Adam, R., C. Sanchez, I. Astarcioglu, and H. Bismuth. 1995. Deleterious effect of extended cold ischemia time on the posttransplant outcome of aged livers. Transplantation Proceedings 27(1):1181-1183.
Alexander, G.C., and A.R. Sehgal. 1998. Barriers to cadaveric renal transplantation among blacks, women, and the poor. Journal of the American Medical Association 280(13):1148-1152.
American Hospital Association, American Medical Association, and United Network for Organ Sharing. 1988. Required Request Legislation: A Guide for Hospitals on Organ and Tissue Donation. Richmond, Va. United Network for Organ Sharing.
Angelescu, M., W. Hofmann, C. Zapletal, M. Bredt, T. Kraus, C. Herfarth, and E. Klar. 1999. Histomorphological analysis of preservation injury as determinant of graft quality in clinical liver transplantation. Transplantation Proceedings 31(1-2):1074-1076.
Association of Organ Procurement Organizations. 1997. Alternatives Being Developed to More Accurately Assess Performance. Report to the ranking minority member, Committee on Labor and Human Resources, U.S. Senate, Washington, D.C.
Ayanian, J.Z., P.D. Cleary, J.S. Weissman, and a.m. Epstein. 1999. Do patients' preferences explain racial differences in access to renal transplantation? (Abstract.) Journal of General Internal Medicine 14:8.
Belzer, F.O., a.m. D'Alessandro, R.M. Hoffman, S.J. Knechtle, A. Reed, J.D. Pirsch, M. Kalayoglu, and H.W. Sollinger. 1992. The use of UW solution in clinical transplantation. A 4-year experience. Annuls of Surgery 215(6):579-583; discussion, 584-585.
Belzer, F.O., R.J. Ploeg, S.J. Knechtle, a.m. D'Alessandro, J.D. Pirsch, M.M. Kalayoglu, and H.W. Sollinger. 1994. Clinical pancreas preservation and transplantation. Transplantation Proceedings 26(2):550-551.
Benjamin, M.R. 1999. Testimony presented to the Institute of Medicine Committee on Organ Procurement and Transplantation Policy, March 11, Washington, D.C.
Bock, R.D. 1970. Estimating multinomial response relations. In: Contributions to Statistics and Probability. R.C. Bose, ed. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Bock, R.D. 1972. Estimating item parameters and latent ability when responses are scored in two or more nominal categories. Psychometrika 37:29-51.
Bock, R.D., and M. Aitkin. 1981. Marginal maximum likelihood estimation of item parameters: An application of the EM algorithm. Psychometrika 46:443-459.
Bock, R.D., R.D. Gibbons, and E. Muraki. 1988. Full-information item-factor analysis. Applied Psychological Measurement 12:261-280.
Briganti, E.M., P.J. Bergin, F.L. Rosenfeldt, D.S. Esmore, and M. Rabinov. 1995. Successful long-term outcome with prolonged ischemic time cardiac allografts. The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation 14(5):840-845.
Bryk, A.S., and S.W. Raudenbush. 1992. Hierarchical Liner Models: Applications and Data Analysis Methods. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications, Inc.
Callender, C.O. 1999. Testimony presented to the Institute of Medicine Committee on Organ Procurement and Transplantation Policy, April 16, Washington, D.C.
Cate, F.H., and S.S. Laudicina. 1991. Transplantation White Paper: Current Statistical Information About Transplantation in America. Washington, D.C.: The Annenberg Washington Program Communications Policy Studies, Northwestern University, and the United Network for Organ Sharing.
CCH Medicare and Medicaid Guide. Undated. Paragraph 15,501 ff.
Christiansen, C.L., S.L. Gortmaker, J.M. Williams, C.L. Beasley, L.E. Brigham, C. Capossela, M.E. Matthiesen, and S. Gunderson. 1998. A method for estimating solid organ donor potential by organ procurement region. American Journal of Public Health 88:1645-1650.
CONSAD Research Corporation. An Analysis of Alternative National Policies for Allocating Donor Livers for Transplantation. Pittsburgh, Pa.: CONSAD Research Corporation.
D'Alessandro, a.m., M. Kalayoglu, H.W. Sollinger, J.D. Pirsch, J.H. Southard, and F.O. Belzer. 1991. Current status of organ preservation with University of Wisconsin solution. Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine 115(3):306-310.
