National Academies Press: OpenBook
Suggested Citation:"FRONT MATTER." National Research Council. 1997. Fostering Industry-Initiated Environmental Protection Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5506.
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Fostering Industry-Initiated Environmental Protection Efforts

Report of the Committee on Industrial Competitiveness and Environmental Protection

Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology

Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources

and

Manufacturing Studies Board

Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems

National Research Council

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
WASHINGTON, D.C.
1997

Suggested Citation:"FRONT MATTER." National Research Council. 1997. Fostering Industry-Initiated Environmental Protection Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5506.
×

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
2101 Constitution Ave., N.W. Washington, DC 20418

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competencies and with regard for appropriate balance.

This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

Support for this study was provided by the Department of Energy and the Environmental Protection Agency both under subcontract no. C93-160544 and the National Center for Manufacturing Sciences under grant no. 02-170-000-92093.

Copyright 1997 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

A limited number of copies of this report are available from the National Academy of Sciences, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20418.

Printed in the United States of America.

Suggested Citation:"FRONT MATTER." National Research Council. 1997. Fostering Industry-Initiated Environmental Protection Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5506.
×

COMMITTEE ON INDUSTRIAL COMPETITIVENESS AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

HENRY J. HATCH (Chair),

Fluor Daniel Hanford, Inc., Richland, Washington

FREDERICK R. ANDERSON,

Cadwalader, Wickersham & Taft, Washington, D.C.

PATRICK R. ATKINS,

Aluminum Company of America, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

HOPE M. BABCOCK,

Georgetown University Law Center, Washington, D.C.

SCOTT BERNSTEIN,

Center for Neighborhood Technology, Chicago, Illinois

RICHARD O. HOMMEL,

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

FRANCES H. IRWIN,

World Wildlife Federation, Washington, D.C.

STEVEN D. JELLINEK,

Jellinek, Schwartz & Connolly, Inc., Arlington, Virginia

ROBERT A. LAUDISE,

Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, New Jersey

LESTER B. LAVE,

Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

MICHAEL J. LEAKE,

Texas Instruments, Inc., Dallas, Texas

EVE L. MENGER,

Coming, Inc., Coming, New York

WARREN R. MUIR,

Hampshire Research Institute, Alexandria, Virginia

ROBERT C. REPETTO,

World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C.

MICHAEL J. WRIGHT,

United Steelworkers of America, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Staff

LEE R. PAULSON, Project Director

RAYMOND A. WASSEL, Program Director

BONNIE A. SCARBOROUGH, Research Assistant

KATHRINE IVERSON, Project Assistant

ROBERT SCHAFRIK, Director,

National Materials Advisory Board

Suggested Citation:"FRONT MATTER." National Research Council. 1997. Fostering Industry-Initiated Environmental Protection Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5506.
×

BOARD ON ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES AND TOXICOLOGY

PAUL G. RISSER (Chair),

Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon

MAY R. BERENBAUM,

University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois

EULA BINGHAM,

University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio

PAUL BUSCH,

Malcolm Pirnie, Inc., White Plains, New York

EDWIN H. CLARK II,

Clean Sites, Inc., Alexandria, Virginia

ELLIS COWLING,

North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina

GEORGE P. DASTON,

The Procter & Gamble Co., Cincinnati, Ohio

PETER L. DEFUR,

Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia

DAVID L. EATON,

University of Washington, Seattle, Washington

DIANA FRECKMAN,

Colorado State University, Ft. Collins, Colorado

ROBERT A. FROSCH,

Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts

DANIEL KREWSKI,

Health & Welfare Canada, Ottawa, Ontario

RAYMOND C. LOEHR,

The University of Texas, Austin, Texas

WARREN MUIR,

Hampshire Research Institute, Alexandria, Virginia

GORDON ORIANS,

University of Washington, Seattle, Washington

GEOFFREY PLACE,

Hilton Head, South Carolina

BURTON H. SINGER,

Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey

MARGARET STRAND,

Bayh, Connaughton and Malone, Washington, D.C.

BAILUS WALKER, JR.,

Howard University, Washington, D.C.

GERALD N. WOGAN,

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts

TERRY F. YOSIE, E.

Bruce Harrison Co., Washington, D.C.

