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Ruggedness of Laboratory Tests to Assess Cracking Resistance of Asphalt Mixtures (2023)

Chapter: Appendix E: Climate Data of the 40 LTPP Field Sections

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Climate Data of the 40 LTPP Field Sections." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Ruggedness of Laboratory Tests to Assess Cracking Resistance of Asphalt Mixtures. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27421.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Climate Data of the 40 LTPP Field Sections." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Ruggedness of Laboratory Tests to Assess Cracking Resistance of Asphalt Mixtures. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27421.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Climate Data of the 40 LTPP Field Sections." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Ruggedness of Laboratory Tests to Assess Cracking Resistance of Asphalt Mixtures. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27421.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Climate Data of the 40 LTPP Field Sections." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Ruggedness of Laboratory Tests to Assess Cracking Resistance of Asphalt Mixtures. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27421.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Climate Data of the 40 LTPP Field Sections." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Ruggedness of Laboratory Tests to Assess Cracking Resistance of Asphalt Mixtures. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27421.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Climate Data of the 40 LTPP Field Sections." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Ruggedness of Laboratory Tests to Assess Cracking Resistance of Asphalt Mixtures. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27421.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Climate Data of the 40 LTPP Field Sections." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Ruggedness of Laboratory Tests to Assess Cracking Resistance of Asphalt Mixtures. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27421.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Climate Data of the 40 LTPP Field Sections." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Ruggedness of Laboratory Tests to Assess Cracking Resistance of Asphalt Mixtures. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27421.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Climate Data of the 40 LTPP Field Sections." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Ruggedness of Laboratory Tests to Assess Cracking Resistance of Asphalt Mixtures. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27421.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Climate Data of the 40 LTPP Field Sections." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Ruggedness of Laboratory Tests to Assess Cracking Resistance of Asphalt Mixtures. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27421.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Climate Data of the 40 LTPP Field Sections." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Ruggedness of Laboratory Tests to Assess Cracking Resistance of Asphalt Mixtures. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27421.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Climate Data of the 40 LTPP Field Sections." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Ruggedness of Laboratory Tests to Assess Cracking Resistance of Asphalt Mixtures. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27421.
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E-1 APPENDIX E: CLIMATE DATA OF THE 40 LTPP FIELD SECTIONS Table E-1. Climate (MERRA Data) Information of LTPP Sections 01-0101, 01-0102, 01-0103, 01-0104, 01-0105, 01-0106. Year Annual Average Precipitation (mm) Annual Average Temperature (deg C) Annual Average Freeze Index (deg C deg days) Annual Average Humidity Min–Max (%) 1993 1280.4 17 4 12–113 1994 1845.3 16.9 10 23–110 1995 1258.2 17.5 6.6 21–113 1996 1201.5 16.9 27 19–113 1997 1475.3 17.1 5.3 14–114 1998 1396.7 18.4 0 16–115 1999 1145.2 18 6.2 12–118 2000 845.2 17.8 12 12–116 2001 1167.2 17.4 3 12–118 2002 1117.8 18 3 16–114 2003 1593.8 17.1 6 15–114 2004 1378.6 17.7 2 16–116 2005 1847.6 17.4 2 13–118 Table E-2. Climate (MERRA Data) Information of LTPP Sections 04-A901, 04-A903. Year Annual Average Precipitation (mm) Annual Average Temperature (deg C) Annual Average Freeze Index (deg C deg days) Annual Average Humidity Min–Max (%) 1993 354.5 17 0 3–117 1994 161.1 18.2 0 4–106 1995 170.7 18.5 0 4–110 1996 223.9 18.9 0 3–110 1997 228.2 18.4 0.1 2–113 1998 225 17.2 0 4–114 1999 130 18.4 0 3–103 2000 100.6 19 0 2–114 2001 176.5 19 0 3–108 2002 53.6 19 0 2–105 2003 220.7 19.3 0 3–110 2004 292.3 18.5 0 4–110 2005 415.4 18.3 0 4–109 2006 124.9 18.5 0 3–116

E-2 Table E-3. Climate (MERRA Data) Information of LTPP Sections 04-B901, 04-B903. Year Annual Average Precipitation (mm) Annual Average Temperature (deg C) Annual Average Freeze Index (deg C deg days) Annual Average Humidity Min–Max (%) 1995 155.3 22.4 0 3–104 1996 77 23 0 2–105 1997 146.3 22.5 0 2–108 1998 216.3 21.2 0 4–111 1999 77.1 22.4 0 4–106 2000 90.3 22.8 0 2–105 2001 238.5 22.8 0 2–103 2002 62 22.7 0 2–102 2003 195.8 22.9 0 3–100 2004 170 22.4 0 3–112 2005 200.5 22.5 0 2–108