D'Alessandro, a.m., S.J. Knechtle, J.S. Odorico, J.D. Pirsch, W.J. Van der Werf, B. Collins, Y. Becker, H.W. Sollinger, and M. Kalayoglu. 1998. Retransplantation of the liver: A single center experience. Paper presented at the American Society of Transplant Surgeons, 24th Annual Scientific Meeting, May 13-15, Chicago.
Dejong, W., J. Drachman, and S.L. Gortmaker. 1995. Options for increasing organ donation: The potential role of financial incentives, standardized hospital procedures, and public education to promote family discussion. Milbank Quarterly 73:463-479.
Deschenes, M., S.H. Belle, R.A. Krom, R.K. Zetterman, and J.R. Lake. 1998. Early allograft dysfunction after liver transplantation: A definition and predictors of outcome. Transplantation 66(3):302-310.
DHHS (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services). 1999a. Organ donations increase in 1998 following national initiative and new regulations. HHS News, April 16. Located at http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/1999pres/990416b.html. Accessed on April 19, 1999.
DHHS. 1999b. Organ Procurement Organization (OPO) Directory-January, 1999 (revised 12/98). Washington, D.C.: Center for Health Plans and Providers, Health Care Financing Administration.
DHHS. 1998a. HHS News, March 26. HHS rule calls for organ allocation based on medical criteria, not geography: Calls on private transplant network to develop policies.
Located at http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/1998pres/980326a.html. Accessed on May 3, 1999.
DHHS. 1998b. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network; Final Rule (42 CFR Part 121). Federal Register 63(63):16296-16338.
DHHS, Office of the Inspector General. 1988c. Racial and Geographic Disparity in the Distribution of Organs for Transplantation. Washington, D.C.: DHHS.
Eckhoff, D.E., B.M. McGuire, C.J. Young, M.T. Sellers, L.R. Frenette, S.L. Hudson, J.L. Contreras, and S. Bynon. 1998. Race: A critical factor in organ donation, patient referral and selection, and orthotopic liver transplantation? Liver Transplantation and Surgery 4(6):499-505.
Edwards, E.B., and a.m. Harper. 1995. The UNOS model for liver allocation. Prepared for the United Network for Organ Sharing, Richmond, Va.
Efron, B. 1988. Logistic regression, survival analysis, and the Kaplan-Meier curve. Journal of the American Statistical Association 83:414-425.
Eggers, P.W. 1995. Racial differences in access to kidney transplantation. Health Care Financing Review 17:(2)89.
Ehrle, R.N., T.J. Shafer, and K.R. Nelson. 1999. Referral, request, and consent for organ donation: Best practice-A blueprint for success. Critical Care Nurse 19(2):21-33.
Evans, R.W. 1995a. Liver transplantation in a managed care environment. Liver Transplantation and Surgery 1:61-75.
Evans, R.W. 1995b. Organ transplantation in an era of economic constraint: Liver transplantation as a case study. Seminars in Anesthesiology 14:127-135.
Evans, R.W. 1994. Organ transplantation and the inevitable debate as to what constitutes a basic health care benefit. In: Clinical Transplants 1993, P.I. Terasaki, and J.M. Cecka (eds). Los Angeles: UCLA Tissue Typing Laboratory. Pp. 359-391.
Evans, R.W. 1993. Organ procurement expenditures and the role of financial incentives. Journal of the American Medical Association 269:3113-3118.
Evans, R.W. 1986. Cost-effectiveness analysis of transplantation. Surgical Clinics of North America 66:603-616.
Evans, R.W. 1985. The socioeconomics of organ transplantation. Transplantation Proceedings 17(6):129-136.
Evans, R.W., and D.J. Kitzmann. 1997. Contracting for services: Liver transplantation in the era of mismanaged care. Clinics in Liver Disease 1(2):287-303.
Evans, R.W., D.L. Manninen, and F.B. Dong. 1993. An economic analysis of liver transplantation: Costs, insurance coverage, and reimbursement. Gastroenterology Clinics of North America 22:451-473.
First, M.R. 1997. Controversies in organ donation: Minority donation and living unrelated donors. Transplantation Proceedings 29:67-69.
Franz, H.G., W. DeJong, S.M. Wolfe, H. Nathan, D. Payne, W. Reitsma, and C. Beasley. 1997. Explaining brain death: A critical feature of the donation process. Journal of Transplant Coordination 7:14-21.
