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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Workshop Agenda." Institute of Medicine. 1999. Military Strategies for Sustainment of Nutrition and Immune Function in the Field. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6450.
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E
Workshop Agenda

NUTRITION AND IMMUNE FUNCTION: STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINMENT IN THE FIELD

A Workshop Sponsored by

Committee on Military Nutrition Research

U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases Fort Detrick, Maryland

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Workshop Agenda." Institute of Medicine. 1999. Military Strategies for Sustainment of Nutrition and Immune Function in the Field. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6450.
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Monday, May 20, 1996

I WELCOMES AND INTRODUCTION TO THE TOPIC

8:00 a.m.–8:15 a.m.

Welcome and Introductions

Robert O. Nesheim

Chair, Committee on Military Nutrition Research

8:15 a.m.–8:30 a.m.

Welcome on Behalf of the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command

Frederick W. Hegge

USAMRMC, Fort Detrick, Maryland

8:30 a.m.–9:00 a.m.

Why Is the Army Interested in Nutrition and Immune Function?

LTC Karl E. Friedl

USAMRMC, Fort Detrick, Maryland

9:00 a.m.–9:10 a.m.

Discussion

9:10 a.m.–9:40 a.m.

Overview: What Do We Know About Nutrition and Immune Function?

Ranjit K. Chandra

Janeway Child Health Centre, St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada

9:40 a.m.–9:50 a.m.

Discussion

9:50 a.m.–10:10 a.m.

Coffee Break

II ISSUES OF METHODS AND ASSESSMENT

10:10 a.m.–10:40 a.m.

Issues and Assessment of Human Immune Function

Susanna Cunningham-Rundles

New York Hospital—Cornell University Medical Center, New York

10:40 a.m.–10:50 a.m.

Discussion

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Workshop Agenda." Institute of Medicine. 1999. Military Strategies for Sustainment of Nutrition and Immune Function in the Field. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6450.
×

10:50 a.m.–11:20 a.m.

Use of Whole Blood Cultures in Measurement of Cellular Immune Functions in Field Studies

Tim R. Kramer

USDA Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville, Maryland

11:20 a.m.–11:30 a.m.

Discussion

11:30 a.m.–12:00 p.m.

Part II Discussion

12:00 p.m.–1:00 p.m.

Lunch

III HEALTH STATUS, STRESS, AND IMMUNE FUNCTION

1:00 p.m.–1:30 p.m.

Exercise, Infection, and Immunity: Practical Applications

David C. Nieman

Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina

1:30 p.m.–1:40 p.m.

Discussion

1:40 p.m.–2:10 p.m.

Inflammatory Stress and the Immune System

Leonard P. Kapcala

University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore

2:10 p.m.–2:20 p.m.

Discussion

2:20 p.m.–2:50 p.m.

Biologic Rhythms in the Immune System and Nutrition

Erhard Haus

University of Minnesota and St. Paul–Ramsey Medical Center, Minnesota

2:50 p.m.–3:00 p.m.

Discussion

3:00 p.m.–3:20 p.m.

Coffee Break

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Workshop Agenda." Institute of Medicine. 1999. Military Strategies for Sustainment of Nutrition and Immune Function in the Field. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6450.
×

3:20 p.m.–3:50 p.m.

Emerging Infections, Nutritional Status, and Immunity

Stephen S. Morse

The Rockefeller University, New York

3:50 p.m.–4:00 p.m.

Discussion

4:00 p.m.–4:30 p.m.

Part III Discussion

4:30 p.m.–4:45 p.m.

Concluding Remarks

Robert O. Nesheim

Dinner Address:

Immune Function Studies During the Ranger Training Course of the Norwegian Military Academy

Pål Wiik

Norwegian Defence Research Establishment

Tuesday, May 21, 1996

8:00 a.m.–8:15 a.m.

Opening Remarks

Robert O. Nesheim

IV NEW RESEARCH DIRECTIONS IN NUTRITION AND IMMUNE SYSTEM INTERACTIONS

8:15 a.m.–8:45 a.m.

The Cytokine System

Jeffrey Rossio

National Cancer Institute–Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center, Frederick, Maryland

8:45 a.m.–8:55 a.m.

Discussion

8:55 a.m.–9:25 a.m.

Neuroendocrine Consequences of Systemic Inflammation

Seymour Reichlin

University of Arizona–Arizona Health Sciences Center, Tucson

9:25 a.m.–9:35 a.m.

Discussion

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Workshop Agenda." Institute of Medicine. 1999. Military Strategies for Sustainment of Nutrition and Immune Function in the Field. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6450.
×

9:35 a.m.–10:05 a.m.

