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Suggested Citation:"4 Conclusion." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Risk Analysis Methods for Nuclear War and Nuclear Terrorism: Phase II (Abbreviated Report of the CUI Version). Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27393.
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4
Conclusion

The United States and its allies are facing serious and evolving threats to nuclear security and peace. Examples include new strategic conditions with two or more adversaries with large nuclear arsenals; domestic and foreign terrorist organizations with possible connections between them; and adversaries obtaining other powerful capabilities (i.e., biological, chemical, cyber weapons) and adopting first-use doctrines.

The ability of the United States to maintain deterrence in peace and restore deterrence in war will be strongly influenced by thoughtful and well-done risk analysis that allows the U.S. government decision makers to have access to a wider array of possible outcomes and choices—even those “contingencies,” as stated by Thomas Schelling, that look unfamiliar and strange and, therefore, improbable. The United States as a nation has much it can do to improve that ability.

Suggested Citation:"4 Conclusion." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Risk Analysis Methods for Nuclear War and Nuclear Terrorism: Phase II (Abbreviated Report of the CUI Version). Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27393.
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The Committee on Risk Analysis Methods for Nuclear War and Nuclear Terrorism was established and managed by the National Academies of Sciences, Medicine, and Engineering in response to a congressional mandate to independently explore U.S. government methods for assessing nuclear war and nuclear terrorism risks and how those assessments are used to develop strategy and policy. This publication is the public, abbreviated version of the classified report.

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