 0 0 0 0 1 0

Survey Results 115   Safety Incentive/Disincentive: Financial reward or disincentive through performance evaluations affecting raises DOT N /A A s N ee de d D ai ly W ee kl y M on th ly Q ua rt er ly A nn ua lly O th er Alabama X Alaska X Arkansas X California X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana X Iowa X Kansas Kentucky X Louisiana Maine X Maryland X Massachusetts X Michigan X Minnesota X Mississippi X Missouri X Montana X Nebraska X Nevada X New Hampshire X New Mexico X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X South Carolina X South Dakota X Tennessee X Texas X

116 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Utah X Vermont X Virginia Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X Wyoming X Grand Total 30 2 0 0 0 0 5 0

Survey Results 117   Safety Incentive/Disincentive: Prizes (e.g., hats, plaques, trophies, apparel, event tickets, etc.) DOT N /A A s N ee de d D ai ly W ee kl y M on th ly Q ua rt er ly A nn ua lly O th er Alabama X Alaska X X Arkansas X California X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X X Illinois X Indiana X Iowa X Kansas Kentucky X Louisiana Maine X Maryland X Massachusetts X Michigan X Minnesota X Mississippi X Missouri X Montana X Nebraska X Nevada X New Hampshire X New Mexico X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X South Carolina X South Dakota X Tennessee Texas X

118 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Utah X Vermont X Virginia Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X Wyoming X Grand Total 13 12 0 0 0 0 13 0

Survey Results 119   Safety Incentive/Disincentive: Meals (e.g., on site food service) DOT N /A A s N ee de d D ai ly W ee kl y M on th ly Q ua rt er ly A nn ua lly O th er Alabama X Alaska X Arkansas X California X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana X Iowa X Kansas Kentucky X Louisiana Maine X Maryland X Massachusetts X Michigan X Minnesota X Mississippi X Missouri X Montana X Nebraska X Nevada X New Hampshire X New Mexico X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X South Carolina X South Dakota X Tennessee Texas X

120 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Utah X Vermont X Virginia Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X Wyoming X Grand Total 25 6 0 0 0 2 3 0

Survey Results 121   Safety Incentive/Disincentive: Recognition in a distributed newsletter or other form of written communication DOT N /A A s N ee de d D ai ly W ee kl y M on th ly Q ua rt er ly A nn ua lly O th er Alabama X Alaska X X X Arkansas X California X X X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana X Iowa X Kansas Kentucky X Louisiana Maine X Maryland X Massachusetts X Michigan X Minnesota X X Mississippi X Missouri X Montana X Nebraska X Nevada X New Hampshire X New Mexico X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X South Carolina X South Dakota X Tennessee X Texas X

122 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Utah X Vermont X Virginia Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X Wyoming X Grand Total 12 16 0 0 4 3 7 0

Survey Results 123   Safety Incentive/Disincentive: Corrective actions in a distributed newsletter or other form of written communication DOT N /A A s N ee de d D ai ly W ee kl y M on th ly Q ua rt er ly A nn ua lly O th er Alabama X Alaska X Arkansas X California X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana X Iowa X Kansas Kentucky X Louisiana Maine X Maryland X Massachusetts X Michigan X Minnesota X Mississippi X X Missouri X Montana X Nebraska X Nevada X New Hampshire X New Mexico X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X South Carolina X South Dakota X Tennessee X Texas X

124 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Utah X Vermont X Virginia Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X Wyoming X Grand Total 21 11 0 0 4 0 1 1

Survey Results 125   Safety Incentive/Disincentive: Recognition/appreciation through verbal communication DOT N /A A s N ee de d D ai ly W ee kl y M on th ly Q ua rt er ly A nn ua lly O th er Alabama X Alaska X X X Arkansas X California X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana X Iowa X Kansas Kentucky X Louisiana Maine X Maryland X Massachusetts X Michigan X Minnesota X Mississippi X Missouri X Montana X Nebraska X Nevada New Hampshire X New Mexico X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X South Carolina X South Dakota X Tennessee X Texas X

126 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Utah X Vermont X Virginia Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X Wyoming X Grand Total 4 26 2 0 1 2 3 0

