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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1999. The Community Development Quota Program in Alaska. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6114.
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The Community Development Quota Program in Alaska

Committee to Review the Community Development Quota Program

Ocean Studies Board

Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources

National Research Council

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
Washington, DC
1999

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1999. The Community Development Quota Program in Alaska. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6114.
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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competencies and with regard for appropriate balance.

This report and the committee were supported by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the sponsor.

This study was supported by Contract No. 50-DKNA-6-90040, Task No. 7-95103 between the National Academy of Sciences and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, and recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

Cover: Double hoop halibut spirit mask (approximately 24 inches tall) made of driftwood by Yupik artist Lola Ferguson, Nunivak Island, Alaska. Used with permission of the artist; photo provided by the Department of the Interior, Indian Craft Shop, Washington, D.C.

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 98-86773

International Standard Book Number 0-309-06082-6

Additional copies of this report are available from:
National Academy Press
2101 Constitution Avenue, NW Box 285 Washington, DC 20055 (800) 624-6242 (202) 334-3313 (in the Washington Metropolitan Area) http://www.nap.edu

Copyright 1999 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1999. The Community Development Quota Program in Alaska. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6114.
×

COMMITTEE TO REVIEW THE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT QUOTA PROGRAM

JOHN HOBBIE, Chair,

Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Massachusetts

DANIEL BROMLEY,

University of Wisconsin, Madison

PAUL DAYTON,

Scripps Institution of Oceanography, California

DANIEL HUPPERT,

University of Washington

STEPHEN LANGDON,

University of Alaska, Anchorage

SETH MACINKO,

Alaska Department of Fish And Game

MARSHALL SAHLINS,

University of Chicago, Illinois

CRAIG SEVERANCE,

University of Hawaii, Hilo

RONALD TROSPER,

Northern Arizona University

MIRANDA WRIGHT,

Doyon Foundation, Alaska

Staff

CHRIS ELFRING, Study Director (from 1/98)

M. ELIZABETH CLARKE, Study Director (until 12/97)

GLENN MERRILL, Research Associate

JENNIFER WRIGHT, Senior Project Assistant

ANN CARLISLE, Project Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1999. The Community Development Quota Program in Alaska. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6114.
×

OCEAN STUDIES BOARD

KENNETH BRINK (Chairman),

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts

ALICE ALLDREDGE,

University of California, Santa Barbara

DAVID BRADLEY,

Pennsylvania State University, State College

DANIEL BROMLEY,

University of Wisconsin, Madison

OTIS BROWN,

University of Miami, Florida

WILLIAM CURRY,

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts

RANA FINE,

University of Miami, Florida

CARL FRIEHE,

University of California, Irvine

ROBERT GAGOSIAN,

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts

JOHN HOBBIE,

Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Massachusetts

EILEEN HOFMANN,

Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia

EDWARD HOUDE,

University of Maryland, Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, Solomons

JOHN KNAUSS,

University of Rhode Island, Narragansett

ROBERT KNOX,

University of California, San Diego

RAY KRONE,

University of California, Davis

LOUIS LANZEROTTI,

Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, New Jersey

NANCY MARCUS,

Florida State University, Tallahassee

B. GREGORY MITCHELL,

University of California, San Diego

NEIL OPDYKE,

University of Florida, Gainesville

MICHAEL ORBACH,

Duke University Marine Laboratory, Beaufort, North Carolina

TERRANCE QUINN,

University of Alaska, Juneau

JAMES RAY,

Shell Oil Company, Houston, Texas

GEORGE SOMERO,

Stanford University, Pacific Grove, California

PAUL STOFFA,

University of Texas, Austin

KARL TUREKIAN,

Yale University, Kline Geology Laboratory, New Haven

Staff

MORGAN GOPNIK, Director

EDWARD R. URBAN, JR., Senior Program Officer

DAN WALKER, Senior Program Officer

SUSAN ROBERTS, Program Officer

ROBIN MORRIS, Financial Associate

LORA TAYLOR, Senior Project Assistant

SHARI MAGUIRE, Senior Project Assistant

JENNIFER WRIGHT, Senior Project Assistant

ANN CARLISLE, Project Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1999. The Community Development Quota Program in Alaska. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6114.
×

COMMISSION ON GEOSCIENCES, ENVIRONMENT, AND RESOURCES

GEORGE M. HORNBERGER (Chair),

University of Virginia, Charlottesville

PATRICK R. ATKINS,

Aluminum Company of America, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

THOMAS E. GRAEDEL,

Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut

DEBRA KNOPMAN,

Progressive Policy Institute, Washington, D.C.

KAI N. LEE,

Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts

JUDITH E. MCDOWELL,

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts

RICHARD A. MESERVE,

Covington & Burling, Washington, D.C.

