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Page 167
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Case Example Questions." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Page 167
Page 168
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Case Example Questions." National Research Council. 2023. Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27176.
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Page 168

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167   A P P E N D I X C Case Example Questions NCHRP Synthesis 53-02 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Case Example Questions for DOTs with formal incentive/disincentive programs 1. Describe the motivations or “story” for the establishment of your formal incentive/disincentive program and describe the program itself (types of rewards, disincentives, frequency, etc.). 2. Describe your implementation strategies and their results. 3. How do you measure success of your formal incentive/disincentive program? 4. How do you fund the program? Are there restrictions? How much? 5. How do you get superintendent/supervisor/foremen buy-in and participation? What oversight and execution responsibilities are involved for staff? 6. What training is required to effectively run the program? 7. What benefits have you realized?

168 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews NCHRP Synthesis 53-02 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Case Example Questions for DOTs without formal incentive/disincentive programs 1. Describe the motivations for wanting to establish a formal incentive/disincentive program. 2. What do you envision being involved in your incentive/disincentive program? 3. What benefits do you anticipate realizing? 4. What organization (DOT policies and procedures) challenges have you encountered in trying to establish a formal incentive/disincentive program? 5. What personnel challenges have you encountered in trying to establish a formal incentive/disincentive program? 6. From DOTs that have successfully implemented a formal incentive/disincentive program, what information would assist you? 8. What challenges have you encountered and how were they overcome? 9. What lessons learned do you have for DOTs that would like to establish a formal program?

Next: Appendix D - DOT Safety Incentive/Disincentive Policies »
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In comparable private sectors, incentive and disincentive programs have effectively promoted safe behaviors by employees. However, state departments of transportation (DOTs) have unique limitations and restrictions on their ability to financially incentivize safe actions by highway construction and maintenance crews or, in some cases, implement corrective actions to disincentivize unsafe actions. While navigating these restrictions is difficult, some DOTs have implemented unique approaches in order to institute incentives, including monetary awards, certificates, personal protective equipment, meals, and more.

NCHRP Synthesis 608: Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews, from TRB's National Cooperative Highway Research Program, documents state DOTs practices regarding safety incentive and disincentive programs for highway construction and maintenance crews.

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