National Academies Press: OpenBook
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Arctic Contributions to Social Science and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9556.
×

ARCTIC Contributions to, Social Science and Public Policy

Committee on Arctic Social Sciences

Polar Research Board

Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources

National Research Council

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
Washington, D.C.
1993

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Arctic Contributions to Social Science and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9556.
×

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Frank Press is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Robert M. White is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Frank Press and Dr. Robert M. White are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council.

Support for this project was provided by the National Science Foundation and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration through targeted core support.

Cover: Eskimo elders Kate and Tom Brower (now deceased), Barrow, Alaska. This photo appeared in the Winter 1992 issue of UIÑIQ magazine. (Courtesy of Bill Hess, Running Dog Publications, Wassilla, Alaska.)

Available in limited supply from the Polar Research Board, National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20418

Copyright 1993 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Arctic Contributions to Social Science and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9556.
×

COMMITTEE ON ARCTIC SOCIAL SCIENCES

MIM DIXON (Cochair), Chief

Andrew Isaac Health Center, Fairbanks, Alaska

ORAN R. YOUNG (Cochair),

Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire

DOUGLAS D. ANDERSON,

Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island

GARRY D. BREWER,

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

ERNEST S. BURCH, JR.,

Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

CONSTANCE D. HUNT,

Court of Queen's Branch of Alberta, Alberta, Canada

ROBERT F. KRAUS,

University of Kentucky Medical Center, Lexington

JOHN A. KRUSE,

University of Alaska, Anchorage

EDNA A. MacLEAN,

Stanford University, Stanford, California

CLAUS-M. NASKE,

Fairbanks, Alaska

GEORGE W. ROGERS,

Juneau, Alaska

ARLON R. TUSSING,

Arlon R. Tussing and Associates, Seattle, Washington

PETER J. USHER,

P. J. Usher Consulting Services, Ottawa, Canada

NRC Staff

SHERBURNE B. ABBOTT, Director,

Committee on International Organizations and Programs (Staff Director, Polar Research Board through 7/31/92)

DAVID A. SHAKESPEARE, Research Associate

MARIANN S. PLATT, Senior Project Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Arctic Contributions to Social Science and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9556.
×

POLAR RESEARCH BOARD

ROBERT H. RUTFORD (Chair),

University of Texas at Dallas

RITA R. COLWELL (Vice-Chair),

Maryland Biotechnology Institute, University of Maryland, College Park

NORBERT UNTERSTEINER (Vice-Chair),

University of Washington, Seattle

EDDY C. CARMACK,

Department of Fisheries & Oceans, Sidney, Canada

F. STUART CHAPIN III,

University of California, Berkeley

INEZ Y. FUNG,

Goddard Institute of Space Studies, New York, New York

JOHN L. LaBRECQUE,

Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Palisades, New York

MARK F. MEIER,

INSTAAR,

University of Colorado, Boulder

JOHN P. MIDDAUGH,

Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Anchorage

THEODORE J. ROSENBERG,

University of Maryland, College Park

DONALD B. SINIFF,

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis

SUSAN SOLOMON, NOAA ERL

Aeronomy Laboratory, Boulder, Colorado

WILFORD F. WEEKS,

University of Alaska, Fairbanks

ORAN R. YOUNG,

Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire

Ex-Officio Members

CHARLES R. BENTLEY,

University of Wisconsin, Madison

ELLEN S. MOSLEY-THOMPSON,

Ohio State University, Columbus

NRC Staff

LOREN W. SETLOW, Director,

Polar Research Board

DAVID A. SHAKESPEARE, Research Associate

MARIANN S. PLATT, Senior Project Assistant

KELLY NORSINGLE, Senior Project Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Arctic Contributions to Social Science and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9556.
×

COMMISSION ON GEOSCIENCES, ENVIRONMENT, AND RESOURCES

M. GORDON WOLMAN (Chair),

The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland

PATRICK R. ATKINS,

Aluminum Company of America, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