Amino Acids: Glutamine

Douglas W. Wilmore

Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts

10:05 a.m.–10:15 a.m.

Discussion

10:15 a.m.–10:35 a.m.

Coffee Break

10:35 a.m.–11:05 a.m.

Physiological and Immunological Impact of U.S. Army Special Operations Training: A Model for the Assessment of Nutritional Intervention Effects on Temporary Immunosuppression

LTC Ronald L. Shippee

USARIEM, Natick, Massachusetts

11:05 a.m.–11:15 a.m.

Discussion

11:15 a.m.–11:45 a.m.

Antioxidants and Immune Response

Simin Nikbin Meydani

USDA Human Nutrition Research Center for Aging at Tufts, Boston, Massachusetts

11:45 a.m.–11:55 a.m.

Discussion

11:55 a.m.–12:05 p.m.

Vitamin A and Immune Function

Richard D. Semba

The Johns Hopkins University Hospital, The Wilmer Ophthalmological Institute, Baltimore, Maryland

12:05 p.m.–12:15 p.m.

Discussion

12:15 p.m.–1:00 p.m.

Lunch

1:00 p.m.–1:30 p.m.

Trace Minerals, Immune Function, and Viral Evolution

Melinda A. Beck

Child Development Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

1:30 p.m.–1:40 p.m.

Discussion

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Workshop Agenda." Institute of Medicine. 1999. Military Strategies for Sustainment of Nutrition and Immune Function in the Field. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6450.
×

1:40 p.m.–2:10 p.m.

Dietary Fatty Acids and Immune Functions

Darshan S. Kelley

USDA Western Human Nutrition Research Center, Presidio of San Francisco, California

2:10 p.m.–2:20 p.m.

Discussion

2:20 p.m.–2:50 p.m.

Iron Metabolism, Microbial Virulence, and Host Defenses

Gerald T. Keusch

Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts

2:50 p.m.–3:00 p.m.

Discussion

3:00 p.m.–3:30 p.m.

Part IV Discussion

3:30 p.m.–3:50 p.m.

Coffee Break

V CONCLUSIONS

3:50 p.m.–4:20 p.m.

Conclusions: Militarily Important Issues Identified at This Workshop

William R. Beisel

The Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland

4:20 p.m.–4:50 p.m.

Final Discussion

4:50 p.m.–5:00 p.m.

Closing Remarks

Robert O. Nesheim

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Workshop Agenda." Institute of Medicine. 1999. Military Strategies for Sustainment of Nutrition and Immune Function in the Field. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6450.
×
Page553
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Workshop Agenda." Institute of Medicine. 1999. Military Strategies for Sustainment of Nutrition and Immune Function in the Field. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6450.
×
Page554
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Workshop Agenda." Institute of Medicine. 1999. Military Strategies for Sustainment of Nutrition and Immune Function in the Field. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6450.
×
Page555
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Workshop Agenda." Institute of Medicine. 1999. Military Strategies for Sustainment of Nutrition and Immune Function in the Field. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6450.
×
Page556
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Workshop Agenda." Institute of Medicine. 1999. Military Strategies for Sustainment of Nutrition and Immune Function in the Field. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6450.
×
Page557
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Workshop Agenda." Institute of Medicine. 1999. Military Strategies for Sustainment of Nutrition and Immune Function in the Field. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6450.
×
Page558
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Every aspect of immune function and host defense is dependent upon a proper supply and balance of nutrients. Severe malnutrition can cause significant alteration in immune response, but even subclinical deficits may be associated with an impaired immune response, and an increased risk of infection. Infectious diseases have accounted for more off-duty days during major wars than combat wounds or nonbattle injuries. Combined stressors may reduce the normal ability of soldiers to resist pathogens, increase their susceptibility to biological warfare agents, and reduce the effectiveness of vaccines intended to protect them. There is also a concern with the inappropriate use of dietary supplements.

This book, one of a series, examines the impact of various types of stressors and the role of specific dietary nutrients in maintaining immune function of military personnel in the field. It reviews the impact of compromised nutrition status on immune function; the interaction of health, exercise, and stress (both physical and psychological) in immune function; and the role of nutritional supplements and newer biotechnology methods reported to enhance immune function.

The first part of the book contains the committee's workshop summary and evaluation of ongoing research by Army scientists on immune status in special forces troops, responses to the Army's questions, conclusions, and recommendations. The rest of the book contains papers contributed by workshop speakers, grouped under such broad topics as an introduction to what is known about immune function, the assessment of immune function, the effect of nutrition, and the relation between the many and varied stresses encountered by military personnel and their effect on health.

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