National Academies Press: OpenBook

Future Biotechnology Research on the International Space Station (2000)

Chapter:Appendix E: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2000. Future Biotechnology Research on the International Space Station. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9785.
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E

Acronyms and Abbreviations

ARIS

Active Rack Isolation System

BAG

Biotechnology Ambient Generic

BTC

Biotechnology Temperature Controller

BTF

Biotechnology Facility

CCDPI

Command, Control, Data Prime Item

CCU

Cell Culture Unit

COTS

commercial off-the-shelf

CPPI

Crystal Preparation Prime Item (system)

DCAM

Diffusion-Controlled Protein Crystallization Apparatus for Microgravity

DCPCG

Dynamically Controlled Protein Crystal Growth

DOE

Department of Energy

DWG

Discipline Working Group

EDU

Engineering Development Unit

EGN

Enhanced Gaseous Nitrogen dewar

ESA

European Space Agency

EXPRESS

EXpedite the PRocessing of Experiments to Space Station (EXPRESS) rack

HDPCG

High Density Protein Crystal Growth unit

HFB

Hydrodynamic Focusing Bioreactor

ISPR

International Space Station Payload rack

ISS

International Space Station

IUCr

International Union of Crystallography

IWG

Investigators Working Group

MLE

middeck locker equivalent

MELFI

Minus Eighty Degree Laboratory Freezer for ISS

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2000. Future Biotechnology Research on the International Space Station. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9785.
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NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NIH

National Institutes of Health

NRA

NASA Research Announcement

NSBRI

NASA Space Biomedical Research Institute

NSF

National Science Foundation

OLMSA

Office of Life and Microgravity Sciences and Applications

OPCGA

Observable Protein Crystal Growth Apparatus

PCAM

Protein Crystallization Apparatus for Microgravity

RWPS

Rotating-Wall Perfused System

STES

Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System

STMV

Satellite Tobacco Mosaic Virus

TES

Thermal Enclosure System

VDA-2

Second Generation Vapor Diffusion Apparatus

XCF

X-Ray Crystallography Facility

XDPI

X-Ray Diffraction Prime Item

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2000. Future Biotechnology Research on the International Space Station. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9785.
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Page68
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2000. Future Biotechnology Research on the International Space Station. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9785.
×
Page69
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Under current NASA plans, investigations in the area of biotechnology will be a significant component of the life sciences research to be conducted on the International Space Station (ISS). They encompass work on cell science and studies of the use of microgravity to grow high-quality protein crystals. Both these subdisciplines are advancing rapidly in terrestrial laboratories, fueled by federal and industrial research budgets that dwarf those of NASA's life science program. Forging strong and fruitful connections between the space investigations and laboratory-bench biologists, a continual challenge for NASA' s life sciences program, is thus of great importance to ensuring the excellence of ISS research.

This report evaluates the plan for NASA's biotechnology facility on the ISS and the scientific context that surrounds it, and makes recommendations on how the facility can be made more effective. In addition to questions about optimizing the instrumentation, the report addresses strategies for enhancing the scientific impact and improving the outreach to mainstream terrestrial biology. No major redirection of effort is called for, but collectively the specific, targeted changes recommended by the task group would have a major effect on the conduct of biotechnology research in space.

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