Furukawa, H., S. Todo, O. Imventarza, A. Casavilla, Y.M. Wu, C. Scott-Foglieni, B. Broznick, J. Bryant, R. Day, and T.E. Starzl. 1991. Effect of cold ischemia time on the early outcome of human hepatic allografts preserved with UW solution. Transplantation 51(5):1000-1004.
Gallup Organization, Inc. 1998. Adults' Opinions Concerning Organ Allocation Policies and Their Effects on Organ Donation. Prepared for the National Transplant Action Committee. Princeton, N.J.: Gallup Organization, Inc.
GAO (U.S. General Accounting Office). 1999. Office of the General Counsel. GAO/OGC-99-47R OPTN: Legal Liability and Data Confidentiality. Washington, D.C.: GAO.
GAO. 1997. Organ Procurement Organizations: Alternatives Being Developed to More Accurately Assess Performance (GAO/HEHS-98-26). Report to the ranking minority member, Committee on Labor and Human Resources, U.S. Senate. Washington, D.C.: GAO.
Gaylin, D.S., P.J. Held, F.K. Port, L.G. Hunsicker, R.A. Wolfe, B.D. Kahan, C.A. Jones, and L.Y. Agodoa. 1993. The impact of comorbid and sociodemographic factors on access to renal transplantation. Journal of the American Medical Association 269(5):603-608.
Gentry, D., J. Brown-Holbert, and C. Andrews. 1997. Racial impact: Increasing minority consent rate by altering the racial mix of an organ procurement organization. Transplantation Proceedings 29:3758-3759.
Gift of Life Donor Program. 1999. Delaware Valley Transplant Program Changes Name to Gift of Life Donor Program (News release). Located at http://www.donorsl.org/pages/newname.html. Accessed on July 13, 1999.
Goldstein, H. 1995. Multilevel Statistical Models. New York: Halsted Press.
Gortmaker, S.L., C.L. Beasley, L.E. Brigham, H.G. Franz, R.N. Garrison, B.A. Lucas, R.H. Patterson, a.m. Sobol, A.N.A. Grenvik, and M.J. Evanisko. 1996. Organ donor potential and performance: Size and nature of the organ donor shortfall. Clinical Care Medicine 24(3):432-439.
Gortmaker, S.L., C.L. Beasley, E. Sheehy, B.A. Lucas, L.E. Brigham, A. Grenvik, R. Patterson, N. Garrison, P. McNamara, and M.J. Evanisko. 1998. Improving the request process to increase family consent for organ donation. Journal of transplant Coordination 8:210-217.
Grover, F.L., D.A. Fullerton, M.R. Zamora, C. Mills, B. Ackerman, D. Badesch, J.M. Brown, D.N. Campbell, P. Chetham, A. Dhaliwal, M. Diercks, T. Kinnard, K. Niejadlik, and M. Ochs. 1997. The past, present, and future of lung transplantation. American Journal of Surgery 173(6):523-533.
Haller, G.W., J.M. Langrehr, G. Blumhardt, K.P. Platz, A. Muller, W.O. Bechstein, S. Bisson, S. Jonas, H. Lobeck, M. Knoop, and P. Neuhaus. 1995. Factors relevant to the development of primary dysfunction in liver allografts. Transplantation Proceedings 27(1):1192.
Hanto, D.W. 1999. Testimony presented to the Institute of Medicine Committee on Organ Procurement and Transplantation Policy, April 16, Washington, D.C.
Hannan, E.L., A.L. Siu, D. Kumar, H. Kilburn, Jr., and M.R. Chassin. 1995. The decline in coronary artery bypass graft surgery mortality in New York State. Journal of the American Medical Association 273(3):209-213.
Hauboldt, R.H. 1996. Cost Implications of Human Organ and Tissue Transplantations, An Update: 1996. Milliman and Robertson, Inc. http://www2.milliman.com/milliman/publications/reports/HRR16/.
HCFA (Health Care Financing Administration). 1989. Medicare and Medicaid programs. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network rules and membership actions. Federal Register 54(241):51802-51803.
Hedeker, D.R. In press. MIXNO: A computer program for mixed-effects nominal logistic regression. Journal of Statistical Software.
Hedeker, D.R., and R.D. Gibbons. 1994. A random-effects ordinal regression model for multilevel analysis . Biometrics 50:933-944.
