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Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 1999. Enhancing the Regulatory Decision-Making Approval Process for Direct Food Ingredient Technologies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9453.
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ACRONYMS


ADI

Acceptable daily intake

AMD

Absorption, metabolism, and distribution


BFIFC

Bureau of Foods Irradiated Foods Committee


CFSAN

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition

CHA

Cyclohexylamine

CR

Consumption ratio


D&C Act

Drug and Cosmetic Act

DCM

Dichloromethane

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid


EPA

Environmental Protection Agency


FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization (of the United Nations)

FD&C Act

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act

FEMA

Flavor and Extract Manufacturer's Association

FMA

Fragrance Manufacturers Association

FPLA

Fair Packaging and Labeling Act

FR

Federal Register


GATT

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GLP

Good laboratory practices

GMP

Good manufacturing practices

GRAS

Generally recognized as safe

Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 1999. Enhancing the Regulatory Decision-Making Approval Process for Direct Food Ingredient Technologies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9453.
×

IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization

IARC

International Agency for Research on Cancer


JECIF

Joint Expert Committee on the Wholesomeness of Irradiated Food

JEFCA

Joint Committee on Food Additives


MTD

Maximum tolerated dose


NAS

National Academy of Sciences

NCA

National Coffee Association

NCI

National Cancer Institute

NCTR

National Center for Toxicological Research

NLEA

Nutrition Labeling and Education Act

NOEL

No observed effects level

NTP

National Toxicology Program


P&G

Procter & Gamble

PAFA

Prioritizing the assessment of food additives

PBPK

Physiologically-based pharmacokinetics


QRA

Quantitative risk assessment


RNA

Ribonucleic acid

RTI

Radiation Technology, Inc.


SAR

Structure/activity relationships

SGPT

S glutathione protein transferase

SOT

Society of Toxicology

SPE

Sucrose polyester


TCE

Trichloroethylene

TSH

Thyroid stimulating hormone


USDA

United States Department of Agriculture


WHO

World Health Organization

Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 1999. Enhancing the Regulatory Decision-Making Approval Process for Direct Food Ingredient Technologies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9453.
×
Page149
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 1999. Enhancing the Regulatory Decision-Making Approval Process for Direct Food Ingredient Technologies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9453.
×
Page150
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The Institute of Medicine's (IOM's) Food Forum was established in 1993 to allow science and technology leaders in the food industry, top administrators in the federal government, representatives from consumer interest groups, and academicians to discuss and debate food and food safety issues openly and in a neutral setting. The Forum provides a mechanism for these diverse groups to identify possible approaches for addressing food and food safety problems and issues surrounding the often complex interactions among industry, academia, regulatory agencies, and consumers.

On May 6-7, 1997, the Forum convened a workshop titled Enhancing the Regulatory Decision-Making Process for Direct Food Ingredient Technologies. Workshop speakers and participants discussed legal aspects of the direct food additive approval process, changes in science and technology, and opportunities for reform. Two background papers, which can be found in Appendix A and B, were shared with the participants prior to the workshop. The first paper provided a description and history of the legal framework of the food ingredient approval process and the second paper focused on changes in science and technology practices with emphasis placed on lessons learned from case studies. This document presents a summary of the workshop.

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