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Landscape of the FBO Industry in 2022 (2023)

Chapter: Appendix B - References and Bibliography

« Previous: Appendix A - FBO Survey
Page 69
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - References and Bibliography." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Landscape of the FBO Industry in 2022. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27295.
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Page 69
Page 70
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - References and Bibliography." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Landscape of the FBO Industry in 2022. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27295.
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Page 70
Page 71
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - References and Bibliography." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Landscape of the FBO Industry in 2022. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27295.
×
Page 71
Page 72
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - References and Bibliography." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Landscape of the FBO Industry in 2022. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27295.
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Page 72

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69   4Air, “Sustainable Aviation Fuel—An Introduction,” 2023, https://www.4air.aero/whitepapers/sustainable -aviation-fuel-an-introduction#:∼:text=Depending%20on%20the%20feedstock%2C%20not%20all %20SAF%20contains,though%20most%20commercially-available%20blends%20will%20only%20be %2030-38%25. 2023. Airlines for America, “The State of U.S. Commercial Aviation,” updated January 25, 2023, https://www.airlines .org/dataset/state-of-us-aviation/. AirNav, California Airports. Accessed November 10, 2022. https://www.airnav.com/airports/us/CA. AviationPros, “Revv Aviation Taking Fresh Approach to FBO Services,” July 27, 2022, https://www.aviationpros.com /fbos-tenants/press-release/21275499/revv-aviation-revv-aviation-taking-fresh-approach-to-fbo-services. BAE Systems, “What Is Advanced Air Mobility?,” n.d., https://www.baesystems.com/en-us/definition/what -is-advanced-air-mobility. Banchik, Leonardo, and Robin Riedel, “Right in Your Backyard: Regional Airports Are an Accessible and Under- used Resource for Future Air Mobility,” McKinsey & Company, May 26, 2021. Batey, Angus, “Demonstrations Highlight Operational Challenges for AAM,” Aviation Week Networks, October 5, 2022. Boatman, Julie, “Reid–Hillview Airport Battles Misconceptions,” FLYING, August 20, 2021, https://www .flyingmag.com/reid-hillview-airport-battles-misconceptions/. Bryant, Chris, “The Private Jet Boom Is Ripe for Public Scrutiny,” Bloomberg, October 19, 2022, https://bloomberg .com/opinion/articles/2022-10-20/the-private-jet-boom-is-ripe-for-public-scrutiny-of-its-environmental -impact#xj4y7vzkg. Carey, Bill, AAM on the Ground series, Aviation Week Network: “FBOs Eye New Market, Part 1,” May 31, 2022; “Charging Concepts Vary, Part 2,” June 1, 2022; “Electrical Need and Supply, Part 3,” June 2, 2022. Castagna, Curt, “DEPA-HQ-OLEM-2019-0341 Proposed Designation of Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) and Perfluorooctanesulfonic Acid (PFOS) as CERCLA Hazardous Substances,” NATA, November 7, 2022. Chokshi, Niraj, “Airlines Cash In as Flexible Work Changes Travel Patterns,” New York Times, October 22, 2022, https://www.nytimes.com/2022/10/21/business/airlines-flex-work-travel.html. Deloitte Insights, Advanced Air Mobility: Can the United States Afford to Lose the Race?, Aerospace Industries Association, 2022, https://www.aia-aerospace.org/wp-content/uploads/AAM-Can-the-US-Afford-to-Lose -the-Race.pdf. Desert Jet, “What Is a Fixed Base Operator?,” July 5, 2012, https://desertjet.com/2012/07/05/what-is-a-fixed-base -operator/. Enticknap, John, and Ron Jackson, “Preparing for a New Business Reality: Unbundled Services, Tiered Pricing,” AC-U-KWIK, July 30, 2020, https://www.acukwikalert.com/ac-u-kwik-fbo-connection/2020/7/30/preparing -for-a-new-business-reality-unbundled-services-tier.html. Epstein, Curt, “Hangar Foam: A Solution Looking for a Problem?,” Aviation International News, June 10, 2020, https://www.ainonline.com/aviation-news/business-aviation/2020-06-10/hangar-foam-solution-looking -problem. Epstein, Curt, “Airport to Take Over Alabama FBO,” Aviation International News, September 29, 2020, https:// www.ainonline.com/aviation-news/business-aviation/2020-09-29/airport-take-over-alabama-fbo. Epstein, Curt, “GIP Set to Acquire Signature Aviation in $4.6B Bid,” Aviation International News, January 11, 2021, https://www.ainonline.com/aviation-news/business-aviation/2021-01-11/gip-set-acquire-signature -aviation-46b-bid. Epstein, Curt, “Canada’s Skyservice Expands to U.S.,” Aviation International News, November 10, 2021, https:// www.ainonline.com/aviation-news/business-aviation/2021-11-10/canadas-skyservice-expands-us. A P P E N D I X B References and Bibliography