Survey Results 127   Safety Incentive/Disincentive: Recognition/appreciation through written communication DOT N /A A s N ee de d D ai ly W ee kl y M on th ly Q ua rt er ly A nn ua lly O th er Alabama X Alaska Arkansas X California X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana X Iowa X Kansas Kentucky X Louisiana Maine X Maryland X Massachusetts Michigan X Minnesota X Mississippi X Missouri X Montana X Nebraska X Nevada X New Hampshire X New Mexico X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X South Carolina X South Dakota X Tennessee X Texas X

128 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Utah X Vermont X Virginia Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X Wyoming X Grand Total 8 24 0 0 2 0 1 0

Survey Results 129   Safety Incentive/Disincentive: Corrective action through verbal communication DOT N /A A s N ee de d D ai ly W ee kl y M on th ly Q ua rt er ly A nn ua lly O th er Alabama X Alaska X Arkansas X California X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana Iowa X Kansas Kentucky X Louisiana Maine X Maryland X Massachusetts X Michigan X Minnesota X Mississippi X Missouri X Montana X Nebraska X Nevada X New Hampshire X New Mexico X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X South Carolina X South Dakota X Tennessee X Texas X

130 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Utah X Vermont X Virginia Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X Wyoming X Grand Total 5 29 1 0 0 0 1 0

Survey Results 131   Safety Incentive/Disincentive: Disciplinary action DOT N /A A s N ee de d D ai ly W ee kl y M on th ly Q ua rt er ly A nn ua lly O th er Alabama X Alaska X Arkansas X California X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana X Iowa X Kansas Kentucky X Louisiana Maine X Maryland X Massachusetts X Michigan X Minnesota X X Mississippi X Missouri X Montana X Nebraska X Nevada X New Hampshire X New Mexico X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X South Carolina X South Dakota X Tennessee X Texas X

132 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Utah X Vermont X Virginia Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X Wyoming X Grand Total 4 29 2 0 0 0 2 1

Survey Results 133   Safety Incentive/Disincentive: Special assignments DOT N /A A s N ee de d D ai ly W ee kl y M on th ly Q ua rt er ly A nn ua lly O th er Alabama X Alaska X Arkansas X California X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana X Iowa X Kansas Kentucky X Louisiana Maine X Maryland X Massachusetts X Michigan X Minnesota X Mississippi X Missouri X Montana X Nebraska X Nevada X New Hampshire X New Mexico X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X South Carolina X South Dakota X Tennessee X Texas X

134 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Utah X Vermont X Virginia Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X Wyoming X Grand Total 21 16 0 0 0 0 0 0

Survey Results 135   Safety Incentive/Disincentive: Promotion/advancement DOT N /A A s N ee de d D ai ly W ee kl y M on th ly Q ua rt er ly A nn ua lly O th er Alabama X Alaska X Arkansas X California X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana X Iowa X Kansas Kentucky X Louisiana Maine X Maryland X Massachusetts X Michigan X Minnesota X Mississippi X Missouri X Montana X Nebraska X Nevada X New Hampshire X New Mexico X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X South Carolina X South Dakota X Tennessee Texas X

136 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Utah X Vermont X Virginia Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X Wyoming X Grand Total 27 9 0 0 0 0 0 0

Survey Results 137   Safety Incentive/Disincentive: Training/education DOT N /A A s N ee de d D ai ly W ee kl y M on th ly Q ua rt er ly A nn ua lly O th er Alabama X Alaska X Arkansas X California X Colorado X Delaware X X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana X Iowa X Kansas Kentucky X Louisiana Maine X Maryland X Massachusetts X Michigan X Minnesota X Mississippi X Missouri X Montana X Nebraska X Nevada X New Hampshire X New Mexico X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X South Carolina X South Dakota X Tennessee X Texas X

138 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Utah X Vermont X Virginia Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X Wyoming X Grand Total 9 23 1 1 1 0 3 0

Survey Results 139   Safety Incentive/Disincentive: Other: First responder and “thumbs up” stickers (proudly worn on hard hats) and cards for doing something beyond expectation) DOT N /A A s N ee de d D ai ly W ee kl y M on th ly Q ua rt er ly A nn ua lly O th er Alabama Alaska Arkansas California Colorado Delaware Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi X Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Mexico Ohio Oregon Pennsylvania South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas

140 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Grand Total 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0

Survey Results 141   Safety Incentive/Disincentive: Other: Framed Safety Excellence Award Certificate DOT N /A A s N ee de d D ai ly W ee kl y M on th ly Q ua rt er ly A nn ua lly O th er Alabama Alaska Arkansas California Colorado Delaware Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi X Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Mexico Ohio Oregon Pennsylvania South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas

