National Academies Press: OpenBook

The Earth's Electrical Environment (1986)

Chapter: References

« Previous: Lightning Location Networks
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 1986. The Earth's Electrical Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/898.
Page 29

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

LIGHTNING PHENOMENOLOGY 29 Figure 1.6 Coverage of North America by time of arrival (dashed lines) and wide-band magnetic direction finders (solid lines) as of the summer of 1985. CONCLUSIONS The past decade has been a period of significant advances in lightning knowledge. Satellite studies have provided the first confirmation of the early estimates of the global lightning flash rates and added new information on the distribution of lightning over the land and over the ocean. The development of widely distributed ground-based lightning networks provides for the first time the ability to monitor and calculate lightning characteristics in near real time. Relating these parameters to the meteorological observations of visible and infrared images from space and to radar observations from the ground poses a major challenge in the near future. References Kotaki, M., I. Kuriki, C. Katoh, and H. Sugiuchij (1981). Global distribution of thunderstorm activity, J. Radio Res. Labs. Japan 66 . Kowalczyk, M., and E. Bauer (1981). Lightning as a source of NOx in the troposphere, final report FAA-EE-82-4. Krider, E. P., A. E. Pifer, and D. L. Vance (1980). Lightning direction-finding systems for forest fire detection, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 61 , 980-986 . Livingston, J. M., and E. P. Krider (1978). Electric fields produced by Florida thunderstorm, J. Geophys. Res. 83 , 385-401 . MacGorman, D. R., M. W. Maier, and W. D. Rust (1984). Lightning strike density for the contiguous United States from thunderstorm duration records, prepared for Division of Health, Siting and Waste Management, Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, D. C., 44 pp . Maier, M. W., and J. M. Piotrowicz (1983). Improved estimates of the area density of cloud-to-ground lightning over the United States, presented at 8th International Aerospace and Ground Conference on Lightning and Static Electricity, June 21-23, 1983, Forth Worth, Texas. Maier, M. W., A. G. Boulanger, and J. Sarlet (1978). Cloud-to-ground lightning frequency over south Florida, preprint, Conference on Cloud Physics and Atmospheric Electricity (Issaquah, Wash.), American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., pp. 605-610 . Orville, R. E. (1981). Global distribution of midnight lightning September to November 1977, Mon. Weather Rev. 109 , 391-395 . Orville, R. E., and D. W. Spencer (1979). Global lightning flash frequency Mon. Weather Rev. 107 , 934-943 Orville, R. E., R. W. Henderson, and L. F. Bosart (1983). An East Coast lightning detection network, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 64 , 1029-1037 . Piepgrass, M. V., E. P. Krider, and C. B. Moore (1982). Lightning and surface rainfall during Florida thunderstorms, J. Geophys. Res. 87 , 11193-11201 . Prentice, S. A. (1977). Frequencies of lightning discharges, in Physics of Lightning , R. H. Golde, ed., Academic Press, New York, pp. 465-496 . Prentice, S. A., and D. Mackerras (1977). The ratio of cloud to cloudground lightning flashes in thunderstorms, J. Appl. Meteorol. 16, 545-549 . Turman, B. N. (1978). Analysis of lightning data from the DMSP satellite, J. Geophys. Res. 83, 5019-5024 . Turman, B. N. (1979). Lightning detection from space, Am. Scientist 67 , 321-329 . Turman, B. N., and B. C. Edgar (1982). Global lightning distributions at dawn and dusk, J. Geophys. Res. 87 , 1191-1206 . Turman, B. N., B. C. Edgar, and L. N. Friesen (1978). Global lightning distribution at dawn and dusk for August-September 1977, EOS 59 , 285 .

The Earth's Electrical Environment Get This Book
Buy Paperback | $75.00
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

This latest addition to the Studies in Geophysics series explores in scientific detail the phenomenon of lightning, cloud, and thunderstorm electricity, and global and regional electrical processes. Consisting of 16 papers by outstanding experts in a number of fields, this volume compiles and reviews many recent advances in such research areas as meteorology, chemistry, electrical engineering, and physics and projects how new knowledge could be applied to benefit mankind.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook,'s online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!