70 Landscape of the FBO Industry in 2022 Epstein, Curt, “FBO Survey Report: 2022—The Americas,” Aviation International News, April 1, 2022, https:// www.ainonline.com/aviation-news/business-aviation/2022-04-01/fbo-survey-report-2022-americas. Epstein, Curt, “Ross Aviation Goes Hawaiian,” Aviation International News, May 3, 2022, https://www.ainonline .com/aviation-news/business-aviation/2022-05-03/ross-aviation-goes-hawaiian. Epstein, Curt, “FBOs Feel the Labor Pinch,” Aviation International News, October 3, 2022, https://www.ainonline .com/aviation-news/business-aviation/2022-10-03/fbos-feel-labor-pinch. Epstein, Curt, “Flexjet to Join SPAC and Go Public,” Aviation International News, October 11, 2022, https://www .ainonline.com/aviation-news/business-aviation/2022-10-11/flexjet-join-spac-and-go-public. Epstein, Curt, “Honeywell Sees Strong Growth Ahead for Bizav,” Aviation International News, October 16, 2022, https://www.ainonline.com/aviation-news/business-aviation/2022-10-16/honeywell-sees-strong -growth-ahead-bizav. Epstein, Curt, “NetJets Nears 1,000-Aircraft Fleet,” Aviation International News, November 3, 2022. FAA, “Advisory Circulars on Exclusive Rights and Minimum Standards for Commercial Aeronautical Activities,” Appendix C in FAA Airport Compliance Manual, Order 5190.6B, September 30, 2009, https://www.faa.gov /documentlibrary/media/order/5190_6b.pdf. FAA, “Submitting the Airport Master Record in Order to Activate a New Airport,” Advisory Circular 150/ 5200-35A, September  23, 2010, https://www.faa.gov/documentLibrary/media/Advisory_Circular/AC_150 _5200-35A.pdf. FAA, “FAA, Industry Chart Path to Eliminate Lead Emissions from General Aviation by the End of 2030,” Feb- ruary 23, 2022, https://www.faa.gov/newsroom/faa-industry-chart-path-eliminate-lead-emissions-general -aviation-end-2030. FAA, “FAA Aerospace Forecast Fiscal Years 2022–2042,” updated June 28, 2022. https://www.faa.gov/sites/faa.gov /files/2022-06/FAA_Aerospace_Forecasts_FY_2022-2042.pdf. FAA, Federal Regulations 14 CFR 91.225 and 14 CFR 91.227. FAA, “National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems—Current: 2023–2027 NPIAS,” last updated September 30, 2022, https://www.faa.gov/airports/planning_capacity/npias/current. Ferguson, George, Don Spieth, and Andrew Young, “Back to the Future, Not Unusual Business,” AMSTAT Busi- ness Aviation Quarterly Report, October 2022. Ferguson, George, Don Spieth, and Andrew Young, “Business Aviation’s New Path—How the Economy, Travel, and Wealth Influence Your Angle of Attack in 2022,” AMSTAT Quarterly Report Webinar, February 17, 2022, https:// www.amstatcorp.com/market-report/amstat-iada-business-aircraft-resale-market-presentation-0-1-1. FRED (Federal Reserve Economic Data), “Employment Level,” Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, informa- tion to September 2022, accessed October 26, 2022, https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/CE16OV. FRED (Federal Reserve Economic Data), “Federal Funds Effective Rate,” Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, information to October 2022, accessed October 26, 2022, https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/DFF. Fuchs, Guenter, “Great Expectations: What’s Required for AAM Players to Become Some of the Largest Airlines in the World,” McKinsey & Company, October 6, 2022. Ganti, Akhilesh, “What Real Gross Domestic Product (Real GDP) Is, How to Calculate It, vs. Nominal,” Investo- pedia, updated July 3, 2023, https://www.investopedia.com/terms/r/realgdp.asp. General Aviation Manufacturers Association, “2021 Annual Data.” General Aviation Manufacturers Association, “Shipment Record: 2020 Year-End,” May 20, 2021, https://gama .aero/wp-content/uploads/2020ShipmentReport-05202021.pdf. General Aviation Manufacturers Association, “General Aviation Aircraft Shipment Record: 2021 Year-End,” May 16, 2022, https://gama.aero/wp-content/uploads/2021ShipmentReport-2022-05-16-1.pdf. General Aviation Manufacturers Association, “General Aviation Aircraft Shipment Record: 2022 Year-End Report,” March 10, 2023, https://gama.aero/wp-content/uploads/2022ShipmentReport2023-03-10.pdf General Aviation News Staff, “AOPA Files Complaint with FAA on 100LL Ban,” General Aviation News, October 20, 2022, https://generalaviationnews.com/2022/10/20/aopa-files-complaint-with-faa-on-100ll-ban/. Godlewski, Meg, “Aviation Community Livid with Santa Clara County over Looming 100LL Ban,” FLYING, December 15, 2021, https://www.flyingmag.com/aviation-community-livid-with-santa-clara-county-over -looming-100ll-ban/. Godlewski, Meg, “FAA Investigates Alleged Safety and Grant Violations at Reid–Hillview Airport,” FLYING, December 28, 2021, https://www.flyingmag.com/faa-investigates-alleged-safety-and-grant-violations-at -reid-hillview-airport/. Gollan, Doug, “Charter/Fractional Private Jet Market Share Grows to 54.3%.” Private Jet Card Comparisons (blog), March 1, 2022a. https://privatejetcardcomparisons.com/2022/03/01/charter-fractional-private-jet -market-shares-grows-to-54-3/. Gollan, Doug, “2021’s 30 Biggest Charter/Fractional Private Jet Companies Ranked (Full Year),” Private Jet Card Comparisons (blog), March 2, 2022b. https://privatejetcardcomparisons.com/2022/03/02/2021s-30-biggest -charter-fractional-private-jet-companies-ranked-full-year/.