142 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Grand Total 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0

Survey Results 143   Q8 – Does your organization have a defined process for selecting safety incentives? DOT Y es N o U ns ur e Alabama X Alaska X Arkansas X California X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana X Iowa X Kansas Kentucky X Louisiana Maine X Maryland X Massachusetts X Michigan X Minnesota X Mississippi X Missouri X Montana X Nebraska X Nevada X New Hampshire X New Mexico X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X South Carolina X South Dakota X Tennessee X Texas X

144 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Utah X Vermont X Virginia Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X Wyoming X Grand Total 7 28 2

Survey Results 145   Q9 – What are the source(s) of funding for the rewards used to incentivize safe behaviors? Select all that apply. DOT St at e (H ig hw ay F un d) Fe de ra l C om bi na tio n of S ta te a nd Fe de ra l s ou rc es D isc re tio na ry O th er Alabama X Alaska X Arkansas California X X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana X Iowa X Kansas Kentucky X Louisiana Maine Maryland X Massachusetts Michigan X Minnesota X Mississippi X Missouri X Montana X Nebraska X Nevada X New Hampshire New Mexico X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X South Carolina X South Dakota X Tennessee X

146 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Texas X Utah X Vermont Virginia Washington X West Virginia X X X Wisconsin X Wyoming Grand Total 8 1 4 11 10

Survey Results 147   Q10 – Are there restrictions on the sources of funding used to incentivize safe behaviors? DOT Y es N o U ns ur e Alabama X Alaska X Arkansas X California X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana X Iowa X Kansas Kentucky X Louisiana Maine Maryland X Massachusetts Michigan X Minnesota X Mississippi X Missouri X Montana X Nebraska X Nevada X New Hampshire New Mexico X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X South Carolina X South Dakota X Tennessee X Texas X

148 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Utah X Vermont Virginia Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X Wyoming X Grand Total 17 3 13

Survey Results 149   Q11 – Does your DOT employ the use of any of these other safety improvement strategies? Select all that apply. DOT Sa fe ty A w ar en es s/H az ar d R ec og ni tio n Tr ai ni ng Sa fe ty R em in de rs Sa fe ty S ta nd D ow ns Sa fe ty T ra in in g Sa fe ty A cc ou nt ab ili ty G oo d C at ch P ro gr am s Le ad er sh ip T ra in in g O th er Alabama X X Alaska X X X X X Arkansas X X X X X California X X X X X X Colorado X X X X X X Delaware X X X X Hawaii X X X X X Idaho X X X X X X Illinois X X X X X X Indiana X X X X Iowa X X X X Kansas Kentucky X X X Louisiana Maine X X X X X X Maryland X Massachusetts X X X Michigan X X X X X Minnesota X X X X X Mississippi X X X X Missouri X X X X X X Montana X X X X Nebraska X X X X X Nevada X X X X X X X New Hampshire X X X X New Mexico X X X Ohio X Oregon X X X X X X X Pennsylvania X X X X X X South Carolina X X X South Dakota X X X Tennessee X X X X X X

150 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Texas X X X X X X X X Utah X X Vermont Virginia Washington X X X X X West Virginia X X X X X X Wisconsin X X X Wyoming X X X X X Grand Total 28 30 20 35 17 7 24 4

Survey Results 151   Q12 – How do you evaluate your DOT’s approach to motivate safe behaviors? Select all that apply. DOT N o ev al ua tio n is m ad e A na ly sis o f p er fo rm an ce m et ri cs (e .g ., O SH A re co rd ab le in ci de nt r at e) A na ly sis o f w or ke rs ’ co m pe ns at io n cl ai m s A na ly sis o f in ce nt iv es /d isi nc en tiv es fo r em pl oy ee s Ba se d on v al ue (c os ts v s. be ne fit s) D oc um en te d ch an ge in w or ke r sa fe ty b eh av io r In fo rm al , a ne cd ot al ev al ua tio n O th er Alabama X Alaska X X X Arkansas X X X California X X X X Colorado X X X Delaware X X X X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana X X X X X X Iowa X X Kansas Kentucky X X Louisiana Maine X X X Maryland X Massachusetts X Michigan X X Minnesota X X Mississippi X X X X Missouri X X X X Montana X X X X Nebraska X Nevada X X X X New Hampshire X New Mexico X X Ohio X Oregon X X Pennsylvania X X South Carolina X X South Dakota X X Tennessee X X X