E-3 Table E-4. Climate (MERRA Data) Information of LTPP Sections 05-0803, 05-0804. Year Annual Average Precipitation (mm) Annual Average Temperature (deg C) Annual Average Freeze Index (deg C deg days) Annual Average Humidity Min–Max (%) 1997 1567.5 16.5 50.7 16–117 1998 1352.9 18.9 16.8 13–116 1999 1216.7 18.2 14.7 9–118 2000 1114.6 17.6 50 12–118 2001 1767.2 17.3 22 14–110 2002 1592.1 17 9 13–120 2003 1135.5 17 15 15–115 2004 1866.1 17.2 26 10–112 2005 1060.2 18 10 14–114 2006 1474.7 17.9 10 16–112 2007 1306.9 17.8 11 18–118 2008 1733.9 16.7 15 19–117 2009 2163 16.2 8 22–111 2010 894.2 17.6 63 13–111 2011 1055.8 18.1 27 12–117 2012 1141.5 18.5 4 9–114 2013 1490.1 16.9 23 11–117 2014 1359.1 16.1 68 13–118 2015 1508.3 17.8 41 10–113 2016 1550.5 18.2 9 11–115 2017 1432.3 18.3 17.8 14–111 2018 1704.6 17.3 47 18–112 2019 2038.4 17.6 7 18–115 2020 1744.7 17 2 27–115

E-4 Table E-5. Climate (MERRA Data) Information of LTPP Section 18-A901. Year Annual Average Precipitation (mm) Annual Average Temperature (deg C) Annual Average Freeze Index (deg C deg days) Annual Average Humidity Min–Max (%) 1990 1558.4 10.7 157 31–128 1991 1065 11.2 340 21–118 1992 1037.9 9.7 207 33–120 1993 1507.7 9.7 333 36–119 1994 983 10.1 380.4 22–118 1995 983.7 10.1 423.4 20–118 1996 1376.6 9.3 481 25–121 1997 1204 9.6 307.2 25–117 1998 1053.9 11.9 134.3 23–117 1999 933.9 11.4 283 11–121 2000 1126.7 10.4 444 26–123 2001 1062.6 11.2 225 28–111 2002 1226.4 11 191 21–115 2003 1410.1 9.9 444 32–132 2004 1428.4 10.6 424 19–114

E-5 Table E-6. Climate (MERRA Data) Information of LTPP Section 28-0805. Year Annual Average Precipitation (mm) Annual Average Temperature (deg C) Annual Average Freeze Index (deg C deg days) Annual Average Humidity Min–Max (%) 1996 1495.7 16 104 21–112 1997 1471.2 15.7 63.6 23–117 1998 1358.8 18 23.7 14–116 1999 1083.4 17.5 26.7 11–118 2000 1101.2 17.3 62 9–117 2001 1669.9 16.6 26 18–113 2002 1686.8 16.4 17 17–118 2003 1444.6 16.1 34 21–112 2004 1745.3 16.5 42 11–114 2005 1146.8 17.2 13 14–116 2006 1410.7 17.3 16 16–117 2007 1130.6 17.7 16 15–114 2008 1329.1 16.3 25 20–116 2009 2055.8 15.8 24 30–113 2010 945.3 16.7 89 12–116 2011 1172.9 17.2 39 19–113 2012 1159 17.9 7 10–120 2013 1597.8 16 22 16–121 2014 1480.4 15.3 90 20–115 2015 1476.1 17 54 12–118 2016 1682.6 17.9 20 11–116 2017 1542.7 17.7 28.6 20–113 2018 1794.7 16.8 65 25–118 2019 2030.6 17.1 16 19–113 2020 1784 16.7 8 27–118

E-6 Table E-7. Climate (MERRA Data) Information of LTPP Section 28-0902. Year Annual Average Precipitation (mm) Annual Average Temperature (deg C) Annual Average Freeze Index (deg C deg days) Annual Average Humidity Min–Max (%) 1990 1513.4 17.5 16 13–114 1991 1666 16.7 11.6 19–109 1992 1262.2 15.8 10 17–111 1993 1519.5 16 10 22–114 1994 1689.7 16.3 42.5 19–114 1995 1367.6 16.5 29.3 11–110 1996 1495.7 16 104 21–112 1997 1471.2 15.7 63.6 23–117 1998 1358.8 18 23.7 14–116 1999 1083.4 17.5 26.7 11–118 2000 1101.2 17.3 62 9–117 Table E-8. Climate (MERRA Data) Information of LTPP Sections 30-0901, 30-0902, 30-0903. Year Annual Average Precipitation (mm) Annual Average Temperature (deg C) Annual Average Freeze Index (deg C deg days) Annual Average Humidity Min–Max (%) 1998 541 7.8 428.6 11–113 1999 579.3 7.6 214.1 11–112 2000 463.7 6.9 510 10–110 2001 386.2 7.7 386 10–112 2002 563.2 6.4 468 12–111 2003 536 7.8 484 9–118 2004 619.1 7.3 385 11–108 2005 669.6 6.9 562 11–115 2006 612.3 7.9 345 11–113 2007 504.1 7.8 502 8–113 2008 621.4 6.3 604 11–107 2009 613.9 6 668 13–114 2010 813 6.1 614 14–111 2011 686.1 6.3 580 14–106 2012 589 7.9 411 11–118 2013 642.4 7.1 516 11–114 2014 716.2 6.6 662 16–113 2015 674.9 8.1 465 11–109 2016 707.7 7.9 426 12–106