HUGH C. MORRIS,

Canadian Global Change Program, Delta, British Columbia

RAYMOND A. PRICE,

Queen's University at Kingston, Ontario

H. RONALD PULLIAM,

University of Georgia, Athens

THOMAS C. SCHELLING,

University of Maryland, College Park

VICTORIA J. TSCHINKEL,

Landers and Parsons, Tallahassee, Florida

E-AN ZEN,

University of Maryland, College Park

MARY LOU ZOBACK,

U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, California

Staff

ROBERT M. HAMILTON, Executive Director

GREGORY H. SYMMES, Assistant Executive Director

JEANETTE SPOON, Administrative and Financial Officer

SANDI FITZPATRICK, Administrative Associate

MARQUITA SMITH, Administrative Assistant/Technology Analyst

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1999. The Community Development Quota Program in Alaska. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6114.
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The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility of advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. William A. Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. William A. Wulf are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1999. The Community Development Quota Program in Alaska. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6114.
×

Preface

The Community Development Quota (CDQ) program was designed to improve social and economic conditions in rural western Alaska by helping communities build their capacity to engage in commercial fishing. Like all new efforts, the program has had some start-up difficulties. But as indicated in this review conducted by the Committee to Review the Community Development Quota Program, there has been significant progress and the program offers a great deal of promise for this particular region. Whether a similar program might be effective in other parts of Alaska or in the western Pacific, where there has been interest in the approach, is less clear because of differences in the environments, fishery management strategies, and the nature of the communities.

As chair of this committee, and as a member of the Ocean Studies Board, I would like to thank my fellow committee members for their hard work, patience, and cooperation. They were drawn from diverse fields, yet quickly and efficiently dealt with the complexities of the CDQ program. Moreover, they made a special effort to visit many communities involved with the CDQ program and, as a result, they obtained a variety of perspectives and experiences. The many people who contributed are thanked in Appendix F and the sites visited are listed in Chapter 1. We offer special thanks to the following people for their diligence in providing information for the committee's use: Clarence Pautzke and the rest of the staff at the North Pacific Fishery Management Council in Anchorage, Alaska; Kitty Simonds and the staff at the Western Pacific Fishery Management Council in Honolulu, Hawaii; the many NOAA staff who helped (including William Fox, Amy Gautam, Jay Ginter, Sally Bibb, Sam Pooley, and Ray Clarke); Glenn

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1999. The Community Development Quota Program in Alaska. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6114.
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Haight, Department of Community and Regional Affairs in Juneau, Alaska; and Julie Anderson, formerly with the Department of Community and Regional Affairs in Juneau, Alaska.

Our sincere appreciation goes to Elizabeth Clarke, who served as the study's director until she returned to her home institution, the University of Miami; and Chris Elfring, Director of the Polar Research Board, who saw the study through to completion. Each provided important leadership. We would also like to thank research associate Glenn Merrill and project assistant Ann Carlisle for their hard work on this project.

This report has been reviewed by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the NRC's Report Review Committee. This independent review provided candid and critical comments that assisted the authors and the NRC in making the published report as sound as possible and ensured that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The content of the review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their participation in the review of this report: Dr. Matt Berman, University of Alaska, Anchorage; Dr. Paul Callaghan, University of Guam, Mangilao; Dr. Nicholas Flanders, Institute of Arctic Studies, Hanover, New Hampshire; Mr. Zeke Grader, Pacific Coast Federation Fishermen's Associations, San Francisco, California; Dr. Patrick V. Kirch, University of California, Berkeley; Dr. Bonnie McCay, Rutgers University, Cook College, New Brunswick, New Jersey; Dr. H. Ronald Pulliam, University of Georgia, Athens; and Dr. Terrance Quinn, University of Alaska, Juneau.

While the individuals listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, responsibility for the final content of this report rests solely with the authoring committee and the NRC.

This study was requested by Congress as part of the Magnuson-Stevens Act of 1996. The request had two parts, this effort to review Community Development Quotas and another focused on Individual Fishing Quotas. Both reports are part of the Ocean Studies Board's continued effort to provide advice to Congress and the National Marine Fisheries Service on important fisheries issues.

JOHN E. HOBBIE

CHAIRMAN

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1999. The Community Development Quota Program in Alaska. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6114.
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This book reviews the performance and effectiveness of the Community Development Quotas (CDQ) programs that were formed as a result of the Sustainable Fisheries Act of 1996. The CDQ program is a method of allocating access to fisheries to eligible communities with the intent of promoting local social and economic conditions through participation in fishing-related activities. The book looks at those Alaskan fisheries that have experience with CDQs, such as halibut, pollock, sablefish, and crab, and comments on the extent to which the programs have met their objectives—helping communities develop ongoing commercial fishing and processing activities, creating employment opportunities, and providing capital for investment in fishing, processing, and support projects such as infrastructure. It also considers how CDQ-type programs might apply in the Western Pacific.

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