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Page 244
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. MASH Railing Load Requirements for Bridge Deck Overhang. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27422.
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Page 244
Page 245
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. MASH Railing Load Requirements for Bridge Deck Overhang. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27422.
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Page 245

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244 References 1. AASHTO. Manual for Assessing Safety Hardware [MASH], 2nd ed. Washington, DC. 2016. 2. AASHTO. AASHTO LRFD [Load and Resistance Factor Design] Bridge Design Specifications, 9th ed. [AASHTO LRFD BDS]. Washington, DC. 2020. 3. Ross, H.E., D.L. Sicking, R.A. Zimmer, and J.D. Michie. NCHRP Report 350: Recommended Procedures for the Safety Performance Evaluation of Highway Features. TRB, National Research Council, Washington, DC. 1993. 4. Ansys, Inc., and Livermore Software Technology Corporation. LS-DYNA Keyword User’s Manual. 2022. 5. Crawford, J.E., Y. Wu, H.J. Choi, J.M. Magallanes, and S. Lan. Use and Validation of the Release III K&C Concrete Material Model in LS-DYNA. Report No. TR-11-36.6, Karagozian & Case. 2011. 6. Murray, Y. User’s Manual for LS-DYNA Concrete Material Model 159. Publication No. FHWA-HRT-05-062, Federal Highway Administration, Research, Development, and Technology, McLean, VA. May 2007. 7. Schwer, L.E. The Winfrith Concrete Model: Beauty or Beast? Insights into the Winfrith Concrete Model. 8th European LS-DYNA Users Conference. May 2011. 8. Winkelbauer, B.J., R.K. Faller, R.W. Bielenberg, R.K. Rosenbaugh, J.D. Reid, and J.D. Schmidt. Phase I Evaluation of Selected Concrete Material in LS-DYNA. Transportation Research Report TRP-03-330-16, Midwest Roadside Safety Facility, University of Nebraska-Lincoln. April 2016. 9. Chen, H. An Introduction to *CONSTRAINED_BEAM_IN_SOLID, Technical Memo. Livermore Software Technology Corporation. https://ftp.lstc.com/anonymous/outgoing/hao/cbis/tutorials/CBIS1.pdf. n.d. 10. Trejo, D., F. Aguiniga, E. Buth, R. James, and P. Keating. Pendulum Impact Tests on Bridge Deck Sections. Report No. FHWA-01/1520-1, Texas Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX. July 2001. 11. Williams, W.F., C.E. Buth, and W.L. Menges. Repair/Retrofit Anchorage Designs for Bridge Rails. Report No. 0-4823-T1-1, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX. March 2007. 12. Alberson, D.C., W.F. Williams, and W.L. Menges. Testing and Evaluation of the Florida F-Shape Bridge Rail with Reduced Deck Thickness. Report No. 9-8132-3, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX. March 2005. 13. Arnold, A., and T.J. Hirsch. Bridge Deck Designs for Railing Impacts. Report No. 295-1F, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX. August 1985. 14. Williams, W.F., R.P. Bligh, and W.L. Menges. MASH Test 3-11 of the TxDOT Single Slope Bridge Rail (Type SSTR) on Pan-Formed Bridge Deck. Report No. 9-1002-3, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX. March 2011. 15. Bligh, R.P., W.L. Menges, and D.L. Kuhn. MASH Evaluation of TxDOT Roadside Safety Features - Phase I. Report No. 0-6946-1, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX. January 2018. 16. Rosenbaugh, S., R. Faller, J. Dixon, A. Loken, J. Rasmussen (Schmidt), and J. Flores. Development of an Optimized MASH TL-4 Bridge Rail: MASH Test No. 4-12. Transportation Research Report No. TRP-03-415-19, Midwest Roadside Safety Facility, University of Nebraska-Lincoln. 2020. 17. Sheikh, N.M., R.P. Bligh, and W.L. Menges. Determination of Minimum Height and Lateral Design Load for MASH Test Level 4 Bridge Rails. Test Report 9-1002-5, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX. December 2011. 18. Faller, R.K. MASH TL-4 Testing and Evaluation of a Non-Proprietary, Precast Concrete Bridge Railing for Accelerated Bridge Construction Applications. Midwest Roadside Safety Facility, University of Nebraska- Lincoln. Forthcoming.