E-7 Table E-9. Climate (MERRA Data) Information of LTPP Sections 35-0501, 35-0502, ,35-0503, 35-0504, 35-0505. Year Annual Average Precipitation (mm) Annual Average Temperature (deg C) Annual Average Freeze Index (deg C deg days) Annual Average Humidity Min–Max (%) 1990 389.6 15.9 7 4–109 1991 325.9 15 0.4 3–120 1992 435.9 15.4 4 2–117 1993 256.3 16.1 1 3–114 1994 258.4 16.9 0.6 4–124 1995 181.1 16.5 0 4–106 1996 214.2 17 6 2–107 1997 314.9 16.5 10.6 3–109 1998 170.3 16.1 0 2–116 1999 101.8 16.6 0 2–100 2000 246.9 17.1 0 3–108 2001 194.9 16.8 0 3–111 2002 176.2 17.1 0 2–106 2003 194.3 17.5 1 2–111 2004 341.3 16.2 2 3–117 2005 234 17.1 2 3–120 2006 331.5 16.6 1 3–117 2007 252.8 16.5 7 5–111 Table E-10. Climate (MERRA Data) Information of LTPP Sections 35-AA01, 35-AA02, 35-AA03, 35-AA61, 35-AA62. Year Annual Average Precipitation (mm) Annual Average Temperature (deg C) Annual Average Freeze Index (deg C deg days) Annual Average Humidity Min–Max (%) 2014 450.9 13.5 57 4–103 2015 845.6 13.5 62 7–113 2016 277 14.2 18 6–105 2017 388.6 14.6 13.3 4–104 2018 287.6 14.4 29 4–107 2019 382 13.7 25 8–108 2020 314.1 14.7 27 4–102

E-8 Table E-11. Climate (MERRA Data) Information of LTPP Sections 35-0801, 35-0802. Year Annual Average Precipitation (mm) Annual Average Temperature (deg C) Annual Average Freeze Index (deg C deg days) Annual Average Humidity Min–Max (%) 1996 214.2 17 6 2–107 1997 314.9 16.5 10.6 3–109 1998 170.3 16.1 0 2–116 1999 101.8 16.6 0 2–100 2000 246.9 17.1 0 3–108 2001 194.9 16.8 0 3–111 2002 176.2 17.1 0 2–106 2003 194.3 17.5 1 2–111 2004 341.3 16.2 2 3–117 2005 234 17.1 2 3–120 2006 331.5 16.6 1 3–117 2007 252.8 16.5 7 5–111 2008 319.3 16.1 2 2–117 2009 216.2 16.7 0 4–107 2010 266.2 16.2 1 5–106 2011 159.4 17 27 2–109 2012 144.4 17.6 0 2–110 2013 305.7 16.4 6 3–109 2014 489.4 17.4 1 3–116 2015 490.8 17 0 5–111 2016 444.2 17.7 0 3–116 2017 522.3 18.1 0 2–114 2018 346.2 17.7 1 3–104 2019 336.5 17.1 2 4–116 2020 269.5 17.9 0 2–108

E-9 Table E-12. Climate (MERRA Data) Information of LTPP Sections 35-0901, 35-0902, 35-0903. Year Annual Average Precipitation (mm) Annual Average Temperature (deg C) Annual Average Freeze Index (deg C deg days) Annual Average Humidity Min–Max (%) 1990 389.6 15.9 7 4–109 1991 325.9 15 0.4 3–120 1992 435.9 15.4 4 2–117 1993 256.3 16.1 1 3–114 1994 258.4 16.9 0.6 4–124 1995 181.1 16.5 0 4–106 1996 214.2 17 6 2–107 1997 314.9 16.5 10.6 3–109 1998 170.3 16.1 0 2–116 1999 101.8 16.6 0 2–100 2000 246.9 17.1 0 3–108 2001 194.9 16.8 0 3–111 2002 176.2 17.1 0 2–106 2003 194.3 17.5 1 2–111 2004 341.3 16.2 2 3–117 2005 234 17.1 2 3–120 2006 331.5 16.6 1 3–117 2007 252.8 16.5 7 5–111