References and Bibliography 71   Gollan, Doug, “Argus Predicts 2.3% January Gain in Private Jet Flight Activity,” Private Jet Comparisons (blog), January  6, 2023, https://privatejetcardcomparisons.com/2023/01/06/argus-predicts-2-3-january-gain-in -private-jet-flight-activity/. Greenbank, Chloe, “Jet Aviation Expands Investment in Three US Facilities,” Regional Gateway, October 17, 2022, https://www.regionalgateway.net/jet-aviation-expands-investment-in-three-us-facilities/. Grossman, Eric, “Private Flying Is Booming. But Parking Space for All Those Jets Is at a Premium,” Penta, July 26, 2022, https://www.barrons.com/articles/private-flying-is-booming-but-parking-space-for-all-those-jets-is -at-premium-01658851110. Hoff, Madison, and Juiliana Kaplan, “13 Reasons That Help Explain the Labor Shortage in the U.S.,” Insider, December 8, 2021, https://www.businessinsider.com/potential-reasons-explain-labor-shortage -open-jobs-not-enough-workers-2021-12. Honeywell, “What Is Sustainable Aviation Fuel?,” n.d., https://www.honeywell.com/us/en/news/2021/12 /what-is-sustainable-aviation-fuel. Honeywell, “Honeywell Explores Future of Hydrogen-Powered Aircraft,” 2022, https://aerospace.honeywell .com/us/en/about-us/blogs/honeywell-explores-future-of-hydrogen-powered-aircraft. Hughes, Jazmine, “Need to Keep Gen Z Workers Happy? Hire a ‘Generational Consultant,’” New York Times, February  19, 2020, https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/02/19/magazine/millennials-gen-z-consulting .html. Kamin, Debra, “More Private Jets Take to the Skies, Creating Gridlock on the Ground,” New York Times, March 29, 2022, https://www.nytimes.com/2022/03/29/business/private-jet-parking-hangars.html. Kesslen, Ben, “East Hampton Loses Battle to Privatize Airport,” New York Post, October 20, 2022, https://nypost .com/2022/10/20/east-hampton-loses-battle-to-privatize-airport/. Koshmrl, Mike, “Airport, Again, Spikes Idea of Second FBO,” Jackson Hole News and Guide, July 22, 2020, https:// www.jhnewsandguide.com/news/business/airport-again-spikes-idea-of-second-fbo/article_561eb5df -8110-5663-a0f8-f061a8af325b.html. Kowalick, Claire, “City May Take Over FBO Services at Regional Airport,” Times Record News, July 3, 2020, https://www.timesrecordnews.com/story/news/local/2020/07/03/city-may-take-over-fbo-services-regional /5372020002/. Kramer, L. S., J. P. Daniel, M. Moore, M. Moroney, and G. Shafer, ACRP Synthesis 86: Airport Operator Options for Delivery of FBO Services, Transportation Research Board, 2018. Kramer, L. S., R. Jones, D. Neuder, N. Tessitore, and G. Shafer, ACRP Research Report 192: Airport Management Guide for Providing Aircraft Fueling Services, Transportation Research Board, 2019. Kramer, Lois S., ACRP Synthesis 108: Characteristics of the FBO Industry 2018–2019, Transportation Research Board, 2020. Leeds School of Business, 2022 Colorado Business Economic Outlook, University of Colorado Boulder, 2022, https://spl.cde.state.co.us/artemis/ucbserials/ucb4109internet/ucb41092022internet.pdf. Liu, Ted, “InstarAGF Acquires Skyservice,” Private Capital Journal, September 18, 2017, https://privatecapital journal.com/instaragf-acquires-skyservice/. Lynch, Kerry, “Bombardier Tapping Market for ‘Certified’ Preowned Aircraft,” Aviation International News, October  17, 2022, https://www.ainonline.com/aviation-news/business-aviation/2022-10-17/bombardier -tapping-market-certified-preowned-aircraft. Mellon, Michelle, “Understanding NFPA 409: Fire Suppression for Aircraft Hangars,” Vanguard, September 10, 2022, https://vanguard-fire.com/understanding-nfpa-409-fire-suppression-for-aircraft-hangars/. Milke, James, Sudeep Behera, Kelliann Lee, and Caroline Slingluff, “Review of Foam Fire Suppression System Dis- charges in Aircraft Hangars,” February 22, 2021, https://www.nata.aero/assets/Site_18/files/NFPA%20409 /UMD%20Report%2011-12.pdf. Naples Airport, “Noise Abatement Measures,” updated June 2023, https://www.flynaples.com/noise-abatement -measures/. NATA (National Air Transportation Association), “Fire Marshal Toolkit,” June 10, 2020, https://www.nata.aero /assets/Site_18/files/GIA/NFPA409/Fire%20Marshal%20Toolkit.pdf. NATA (National Air Transportation Association), “Aircraft Hangar Fire Protection Guidance,” June 13, 2022, https://nata.aero/assets/Site_18/files/NFPA%20409/NATAAircraftHangarFireProtectionGuidance.pdf. National Business Aviation Association, “COVID-19 Impacting General Aviation Airports,” April 1, 2020, https:// nbaa.org/aircraft-operations/safety/coronavirus/covid-19-point-of-impact/point-of-impact-covid-19-impacting -general-aviation-airports/. Ollek, Josh, Dan Capek, Bram Hall, Gordie Vap, “Despite Headwinds, Consolidation of Fixed Base Operators Will Continue,” William Blair Research, July 21, 2020, file:///C:/Users/dao5zm/Downloads/Fixed-Based -Operators-July-2020%20(1).pdf. Orloff, Matthew, “Four Corners Aviation Acquires UltraAir,” Aviation Week Network, October 6, 2022, https:// aviationweek.com/business-aviation/aircraft-propulsion/four-corners-aviation-acquires-ultraair.

