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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Bridging Boundaries Through Regional Marine Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9772.
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Bridging Boundaries through Regional Marine Research

COMMITTEE ON THE ASSESSMENT OF REGIONAL MARINE RESEARCH PROGRAMS

OCEAN STUDIES BOARD

COMMISSION ON GEOSCIENCES, ENVIRONMENT, AND RESOURCES

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
Washington, D.C.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Bridging Boundaries Through Regional Marine Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9772.
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NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
2101 Constitution Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20418

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competencies and with regard for appropriate balance.

This report and the committee were supported by a grant from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the Sea Grant College of Maine. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the sponsors.

International Standard Book Number 0-309-06832-0

Additional copies are available from the
National Academy Press,
2101 Constitution Ave., NW, Lockbox 285, Washington, DC 20055: (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area); Internet <http://www.nap.edu>.

Copyright 2000 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Bridging Boundaries Through Regional Marine Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9772.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

National Academy of Sciences

National Academy of Engineering

Institute of Medicine

National Research Council

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. William A. Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. William A. Wulf are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Bridging Boundaries Through Regional Marine Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9772.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Bridging Boundaries Through Regional Marine Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9772.
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COMMITTEE ON THE ASSESSMENT OF REGIONAL MARINE RESEARCH PROGRAMS

THOMAS MALONE, Chair,

University of Maryland Center for Environmental Sciences, Cambridge

BRIAN BAIRD,

California Resources Agency, Sacramento

MARGARET MARY BRADY,

Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, Boston

ROBERT DEAN,

University of Florida, Gainesville

D. JAY GRIMES,

The University of Southern Mississippi, Ocean Springs

SUSAN HENRICHS,

University of Alaska, Fairbanks

JOHN KNAUSS,

University of Rhode Island, Narragansett

JOHN BRADFORD MOONEY, JR.,

J. Brad Mooney Associates, Ltd., Arlington, Virginia

MICHAEL MULLIN,

University of California, San Diego

ROBERT O'BOYLE,

Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Nova Scotia, Canada

ROBERT PAINE,

University of Washington, Seattle

LESLIE ROSENFELD,

Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California

Staff

SUSAN ROBERTS, Study Director

SHARI MAGUIRE, Research Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Bridging Boundaries Through Regional Marine Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9772.
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OCEAN STUDIES BOARD

KENNETH BRINK, Chair,

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts

ALICE ALLDREDGE,

University of California, Santa Barbara

DAVID BRADLEY,

Pennsylvania State University, State College

DAN BROMLEY,

University of Wisconsin, Madison

OTIS BROWN,

University of Miami, Florida

JAMES COLEMAN,

Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge

CORT COOPER,

Chevron Petroleum Technology, San Ramon, California

CARL FRIEHE,

University of California, Irvine

RAY HILBORN,

University of Washington, Seattle

EDWARD HOUDE,

University of Maryland, Solomons

JOHN KNAUSS,

University of California, San Diego

ROBERT KNOX,

University of California, San Diego

RAY KRONE,

University of California, Davis

CINDY LEE,

State University of New York, Stony Brook

ROGER LUKAS,

University of Hawaii, Manoa

NANCY MARCUS,

Florida State University, Tallahassee

NEIL OPDYKE,

University of Florida, Gainesville

MICHAEL ORBACH,

Duke University Marine Laboratory, Beaufort, North Carolina

WALTER SCHMIDT,

Florida Geological Survey, Tallahassee

GEORGE SOMERO,

Stanford University, Pacific Grove, California

KARL TUREKIAN,

Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut

Staff

MORGAN GOPNIK, Director

EDWARD R. URBAN, JR., Senior Program Officer

DAN WALKER, Senior Program Officer

ALEXANDRA ISERN, Program Officer

SUSAN ROBERTS, Program Officer

ROBIN MORRIS, Financial Associate

LORA TAYLOR, Office Manager

SHARI MAGUIRE, Research Assistant

ANN CARLISLE, Senior Project Assistant

JODI BACHIM, Project Assistant

MEGAN KELLY, Project Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Bridging Boundaries Through Regional Marine Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9772.
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COMMISSION ON GEOSCIENCES, ENVIRONMENT, AND RESOURCES