References 245   19. Rosenbaugh, S.K., J.D. Schmidt, E.M. Regier, and R.K. Faller. Development of the Manitoba Constrained- Width, Tall Wall Barrier. Transportation Research Report TRP-03-356-16, Midwest Roadside Safety Facility, University of Nebraska-Lincoln. September 26, 2016. 20. Bligh, R.P., W.L. Menges, W.J.L. Schroeder, B.L. Griffith, S.A. Wegenast, and D.L. Kuhn. MASH Test 5-12 Evaluation of TxDOT T80SS Barrier with Soundwall. Report No. 0-7086-R4, Texas Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX. September 2021. 21. National Highway Institute. LRFD for Highway Bridge Superstructures. Course No. FHWA-NHI-130081, Publication No. FHWA-NHI-15-047, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC. July 2015. 22. Precast Concrete Institute. PCI Bridge Design Manual, 3rd ed, 2nd Release. Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute, Chicago, IL. August 2014. 23. Frosch, R.J. and A.J. Morel. Bridge Deck Overhang Design, Volume 2: Guardrails for Use on Historic Bridges. FHWA Report IN/JTRP-2016/34, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN. November 2016. 24. Jeon, S., M. Choi, and Y. Kim. Ultimate Strength of Concrete Barrier by the Yield Line Theory. International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials, Vol. 2. June 2008. 25. Cao, R., A.K. Agrawal, S. El-Tawil, and W. Wong. Numerical Studies on Concrete Barriers Subject to MASH Truck Impact. Manuscript BEENG-4301, The City College of the City University of New York. 2019. 26. Bligh, R.P., J. Briaud, A. Abu-Odeh, D.O. Saez, L.S. Maddah, and K.M. Kim. NCHRP Web-Only Document 326: Design Guidelines for Test Level 3 Through Test Level 5 Roadside Barrier Systems Placed on Mechanically Stabilized Earth Retaining Walls. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC. 2017. 27. Silvestri-Dobrovolny, C., N. Schulz, S. Moran, T. Skinner, R. Bligh, and W. Williams. MASH Equivalency of NCHRP Report 350-Approved Bridge Railings. Contractor’s Final Report for NCHRP Project 20-07(395), Texas A&M Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX. November 2017. 28. Ahmed, E.A., F. Matta, and B. Benmokrane. Steel Post-and-Beam Barrier with GFRP-Reinforced Concrete Curb and Bridge Deck Connection. ASCE Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol. 18, Issue 11. November 2013. 29. Williams, W.F., R.P. Bligh, W.L. Menges, and D.L. Kuhn. Crash Test and Evaluation of the TxDOT T224 Bridge Rail. Report No. 9-1002-15-5, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX. December 2015. 30. Mander, T.J., J.B. Mander, and M.H. Head. Modified Yield-Line Theory for Full-Depth Precast Concrete Bridge Deck Overhang Panels. ASCE Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol. 16, Issue 1. January 2011. 31. Pena, O., R.K. Faller, J.D. Schmidt, J.S. Steelman, S.K. Rosenbaugh, R.W. Bielenberg, P. Mauricio, and J.T. Duren. Development of a MASH Test Level 4 Steel, Side-Mounted, Beam-and-Post, Bridge Rail. Transporta- tion Research Report No. TRP-03-410-19, Midwest Roadside Safety Facility, University of Nebraska-Lincoln. 2019. 32. Bligh, R.P., and W.L. Menges. MASH Test 3-11 on the Texas T101 Bridge Rail. Report No. 9-1002-1, Texas Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX. March 2011. 33. Buth, C.E., W.F. Williams, W.L. Menges, and S.K. Schoeneman. NCHRP Report 350 Test 4-11 of the New York Two-Rail Curbless Bridge Railing. Publication No. FHWA-RD-99-076, Federal Highway Administration, Turner-Fairbanks Highway Research Center, McLean, VA. December 1999. 34. Williams, W.F., R.P. Bligh, W.L. Menges, and D.L. Kuhn. Crash Test and Evaluation of the TxDOT T631 Bridge Rail. Test Report No. 9-1002-12-10, Texas Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX. January 2014. 35. Williams, W.F., R.P. Bligh, W.L. Menges, and D.L. Kuhn. MASH TL-3 Crash Testing and Evaluation of the TxDOT T631 Bridge Rail. Test Report No. 9-1002-12-12, Texas Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX. July 2016. 36. Fisher, J.M. and L.A. Kloiber. Design Guide 1: Base Plate and Anchor Rod Design, 2nd ed. American Institute of Steel Construction. May 2006. 37. Williams, W.F., R.P. Bligh, and W.L. Menges. MASH Test 3-11 on the T131RC Bridge Rail. Report No. 9-1002- 12-1, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX. October 2012. 38. Williams, W.F., W.L. Menges, and B.L. Griffith. MASH TL-4 Testing of 2019 MASH 2-Tube Bridge Rail. Report No. 608331-01-1A-2-3, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX. April 2019. 39. Ansley, M. Pullout Test on Barrier Reinforcing. Florida Department of Transportation. March 2002.

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 MASH Railing Load Requirements for Bridge Deck Overhang
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State highway agencies across the country are upgrading standards, policies, and processes to satisfy the 2016 AASHTO/FHWA Joint Implementation Agreement for MASH.

NCHRP Research Report 1078: MASH Railing Load Requirements for Bridge Deck Overhang, from TRB's National Cooperative Highway Research Program, presents an evaluation of the structural demand and load distribution in concrete bridge deck overhangs supporting barriers subjected to vehicle impact loads.

Supplemental to the report are Appendices B through E, which provide design examples for concrete barriers, open concrete railing post on deck, deck-mounted steel-post, and curb-mounted steel-post.

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