72 Landscape of the FBO Industry in 2022 Petrie, Joe, “Is It Time to Sell Your FBO?,” AviationPros, October 17, 2022, https://www.aviationpros.com /fbos-tenants/article/21283499/is-it-time-to-sell-your-fbo. Phelps, Mark, “Can Unleaded Avgas Blunt Efforts to Close Reid–Hillview Airport?,” AVweb, August 17, 2021, https://www.avweb.com/aviation-news/can-unleaded-avgas-stop-efforts-to-close-reid-hillview-airport/. San Bernadino International Airport, “FBO Pricing Policy: Fiscal Year 2022–23,” updated July 1, 2022, https:// www.luxivairsbd.com/flight-planning/fees/. Schwab, Amy, Anna Thomas, Jesse Bennett, Emma Robertson, and Scott Cary, Electrification of Aircraft: Chal- lenges, Barriers, and Potential Impacts, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), October 2021. Smith, Josh, “GSE through the Lens of the FBO,” AviationPros, July 23, 2019, https://www.aviationpros.com/gse /article/21089731/gse-through-the-lens-of-fbos. Staggs, Brooke, “Long Beach Pursues Plan to Reduce Leaded Fuel at Airport,” AviationPros, October 8, 2022, https://www.aviationpros.com/airports/news/21284322/long-beach-pursues-plan-to-reduce-leaded-fuel-at -airport. Stalnaker, Tom, Khalid Usman, and Andrew Buchanan, “Despite Big Travel Numbers, Airlines Aren’t Roaring Back Yet,” CNN Business, April 13, 2021, https://www.cnn.com/2021/04/13/perspectives/travel-airlines -pandemic/index.html. Stalnaker, Tom, Khalid Usman, Grant Alport, Andrew Buchanan, Aaron Taylor, Airline Economic Analysis 2021–2022, Oliver Wyman, 2022, https://www.oliverwyman.com/content/dam/oliver-wyman/v3/Airline -Economic-Analysis-2021-2022.pdf. Stawski, Benji, “The 8 Cheapest Ways to Get the Private Jet Experience,” The Points Guy, September 21, 2021, https://thepointsguy.com/guide/affordable-private-jets/. Strum, Beckie, “Second Homes Are Driving the U.S.’s COVID-19 Housing Boom,” Penta, November 20, 2020, https://www.barrons.com/articles/second-homes-are-driving-the-u-s-s-covid-19-housing-boom -01605885642. Thornbruch, Kaye, “New Jet Center Takes Off,” North Idaho Business Journal, July 27, 2021, https://businessjournal northidaho.com/news/2021/jul/27/BJNI-new-jet-center-takes/#:∼:text=StanCraft%20Jet%20Center %20opened%20in,Alene%20Airport%20Pappy%2DBoyington%20Field. U.S. DOE, “Sustainable Aviation Fuels,” n.d., U.S. Department of Energy. https://www.energy.gov/eere/bioenergy /sustainable-aviation-fuels. Verzoni, Angelo, “Beyond Foam,” NFPA Journal, January 5, 2022, https://www.nfpa.org/News-and-Research /Publications-and-media/NFPA-Journal/2022/Spring-2022/News-and-Analysis/Dispatches/Beyond-Foam. Wilson, Douglas, “FBOs in a Post-pandemic World,” Airport Business, January/February 2021, https://fbopartners .com/wp-content/uploads/AB_FBOs-in-a-Post-Pandemic-World-Jan-Feb-21.pdf. Young, Andrew, “AMSTAT Business Aircraft Preowned Market,” AMSTAT, January 4, 2022, https://www.amstatcorp .com/preowned-market-report-landing.

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In 2020, ACRP Synthesis 108: Characteristics of the FBO Industry 2018–2019 described the characteristics of the fixed-base operator (FBO) industry using data collected in 2018 and 2019. The objective of this synthesis was to follow up ACRP Synthesis 108 by examining selected recent and current trends in the aviation industry and their impacts at FBOs.

ACRP Synthesis 129: Landscape of the FBO Industry in 2022, from TRB's Airport Cooperative Research Program, investigates how general aviation fared during the COVID-19 pandemic and how FBOs, as the principal service agents for the industry, met pandemic challenges and addressed changes that predated COVID-19.

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