GEORGE M. HORNBERGER, Chair,

University of Virginia, Charlottesville

RICHARD A. CONWAY,

Union Carbide Corporation (Retired), S. Charleston, West Virginia

THOMAS E. GRAEDEL,

Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut

THOMAS J. GRAFF,

Environmental Defense Fund, Oakland, California

EUGEENIA KALNAY,

University of Oklahoma, Norman

DEBRA KNOPMAN,

Progressive Policy Institute, Washington, DC

KAI N. LEE,

Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts

JOHN B. MOONEY, JR.,

J. Brad Mooney Associates, Ltd., Arlington, Virginia

HUGH C. MORRIS,

El Dorado Gold Corporation, Vancouver, British Columbia

H. RONALD PULLIAM,

University of Georgia, Athens

MILTON RUSSELL,

Joint Institute for Energy and Environment and University of Tennessee (Emeritus), Knoxville

THOMAS C. SCHELLING,

University of Maryland, College Park

ANDREW R. SOLOW,

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts

VICTORIA J. TSCHINKEL,

Landers and Parsons, Tallahassee, Florida

E-AN ZEN,

University of Maryland, College Park

MARY LOU ZOBACK,

U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, California

Staff

ROBERT M. HAMILTON, Executive Director

GREGORY H. SYMMES, Associate Executive Director

JEANETTE SPOON, Administrative and Financial Officer

DAVID FEARY, Scientific Reports Officer

SANDI FITZPATRICK, Administrative Associate

MARQUITA SMITH, Administrative Assistant/Technology Analyst

Page viii Cite
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Bridging Boundaries Through Regional Marine Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9772.
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Acknowledgments

The Committee for the Assessment of Regional Marine Research Programs is very grateful to the many individuals who played a significant role in the completion of this study. The committee met three times, and extends its gratitude to the following individuals who appeared before the full committee or otherwise provided background information and discussed pertinent issues: Donald Anderson, Ronald Baird, Wendell Brown, George Crozier, Michael Dagg, Gregory Ducote, Paul Howard, Terry Howey, Lewis Incze, David Johnson, Matt Liebman, Alexis Lugo-Fernandez, Gene Meier, Judy Pederson, Donald Scavia, Peter Shelley, David Townsend, Robert Wall, Gordon Wallace, and Dolores Wesson.

This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council's (NRC) Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making the published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their participation in the review of this report: Robert Bailey (Oregon Department of Land Conservation and Development), Donald F. Boesch (University of Maryland System), B.J. Copeland (North Carolina State University), Robert Dalrymple (University of Delaware), Barbara Hickey (University of Washington), Richard Jahnke (Skidaway Institution of Oceanography), and Andrew R. Solow (Woods Hole

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Bridging Boundaries Through Regional Marine Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9772.
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Oceanographic Institution). While the individuals listed above provided constructive comments and suggestions, it must be emphasized that responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.

The committee gratefully acknowledges the efforts of the Ocean Studies Board (OSB) staff who helped produce this report, particularly the study director, Susan Roberts, and the research assistant, Shari Maguire. For their advice and efforts in bringing this activity to fruition the committee wishes to thank Morgan Gopnik, OSB Director and Ed Urban, OSB Senior Program Officer.

The committee is also grateful for the assistance provided by the following individuals who provided additional background material, data, publication lists, and figures for consideration and use by the committee: William Balch, Eugenia Braasch, Leon Cammen, Philip Gschwend, Lewis Incze, Maureen Keller, Joseph Kelley, Dennis Leigh, S. Bradley Moran, Vijay Panchang, Neal Pettigrew, Cynthia Pilskaln, Nancy Rabalais, Sandra Shumway, Robert Talbot, and Huijie Xue.

For her assistance in data gathering, preparation, and consultation the committee extends its thanks to Constance Carter (Library of Congress).

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As appreciation of the interdisciplinary and multidimensional character of environmental issues has increased, there have been attempts to address regional needs more directly. One of these, the Regional Marine Research Program (RMRP), was established by Congress in 1990 to provide a mechanism to fund coastal marine research based on regionally-defined priorities. The RMRP legislation established a system of nine regional marine research boards around the United States. Each board was responsible for planning marine research to address issues of water quality and ecosystem health on a regional scale. Although all nine regions received funding for planning activities and development of a research plan, only the Gulf of Maine RMRP received funding for program implementation. The completion of the Gulf of Maine program, in 1997, presents an opportunity to evaluate whether the process for planning and managing the Gulf of Maine research was adequate, whether the research fulfilled the goals of the program, and whether this experience should serve as a model for similar regional programs elsewhere.

Bridging Boundaries through Regional Marine Research is a study of the RMRP, with a specific review of the Gulf of Maine program as well as an assessment of other modesl for regional marine research. This report assesses the need for regional marine research,reviews processes by which regional marine research needs can be defined, and discusses existing programs for regional marine research in the United States. It also identifies short- and long-term approaches that might be taken by NOAA.

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