Held, P.J., M.V. Pauly, R.R. Bovbjerg, J. Newmann, and O. Salvatierra, Jr. 1988. Access to kidney transplantation. Has the United States eliminated income and racial differences? Archives of Internal Medicine 148(12):2594-2600.
Held, P.J., M.V. Pauly, and L. Diamond. 1987. Survival analysis of patients undergoing dialysis. Journal of the American Medical Association 257(5):645-650.
Holman, G. 1999. Executive update and summary: Medication coverage and access to transplantation services. Unpublished manuscript.
Hopkinson, D.N., M.S. Bhabra, and T.L. Hooper. 1998. Pulmonary graft preservation: A worldwide survey of current clinical practice. The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation 17(5):525-531.
Hosenpud, J.D., T.J. Breen, E.B. Edwards, O.P. Daily, and L.G. Hunsicker. 1994. The effect of transplant center volume on cardiac transplant outcome. Journal of the American Medical Association 271(23):1844-1849.
Ingram, D.D., and J.C. Kleinman. 1989. Empirical comparisons of proportional hazards and logistic regression models. Statistics in Medicine 8(5):525-538.
Kadmon, M., J. Bleyl, B. Kuppers, G. Otto, and C. Herfarth. 1993. Biliary complications after prolonged University of Wisconsin preservation of liver allografts. Transplantation Proceedings 25(1):1651-1652.
Kalayoglu, M., H.W. Sollinger, R.J. Stratta, a.m. D'Alessandro, R.M. Hoffmann, J.D. Pirsch, and F.O. Belzer. 1988. Extended preservation of the liver for clinical transplantation. Lancet 1:617-619.
Kallich, J.D., T. Wyant, and M. Krushat. 1990. The effect of DR antigens, race, sex, and peak PRA on estimated median waiting time for a first cadaver kidney transplant. Clinical Transplantation 311-318.
Kappel, D.F., M.E. Whitlock, T.D. Parks-Thomas, B.A. Hong, and B.K. Freedman. 1993. Increasing African American organ donation: The St. Louis experience. Transplantation Proceedings 25:2489-2490.
Kasiske, B.L., J.F. Neylan, R.R. Riggio, G.M. Danovitch, L. Kahana, S.R. Alexander, and M.G. White. 1991. The effect of race on access and outcome in transplantation. New England Journal of Medicine 324:320-327.
Keeffe, E.B. 1998. Summary of guidelines on organ allocation and patient listing for liver transplantation. Liver Transplantation and Surgery 4(5):S108-S114.
Kirk, A.J., I.W. Colquhoun, and J.H. Dark. 1993. Lung preservation: A review of current practice and future directions. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 56(4):990-1000.
Kjellstrand, C.M. 1988. Age, sex, and race inequality in renal transplantation. Archives of Internal Medicine 148(6):1305-1309.
Korner, M.M., G. Tenderich, D. Baller, H. Mannebach, K. Minami, L. Arusoglu, N. Mirow, A. Bairaktaris, T. Breymann, and R. Korfer. 1997. Accepting prolonged ischemia times for the donor heart. Transplantation Proceedings 29(8):3662-3663.
La Hay P.M. 1999. Pa. may become first state to aid kin of organ donors. The Philadelphia Inquirer. Wednesday, April 14, 1999, A1, A15.
Lange, H., and U. Kuhlmann. 1998. Organ procurement policy: Should we reduce cold ischemia times? Transplantation Proceedings 30(8):4297-4302.
Magnus, J.R. 1988. Linear Structures. London: Charles Griffin.
Marino, I.R., F. Morelli, C. Doria, T. Gayowski, J. McMichael, J.J. Fung, T.E. Starzl, and H.R. Doyle. 1997. Preoperative assessment of risk in liver transplantation: A multivariate analysis in 2,376 cases of the UW era. Transplantation Proceedings 29(1-2)454-455.
Markmann, J.F., J.S. Markowitz, H. Yersiz, M. Morrisey, D.G. Farmer, D.A. Farmer, J. Goss, R. Ghobrial, S.V. McDiarmid, R. Stribling, P. Martin, L.I. Goldstein, P. Seu
C. Shackleton, and R.W. Busuttil. 1997. Long-term survival after retransplantation of the liver . Annals of Surgery 226:408-420.
McNamara, P., and C.L. Beasley. 1997. Determinants of familial consent to organ donation in the hospital setting. In: Clinical Transplants 1997, J.M. Cecka and P.I. Terasaki (eds.). Los Angeles: UCLA Tissue Typing Laboratory. Pp. 219-229.