PETER S. EAGLESON,

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge

EDWARD A. FRIEMAN,

Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California

HELEN M. INGRAM,

University of Arizona, Tucson

W. BARCLAY KAMB,

California Institute of Technology, Pasadena

GENE E. LIKENS,

The New York Botanical Garden, Millbrook

SYUKURO MANABE,

NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey

JACK E. OLIVER,

Cornell University, Ithaca, New York

FRANK L. PARKER,

Vanderbilt/Clemson University, Nashville, Tennessee

DUNCAN T. PATTEN,

Arizona State University, Tempe

RAYMOND A. PRICE,

Queen's University at Kingston, Ontario, Canada

MAXINE L. SAVITZ,

Garrett Ceramic Components, Torrance, California

LARRY L. SMARR,

University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

STEVEN M. STANLEY,

The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland

WARREN WASHINGTON,

National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado

EDITH BROWN WEISS,

Georgetown University Law Center, Washington, D.C.

IRVIN L. WHITE,

Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories, Washington, D.C.

NRC Staff

STEPHEN RATTIEN, Executive Director

STEPHEN D. PARKER, Associate Executive Director

LORRAINE W. WOLF, Assistant Executive Director

JEANETTE SPOON, Administrative Officer

BARBARA SINGLETARY, Administrative Associate

ROBIN LEWIS ALLEN, Senior Project Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Arctic Contributions to Social Science and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9556.
×
This page in the original is blank.
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Arctic Contributions to Social Science and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9556.
×

Preface

The Committee on Arctic Social Sciences was established in 1987 to undertake a study to provide direction for social science research on arctic topics. The committee was charged with reviewing existing research, identifying research needs, and recommending future directions for the social sciences in the Arctic.

The committee held two public meetings in Washington, D.C. in November 1987 and July 1988, and a workshop at the American Association for the Advancement of Science's Arctic Science Conference in Fairbanks, Alaska, in October 1988. In addition, numerous scientists from federal and state of Alaska agencies, private organizations, and universities were contacted. By involving a range of social scientists in its study, the committee hoped to encourage broad participation in the further development of arctic social science research and policy. These individuals also provided information on relevant topics and literature in the arctic social sciences that helped in the production of this volume.

In 1989 the committee produced its study report, Arctic Social Science: An Agenda for Action. That report discusses priority research needs for arctic social science and the infrastructure requirements to meet those needs. The report was intended to serve as a major document for the 1989 revision of the U.S. Arctic Research Plan, mandated by the Arctic Research and Policy Act (ARPA) of 1984. In addition, the agencies represented on the Interagency Arctic Research Policy Committee (established under ARPA)

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Arctic Contributions to Social Science and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9556.
×

provided intraagency reviews and analyses of how to implement the report's recommendations.

At its November 1989 meeting, the committee determined that a multidisciplinary summary of significant findings of arctic social science research was needed. In response to a request from the Polar Research Board, the committee began an assessment in late 1989 of potential contributions from the arctic social sciences to the social science disciplines, building on the literature review undertaken to prepare the 1989 study report. The present report expands on the 1989 report and devotes particular attention to the potential contributions of arctic social sciences to the theoretical and practical concerns of mainstream social sciences. This study was supported by grants to the Polar Research Board from the National Science Foundation and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

In the course of preparing this report, the intended audience has changed. The report was originally prepared as a journal article, but it was later decided that it would be released as a committee document. Because of the difficulty in providing the breadth of the supporting arguments that would normally accompany chapters in a committee report, as well as the need to draw parallels between each topic presented in the present report and the recommendations in the committee's 1989 study report, Arctic Social Science: An Agenda for Action is included here as an appendix.

The Polar Research Board appreciates the dedication and patience of Mim Dixon and Oran Young, cochairs of the Committee on Arctic Social Sciences, and the efforts of the committee members in the conduct of the study and the preparation of this report.

Robert H. Rutford, Chair

Polar Research Board

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Arctic Contributions to Social Science and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9556.
×
PageR1
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Arctic Contributions to Social Science and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9556.
×
PageR2
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Arctic Contributions to Social Science and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9556.
×
PageR3
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Arctic Contributions to Social Science and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9556.
×
PageR4
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Arctic Contributions to Social Science and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9556.
×
PageR5
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Arctic Contributions to Social Science and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9556.
×
PageR6
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Arctic Contributions to Social Science and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9556.
×
PageR7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Arctic Contributions to Social Science and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9556.
×
PageR8
Next: Contents »
Arctic Contributions to Social Science and Public Policy Get This Book
×
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!