152 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Texas X X X X X X Utah X Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia X X X X Wisconsin X Wyoming X X X X X X Grand Total 5 23 23 5 4 11 17 2

Survey Results 153   Q13 – What strategies has your DOT implemented to create a program to motivate safe behaviors? Select all that apply. DOT Fo rm at io n of o ve rs ig ht te am C om m un ic at io n pl an s/ ad ve rt ise m en t o f pr og ra m C ol le ct iv e ba rg ai ni ng Em pl oy ee e ng ag em en t Pi lo t p ro gr am in r eg io n or di st ri ct Em pl oy ee su gg es tio n or ot he r fe ed ba ck m ec ha ni sm D ed ic at ed st af f t o m an ag in g th e pr og ra m O th er Alabama X X X X Alaska X X X Arkansas X X X X X California X X X X X X Colorado X X Delaware X X X Hawaii X X X X Idaho X X Illinois X X X X X Indiana X X X X Iowa X X X X Kansas Kentucky X Louisiana Maine X X X X X Maryland X Massachusetts Michigan X Minnesota X X X X X Mississippi X X X Missouri X X X X Montana X X Nebraska X Nevada X X X New Hampshire New Mexico X X X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X X South Carolina X X South Dakota X X X Tennessee X X X

154 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Texas X X X X X X Utah X X X X Vermont Virginia Washington X X West Virginia X X X X Wisconsin X X Wyoming X X X X X Grand Total 5 14 4 29 12 25 13 4

Survey Results 155   Q14 – What challenges has your DOT experienced with implementing a program to motivate safe behaviors? Select all that apply. DOT La ck o f f un di ng La ck o f s ta ff in g su pp or t f or pr og ra m La ck o f e m pl oy ee b uy -in D ec lin in g pr og ra m m om en tu m O th er d ut ie s/p ro gr am h av e hi gh er p ri or ity La ck o f p er ce iv ed b en ef it Po or m or al e La ck o f e xe cu tiv e/ le ad er sh ip su pp or t D iff ic ul t t o ad m in ist er re gu la rl y an d fa ir ly La ck o f t im e to im pl em en t th e pr og ra m O th er Alabama X X X X X Alaska X X X X X Arkansas X X X X X X California X Colorado X X X X X X Delaware X X X X X X Hawaii X X X Idaho X X Illinois X X Indiana X X X Iowa X X X X X X X Kansas Kentucky X X X X X Louisiana Maine Maryland X X X X X X X X X Massachusetts X Michigan X X X Minnesota X X X X Mississippi X X X X X X X X X X Missouri X X X X Montana X X X X Nebraska X Nevada X New Hampshire X X X X X X X New Mexico X X Ohio X X X X X X X Oregon X X Pennsylvania X South Carolina X X X X X South Dakota X X X X Tennessee X

156 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Texas Utah X X Vermont Virginia Washington X X X X West Virginia X X Wisconsin X Wyoming X X X X X Grand Total 15 13 20 5 18 12 10 12 12 8 6

Survey Results 157   Q15 – How is your DOT management (by management level) involved in your program to motivate safe behaviors? Select all that apply. (Checked for “Yes” Response) Management Level: First line supervisor DOT D ay -t o- D ay P ar tic ip at io n Pa rt ic ip at io n at R eg ul ar Fr eq ue nc y (i. e. , w ee kl y, m on th ly , o r qu ar te rl y) A tt en di ng A w ar ds C er em on ie s Em pl oy ee R ec og ni tio n M ee tin gs A t t im e of sa fe ty in ci de nt Alabama X Alaska X X Arkansas X X X X X California X X X X X Colorado X Delaware X X Hawaii X Idaho X X X Illinois X X Indiana X X Iowa X Kansas Kentucky X Louisiana Maine X X Maryland X Massachusetts Michigan X Minnesota X X X X Mississippi X Missouri X X X X Montana X X X Nebraska X X X X X Nevada X X X X X New Hampshire New Mexico X X X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X X X X X South Carolina X X X X South Dakota X X X X X

158 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Tennessee X X Texas X X X X X Utah X Vermont Virginia Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X X X X Wyoming X X Grand Total 28 15 12 10 22