E-10 Table E-13. Climate (MERRA Data) Information of LTPP Sections 37-0801, 37-0802, 37-0859. Year Annual Average Precipitation (mm) Annual Average Temperature (deg C) Annual Average Freeze Index (deg C deg days) Annual Average Humidity Min–Max (%) 1997 1264.1 16.1 13.9 22–113 1998 1638 17.2 8.2 23–115 1999 1480.9 16.7 8.6 25–113 2000 1440.4 15.6 60 27–112 2001 938.6 16.9 6 18–119 2002 1429.4 17.3 6 20–120 2003 1809.9 16.2 20 31–113 2004 1385.8 16.4 33 28–119 2005 1672.1 16.7 17 30–115 2006 1555.6 16.9 2 30–115 2007 905.5 17.4 4 24–114 2008 1266.3 17 9 25–122 2009 1532.1 16.6 16 29–116 2010 1423.3 16.1 38 24–112 2011 1061.2 17.3 8 21–112 2012 1614.5 17.3 2 24–116 2013 1602.3 16.2 3 25–117 2014 1759.2 16 32 28–118 2015 1603.2 17.3 31 30–112 2016 1800 17 18 35–114 2017 1269.5 17.5 23.4 27–118 2018 1881.2 17.2 46 30–112 2019 1391.2 17.9 5 25–111 2020 1608 17.6 2 34–112

E-11 Table E-14. Climate (MERRA Data) Information of LTPP Sections 49-0803, 49-0804. Year Annual Average Precipitation (mm) Annual Average Temperature (deg C) Annual Average Freeze Index (deg C deg days) Annual Average Humidity Min–Max (%) 1997 939.6 3.3 1064.9 10–114 1998 940.1 3.5 911.2 9–132 1999 777.7 4.2 751.3 9–120 2000 829.4 4.5 851 6–114 2001 707.1 4.8 883 7–127 2002 703.7 3.9 1040 5–125 2003 766.3 5 703 5–120 2004 978.7 4.1 875 10–122 2005 1209.6 4.1 848 8–121 2006 906 4.1 931 9–124 2007 723.3 5.1 833 7–112 2008 997 3 1220 9–116 2009 949.9 3.4 1003 11–122 2010 1197.3 3.2 1114 7–115 2011 1025.4 2.8 1072 10–119 2012 850.9 5.2 805 5–115 2013 724.4 3.8 1038 8–121 2014 1033 5.4 558 8–120 2015 855.2 5.7 597 8–122 2016 1046.3 5 793 5–128 2017 1125.4 5.2 614.1 9–135 2018 808.3 5.2 731 8–126 2019 1200.2 3.5 1006 8–116 2020 657.6 4.9 885 4–122

E-12 Table E-15. Climate (MERRA Data) Information of LTPP Sections 55-0805, 55-0806. Year Annual Average Precipitation (mm) Annual Average Temperature (deg C) Annual Average Freeze Index (deg C deg days) Annual Average Humidity Min–Max (%) 1997 935.7 4.5 1086.3 36–117 1998 884.8 7.4 634.8 32–117 1999 1017.9 6.2 874.1 24–121 2000 931.1 5.5 1103 25–119 2001 924.4 6.3 901 27–122 2002 1170.5 5.8 759 28–115 2003 858.8 4.8 1133 30–116 2004 1401.9 5.3 1029 25–120 2005 888.4 6.6 973 24–116 2006 876.4 6.8 674 24–123 2007 1025.5 6.1 1151 19–130 2008 966.8 4.4 1411 27–115 2009 1043.9 4.9 1082 24–120 2010 1282.8 6.6 941 24–115 2011 966.4 5.3 1028 34–117 2012 805.8 7.4 649 25–118 2013 1136.2 4.2 1346 31–120 2014 1392.8 3.1 1660 33–117 2015 1078.9 5.5 1116 30–115 2016 1375.6 6.4 955 41–120 2017 1309.6 5.5 999.6 36–121 2018 1106.1 5.1 1126 37–115 2019 1302.1 4.1 1324 36–117 2020 1237.4 5.5 898 37–117

Next: Appendix F: Traffic Data of the 40 LTPP Field Sections »
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 Ruggedness of Laboratory Tests to Assess Cracking Resistance of Asphalt Mixtures
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Cracking and durability issues of asphalt pavements have been primary concerns of departments of transportation the last two decades. Several modes of asphalt pavement cracking exist—fatigue, top-down, reflective, and thermal—and all are influenced by thermal loading, traffic loading, or a combination of both.

NCHRP Web-Only Document 389: Ruggedness of Laboratory Tests to Assess Cracking Resistance of Asphalt Mixtures, from TRB's National Cooperative Highway Research Program, documents existing field validation efforts for these four modes of cracking.

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