Suggested Citation:"FRONT MATTER." National Research Council. 1997. Fostering Industry-Initiated Environmental Protection Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5506.
×

Staff

JAMES J. REISA, Director

DAVID J. POLICANSKY, Associate Director and Program Director for Natural Resources and Applied Ecology

CAROL A. MACZKA, Program Director for Toxicology and Risk Assessment

LEE R. PAULSON, Program Director for Information Systems and Statistics

RAYMOND A. WASSEL, Program Director for Environmental Sciences and Engineering

Suggested Citation:"FRONT MATTER." National Research Council. 1997. Fostering Industry-Initiated Environmental Protection Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5506.
×

NATIONAL MATERIALS ADVISORY BOARD

ROBERT A. LAUDISE (Chair),

Lucent Technologies Inc., Murray Hill, New Jersey

REZA ABBASCHIAN,

University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida

JAN D. ACHENBACH,

Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois

MICHAEL I. BASKES,

Sandia/Livermore National Laboratory, Albuquerque, New Mexico

I. MELVIN BERNSTEIN,

Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts

JOHN V. BUSCH,

IBIS Associates, Inc., Wellesley, Massachusetts

HARRY E. COOK,

University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois

EDWARD C. DOWLING,

Cyprus Amax Minerals Company, Denver, Colorado

ROBERT EAGAN,

Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico

ANTHONY G. EVANS,

Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts

CAROLYN HANSSON,

University of Waterloo, Canada

MICHAEL JAFFE,

Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Summit, New Jersey

LIONEL C. KIMERLING,

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts

RICHARD S. MULLER,

Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center and University of California, Berkeley, California

ELSA REICHMANIS,

Lucent Technologies Inc., Murray Hill, New Jersey

EDGAR A. STARKE,

University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia

KATHLEEN C. TAYLOR,

General Motors Corporation, Warren, Michigan

JAMES WAGNER,

The John Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland

JOSEPH WIRTH,

Raychem Corporation, Menlo Park, California

ROBERT SCHAFRIK, Board Director

Suggested Citation:"FRONT MATTER." National Research Council. 1997. Fostering Industry-Initiated Environmental Protection Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5506.
×

COMMISSION ON GEOSCIENCES, ENVIRONMENT, AND RESOURCES

GEORGE M. HORNBERGER (Chair),

University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia

PATRICK R. ATKINS,

Aluminum Company of America, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

JAMES P. BRUCE,

Canadian Climate Program Board, Ottawa, Ontario

WILLIAM L. FISHER,

University of Texas, Austin, Texas

JERRY F. FRANKLIN,

University of Washington, Seattle, Washington

DEBRA KNOPMAN,

Progressive Foundation, Washington, D.C.

PERRY L. McCARTY,

Stanford University, Stanford, California

JUDITH E. McDOWELL,

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts

S. GEORGE PHILANDER,

Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey

RAYMOND A. PRICE,

Queen's University at Kingston, Ontario

THOMAS C. SCHELLING,

University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland

ELLEN SILBERGELD,

University of Maryland Medical School, Baltimore, Maryland

STEVEN M. STANLEY,

The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland

VICTORIA J. TSCHINKEL,

Landers and Parsons, Tallahassee, Florida

Staff

STEPHEN RATTIEN, Executive Director

STEPHEN D. PARKER, Associate Executive Director

MORGAN GOPNIK, Assistant Executive Director

GREGORY SYMMES, Reports Officer

JAMES MALLORY, Administrative Officer

SANDI FITZPATRICK, Administrative Associate

SUSAN SHERWIN, Project Assistant

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"FRONT MATTER." National Research Council. 1997. Fostering Industry-Initiated Environmental Protection Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5506.
×

COMMISSION ON ENGINEERING AND TECHNICAL SYSTEMS

ALBERT R. C. WESTWOOD (Chair),

Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico

NAOMI F. COLLINS,

Association of International Educators, Washington, D.C.

NANCY R. CONNERY,

Woolwich, Maine

RICHARD A. CONWAY,

Union Carbide Corporation, South Charleston, West Virginia

SAMUEL C. FLORMAN,

Kreisler Borg Florman Construction Company, Scarsdale, New York

TREVOR O. JONES,

Libbey-Owens-Ford Company, Cleveland, Ohio

NANCY G. LEVESON,

University of Washington, Seattle, Washington

BRADFORD W. PARKINSON,

Stanford University, Stanford, California

ALTON D. SLAY,

Slay Enterprises, Inc., Warrenton, Virginia

JAMES J. SOLBERG,

Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana

BARRY M. TROST,

Stanford University, Stanford, California

GEORGE L. TURIN,

Berkeley, California

WILLIAM C. WEBSTER,

University of California, Berkeley, California

DEBORAH A. WHITEHURST,

Arizona Community Foundation, Phoenix, Arizona

ROBERT V. WHITMAN,

Lexington, Massachusetts

Suggested Citation:"FRONT MATTER." National Research Council. 1997. Fostering Industry-Initiated Environmental Protection Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5506.
×

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. William Wulf is acting president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce Alberts and Dr. William Wulf are chairman and interim vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council.

Suggested Citation:"FRONT MATTER." National Research Council. 1997. Fostering Industry-Initiated Environmental Protection Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5506.
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