Survey Results 159   Management Level: Second line supervisor DOT D ay -t o- D ay P ar tic ip at io n Pa rt ic ip at io n at R eg ul ar Fr eq ue nc y (i. e. , w ee kl y, m on th ly , o r qu ar te rl y) A tt en di ng A w ar ds C er em on ie s Em pl oy ee R ec og ni tio n M ee tin gs A t t im e of sa fe ty in ci de nt Alabama X Alaska X X Arkansas X X X California X X X X X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana X X Iowa X Kansas Kentucky X X Louisiana Maine X X Maryland X Massachusetts Michigan X Minnesota X X X Mississippi X Missouri X X X X Montana Nebraska X X X X Nevada X X X X X New Hampshire New Mexico X X X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X X X X X South Carolina X X South Dakota X X X X X Tennessee X X Texas X X X

160 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Utah X Vermont Virginia Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X X X Wyoming X X Grand Total 15 17 14 13 13

Survey Results 161   Management Level: District/Region Manager DOT D ay -t o- D ay P ar tic ip at io n Pa rt ic ip at io n at R eg ul ar Fr eq ue nc y (i. e. , w ee kl y, m on th ly , o r qu ar te rl y) A tt en di ng A w ar ds C er em on ie s Em pl oy ee R ec og ni tio n M ee tin gs A t t im e of sa fe ty in ci de nt Alabama X Alaska X X X Arkansas X X X California X X X X X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana X X X Iowa X Kansas Kentucky X Louisiana Maine X X X Maryland X Massachusetts Michigan X Minnesota X X X Mississippi X Missouri X X X X Montana X Nebraska X X X Nevada X X X X New Hampshire New Mexico X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X X X X South Carolina X X South Dakota X X X X Tennessee X X X X Texas X X X X

162 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Utah X Vermont Virginia Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X X X Wyoming X X Grand Total 4 19 18 14 17

Survey Results 163   Management Level: Central Office Program Manager DOT D ay -t o- D ay P ar tic ip at io n Pa rt ic ip at io n at R eg ul ar Fr eq ue nc y (i. e. , w ee kl y, m on th ly , o r qu ar te rl y) A tt en di ng A w ar ds C er em on ie s Em pl oy ee R ec og ni tio n M ee tin gs A t t im e of sa fe ty in ci de nt Alabama X Alaska X Arkansas X California X Colorado X Delaware X Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana X X X X Iowa X Kansas Kentucky X Louisiana Maine X X Maryland X Massachusetts Michigan X Minnesota X Mississippi X Missouri X X X Montana X X X X Nebraska X X Nevada X X X New Hampshire New Mexico X X X X Ohio X Oregon X Pennsylvania X X X South Carolina X South Dakota X X X Tennessee X X X X Texas X X X

164 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Utah X Vermont Virginia Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X X Wyoming X X X X X Grand Total 6 15 19 12 11

Survey Results 165   Management Level: Executive DOT D ay -t o- D ay P ar tic ip at io n Pa rt ic ip at io n at R eg ul ar Fr eq ue nc y (i. e. , w ee kl y, m on th ly , o r qu ar te rl y) A tt en di ng A w ar ds C er em on ie s Em pl oy ee R ec og ni tio n M ee tin gs A t t im e of sa fe ty in ci de nt Alabama X Alaska X Arkansas X California X X Colorado X Delaware Hawaii X Idaho X Illinois X Indiana X X X Iowa X Kansas Kentucky X X Louisiana Maine X X Maryland X Massachusetts Michigan X Minnesota Mississippi X Missouri X X Montana Nebraska X Nevada X X X New Hampshire New Mexico X Ohio X Oregon X X Pennsylvania X X South Carolina X South Dakota X X X Tennessee X X X Texas X X X

166 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Utah X Vermont Virginia Washington X West Virginia X Wisconsin X X Wyoming X X Grand Total 1 9 19 10 10

Next: Appendix C - Case Example Questions »
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In comparable private sectors, incentive and disincentive programs have effectively promoted safe behaviors by employees. However, state departments of transportation (DOTs) have unique limitations and restrictions on their ability to financially incentivize safe actions by highway construction and maintenance crews or, in some cases, implement corrective actions to disincentivize unsafe actions. While navigating these restrictions is difficult, some DOTs have implemented unique approaches in order to institute incentives, including monetary awards, certificates, personal protective equipment, meals, and more.

NCHRP Synthesis 608: Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews, from TRB's National Cooperative Highway Research Program, documents state DOTs practices regarding safety incentive and disincentive programs for highway construction and maintenance crews.

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