McNamara, P., H.G. Franz, R.A. Fowler, M.J. Evanisko, and C.L. Beasley. 1997. Medical record review as a measure of the effectiveness of organ procurement practices in the hospital. Journal on Quality Improvement 23:321-333.
Meier, E. 1999. Testimony presented to the Institute of Medicine Committee on Organ Procurement and Transplantation Policy, March 11, Washington, D.C.
Mesler, D.E., E.P. McCarthy, S. Byrne-Logan, A.S. Ash, and M.A. Moskowitz. 1999. Does the survival advantage of nonwhite dialysis patients persist after case mix adjustment? American Journal of Medicine 106(3):300-306.
Mor, E., M.E. Schwartz, P.A. Sheiner, P. Menesses, P. Hytiroglou, S. Emre, K. Kishikawa, S. Chiodini, and C.M. Miller. 1993. Prolonged preservation in University of Wisconsin solution associated with hepatic artery thrombosis after orthotopic liver transplantation. Transplantation 56(6):1399-1402.
Nathan H.M. 1999. Pennsylvania Looks for Answers to the Organ Donor Shortage. Press release, Gift of Life Donor Program, Philadelphia, June 10, 1999.
Nathan, H.M. 1998. Implementation of comprehensive state legislation increases organ and tissue donations [abstract]. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Society of Transplant Physicians, May 10, Chicago.
Nerlove, M., and S.J. Press. 1973. Univariate and Multivariate Log-Linear and Logistic Models (Technical Report R-1306-EDA/NIH). Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND Corporation.
Offermann, G. 1998. What is a reasonably short ischemia time in kidney transplantation? Transplantation Proceedings 30(8):4291-4293.
Opelz, G. 1998. Cadaver kidney graft outcome in relation to ischemia time and HLA match. Transplantation Proceedings 30(8):4294-4296.
Ozminkowski, R.J., A.J. White, A. Hassol, and M. Murphy. 1997. Minimizing racial disparity regarding receipt of a cadaver kidney transplant. American Journal of Kidney Diseases 30:749-759.
Pennsylvania Act 1994-102. 1994. Chapter 86: Anatomical Gifts. Pennsylvania 178th General Assembly-1993-1994 Regular Session, Act 102, Senate Bill No. 1662, pp. 663-673.
Pita, S., F. Valdes, A. Alonso, C.F. Rivera, M. Cao, M.P. Fontan, A.R. Carmona, J. Mongalian, A. Adeva, D. Lorenzo, and J. Oliver. 1997. The role of cold ischemia on graft survival in recipients of renal transplants. Transplantation Proceedings 29(8):3596-3597.
Ploeg, R.J., a.m. D'Alessandro, S.J. Knechtle, M.D. Stegall, J.D. Pirsch, R.M. Hoffmann, T. Sasaki, H.W. Sollinger, F.O. Belzer, and M. Kalayoglu. 1993. Risk factors for primary dysfunction after liver transplantation-A multivariate analysis. Transplantation 55(4):807-813.
Porte, R.J., R.J. Ploeg, B. Hanson, J.H. van Bockel, J. Thorogood, G.G. Persijn, J. Hermans, O.T. Terpstra, and the European Multicentre Study Group. 1998. Long-term graft survival after liver transplantation in the UW era: Late effects of cold ischemia and primary dysfunction. Transplant International 11(Suppl. 1):S164-S167.
Randall, V.R. 1996. Slavery, segregation, and racism: Trusting the health care system ain't always easy! An African American perspective on bioethics. St. Louis University Public Law Review 15:191-235.
Rossi, M., D. Alfani, P. Berloco, P. Bruzzone, and R. Cortesini. 1993. Prolonged liver cold ischemia time with University of Wisconsin solution and incidence of delayed graft function after hepatic transplantation: A single center experience. Transplantation Proceedings 25(6):3193-3194.
Sanchez-Urdazpal, L., G.J. Gores, E.M. Ward, T.P. Maus, H.E. Wahlstrom, S.B. Moore, R.H. Weisner, and R.A. Krom. 1992. Ischemic-time biliary complications after orthotopic liver transplantation. Hepatology 16(1):49-53.
