National Academies Press: OpenBook

The Problem of Changing Food Habits: Report of the Committee on Food Habits 1941-1943 (1943)

Chapter: A Summary of an Exploratory Study in Federal Employee Turnover in Washington with Special Attention to Living Habits

« Previous: A Study of the Effect of Odd-Shifts Upon the Food Habits of War Workers
Suggested Citation:"A Summary of an Exploratory Study in Federal Employee Turnover in Washington with Special Attention to Living Habits." National Research Council. 1943. The Problem of Changing Food Habits: Report of the Committee on Food Habits 1941-1943. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9566.
Page 85

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

A SUMMARY OF AN EXPLORATORY STUDY IN FEDERAL EMPLOYEE TURNOVER IN WASHINGTON WITH SPECIAL ATTENTION TO LIVING HABITS * VIRGINIA VAN DYNE FLEMING One of the most striking characteristics of Federal workers' lives is the impersonality, the lack of friends, the tendency to like or dislike living in Washington in terms of the city rather than of identified individuals within it. This depersonalization of life makes the individual particularly subject to the impact of impersonal-annoyances such as housing, transportation and restaurant conditions. Other findings in this descriptive study of women Government employees t are that meals are often eaten alone, are rarely considered an opportunity to meet a friend, and are frequently inadequate. The typical daily diet slows an outstanding deficiency in milk and in eggs, and to a lesser degree in other food categories. On the other hand, meat is eaten generally twice a day, and an average of two cups of coffee is consumed. In addition to the rising cost of living which is a serious problem to most of the subjects, especially those supporting dependents, other problems are the crowded, unpleasant housing, the lack of friends, and lack of know-led:,e about any of the social opportunities in Washington. Recommendations in regard to the work situation are that interviewing and counselling be used much more frequently so that workers may be given help with their problems before they reach the point of quitting, that employee suggestions be requested and used wherever possible, that inefficient workers lee weeded out and replaced by fewer, better-trained employees at Uglier wages, and that every attempt be made to add to the worker's feeling of personal security. Recommendations for eating are that the use of attractive substitute dishes for meat be encouraged, that the cost of milk and coffee be equated, and that arrangements be made so that workers can lunch with their friends. It is also suggested that housing be selected with reference to work address, that actual publicity be given to the various opportunities ir1 social groups, and that stores be urged to stay open more than one night a week and give preference to the workers at that time. * See mimeographed report of Committee on Food Habits, National Research Council, May ~943, under same title. t Based on intensive interviewing of thirty-seven women Government employees by three trained interviewers. ~5

Next: Qualitative Attitude Analysis--A Technique for the Study of Verbal Behavior »
The Problem of Changing Food Habits: Report of the Committee on Food Habits 1941-1943 Get This Book
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF
  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook,'s online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!