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Suggested Citation:"Glossary." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Airport Landside Data: Collection and Application. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27403.
Page 34

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34 • Automatic Traffic Recorders (ATR) Machines – Equipment, often portable, that records the traffic volume crossing a tube or detector. • Automatic Vehicle Identification (AVI) – A system or Radio Frequency Identification equip- ment (e.g., vehicle-mounted tags or transponders) commonly used on roadways and bridges to collect tolls. • Business Intelligence (BI) Tool – A software application designed to collect, analyze, and present complex data in a meaningful and actionable way to support business decision-making. Examples include Microsoft PowerBI and Tableau. • Demand Capacity Ratio – A measure that compares the demand for a service or resource to its available capacity. • Holdroom – A waiting area in an airport associated with a gate for the staging of passengers waiting to board an aircraft at the gate. • Landside – For this report, landside includes on-airport roadways and curbsides serving pas- sengers while excluding public parking and rental car facilities. • Terminal – For this report, terminal includes public areas of the passenger terminal building between the building entrances and where passengers scan boarding passes during aircraft boarding. • Mode Share – The proportion of travelers using a particular type of ground transportation service (e.g., private vehicle, taxicab, public transit). • Privacy by Design – A proactive approach to privacy protection that incorporates privacy considerations into the design and development of products, services, and systems from the outset. • Transportation Network Company – A ride-hailing service that connects passengers with drivers via a smartphone app. Examples include Uber and Lyft. • Vehicle Classification – The proportion of each type of ground transportation service (e.g., private vehicle, taxi, limousine) in a traffic stream. Glossary

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 Airport Landside Data: Collection and Application
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Airports collect data to help understand the customer journey from the entrance or access points of the airport to the boarding gates. Processes may change in order to improve the customer experience when the collected data are analyzed.

ACRP Synthesis 132: Airport Landside Data: Collection and Application, from TRB's Airport Cooperative Research Program, documents landside data, collection methods, analysis, and interpretation and discusses how that information affects airport decision-making.


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