Sanfilippo, F.P., W.K. Vaughn, T.G. Peters, C.F. Shield III, P.L. Adams, M.I. Lorber, and G.M. Williams. 1992. Factors affecting the waiting time of cadaveric kidney transplant candidates in the United States. Journal of the American Medical Association 267(2):247-252
Shafer, T.J., J. Orlowski, R.N. Ehrle, R. Gruenenfelder, K. Davis, and D.A. Reyes. 1998. Two years experience with routine notification [abstract]. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the North American Transplant Coordinators Organization, August 10, New York.
Shaheen, F., R.M. Abdur, D. Mousa, M. al-Sulaiman, R.W. Chang, and A.A. al-Khader. 1994. Long-term outcome in transplanted kidneys with long cold ischemia times. Transplantation Proceedings 26(5):2580.
Showstack, J., P.P. Katz, J.R. Lake, R.S. Brown, Jr., R.A. Dudley, S. Belle, R.H. Wiesner, R.K. Zetterman, and J. Everhart. 1999. Resource utilization in liver transplantation: Effects of patient characteristics and clinical practice. Journal of the American Medical Association 281:1381-1386.
Siminoff, L.A., R.M. Arnold, A.L. Caplan, B.A. Virnig, and D.L. Seltzer. 1995. Public policy governing organ and tissue procurement in the United States. Annals of Internal Medicine 123(1):10-17.
Southeastern Institute of Research, Inc. 1994. General Consumers: American Attitudes Toward the Allocation of Organ Transplantation . Richmond, Va.: United Network for Organ Sharing.
Strasberg, S.M., T.K. Howard, E.P. Molmenti, and M. Hertl. 1994. Selecting the donor liver: Risk factors for poor function after orthotopic liver transplantation. Hepatology 20(4):829-838.
Stratta, R.J. 1997. Donor age, organ import, and cold ischemia: Effect on early outcomes after simultaneous kidney-pancreas transplantation. Transplantation Proceedings 29(8):3291-3292.
Stroud, A.H., and D. Sechrest. 1966. Gaussian Quadrature Formulas. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall.
Todo, S., J. Nery, K. Yanaga, L. Podesta, R.D. Gordon, and T.E. Starzl. 1989. Extended preservation of human liver grafts with UW solution. Journal of the American Medical Association 261(5):711-714.
Tuttle-Newhall, J.E., R. Rutledge, M. Johnson, and J. Fair. 1997. A statewide population-based, time series analysis of access to liver transplantation. Transplantation 63:255-262.
UNOS (United Network for Organ Sharing) 1999. Information and data available on UNOS website at: http://www.unos.org. Accessed July 1, 1999.
UNOS. 1998. 1998 Annual Report-The U.S. Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients and the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network: Transplant Data 1988-1997. Richmond, Va. UNOS.
UNOS. 1997. 1997 Report of Center Specific Graft and Patient Survival Rates-Liver Volume. Richmond, Va.: UNOS.
UNOS/OPTN. 1999. United Network for Organ Sharing-Cadaveric Donors Recovered in the U.S.: 1994-1998. (Photocopy.) Richmond, Va.: UNOS.
Wahlers, T., H.J. Schafers, J. Cremer, M. Jurman, S.W. Hirt, H.G. Fieguth, and A. Haverich. 1991. Organ preservation for heart-lung and lung transplantation. Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 39(6):344-348.
Wald, A. 1943. Tests of statistical hypotheses concerning several parameters when the number of observations is large. Transactions of the American Mathematical Society 54:426-482.
Whiting, J.F., M. Golconda, R. Smith, S. O'Brien, M.R. First, and J.W. Alexander. 1998. Abstract: Economic costs of expanded criteria donors in renal transplantation . Transplantation 65:204-207.
Whiting, J.F., J. Martin, E. Zavala, and D. Hanto. 1999. Abstract: The influence of clinical variables on hospital costs after orthotopic liver transplantation. Surgery 125: 217-222.
Young, J.B., D.C. Naftel, R.C. Bourge, J.K. Kirklin, B.S. Clemson, C.B. Porter, R.J. Rodeheffer, and J.L. Kenzora. 1994. Matching the heart donor and transplant recipient. Clues for successful expansion of the donor pool: A multivariable, multi-institutional report. The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation 13(3):353-364; discussion, 364-365.
Zeger, S.L., K.Y. Liang, and P.S. Albert. 1988. Models for longitudinal data: A generalized estimating equation approach. Biometrics 44:1049-1060.